The Witness - Friday, 2 July, 1915


BELSHAW -- June 24, at Rockdene, Knocknadona, Lisburn, the wife of William Belshaw -- a son.


CARGIN--ADLARD -- June 24, at Edgbaston Parish Church, Birmingham, Herbert M. Cargin, M.D., M.O.H., West Hartlepool, to Dorothy Gertrude, daughter of W. E. Adlard, Glaisdale, Moseley, Birmingham.

M'CAMMON--PORTER -- June 23, 1915, at The Mall Presbyterian Church, Armagh, by the Rev. David Graham, B.A., John, elder son of the late Hugh W. M'Cammon. Belfast, to Violet, youngest daughter of Hugh Porter, Armagh.

M'DOWELL--BECK -- June 28, 1915, at Fortwilliam Presbyterian Church, by Rev. John Gailey, B.A., assisted by Rev. John S. Crockett, Stuart Wallace, son of R. W. M'Dowell, Alexandraville, to Edith Isobel, daughter of W. H. Beck, Ligoniel House, Belfast.


HART -- June 28, at her residence, Dromore Street, Rathfriland, Elizabeth, widow of the late Rev. John Hart, Ballyleggen. Funeral private.

ALLEN -- June 29, at 11, Osborne Gardens, Belfast, Andrew Allen.

ANDERSON -- June 28, at 11, Belmont Terrace, Strandtown, John, elder son of the late John Anderson, Ballyhackamore.

BEST -- June 2S, at The Cairn, Aghalee, Lurgan, Eleanor Jane, daughter of the late Robert Best.

BIRNEY -- June 25, at James Street, Lisburn, Ethel, relict of the late James Birney.

CALDWELL -- June 25, at 4, Baltic Avenue, Isabella, wife of William Caldwell.

DAWSON -- June 27, at Bovolgan, Stoneyford, Thomas, youngest son of Richard James Dawson.

DOAK -- June 27, at 50, Princes Street, Martha Doak.

DODDS -- At Dr. Brown's Private Hospital, Ipswich, Queensland, Australia, Lottie Gibbons, the wife of H. C. Dodds, and third daughter of the late Dr. Rowan, Gargory, Banbridge.

EVANS -- June 29, at Creagh, Toomebridge, Thomas Evans.

FERRIS -- June 29, Samuel Ferris, Ardgillan, Newtownards Road.

HALLIDAY -- June 26, at White House, Bushmills, Robert John Halliday.

HILL -- June 28, at 36, University Avenue, Belfast, Hamilton Hill, formerly of Lurgan.

HOLMES -- June 27, at his residence, Tollymore, Newcastle, Co. Down, William Holmes, aged 64 years.

JOHNSTON -- April 16, at Auckland, N.Z., Joseph, youngest son of the late Alexander Johnston, Coach builder, Belfast.

JOHNSTON -- June 27, at 10, Osborne Drive, Bangor, Sarah Pettigrew, wife of William Johnston.

KELLY -- June 24, at 108, Eglantine Avenue, Belfast. Agnes, eldest daughter of the late Captain William Kelly.

LOGAN -- June 23, at 4, Roland Place, Downshire Road, Holywood, Elizabeth, relict of the late John Logan, Inland Revenue Officer, Dublin.

MERCER -- June 27, at 34, Candahar Street. Nurse Margaret D. Mercer, eldest daughter of the late James Mercer.

MITCHEL -- Jane 24, at The Manse, Enniskillen, Rev. Samuel Cuthbert Mitchel, Presbyterian Minister, aged 60 years.

MORROW -- June 23, at Knockbracken, Newtownbreda, James Morrow, husband of Mary E. Morrow.

MORRISON -- June 26, at Cabra, Hillsborough, Sarah, wife of John Morrison.

MURPHY -- June 29, af Ballyblack Manse, Newtownards, Elizabeth Murphy.

PATTERSON -- June 29, at Killynure, Carryduff, John Patterson, junior.

REA -- June 23, at Lowtown, Kilwaughter, Thomas, husband of Annie Jane Rea.

REID -- June 29, at Rosemount, Dublin Road, Lisburn, Robert, husband of Elizabeth Reid, aged 76 years,

REID -- June 29, at High Street, Antrim, Nellie, only daughter of George Reid, High Street, Antrim.

ROUNTREE -- June 28, at 40, High Street, Portadown, Mary Frances (May), third daughter of the late John Rountree.

SMITH -- June 26, at Central Fire Station, Chichester Street, Priscilla Ann, wife of George Smith, Chief Officer Belfast Fire Brigade.

WALLACE -- June 25, at Lisdoon, Donaghadee, Sarah, widow of the late Martin Wallace.

WILSON -- June 24, at Castletown Cottage, Whitehead, Robert Gibb (Bertie), only son of Andrew Wilson, of 56, Eia Street, Belfast.

In Memoriam

CLEMENTS -- In loving remembrance, of my dear wife, Emma J. Clements, who fell asleep, June 29, 1910. Interred in New Cemetery, Bangor.
     "Until the day break."
JOHN CLEMENTS. 84, University Street, City.





A special cablegram to the London "Star," dated Athens, Wednesday, says -- Yesterday the Allied Fleet bombarded Alzanof, destroying the telegraph office and a few houses.

The same fleet fired a few shots at the Smyrna forts.

A cruiser and a destroyer fired about one hundred shots at Rudrum, and sank a large Turkish sailing vessel in the harbour.

The same two ships continued bombarding the ports along the coast up to Koivada, sinking all sailing craft found.



The Rev. H. C. Foster, Church of England Chaplain attached to the 2nd Royal Naval Brigade, describes the death of Father Finn, attached to the 1st Battalion of the Dublin Fusiliers, during the landing of the troops at the Gallipoli Peninsula as follows-- "Many of the gallant Dublins fell wounded and bleeding into the water, and when Father Finn saw it he jumped in and tried his utmost to rescue them. He succeeded in assisting several men, but suddenly several bullets entered his own body and he fell just at the water's edge. He was carried by some of the men to whom he had ministered so faithfully, but he lived only a few minutes. His last words are said to have been, 'Are our fellows winning?' and then, amid the thunder of the guns on sea and land, he passed away." -- "Daily Telegraph."



A lieutenant of the Royal Irish Rifles, home from the front, states -- "My battalion has been under the most appalling cannonade within the last few weeks, and it is Providence alone that has spared even a few of us to return. We began our attack on the 18th June. From the first we were in a minority, and, although assistance came later, the strength was still with the enemy. The Germans treated us to an avalanche of gas, shells, and some kind of deadly liquid, but, I am proud to say, the Irish Rifles behaved like true soldiers to the last. Not once, but twenty times, the Germans made desperate efforts to smash our lines, but they were unable to weaken our resistance. Although we lost heavily, we succeeded in retaining the position. During the last roll-call the officers paid a glowing tribute to the valour of our men. It was pathetic to hear them singing as they went into attack, "There is a Green Hill Far Away." -- "Morning Post."



The death occurred on the 24th ult. of Rev. S. C. Mitchel, who had been for thirty-three years pastor of the Presbyterian congregation in Enniskillen. He attended the wedding of his daughter at Ballinderry, and became unwell, but having recovered, he returned to Enniskillen, only however, to be again confined to bed with a severe attack of pneumonia, to which he succumbed. He was a son of the late Rev. David Mitchel, of Warrenpoint, and by his first wife had five children. Two of his sons, now hold commissions in the 12th Inniskillings. From last July till March Mr. Mitchel had been in charge of the Scots Church, at Leghorn (Italy), and on his return he seemed to have aged greatly. His demise is a severe blow to the congregation.

The funeral of the late Rev. Mr. Mitchel took place on Friday to the New Cemetery, Enniskillen. The deceased, who was aged 60 years, had been pastor of the Enniskillen congregation for the past thirty-three years, for many years Clerk of the Clogher Presbytery, and also secretary of the Fermanagh Protestant Board of Education. Prior to the funeral a service was held in the manse by Rev. J. W. Smyth and Rev. John Wilson (Clerk of the Clogher Presbytery), at which the members of the deceased's family and personal relatives were present. The remains were then borne to the church, the cortege including the Lord Bishop of Clogher, County Court Judge Johnston, the members of the Presbytery of Clogher, and the local clergy of the Church of Ireland and Methodist Church. The service in the church was presided over by the Moderator, Rev. Thos. Edwardes, Cavanaleck. Prayers were said by Rev. Alex. Cuthbert, Carrickfergus, and Rev. D. J. Boyle, Lisbellaw, read a portion of Scripture.

Rev. W. H. Bailey, Clogher, in the course of an eloquent panegyric, said -- In the presence of those amongst whom he laboured so long and faithfully it is difficult on brief notice to do more than express our deep sympathy with his bereaved family and congregation. In this painful loss the whole Presbytery shares your grief. I need not speak of how worthily your late pastor filled the pulpit and "broke the bread of life" among you, as a true expositor of the Divine Word, declaring the whole counsel of God; nor of how blamelessly he walked in your midst, a "living epistle seen and read of all men," preaching by the example of his gentle Christian life. He was "an Israelite indeed, in whom was no guile." I can best speak of him as a member of our Presbytery, of which he was Clerk for many years. In that responsible office he was unsurpassed in the General Assembly. His clear, cultivated intelligence, sound judgment, business capacity, painstaking methods, tact, and brotherliness won our admiration and highest respect. We shall miss in our meetings his wise counsel and helpful presence. Our dear brother seemed to have many years of usefulness still before him. We know now that, as it seemed good to the Master, his work was done. "The labourer's task is o'er" before the evening hour. "Having served his own generation by the will of God he fell on sleep." "God buries His workmen, but carries on His work." The service our brother rendered was faithful, efficient, many-sided. As a Presbytery we always found in every department evidence of his pastoral zeal and fidelity. The lambs of the flock were carefully nurtured in the Sabbath-school. The Young People's Guild, the Band of Hope, the temperance organisation, and the prayer-meeting were well maintained. The sick were visited, the sorrowing comforted, and the careless sought after. His heart was in his work, and he drew around him an earnest band of workers as steel filings to a magnet. The greatest results of such a ministry can never be tabulated. Our departed friend lived to promote the interests of Christ's kingdom, and was an earnest fellow-worker with all of whatever Church, who loved and served the Lord Jesus. We cannot help noting the material tokens of the prosperity to which the Church here has attained under his ministry. As one of the few still remaining who took part in his ordination thirty-three years ago, I have a clear recollection of the outward conditions of the congregation. The old place of worship was so hidden it was called "the invisible church." It might be said "the Ark dwelt under curtains," and for the minister, there was not even a habitation of curtains. To-day, as the result of his efforts, loyally supported by the congregation, there is a suitable manse, and when we look at the beautiful church building in which we are assembled we might use the epitaph of the architect of St. Paul's Cathedral, "if you seek his monument look around."

At the conclusion of the service the coffin, which was covered with wreaths, was borne out to the strains of the Dead March from "Saul," and at the graveside the concluding portions of the service were conducted by Rev John Wilson, Tempo.



In the House of Commons yesterday,

Mr. Asquith informed Mr. Joynson Hicks that the total casualties sustained by both the naval and military forces in the Dardanelles up to May 31 were as follows:-- Officers -- Killed, 496; wounded, 1,134; missing, 92 -- total 1,722. Men -- Killed, 6,927; wounded, 23,542; missing, 6,445 -- total, 36,914, This made the total casualties 38,636.

Sir A. Markham -- Does that include the Indian contingent?

Mr. Asquith was understood to reply in the affirmative.


Masses of Corpses.

Paris, Thursday. -- A naval officer on a French cruiser in the Near East, says a telegram to the "Matin" from Toulon, describes the Turkish losses as enormous. The Turks, he says, were literally reduced to pulp. You can form no idea of the masses of corpses lying between our lines and theirs. The Turks are humiliated by the way in which the German officers have taken the whole command into their own hands, but every time they have tried to give voice to their discontent, they have been suppressed in a terrible manner.





A Press Association War Special telegram (passed for publication) says -- The Leyland Liner Armenian has been torpedoed and sunk by a German submarine.

Some of the crew are reported missing.

Six survivors of the Armenian, which was torpedoed off the Scilly Isles on Monday night, have arrived at Cardiff. They state that some lives were lost. The Armenian was from Newport News, and the submarine was sighted about two hundred miles off the Scilly Isles. Efforts were made to escape, but the steamer was rapidly overhauled. The submarine fired a number of shells from a gun on the deck, inflicting damage. The officers and crew took to the boats, and the submarine fired two torpedoes, causing the Armenian to sink in about half an hour. The submarine ran close to a boatload of capsized men, but did not pick any up. As nearly as the survivors could remember there were sixteen ship's officers on board, two Marconi operators, while the crew numbered about fifty. Some were picked up by a Belgian trawler, but it is feared that some have been killed by shell fire or were drowned. Other survivors proceeded to Liverpool. It is stated by one of the survivors that the submarine was the U38.

The West African mail steamer Tarquah, which arrived at Plymouth on Tuesday, reported that on Monday afternoon, about four o'clock, a wireless call "S.O.S." was received from the steamer Armenian, which was then, twenty-three miles west of Trevos Head. She reported that she had been attacked by a submarine, which two hours later was reported to have fired on the Armenian.

A Lloyd's message says that five of the boats were picked, up by a Belgian trawler. It is reported that none were killed, and a few wounded.

The Armenian was built at the Queen's Island by Messrs. Harland & Wolff.

She was constructed in 1895, and had a tonnage of 8,825.


Action by United States.

Washington, Thursday. -- Advices from the United States Consol in Bristol of the lost of twenty Americans of the crew of the Leyland liner Armenian from Newport News, which was torpedoed and sunk off Cornwall on Monday, has created a sensation in official circles, following, as it does, on the prediction of the favourable reply from Germany to the American Note. The officials contend that the ship should have been subjected to a visit and search, and that those on board should have been transferred to a place of safety before the vessel was destroyed. Dr. Page and Mr. Gerard have been instructed to obtain details in London and Berlin respectively.



On Tuesday at Sandymount Green, Dublin, a meeting under the auspices of the City and County Recruiting Committee was held. There was a large attendance, and the band of the 3rd Battalion Royal Irish Regiment was present, and played a selection of Irish airs before the meeting. The chair was occupied by Mr. Michael O'Brien, chairman U.D.C., Kingstown.

Mr. A. L. Horner, K.C., M.P.. who was received with applause, said this was a fight in which the true Irish spirit would be shown, and it was a fight to a finish, and would call for every ounce of their energy, courage, and resources (Cheers.) They fell short of the other parts of the United Kingdom in the supply of munitions of war, but they could and should make up for this deficiency by sending men. The voluntary system was om its trial, and it rested with them whether it was successful or not. The place to defend the shores of Ireland was outside these shores. They watched with anxious hearts those who were doing their manly duty in the ranks, and they appealed to every right-minded Irishman fit for service who could possibly do so, to answer his country's call in that hour of need. (Cheers.)


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The Witness - Friday, 9 July, 1915


MISKIMMON -- July 1, 1915, at her residence, Killysavan, near Poyntzpass, Co. Down, Mary Ann, the beloved wife of William Miskimmon, aged 74 years. WILLIAM M'COMB.

BEATTIE -- July 5, at The Manse, Irvinestown, Rev. Archibald Beattie. Senior Minister, Irvinestown Presbyterian Church, aged 84 years.

BOWMAN -- July 2, at 30, Sandown Road, Margaret, wife of John Bowman.

BOYD -- July 4, at Carmavey, Margaret Jane, relict of the late James Boyd, aged 98 years.

CLARKE -- July 1, at Brookfield, Rev. Samuel Boyce Clarke, M.A., Minister of Cairncastle Presbyterian Church.

HAMILTON -- July 5, at Laurel Hill, Ballynabragget, Lurgan, Lewis Alfred Hamilton.

KENNEDY -- July 3, at 90, Cliftonpark Avenue, Gilliland Kennedy, senior.

MALCOLM -- July 1, at the Royal Victoria Hospital, Belfast, William Malcolm, of 293, Falls Road.

MILLAR -- July 2, at Castlereagh House, County Down, Emma, wife of S. M. Millar, and younger daughter of the late John Forsythe, J.P.

M'CRACKEN -- July 7, at her residence, Lessize, Rathfriland, Martha, beloved wife of Alexander M'Cracken, aged 83 years.

M'INTOSH -- July 5, at Connor, Kells, Co. Antrim, Sarah, wife of Samuel M'Intosh, 68, Old Glenarm Road, Larne.

RODGERS -- July 5, at Tempo, Ernest, husband of Alice Rodgers, Tempo, and son of Andrew Rodgers, Tartaraghan, Portadown.

ROSS -- July 3, at Hopefield, Carrickfergus, Alexander Ross.

SHIPCOTT -- July 1, at 29, Alfred Street, Bangor, Eileen, daughter of the late William B. Shipcott.

SIMPSON -- July 2, at Ballycreely, John (Johnnie) Simpson.

SMYTH -- July 1, Eleanor, relict of the late Robert Smyth, Newtownards.

WILLIS -- July 2, at 42, Seaview, Warrenpoint, Emmie, wife of Thomas P. Willis, Newry, in her 66th year.

WILSON -- July 4, at 10, Glenravel Street, Rosa, relict of the late Alexander Wilson.

WOOD -- July 4, at 6, Inver Avenue, Belfast, Selina Margaret, widow of the late George Wood.


His relatives in Bangor have received official notification that Mr. Robert Hanna, son of the late Mr. Joseph Hanna and of Mrs. Hanna, Beaumont Terrace, Bangor, has been among the missing since the Australians went into action at the Dardanelles. Mr. Hanna for some years past has been in business in Australia. His brother is Mr. James B. Hanna, late of the Jungle Tribes Mission, and now a medical student at Edinburgh.



The funeral of the Rev. Archibald Beattie, senior minister of Irvinestown Presbyterian. Church, took place on Wednesday, the remains of the deceased being interred in the burying ground adjoining the church. Mr. Beattie, who passed away on the 5th inst., was licensed by his Presbytery as a probation for the Christian ministry forty-seven years ago, and on the 24th May, 1876, he was, by desire of the Mission Board, ordained as a missionary in Crockatanty, where he laboured with much success for a period of about nine years. So much did he commend himself to all concerned, that he subsequently received a call to Irvinestown congregation, which was then known as Lowtherstown. He ministered there for fifteen years with great success, and his retirement in 1908 was received with great regret. His retirement took place in order to effect a union between Irvinestown congregation and Pettigo, Rev. H. A. MacKenzie, who had just returned from a period of service in Bahamas, being appointed to minister to the united congregations. Mr. Beattie, who was greatly respected by his brethren in the Presbytery, continued to take a warm interest in the welfare of his old congregation after his retirement seven years ago, and nowhere is his decease more keenly regretted than amongst the members of Irvinestown congregation, of which the Rev. A. Duff is now the minister. The large concourse of people who attended his funeral testified to the universal esteem in which he was held.



Deep and widespread regret is felt in the neighbourhood of Carryduff at the death of Mr. John Patterson. He was a devoted church member, and a willing, earnest Sabbath-school worker. His radiant personality, His modest, kindly, unassuming disposition endeared him to all who were acquainted with him. The greatest sympathy is felt for his mother, brothers, and sisters in their bereavement.




The following are the names of the children who, as certified by the examiners, have repeated the Shorter Catechism from beginning to end, "without a mistake, and without any assistance whatsoever," and have, therefore, received prizes and diplomas:--


Ballyboley N.S. -- Bertie M'Cready, Tom M'Cready, Colin M'Cutcheon, Wm. Hugh Kerr, Minnie M'Cutcheon, Agnes Mary Edgar, Joseph Brown.

Millisle N.S. -- James Waugh, Thomas Kane, John Clegg, George Brown, Arthur Lowry.

Twelve prizes.


Glasleck N.S. -- Joseph Alexander Gray, Evelyn Maud Gray, Robert Eakins.

Bailieborough Model N.S. -- Harriet Browne, Nelly Jane Boyd.

Carrickgorman N.S. -- Esther Margaret Lundie, Evelyn Lundie, Martha Elizabeth Nelson.

Eight prizes.


Drumakill N.S. -- Anna Stephenson, Jane Browne.

M'Kelvey's Grove N.S. -- Hannah Dickson, Agnes Fee, May Hanna, Sarah Jane Martin, Lizzie M'Niece, Sarah Meaklim, Isa Nicholson Essie Thompson, James Meaklim, William Hanna, James Craig, Thomas J. Hunter.

Newbliss N.S. -- Martha Scott, George Scott.

Sixteen prizes.


Mullindrean N.S. -- Nancy Whyte, Rebecca Smyth.

Teeshan N.S. -- Sarah Lowry, Martha Bollinger, Martha M'Cosh, Henry Park.

Tullinahinion N.S. -- David M'Keown.

Craigs N.S. -- Catherine M'Auley, Thomas Norwood, Agnes T. Wallace, Rachel Strange, Mary E. Thompson, Jeannie Bonnar, David M'Auley, Agnes M'Auley, Jeannie Marshall.

Orr Memorial, Antrim, N.S. -- Janet Adams, Rosemary Gault, Janie Millar, Jean Graham, James Clarke, John Graham.

Parkmore N.S. -- Martha Scott.

Lower Tannybrake N.S. -- Robert Stevenson, Thomas Wylie.

Aughagost and Knockstocken N.Ss. -- John Morrow, David Wright.

Clinty N.S. -- Robert M'Cartney.

Laymore N.S. -- Annie Y. Lamont.

Ballymena Model N.S. -- Georgina Wylie, Annie E. Forbes, Sadie M'Ilrath, Martha Spears.

Creavery N.S. -- Sarah Gault, Lizzie Wilson, Aggie Gault, William Millar, John Millar, William Hanna, Mary Fletcher, Elizabeth Barnett, Jeannie Millar.

Hazelbank N.S. -- Bella Rea, Rita Craig, Susan Cruiks, Maggie M'Cullough, Jane Patterson, Gretta Graham, Willie Millar.

Cross N.S -- Maybin Esler, William Fleck, Margretta M'Croary, Emily Esler, Annie Wharry.

Lowtown N.S. -- Lizzie Cahoon, Francis Graham, May Gilmer, Jeanie M'Clean.

Fifty-eight prizes.


Belfast Model N.S. -- Boys -- Geo. Laughlin, Joe M'Roberts, James Jackson, Howard Clegg Robert Heasty, James Gilchrist, Neill Hunter, Robert Abernethy, Jas. Nesbitt, Andrew Sherrard, Alex. M'Roberts, Charles Barnes, Tom Adams. Girls -- Lillie Irvine, Jennie Sloan, Flossie Robinson, Winnie M'Comb, May Blackstock, Edith Blackstock, Nora, Munce, Isa Stafford, Olive Mulligan, Nora Martin, May Houston, Anna Hutchinson, Florrie Loughead, Eva Logan, Meta Macauley, Pearl MacGeagh, Madge M'Kee, Jennie Thompson, Dolly Adair, Florrie M'Cullough, Cherry Munn, Jenny Hargrove, Jessie Robertson, Chrissie M'Comb, Winnie Foster, May Marshall, Lily Larmour, Jennie Baxter, Daisy M'Kee, Maisie M'Candless, Lily Wilson.

Wolfhill N.S. -- Letitia S. Crawford, Cassie M'Ilwaine, Frances B. Crawford, Mary J. Mann, Sarah J. M'Quillan, May Dickey.

Victoria Homes N.S, -- Lily M'Clatchey, Minnie Jones, Lena Burns, Hanna M'Comish, Annie M'Cartney, Robina M'Gaughey.

Ballysillan N.S. -- Wilhelmina M. Armstrong.

Johnson Home N.S. -- Lizzie Hamilton, Jane Scott, Nellie Scott, Letitia Thomas, Bella Mitchell.

Whitehouse N.S. (No. 1) -- Hamilton Dinnen.

Malone Training N.S. -- William Black, Richard Gilmore.

Currie Girls (Cosgrove Street) N.S. -- Maggie Delias, Saidie Boyd, Lizzie Kenny, Gladys M'Farland, Sarah Young.

Ninety prizes


Ballynashee N.S. -- Agnes Wilson.

One prize.


Ballymacashon N.S. -- Samuel Stewart, Lily Jackson.

Drumreagh N.S. -- David A. Gibson, Martha M'Clenaghan, Margaret Hanna.

Tullycove N.S. -- Nannie Carnduff, Sady M. Boyd, Frank Furey, Elizabeth Carse.

Ballygowan N.S. -- Lena M'Minn, David M'Minn, Willie M'Minn, Mina Buchanan (aged seven years), Wm. Gibson, Wm. Stevenson, David Kerr, Harry Bailie, Tom Porter.

Eighteen prizes.


Dromore West N.S. -- Mary Jane Somerville.

One prize.


Bennet Street N.S. -- Maria Watson.

One prize.


Drumaghlis N.S. -- Annie M'Coubrie.

One prize.


Drumfad N.S. -- Ellen Stewart, Maggie Borland, Andrew Stewart, John M'Elwaine.

Four prizes


Smithborough N.S. -- Ada Pollock, Janie Pollock, Ada Moorhead.

Three prizes.


Sheeptown N.S. -- Edith M'Cracken, Lizzie Gamble.

Dromore Road N.S. Warrenpoint -- Ella Shearman, Annie Sinclair Jamieson, John Brown.

Derrycughan N.S. -- Arabella Flack.

Rockvale N.S. -- Nellie Lowry, Maggie Clarke, Willie Megaw.

Nine prizes.


Omagh Model N.S. -- Evelyn Madge Armstrong.

One prize.


Ballyroney N.S. -- William Ferguson. Gransha N.S. -- May B. Patterson. Two prizes.


Ganaby N.S. -- Agnes Pinkerton. Croaghbegg N.S. -- Andrew M'Conaghy, Catherine Brown. Andrew Blair, Thomas Blair, Alexander M'Guigan, Charles Brown, Dennis Brown, Nellie Gault, Susan Gault.

Ten prizes.


Duneane N.S. -- Robert Calwell Gillespie. Dundrod N.S. -- Mary Wilson, Mary A. Graham, Thomas Carlisle. Second Donegore N.S. -- Martha J. Warnock, Wm. Finlay, A. Frew M'Whinney.

Seven prizes.

There have been in all 242 prizes gained this year in the schools of seventeen Presbyteries. Last year the number was 278 in the schools of twenty Presbyteries, a decrease of thirty-six prize-winners and of three competing Presbyteries.


1906 Presbyteries competing 20. Prize-winners 264
1907 25 345
1908 27 303
1909 24 267
1910 22 256
1911 21 214
1912 19 246
1913 15 219
1914 20 273
1915 17 242
Total 2,634

Prize-winners since the institution of the prize.

Convener for the General Assembly and the Presbytery of Belfast
of Religious Education in Day-schools.
July 1915.



Mr. Robert James M'Culloch, of Heather View, Ballygomartin. Antrim, farmer, died on 8th February, leaving personal estate in the United Kingdom of the value of 5,269 18s 3d. Probate of the will, dated 1st September, 1903. is granted to Mary M'Culloch the widow, and the Rev. John Gailey of The Manse, Ballysillan. The testator gives 290 and the Ballygomartin farm, with the furniture and stock, to his wife, and the residue, in trust, to pay to her the income for life. Subject thereto he gives 500 to the minister for the time being of Ballysillan Presbyterian Church for educational purposes in connection with the congregation; 200 to his nephew, Robert Dougal; and the residue to the children of his sister, Sarah M'Cracken.


At the recent degree examinations in Trinity College, Dublin, Mr. James Boyd, principal teacher of Ebrington N.S., Londonderry, obtained his B.A. degree, and for distinguished answering has been made a Respondent of Trinity College.



A most enjoyable concert was given in the Presbyterian Soldiers' Home on Wednesday evening, 30th June. The following admirable programme was contributed -- Piano solo, Pte. Pritchard, A.O.C., solo, "The Bassoon," Corporal Driscoll, 16th. Lancers; recitation, Private Crossdale, R.A.M.C.; solo, "Down the Vale," Corporal Batch, R.A.M.C.; comic song, "The Merry Widow," "Miss Brown" (Private Pritchard, A.O.C); comic song, "P.C. 49," Private Bridgeman, R.A.M.C.; recitation, Lance-Corporal Everett, 16th Lancers; song, "After the ball," Corpora Player, R.A.M.C.; song, Pte. Crossdale, R.A.M.C.; solo, "When the ebb tide flows," Corporal Baton, R.A.M.C.; musical recitation, Corporal Driscoll, 16th Lancers; solo, "Asleep in the deep," Private Glaysher, R.A.M.C.; comic song, "Poor Mary Ann," "Miss Brown" Private Pritchard, A.O.C.; solo, "Songs of Araby," Private Mitchell, R.A.M.C.; solo, "The Englishman," Private Exelby, R.A.M.C.; musical recitation, Corporal Driscoll, 16th Lancers. Private Pritchard, who dressed up as "Miss Brown," kept the lads in roars of laughter at his inimitable rendering of "The Merry Widow," which he had to repeat before the conclusion of the concert. Corporal Driscoll also gave great pleasure by his delightful musical recitations, which were very cleverly done. A note of thanks having been passed to the different performers, the proceedings concluded by singing the National Anthem.



A Glorious Achievement.




General Sir Ian Hamilton has sent to the Secretary of State for War a despatch describing the landing of the British and French forces on the Gallipoli Peninsula. It is one of the most graphic accounts of the work of the Army which has been published during the present war. From the first he realised the enormous difficulties to be overcome, and reluctantly came to the conclusion that all the forces at his command would be required to enable the Fleet to force the passage of the Dardanelles. The great difficulties of the country are described at length and reference made to the remarkable defences and bravery of the Turkish forces. One sentence of the despatch dealing with the landing near Capo Hellos may be quoted -- "It is my firm conviction that no finer feat of arms has ever been achieved by the British soldiers -- or, any other soldiers -- than the storming of these trenches from open boats on the morning of the 26th April." The British losses during the period covered by the despatch were 1,167 killed, 8,219 wounded, and 3,503 missing.

In the course of his narrative Sir Ian Hamilton States -- The landing of an Army upon the theatre of operations -- a theatre strongly garrisoned throughout, and prepared for any such attempt -- involved difficulties for which no precedent was forthcoming in military history except possibly in the sinister legends of Xerxes. The beaches were either so well defended by works or guns, or else so restricted by nature that it did not seem possible even by two or three simultaneous landings, to pass the troops ashore quickly enough to enable them to maintain themselves against the rapid concentration and counterattack which the enemy was bound in such case to attempt. It became necessary, therefore, not only to land simultaneously at as many, points as possible, but to threaten to land at other points as well.


The covering force of the. 29th Division left Mudros Harbour on the evening of April 23 for the five beaches S, V, W, X, and Y. Of these, V, W, and X were to be main landings, the landings at S and Y being made mainly to protect the flanks, to disseminate the forces of the enemy, and to interrupt the arrival of his reinforcements The landings at S and Y were to take place at dawn, whilst it was planned that the first troops, for V. W. and X. beaches should reach the shore simultaneously at 5-30 a.m. after half an hour's bombardment from the fleet.

The detachment detailed for S Beach (Eski Hissarlik Point) consisted of the 2nd South Wales Borderers (less one company) under Lieutenant-Colonel Casson. Their landing was delayed by the current, but by 7-30 a.m. it had been successfully effected at a cost of some fifty casualties, and Lieutenant-Colonel Casson was able to establish his small force on the high ground near De Totts Battery. Here he maintained himself until the general advance on the 27th brought him in touch with the main body. The landing on Y Beach was entrusted to the King's Own Scottish Borderers and the Plymouth (Marine) Battalion, Royal Naval Division, specially attached to the 29th Division for this task, under Colonel Coe. So impregnable had the precipices here appeared to the Turks that no steps had been taken to defend them.

Both battalions were able in the first instance to establish themselves on the heights, and an endeavour was made to gain touch with the troops landing at X beach. Unfortunately, the enemy's strong detachment from Y 2 interposed, and the attempt to join hands was not persevered with. Later in the day a large force of Turks were seen to be advancing from the cliffs above Y beach from the direction of Krithia, and Colonel Koe was f obliged to entrench. From this time onward his small force was subjected to strong and repeated attacks, supported by field artillery. Throughout the afternoon and all through the night the Turks made assault after assault upon the British line. The Turks were in a vast superiority and fresh troops took the place of those who temporarily fell Lack. Colonel Koe (since died of wounds) had become a casualty early in the day, and the number of officers and men killed and wounded during the incessant fighting was very heavy. By 7 a.m. on the 26th only about half the King's Own Scottish Borderers remained to man the entrenchment made for four times their number. These brave fellows were absolutely worn out with continuous fighting; it was doubtful if reinforcements could reach them in time, and order's were issued for them to be embarked. The re-embarkation of the whole of the troops, together with the wounded, stores, and ammunition, was safely accomplished, and both the battalions were brought round the southern end of the peninsula.

The troops to be landed at X beach were the 1st Royal Fusiliers, who were to be towed ashore from H.M.S. Implacable in two parties, half a battalion at a time, together with a beach working party found ty the Anson Battalion, Royal Naval Division. About 6 a.m. H.M.S. Implacable, with a boldness much admired by the Army, stood quite close in to the beach, and fired very rapidly with every gun she could bring to bear. Thus seconded, the Royal Fusiliers made good their landing with but little loss.


The landing on V beach was planned to take place on the following lines -- As soon as the enemy's defences had been heavily bombarded by the Fleet, three companies of the Dublin Fusiliers were to bo towed ashore. They were to be closely followed by the collier River Clyde (Commander Unwin, R.N.), carrying between decks the balance of the Dublin Fusiliers the Munster Fusiliers, half a battalion of the Hampshire Regiment, the West Riding Field Company, and other details. The River Clyde, had been specially prepared for the rapid disembarkation of her complement, and large openings for the exit of the troops had been cut in her sides, giving on to a wide gang-plank by which the men could pass rapidly into lighters which she had in tow. As soon as the first tows had reached land the River Clyde was to run straight ashore. Her lighters were to be placed in position to form a gangway between the ship and the beach, and by this means it was hoped that 2,000 men could be thrown ashore with the utmost rapidity. Further, to assist in covering the landing, a battery of machine-guns, protected by sandbags, had been mounted in her bows. Needless to say, the difficulties in the way of previous reconnaissance had rendered it impossible to obtain detailed information with regard either the locality or to the enemy's preparations. Whilst the boats and the collier were approaching the landing-place the Turks made no sign. Up to the very last moment it appeared as if the landing was to be unopposed. But the moment the first boat touched bottom the storm broke. A tornado of fire swept over the beach, the incoming boats, and the collier. The Dublin Fusiliers and the naval boats' crews suffered exceedingly heavy losses whilst still in the boats. Those who succeeded in landing and in crossing the strip of sand managed to gain some cover when they reached the low escarpment on the further side. None of the boats, however, were able to get off again, and they and their crews were destroyed upon the beach.

Now came the moment for the River Clyde to pour forth her living freight; but grievous delay was caused here by the difficulty of placing the lighters in position between the ship and the shore. A strong current hindered the work and the enemy's fire was so intense that almost every man engaged upon it was immediately shot. Owing, however to the splendid gallantry of the naval working party, the lighters were eventually placed in position, and then the disembarkation began. A company of the Munster Fusiliers led the way; but, short as was the distance, few of the men ever reached the farther side of the beach through the hail of bullets which poured down upon them from both flanks and the front. As the second company followed, the extemporised pier lighters gave way in the current. The end nearest to the shore drifted into deep water, and many men who had escaped being shot were drowned by the weight of their equipment in trying to swim from the lighter to the beach. Undaunted workers were still forthcoming, the lighters were again brought into position, and the third company of the Munster Fusiliers rushed ashore, suffering heaviest loss this time from shrapnel as well as from rifle, pom-pom, and machine-gun fire. For a space the attempt to land was discontinued. When it was resumed the lighters again drifted into deep water, and at this time, between 10 and 11 a.m., about 1,000 men had left the collier, and of these nearly half had I been killed or wounded before they could reach the little cover afforded by the steep, sandy bank at the top of the beach. The situation was probably saved by the machine-guns on the River Clyde, which did valuable service in keeping down the enemy's fire and in preventing any attempt on their part to launch a counter-attack. One half-company of the Dublin Fusiliers, which had been landed at the Camber just east of Sedd-el-Bahr village, was unable to work its way across to V Beach, and by midday had only twenty-five men left. Late in the afternoon part of the Fusiliers seemed likely to relieve the situation by taking the defenders of V Beach in the flank, but at nightfall the Turkish garrison still held their ground. Just before dark some parties of our men made their way along the shore to the outer walls of the Old Fort, and when night had fallen the remainder of the infantry from the collier were landed.


Twenty-four hours after the disembarkation began there were ashore on V Beach the survivors of the Dublin and Munster Fusiliers and of two companies of the Hampshire Regiment. The remnant of the landing party still crouched on the beach beneath the shelter of the sandy escarpment which had saved so many lives. With them were two officers of my General Staff -- Lieutenant-Colonel Doughty-Wylie and Lieutenant-Colonel Williams. Now that it was daylight once more, Lieut.-Colonels Doughty-Wylie and Williams set to work to organise an attack on the hill above the beach. Under cover of bombardment by the Fleet, and led by Lieutenant-Colonel Doughty-Wylie and Captain Walford, Brigade-Major R.A., the troops gained a footing in the village by 10 a.m. So strong were the defences of W Beach that the Turks may well have considered them impregnable, and it is my firm conviction that no finer feat of arms has ever been achieved by the British soldier -- or any other soldier -- than the storming of these trenches from open boats on the morning of April 25. The landing at W had been entrusted to the 1st Battalion Lancashire Fusiliers (Major Bishop). As in the case of the landing at X, the disembarkation had been delayed for half an hour, but at 6 a.m; the whole battalion approached the shore together, towed by eight picket-boats in line abreast, each picket-boat pulling four ship's cutters. While the troops were approaching the shore no shot had been fired from the enemy's trenches, but as soon as the first boat touched the ground a hurricane of lead swept over the battalion. Gallantly led by their officers, the Fusiliers literally hurled themselves ashore, and fired at from right, left, and centre, commenced hacking their way through the wire. Covered by the fire of the warships, which had now closed right in to the shore, by 10 a.m. three lines of hostile trenches were in our hands, and our hold on the beach was assured. About 9-30 a.m. more infantry had began to disembark, and two hours later a junction was effected on Hill 114 with the troops who had landed on X beach. At 2 p.m., after the ground near Hill 138 had been subjected to a heavy bombardment, the Worcester Regiment advanced to the assault, and by 4 p.m. the hill and redoubt were captured.

The landing of the Australian and New Zealand corps is then described. The boats approached the land in the silence and the darkness, and they were close to the shore when the enemy stirred. The moment the boats touched land the Australians turn had come. Like lightning they leapt ashore, and each man as he did so went straight as his bayonet at the enemy. So vigorous was the onslaught that the Turks made no attempt to withstand it and fled from ridge to ridge pursued by the Australian infantry. From 11 a.m. to 3 p.m. the enemy, now reinforced to a strength of 20,000 men, attacked the whole line, making a specially strong effort against the 3rd Brigade and the left of the 2nd Brigade. This counter-attack was, however, handsomely repulsed with the help of the guns of H.M. ships. Between 5 and 6-30 p.m. a third most determined counter-attack was made against the 3rd Brigade who held their ground with more than equivalent stubbornness. During the night again the Turks made constant attacks, and the 8th Battalion repelled a bayonet charge; but in spite of all the line held firm. Their casualties had been deplorably heavy. But it is a consolation to know that the Turks suffered still more seriously.


An advance was commenced at 8 a.m. on the 28th, and carried out with commendable vigour, despite the fact that from the moment of landing the troops had been unable to obtain any proper rest. The 87th Brigade pushed on rapidly, and by 10 a.m. had advanced two miles. Here the further progress of the Border Regiment was barred by strong work on the left flank. They halted to concentrate and make dispositions to attack it, and at the moment had to withstand a determined counter-attack by the Turks. Aided by heavy gun fire from H.M.S. Queen Elizabeth, they succeeded in beating off the attack, but they made no further progress that day. The 88th Brigade, on the right of the 37th, progressed steadily Until about 11-30 a.m., when the stubbornness of the opposition, coupled with a dearth of ammunition, brought their advance to a standstill. By 2 pm. the whole of the troops, with the exception of the Drake Battalion, had been absorbed into the firing line. The men were exhausted, and the few guns landed at the time were unable to afford them adequate artillery support. The small amount of transport available did not suffice to maintain the supply of munitions, and cartridges were running short despite all efforts to push them up from the landing places. Had it been possible to push in reinforcements in men, artillery, and munitions during the day, Krithia should have fallen, and much subsequent fighting for its capture would have been avoided. On April 29, April 30, and May 1 our positions were solidified, and more troops, &c., landed.


At 10 p.m. on May 1 the Turks opened a hot shell-fire upon our position, and half an hour later, just before the rise of the moon, they delivered a series of desperate attacks. The first momentum of this ponderous onslaught fell upon the right of the 86th Brigade, an unlucky spot, seeing all the officers thereabouts had already been killed or wounded. So when the Turks came right on without firing and charged into the trenches with the bayonet they made an ugly gap in the line. This gap was instantly filled by the 5th Royal Scots (Territorials), who faced to their flank and executed a brilliant bayonet charge against the enemy, and by the Essex Regiment detached for the purpose by the officer commanding the 88th Brigade. The rest of the British line held its own with comparative ease, and it was not found necessary to employ any portion of the reserve. About 5 a.m a counter-offensive was ordered, and the whole line began to advance. By 7-30 a.m. the British left had gained some 500 yards, and the centre had pushed the enemy back and inflicted heavy losses. The right also had gained some ground in conjunction with the French left, but the remainder of the French line was unable to progress. As the British centre and left were now subjected to heavy cross fire from concealed machine guns, it was found impossible to maintain the ground gained, and, therefore, about 11 a.m., the whole line withdrew to its former trenches.

The net result of the operations was the repulse of the Turks and the infliction upon them of very heavy losses.

The losses, exclusive of the French, during the period covered by this dispatch were, I regret to say, very severe, numbering --

177 officers and 1,990 other ranks killed.
412 officers and 7,807 other ranks wounded.
13 officers and 3,580 other ranks missing.

Throughout the events I have chronicled the Royal Navy has been father and mother to the army. Not one of us but realises how much he owes to Vice-Admiral de Rebeck, to the warships, French and British, and to all their dauntless crews, who risked everything to give their soldier comrades a fair run in at the enemy.

Throughout these preparations and operations Monsieur le General d'Amade has given me the benefit of his wide experiences of war and has afforded me always the most loyal and energetic support. The landing of Kura Kale, planned by me as a mere diversion to distract the attention of the enemy was transformed by the commander of the Corps Expeditionaire de l'Orient into a brilliant operation which secured some substantial results. During the fighting which followed the landing of the French division at Sedd del-Bar no troops could have acquitted themselves more creditably than those under Monsieur le General d'Amade.

The beaches and landing places mentioned under letters throughout the despatch are --

S -- A small beach in Morto Bay, by Eski Hissarlik.
V -- Sandy beach, about 300 yards across, inside Sedd el-Bahr.
W -- Sandy Bay, south of Tekke Barnu.
X -- Half a mile north of this point, with a break on the cliffs.
Y -- Mouth of a small stream two miles further up the coast.
Y -- Scrub covered gully about a mile and a half further on.




With the declared idea that he could put a stop to the war, a language teacher named Frank Holt attempted on Saturday to assassinate Mr. J. P. Morgan, head of the great financial house, which has wide buying powers for the British Government. Mr. Morgan was shot twice, but the doctors say he will recover. His assailant also boasted that he was the perpetrator of a bomb outrage which took place at the Capitol, Washington, on the previous night. The attempt on Mr. Morgan took place at his residence on Long Island, New York, where he was entertaining for the week-end Sir Cecil Spring Rice, the British Ambassador.

Holt, who was of German nationality, committed suicide on Tuesday. He jumped from the window of has prison cell, a distance of fifty feet, to the courtyard, and crushed his skull.


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The Witness - Friday, 16 July, 1915


BEARE--THOMPSON -- July 8 (by special licence), at the residence of the bride's father, by Rev. James Thompson, D.D., Thomas J. Beare, M.A., to Frances Jane, youngest daughter of David Thompson, Sorrento, Londonderry.

GORDON--IRWIN -- July 14, in Windsor Presbyterian Church, by the Rev. John Irwin, M.A., D.D., assisted by the Revs. T. A. Smyth, M.A., and J. M. M'Ilrath, B.A., William, fifth son of Mitchell Gordon, Ballinabuoy, Dunamanagh, Co. Tyrone, to Florence Isabella, eldest daughter of Archibald Irwin, Innisfoyle, Marlborough Park, Belfast.

WILSON--M'ILWRATH -- July 9, at Donegall Road Presbyterian Church, by the father of the bride, assisted by Rev. David Graham (uncle), Charles Wilson, Penang, Second Lieutenant King's Shropshire Light Infantry, to Marion Marshall, eldest daughter of the Rev. J. M. M'Ilrath, Belfast.

WRIGHT--M'KINNEY -- July 14, at First Letterkenny Presbyterian Church, by Rev. William Logan, M.A., Samuel, third son of Samuel Wright, Ballybuoy, Caledon, to Matilda Jane (Tillie), younger daughter of John M'Kinney, Arahee, Letterkenny.


JACKSON -- July 9, Fanny, widow of W. H. Jackson, Bowelk, Ballybay, and daughter of late Rev. C. L. Morell, D.D., Dungannon. Funeral strictly private.

MILLAR -- July 12, 1915, at her residence, Carrie View, Armoy, Elizabeth K. Millar, late Principal of Clintyfinnan N.S. Interred in the family burying-ground, Craigs, on Wednesday, 14th inst. Asleep in Jesus. MARGARET MILLAR.

ARMOUR -- July 10, at 16, India Street, Robert Armour, late Colour-Sergeant 4th Battalion R.I.R.

ARNOLD -- July 11, at Derrycaw, Portadown, Mark, husband of Mary Arnold, and son of the late James Arnold, of Derrycaw.

BLACKSTOCK -- July 13, at Edenderry, Shaw's Bridge, William Blackstock.

BOTHWELL -- July 5, 1915, at the residence of her son-in-law (Mr. George Rodgers, Breezemount, Saintfield), Sarah Jane, widow of the late Thomas H. Bothwell, late Principal of Magheraknock N.S., Ballynahinch.

CANAVAN -- July 10, at the Hospital, Purdysburn, Belfast, Bradley, son of John Canavan.

CARGO -- July 9, at 53, Church Street, Newtownards, Margaret Elizabeth, eldest daughter of the late John Cargo, Ballygrainey, Bangor.

CARR -- July 8, at 7, Rathdrum Street, Mary Ann, wife of Alexander Carr, and daughter of Joseph M'Ilveen, Whitehouse.

CARREY -- July 10, at Governor's Place, Carrickfergus, Douglas, youngest son of W. T. Carrey.

CARSON -- July 10, at Whinpark, Antrim, Andrew Carson.

CROWE -- July 8, at Benvue, Ballyholme, Bangor, Emmie, wife of Thomas H. Crowe.

DAVIS -- July 12, at Carnreagh, Hillsborough, Margaret Davis, relict of the late Wm. Davis.

FISHER -- July 11, at Craigduff, Clough, County Down, Robert Cromie, youngest son of John Fisher.

FITCHIE -- July 12, at Ballyminstra, Phoebe S. Fitchie.

GRAHAM -- July 10, at Kenlis Street, Banbridge, William D. Graham.

HAMILTON -- July 11, at Larne Cottage Hospital, Isabella, youngest daughter of the late William Hamilton, North Street, Carrickfergus.

HANNA -- July 11, at Farringdon, Sarah, widow of Henry Hanna.

JENKINS -- July 11, at Larchfield, Dundrum, County Dublin, William John Jenkins.

KIRK -- July 6, at 106, Shaw Heath, Stockport, James Kirk, J.P., aged 84 years.

MAXWELL -- July 9, at Larchgrove, Clough, Elizabeth, relict of the late John Maxwell.

MAYES -- July 7, at 127, Agincourt Avenue, Mary, widow of the late George Henry Mayes, formerly of Shankill, Upper Ballinderry.

MONTGOMERY -- July 8, at Scolbow, Margaret Montgomery, wife of John Montgomery.

M'CULLOUGH -- July 13, at Jocelyn Avenue, Belfast, Grace, daughter of the late Maxwell M'Cullough, Bangor.

M'KINLEY -- July 13, at Union Place, Dungannon, Agnes, daughter of James M'Kinley.

REID -- July 8, at Beechmount, Ballyknockan, Alexander Reid, aged 73 years.

SHAW -- July 12, at Pine Lodge, Strandtown, Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Shaw, J.P.

WELLWOOD -- July 12, at Mount Lodge, Laton, Ballybay, James Wellwood, aged 78 years.

WEIR -- June 6, at Brussels, William George Weir, formerly of Lisnabreeny House, Castlereagh, Co. Down, aged 74 years.

WILSON -- July 8, at Fairview, Portglenone, Robert Wilson.



The remains of the above-named gentleman were removed from his late residence Derrycaw, Portadown, on Tuesday last for interment in the family burying-ground adjoining Tartaraghan Presbyterian Church. The deceased contracted a severe cold some three months ago, which developed fatally, and he succumbed to the disease on Sunday night. His death will be deeply regretted not only in the family circle, but in the congregation of Tartaraghan, of which he was an honoured and efficient standard bearer. Ordained to the eldership of the congregation by the Presbytery of Armagh thirty years ago he has faithfully and earnestly discharged the duties of his sacred office, attending the services with rare constancy through all weathers, although one of the most remote members. On occasions he represented the session at the General Assembly, and was a delegate at the historic "hymnary" sederunt in the nineties, together with the late Rev. Dr. Hanna, whose esteem and friendship he possessed to a high degree. He entered enthusiastically into all movements initiated for the spiritual and temporal advancement of the church to which he was so devoted, and in whose services and councils he will be much missed. The cortege was large and representative. The chief mourners were -- Messrs. Thomas Arnold, Samuel Arnold, James Arnold, and Robert Arnold (brothers); James Arnold, R. J. Arnold, F. Mansell, Chris. Elliott (nephews); Alex. Hyde, Robert Hyde, George Johnston Thos. Arnold (cousins); Thomas W. Benson (brother-in-law). The session and committee were represented by Messrs. W. G. Simpson. George Hughes, Robert Home, W. R. Baxter, James Strain, and Thomas Strain; while the general public included -- Messrs. T. Trueman, James Cordner, Bernard Caraher, J.P.; Eugene Caraher. N.T.; T. Templeton, Wm. Jones, Samuel Wilson, Wm. Mawhinney, S. J. Benson, Wm. M'Clelland, W. J. Jackson, T. D. Jackson, S. Warnock, &c. The services at the house and church were conducted by Rev. Thomas Rowan, M.A Vinecash, who, preaching from the text, "To me to live is Christ, to die is gain." paid a marked tribute to the memory of the late Mr. Arnold, and extended in the name of the sorrowing congregation and officers of Tartaraghan, as well as in the name of the Presbyterian Church, deepest sympathy to the bereaved widow and children, and the relatives of the deceased.



At the Orange anniversary service held in Albertbridge Congregational Church on Sabbath, Mr. John Hume. Master of No. 6 L.O.L., mentioned that Rev. W. J. Hanson would go to the front this week as an Army chaplain, and on behalf of the brethren he wished him God-speed. Rev. W. J. Hanson said that he was going to France for three months, and he would be glad if people would send him information about Belfastmen at the front whom he might visit. He intended to leave Belfast early this week.


The "Freeman's Journal" is very angry with the "Irish Times" for having laid bare the nakedness of the Irish Nationalist land in the matter of recruiting. It also complains that it did not make Editorial reference to the King's message of satisfaction with the Irish troops on active service. I have no doubt the tribute of his Majesty is well deserved. But that does not touch the point of the question at issue. Neither the "Irish Times" nor any Unionist journal finds fault with the valour of the Irish troops, and least of all, of the Nationalist section of them. Indeed, the only regret we all have is that there are not many more of them at the front or in training for the front or recruiting for the front. What they do complain of is the systematic efforts of Mr. Redmond and his friends to conceal the lamentable failure of their recruiting movement since the war began by talking about the number of Nationalists, reserve and otherwise, at the front -- most of whom had joined the colours before the war -- and their claiming all the recruits who have joined from Ireland as Nationalist Ireland's contribution to the war; for doing as they did in connection with the statement of the Commander-in-Chief as to the 23,000 that had gone to the front in the last eleven months. On the one hand they belittle and bespatter with insults and sneers Ulster's contribution, and then represent the whole as the contribution of Nationalist Ireland. The other provinces would have to double or treble and more the number of their recruits to make up in proportion to the relative population the number that Protestant Ulster alone has given. That is the one cardinal fact of the situation, and until the Nationalists do that it is idle for the "Freeman's Journal" or any of its organs to pretend that Mr. Redmond, with Nationalist Ireland at his back, has provided anything like the share of recruits that would bear a proportion to those the Unionists and Protestants have provided. No manipulation of figures, no general talk about what Ireland is doing, can explain that fact away. When Mr. Redmond and his friends have done that we shall all be satisfied, and compliment and not criticise him as we are now doing. If there was all the zeal for joining the colours that is claimed, and all the anxiety to do so, why has so much opposition been given to the Registration Bill, that has been so welcomed in England and Scotland? It is true it might involve a little expense, but it would also involve some disclosures as to the number of the men fit to fight or work on munitions, and this is what the Nationalists are afraid of. So many of them do not want either to fight or work for England, and they do not want even in the last resort to be compelled to do so. -- "The Man in the Street," in "The Ulster Echo." =========================


Declining Figures.

The Registrar-General's return of the number of natives of Ireland who emigrated in the month of June, 1915, Shows that 770 males and 353 females left Irish ports, as compared with 759 make and 691 females in the month of June, 1914. In comparison with June of last year there has been an increase of one in the number of male emigrants and a decrease of 338 in the number of females.

For the first six months of the present year the total number of Irish emigrants was 4,061 (2,590 males and 1,471 females) compared with 12,909 (6,757 males and 6,150 females) in the same period last year, a falling off in the past half-year in the number of emigrants of 8,848 (4,169 males and 4,679 females). The returns from each of the provinces show that during the six months 1,168 persons left Leinster, a decrease of 461 as compared with the first half of 1914; Munster, 607, compared with 3,548, a decrease of 2,941: Ulster, 1,216, compared with 4,281, a decrease of 3,065; and Connaught, 1,070, compared with 3,451, a decrease of 2,381.

During the month of June 871 of the emigrants went to the United States of America; 870 of them were steerage passengers, and only four had their passengers paid for in America.





On Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday, at Downpatrick Assizes, before Mr. Justice Dodd, the trial took place of Samuel Heron, senior, of Flush Hall, Newtownards, who was charged with the wilful murder of his step-son, Willie Quinn, on Saturday night, February 13th, or in the early hours of Sunday, the 14th. Accused was manager of the Ulster Print Works, Newtownards, where the deceased was also employed as a clerk.

The Attorney-General, Mr. John Gordon, K.C., M.P.; Messrs. George Hill Smith, K.C.; and Jas. Williamson, K.C. (instructed by Dr. Wylie, Crown Solicitor), prosecuted; and Mr. T. W. Brown (instructed by Messrs. Shean & Dickson) defended.

The case excited a great deal of interest during the three days of the hearing.

The evidence in brief was to the effect that Quinn, on the eve of his marriage to Miss Lavery, of the same town, was set upon and foully done to death as he entered the gates of the avenue leading to Flush Hall, to which he was returning after being for a few hours with some friends in the town. After the attack -- he was beaten about the head with a heavy weapon -- he lay unconscious for some hours, and early on Sunday morning was found in a bleeding and unconscious condition at the hall door. He lingered until Monday, afternoon, when he died, and on the Thursday following Heron was arrested as the funeral party was setting out for Newry.

The allegation against Heron was that it was he who attacked Quinn, and the Crown said the motive was because he was in financial difficulties, and they relied on two points, that a wooden beetle bearing bloodstains was found in his house, and portion of the deceased man's watch was found at the Print Works.

At the hearing on Wednesday the principal witness was a young man named Wm. John M'Bride, who is married to a niece of the accused. He was examined with reference to his allegation that he assisted Heron to clean the beetle at Flush Hall.

Witness said that accused asked him to go to the scullery, and when they got there said, "I wonder is there anything here they might look for, say, for instance, this," and taking up a beetle he held it under the hot water tap; then he told witness to rub the beetle with a brush, and he would see if anyone was about. That was the beetle produced. Witness brushed the beetle. Heron went out of the scullery, and coming back took the beetle and rubbed it with Brooks' soap, and held the beetle over the gas stove after holding it a second time under the hot water. When under the tap witness saw what seemed to be a dark stain all over the beetle. Accused then rubbed it with emery paper, and sent witness for sandpaper. Witness got it from a man named Muir, and gave it to Heron, who rubbed the beetle with it. Witness, at accused's request, rubbed it with the sandpaper, and also held it under the hot water tap, which, Heron turned. Mrs. Heron passed through the pantry at that moment. Then Heron took a knife and scraped the beetle, and witness said, "If you have any suspicion of the thing why don't you burn it," and accused said, "No; they may have seen this thing, and may ask for it." And he said if he had a spokeshave it might help it. The beetle was then rubbed with damp meal, and left in the poultry bucket. Accused asked if witness if witness had a beetle like that, and witness said, "No."

When passing through the back hall accused stopped witness, and said, "Remember who I am and who is speaking to you. When you get the chance remove these things. If the police get none of them they can prove nothing against me." Accused then took witness into the dining room and another room upstairs, and they went back downstairs to the back hall, and Heron gave witness a pound note, produced, saying, "That is due to you for what you have done about the house, but don't change it until you go to town," meaning Belfast. On the day of the funeral and after the arrest accused asked him had he removed the things, and then said in an angry undertone, "You will wait until it is too late." Witness made no reply.

In answer to Mr. Thomas Brown, who appeared for the accused, witness denied that he Had added to what he had given in evidence at the magisterial hearing or written out additional evidence.

Mr. Brown produced an envelope and a note inside it which witness admitted was in his handwriting, and said that that note was stolen out of his pocket.

Mr. Brown, replying to the Judge, said the note came into his possession, and he was informed it had been found on a bench in the printworks. It had hot been communicated to the police.

His Lordship took possession of the note.

Witness, continuing said, he had slightly rubbed the beetle while Heron had made a real effort to clean it.

Mr. Brown -- Why did you rub it at all?

I did not think there was anything wrong with it. I thought he was labouring under a delusion.

Then you were merely humouring him in this delusion? Yes.

Did he strike you as not being quite correct? He was not away in the head, but he seemed to be a bit annoyed.

Further cross-examined, witness said he looked upon Heron's request to remove the thing as a threat that if he did not do so he would be dismissed from the printworks. In spite of that threat he did nothing with the things. When he saw prisoner's antics about the washing of the beetle he became suspicious of him. Witness had said nothing about this conversation in the Court below, as it was best to keep something up his sleeve when he had a man like Mr Dickson to contend with. He had told the truth in the lower Court, but not the whole truth. He was, however, telling the whole truth now.

His Lordship -- Between the Court and God that was very important evidence. How did you reconcile keeping it back with your conscience merely on the ground that there was some kind of a game being played between you and the solicitor for accused.

Witness -- I think I would need to play a game with the same man.

His Lordship -- Take my advice, and behave yourself on account of justice.

At the close of witnesses' examination, his lordship asked Dr. Wylie, the Crown Solicitor, if he had seen the notes of the evidence which M'Bride had stated had been stolen from him.

Dr. Wylie replied in the negative.

His Lordship said that as neither side wished to put this in evidence he would return the notes to M'Bride.

Mr. Brown, addressing the jury on behalf of the prisoner, said that he did not call any evidence, but relied on the case which he made upon the weakness, omissions, and failures of the Crown case.

If Heron was a guilty man, then one conclusion was driven home upon the mind of everyone, and that was that he was mad. If Heron had committed the murder he could not have hidden the watch in a safer place, and yet M'Bride suggested that the prisoner had asked him to remove the things. This was the most damning bit of evidence M'Bride had produced, and yet he had not said a word about it before the magistrates. Counsel contended that M'Bride was a self-confessed perjurer and nothing less, and pointed out that there was absolutely from J beginning to end, and this was an important part of the case, no corroboration of the story told by M'Bride.

Alluding to the beetle, counsel said that whatever weapon had caused the injuries to Quinn it was not the beetle.

Counsel, concluding, said the points on which he relied were -- (1) The friendly relationship existing between prisoner and deceased; (2) no motive for the crime; (3) no identification by Quinn of Heron as his assailant. He left the safety of Heron in the hands of the jury, confident that they would give him the consideration his case deserved, and would not find him guilty unless the facts forced them so to do.

Mr. Hill Smith, K.C., replied on behalf of the Crown.


His Lordship said the learned Attorney-General in grave and dignified language had alluded to the responsibility that was on every person connected with the case, and Mr Brown in apt language also referred to it. The responsibility that rested upon the police had now been discharged with laborious care. They had investigated into the case, and produced before the Court all evidence that by their skill and research they could possibly discover. Counsel, who opened the case with completeness and fairness, had presented the view of the Crown, and Mr. Brown, who answered with equal fairness, presented the case on behalf of the accused. They had not, however, lessened the responsibility of the Judge and jury, but they had to a certain extent given them confidence that they might rest assured that now the case was finished they had before them all materials on which to arrive at a conclusion. They were not a race to be daunted by having a responsible task. That only added to their resoluteness to discharge their duty fearlessly and faithfully in approaching the question as a Judge and jury determined to find out the truth of the matter. He desired to express his approval of the course indicated by the Attorney-General that this was a case in which the logical sequence was also the criminological sequence, and that by following the case from day to day they would probably find themselves in a better position to arrive at the conclusion. The case differed from most other cases. He had tried to the small and apparently significant facts to look on it as of appalling significance.

His Lordship then reviewed the evidence in detail, and referring to that given by M'Bride, said that a man who came into a court of justice in a case of life and death, and not by accident or by want of memory or otherwise omitted to give a piece of information that was of importance, for the purpose of having a kind of game with the solicitor defending the accused, that he held it back that he might have it, to use his own phrase, "up his sleeve," that man's evidence as to details ought to be approached with careful consideration. He thought he ought to tell the jury that in matters of statements made by the accused to M'Bride they ought to be careful in acting upon his testimony unless he was corroborated in some material particulars. However, they were not necessarily to disbelieve him.

The jury disagreed and were discharged, and the prisoner was sent forward for trial to the Winter Assises.


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The Witness - Friday, 23 July, 1915


REA -- July 81, 1915, at Coleraine, to the Rev. and Mrs. G. W. D. Rea -- a daughter.

ROWAN -- July 10, 1915, at The Manse, Vinecash, Portadown, to the Rev. T. and Mrs. Rowan -- a daughter.


DALE--YOUNG -- July 12, at residence of bride's father, by the Rev. A. N. Thynne, the Rev. W. Taylor Dale, Presbyterian Church, Canada, third son of the late Mr. William Dale, Omagh, Ireland, and Mrs. Dale, to Jean, eldest daughter of Mr. and Mrs. D. Young, Belcroft, Broughty Ferry, Dundee.


M'EWEN -- July 15, at his residence, "The Hill," Saintfield, James M'Ewen, aged 81 years. Funeral private.

ALEXANDER -- July 14, at Main Street, Garvagh, Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Alexander, Mayoughill.

ALLEN -- July 16, at 59, Rosemount Gardens, Sarah Jane (Sally), eldest daughter of James Allen, late of Islandmagee.

ARMSTRONG -- At Ballyutoag, Robert Armstrong, late of Ballyhill.

ARNOLD -- July 19, at Captain Street, Coleraine, Jane Grey (Janie), wife of John Irwin Arnold, and daughter of the late James Laut, Belfast.

BETHEL -- July 21, at Margretta Terrace, Coleraine, William Alfred, eldest son of James Bethel.

BOSTON -- July 16, at 8, Florida Street, Joseph Boston.

CAMPBELL -- July 18, at 3, Greenwell Street, Newtownards, Thomas Campbell, husband of Margaret Campbell.

CROSBIE -- July 21, at Winton, Farnham Park, Bangor, Jane, wife of James Crosbie.

DALZELL -- July 15, at 1, Court Street, Newtownards, James, eldest son of the late David Dalzell.

FARRELL -- July 20, at 117, Rugby Avenue, Belfast, Mathew Farrell (formerly of Arboe, Stewartstown, County Tyrone).

FREYTAG -- July 15, at 6, Salisbury Villas, Chichester Park, Belfast, Harriet Amelia, widow of the late E. Julius Freytag, in her 82nd year.

GIBSON -- July 17, at Ballygarvin, Greyabbey, Margaret Gibson, aged 76 years.

HAYES -- July 19, at Hill House, Holywood, Jane Verner Hayes, widow of the late Robt. Hayes.

KEATING -- July 14, at 6, Rutland Street, Belfast, Eliza Jane, widow of the late Andrew Keating.

LOWRY -- July 19, at Ballynacoy, Glenavy, Mary, only daughter of John Lowry.

LYTTLE -- July 17, 1915, at Brooklyn, St. Lawrence Road, Clontarf, James Lyttle, late Secretary Army Scripture Readers' Society (Irish Branch), aged 78 years.

MEEKAN -- July 14, at Main Street, Limavady, John Meekan, late Master of Limavady Workhouse, aged 82 years,

MULHOLLAND -- July 16, at Ballybrakes, Ballymoney, Matilda Pattieson, wife of William Mulholland.

M'CAUSLAND -- July 18, 1915, at his residence, Quay, Portaferry, James M'Causland.

M'COOKE -- July 20, at Cookstown, Sarah (Sadie), second daughter of the late James M'Cooke.

M'FARLAND -- July 14, at Whitehill, Derriaghy, Lisburn, Ellenor, relict of the late John M'Farland.

NESBITT -- July 15, 1915, at 13th, General Hospital, Boulogne (of wounds), James B. Nesbitt, 6th Black Watch, late H. M. Customs and Excise, Bantry, younger son of W. H. Nesbitt, 54, North Strand, Dublin.

O'NEILL -- July 19, at 110, Grand Street, Low Road, Lisburn, Mary O'Neill.

PHILLIPS -- July 19, at 8, Queensland Street, Belfast, Henry, husband of Isabel Phillips, and son of the late John Phillips, Photographer, Donegall Place.

POLLOCK -- July 20, at Kimberley Buildings, Alexander Pollock.

SIMPSON -- July 15, at Shane Street, Randalstown, Annie, eldest daughter of William Simpson, aged 6 years.

SIMPSON -- July 12, 1915 (accidentally drowned), at Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan, Canada, Robert David (Bob), youngest son of Hugh M'Farlane Simpson, J.P., "Greenmount," Cabragh, Dungannon. (By cable.)

SMYTH -- July 20, at Dromara, Eliza, widow of Roger Smyth.

WARDLOW -- July 20, at Ardilea, Clough, Ethel Jane, eldest daughter of the late Hamilton Wardlow.



A meeting of M'Crea Magee College Pulpit Supply Association was held on Friday evening. In the absence of the president Mr. S. Kennedy was called upon to preside. Touching reference was made by the Chairman to the lamented death of Lieutenant Daniel Kerr. On the motion of Mr D. Tynan, seconded by Mr. T. M'Kinney, the following resolution was ordered to be entered in the minutes and a copy sent to the bereaved family -- "We the members of the above society have heard with profound sorrow of the death of our esteemed fellow-student, Mr. Dan Kerr, B.A., who has been killed in action at the Dardanelles. We esteemed him highly not only on account of the high position he held as a student, but also on account of all the other qualities that go to the making of a Christian gentleman. His genial presence will be missed in all the associations of the college, but most of all by this society, of which he was an honoured member. Our hearts go out in sympathy to all his sorrowing relatives, but more especially to those at home, and we pray that the God of all comfort will sustain them, is this their hour of trial."



The appointment of Rev. W. J. M'Connell, B.A., minister of Second Markethill Presbyterian Church, to a military chaplaincy will shortly be gazetted. Mr. M'Connell, who has been nominated for the appointment by the Newry Presbytery, has spent over five years at Markethill, where he was installed in May, 1910. He was ordained minister in November of the previous year at Dromore, County Tyrone. The new chaplain is a native of the Letterkenny district, of whose Presbytery he was a licentiate.



Rev. Robert Alexander, of Gilman, State of Wisconsin, was married on July 1st, at Radisson, Wisconsin, to Miss Sydney Shepherd, a daughter of the ruling elder in the Radisson Presbyterian Church.

Mr. Alexander went to America from the congregation of Ballylennon, County Donegal (Rev. A. G. Leckie, minister), took his college course at Valparaiso University, Indiana, and his theological training at M'Cormick Theological Seminary, Chicago, Ills. His sister, Mrs. Joseph Symington, lives at Upper Clifton, Bangor.





Mr. Justice Dodd, opening Belfast Assizes on Monday, informed the Grand Jury, of which Sir William Crawford, J.P., was Foreman, that forty prisoners were listed for trial, but stated that the cases, with a single exception -- a murder charge -- were of simple character. He had been told that there were something like 30,000 men in khaki -- it might be a little more or a little less -- reservists and all, who had gone to his Majesty's Forces from their city since the war started. The County Inspector, as regarded the peaceful portion of the community, had reported a considerable decrease in all kinds of crime, and he especially reported a decrease in burglary. He also told him that there were more crimes detected proportionately than there were before. The number of cases returned for the Summer Assizes of 1914 were ninety, and the number of cases for these Assizes was seventy-seven. Detections were made in sixty-seven of the cases in 1914, about 74 per cent., and detections this year amounted to sixty-one, or 79 per cent., so that undetected crimes seemed also to be on the decline. The number of cures in which no detections had been made in 1914 were only twenty-three, and sixteen in 1915. That was very creditable to the police. The number of persons made amenable in 1914 was ninety-seven, and this year the number was seventy. There was a very guest decrease in burglaries.


At the Assizes on Wednesday, Edward Boyce (45) was tried for the murder of Mrs. Eleanor Close, in Bancroft Street, Shankill Road district, last month. The case for the Crown was that the accused had had a spite against a Mrs. Agnes Black, who had prosecuted him for threats and assaults. After returning from the Police Court he chased her into her own house and fired a revolver at her, but the bullet missed its mark. She then took refuge in a neighbour's house, and, just as she entered it the prisoner fired another shot, which struck Mrs. Close, who was standing in the street, and killed her almost instantaneously.

A plea of guilty to manslaughter was offered on behalf of the accused, but refused by the Judge, who said he could not withdraw the murder charge from the jury. The defence was that the prisoner had merely fired the shot to frighten Mrs. Black, and had no intention of killing any person. It was contended that Boyce's action came under the heading of misdemeanour, and the jury, therefore, could not convict the prisoner of murder.

The jury found the prisoner not guilty of murder, but guilty of manslaughter, and his Lordship sentenced him to ten years' penal servitude.



Mr. Justice Pim opened County Antrim Assizes on Friday, and addressing the Grand Jury, of which Mr. Wm. Chaine, D.L., was Foreman, said only two prisoners were listed for trial, and this he considered a remarkable record. There had been a big decrease in crime, and the county was in a very peaceable condition. It was a curious fact that war seemed to cause the commission of crime to decrease. There were several reasons. One, of course, was that the normal criminal population got swept into the Army, and consequently the kind of crime found everywhere -- small larcenies and things of that kind -- did not occur as frequently as they did in ordinary times of peace. Curiously enough, the Judges had now a good many more soldiers or men in uniform before them who were criminals. The real reason, he thought, was that in time of war, and during all wars, slowly but surely the horrors and terror of the thing began to come to the consciences of every man and woman in the country, slowly the suffering and sorrow became theirs and had sobered them. Nothing else could explain the decrease in crime all over the three kingdoms except that when men and women were sobered, they did not do the things they would do in ordinary times. It was hard to get away from the war; it was impossible for any of them to get away from it. That county had done extremely well. Apparently judging from the returns recruiting had been admirable, and he was told they did not really show what it had supplied to the Army, because hundreds, perhaps he should say more, of those who had come from Canada with the Canadian contingent were sons of County Antrim farmers.

After the Grand Jury had concluded their business the Foreman (Mr. Chaine) said his Lordship in his charge had referred to the question of recruiting, and the Grand Jury would like to know if his Lordship would have any objection to the figures for the county of Antrim being published. He (the Foreman) was informed that in other counties in Ireland the figures had been given.

His Lordship -- I have no objection whatever, but how were they published?

The Foreman -- They were stated by the Judges at the Assizes in their charges to the Grand Jury.

His Lordship -- I am told that the number was over 5,000 from this county.

The Foreman -- We ourselves, the members of the Grand Jury, understand that it is something over 5,000.

His Lordship -- That is so, I believe.

In reference to Justice Pim's remarks, General Sam Hughes, Canadian Minister of Militia, has informed a Belfast correspondent that upwards of 30,000 Ulstermen have been enrolled for the Canadian overseas service.


The results of the examination which was held at the Municipal Technical School, Newry, on the 16th ult., in connection with the Newry branch of the St. John Ambulance Association, have now been made known. The names of the successful candidates are -- First-aid Certificates -- Theodora A. Bell, Florence Brady, Elizabeth Cleland, Maude Cooper, Emily Duffy, Kathleen Farris, Ida Foster, Irene Gartlan, Eileen C. Graham, Lillie Hennessey, Netta R. Kerr, Janie Magowan, Margaret Milligan, Theresa M'Areavey, Queenie M'Cann, Madeline M'Cann, Norah M'Cracken, Rose M'Nulty, Margaret M'Quaid, Anna Sinclair, Charlotte Sinclair, Elizabeth Sterritt, Elsie Stoops, and Sadie Stoops. Medallions -- Mary J. Boyd, Edith Cooper, Sarah E. Forsythe, Nellie Magennity, Lizzie Maitland, Janie M'Cann, Frances M'Cann, Helen M'Nulty, Lucy E. E. Slipper, and Kathleen Wheatley.



A charming wedding was celebrated on Monday afternoon, 12th July, the contracting parties being the Rev. W. Taylor Dale, Presbyterian Church, Canada, and Miss Jean Young. The ceremony took place at the bride's residence, Beleroft, Broughty Ferry, Dundee. The bride, who was given away by her father, was married in her going-away costume of saxe-blue, and wore a beautiful pearl pendant, a gift from the bridegroom. Miss Lilian Young, sister of the bride, was bridesmaid, while Mr. D. Dale acted as groomsman. Rev. A. V. Thynne was the officiating minister. Refreshments ware served after the ceremony. Later in the afternoon the happy couple left for Edinburgh, carrying with them the good wishes of all present. The wedding gifts were numerous and valuable. The bridegroom was formerly a member of Trinity Presbyterian Church, Omagh.




The fifty-first annual report of the Registrar-General for Ireland has been laid on the table of the House of Commons. The outstanding features in connection with the statistics for 1914 embodied in this report are as follows -- The birth-rate (22.6 per 1,000 of the population) was low; the marriage-rate (5.41) -- number of marriages per 1,000 of the population -- was the highest since 1867; the death-rate (16.3) was the lowest recorded in Ireland since 1868; and the emigration-rate (4.6) is much below that for any year since emigration returns were first compiled in 1851.

The estimated population in the middle of 1914 shows an increase of 2,386 on the estimate for the middle of 1913. The marriages Registered during the year numbered 23,695, being equivalent to a rate of 5.41 per 1,000 of the estimated population; this rate is 0.33 above that for the previous year, and 0.22 above the average for the ten years 1904-1913. Dublin has the highest death-rate, Belfast, Limerick, and Monaghan were next in order.

Dealing with tuberculosis the report adds -- The number of deaths from the disease registered in Ireland was 9,089, the lowest recorded in Ireland for any of the fifty-one years beginning with the year 1864. The continued efforts of Urban and Rural District Councils to improve the housing accommodation, the attention to the caring of the sick by the nurses of Lady Dudley's and other nursing societies, and the continued activity of the branches of the Women's National Health Association are recognised by medical men as contributing considerably to this reduction. For the Dublin registration area the infant mortality rate fell from 153 in 1913 to 145 in 1914, for Belfast from 144 to 143, and for London from 105 to 104; but Liverpool, Edinburgh and Glasgow show increases in their rates as compared with those for the year 1913.





Lord Mersey has delivered judgment in the Lusitania inquiry. The Court found that the ship fulfilled all the requirements of the law, and that the life-saving appliances were satisfactory. The company's efforts to induce the crew to become efficient were successful, and his Lordship commended one of the crew, Leslie N. Morton, a look-out man, who gave notice of the approach of torpedoes, and subsequently saved fifty or sixty passengers in a collapsible boat, after being thrown into the water. Morton was only eighteen years old, and showed great courage, self-possession, and resource.

The Court was satisfied the officers and crew behaved well and worked with skill and judgment. More than half their number lost their lives. The total crew was 702. Of the 1,251 passengers 785 were lost. Of thirty-nine infants, thirty-five were lost. The Court could speak well of the passengers' conduct, though there was something approaching panic in the steerage. Some passengers probably did more harm than good in attempting to launch the boats.

The five thousand cases of cartridges on board were stowed fifty yards from where the torpedo struck the ship, and there was no other explosion on board. The Court found untrue the German allegations that the ship was armed. These baseless inventions only condemned the persons making use of them. The steamer carried no masked guns, nor was she transporting troops.


The reported warning of the passengers that the ship would be torpedoed only aggravated the crime by showing its deliberate intention. The passengers ignored the threats regarding such an atrocity as impossible.

The ship sailed with six boilers closed down, the speed being reduced to twenty-one knots. The reduction of the speed was of no significance and was proper. The captain took proper precautions when the danger zone was reached. The speed was reduced to eighteen knots on the morning of the catastrophe to secure her arrival at Liverpool about four next morning. The second officer gave warning that a torpedo was coming at 2-15 p.m.; immediately the ship was struck. A second torpedo followed, both striking the starboard side almost simultaneously. No warning was given. A third torpedo, fired from a different submarine, missed the port side. The Lusitania took a heavy list to starboard; and in less than twenty minutes sank.

The Court confirmed the Attorney-General's descriptions of the case as a deliberate attempt to murder. The guilt of the persons concerned was confirmed by the vain excuses of the German Government.

The Court discredited the evidence of the French passenger who spoke of the explosion on board of secret ammunition. The complaints of witnesses about improper launching and the condition of the lifeboats the Court regarded as ill-founded. No negligence or incompetence could be imputed.


The evidence taken in camera dealt with certain advice given by the Admiralty to avoid submarine attacks. These matters could not be discussed in public, but it was abundantly plain that the Admiralty had devoted most anxious care and thought to the submarine peril and had diligently collected all available information likely to affect the Lusitania on this voyage. Captain Turner was fully advised as to the Admiralty's view of the means best calculated to avert the peril. It is certain, the Court proceeded, that in some respects Captain Turner did not follow the advice given to him. It may be, though I seriously doubt it, that had he done so the ship would have reached Liverpool in safety. Was his conduct that of a negligent or incompetent man. The conclusion to which the Court arrives is that blame ought not to be imputed to the captain. The advice given to him was not intended to deprive him of the right to exercise his skilled judgment in navigating his ship. He exercised his judgment, that of a skilled and experienced man, for the best, and although others might have acted differently, and perhaps more successfully, he ought not to be blamed. The whole blame for the cruel destruction of life in this catastrophe must rest solely with those who plotted and with whose who committed the crime. No blame attached to the owners. In the opinion of the Court the act was done not merely with the intention of sinking the ship, but also with the intention of destroying the lives of the people on board.




The Senate of Queen's University met on Tuesday, when Sir Hiram Shaw Wilkinson, LL.D., D.L. (Pro-Chancellor), occupied the chair, and there were also present -- Professor Sir Samuel Dill, M.A., Litt.D., LL.D. (Pro-Chancellor) the Vice-Chancellor (Rev. Thos. Hamilton, M.A., D.D., LL.D.), the Registrar (Professor J. Symington, M.D., F.R.S., F.R.C.S.); Professor R. M. Henry, M.A.; Professor E. A. Letts, Ph.D., D.Sc; Prof. J. A. Lindsay, M.A. M.D., F.R.C.P.; Prof. G. Gregory Smith, M.A., LL.D.; Professor Sir Wm. Whitla, M.A., M.D., LL.D.; Sir Wm. Crawford, J.P.; Rev. William Park, M.A , D.D.; Professor Gregg Wilson, M.A., PhD., D.Sc,; Messrs. J. Walton Browne, M.D., LL.D., D.L.; John Burke, D.L.; Wm. Calwell, M.A., M.D., M.Ch.; T. G. Houston, M.A., J.P.; R. W. Leslie, M.D., M.Ch., LL.D.; Charles L. M'Lorinan, M.A., LL.D.; Robert T. Martin, B.A.; Henry Musgrave, D.L.; and J. M. Finnegan (secretary). Apologies were received, from Sir Otto Jaffe, LL.D., J P.; Mr. J. Milne Barbour, M.A., D.L.; and Mr. Henry Riddell, M.E. The Senate met pursuant to a resolution passed at the meeting held on 8th July to make a regulation re military training of students.

Professor Henry moved, and Sir Samuel Dill seconded, that, the following regulation be made --

"All male students who are in attendance at the University as matriculated students shall during the continuance of the war be required to attend a course of physical and military training for at least two hours a week for the first and second terms of the session, and obtain a certificate of efficiency, unless they furnish to the Committee of Discipline satisfactory evidence of inability to perform the necessary work; and that no fee shall be charged the student for such tuition; that the subject of physical and military training be added to the subjects of each, of the Faculties of Arts, Science, Law, Medicine, and Commerce."

Dr. Calwell moved, and Dr. Leslie seconded, the following addition to the resolution by way of amendment --

"That a committee be appointed to consider whether, and in what way, provision should be made for the training of women students in ambulance work, sick nursing, and other similar subjects."

The resolution and amendment were unanimously adopted.

On the motion of Rev. Dr. Park, seconded by Dr. Lindsay, it was resolved -- "That the committee consist of Dr. Calwell, Dr. Leslie, and Major Gregg Wilson, with power to add to their number, and that the committee report to the first meeting of Senate."

In answer to a question by Mr. John Burke, it was stated that the hours of military instruction would certainly be between the hours of 8-30 and 4 p.m., and probably between 9 a.m. and 3 p.m.

It was unanimously resolved, on the motion of Mr. R. D. Martin, seconded by Mr. John Burke, "that the Senate offer to Sir Hiram Wilkinson (Pro-Chancellor), the chairman, their heartiest congratulations on his appointment to the Deputy-Lieutenancy of County Londonderry."

Sir Hiram Wilkinson thanked the Senate, and said that no congratulations could come to him with greater pleasure than from those in this University with whom he had worked so long.

The Senate then adjourned.



Separation Allowances.

In the House of Lords on Wednesday Lord Devonport asked for a return, showing the number of married men enrolled in the Army since the outbreak of the war, and the amount paid in separation allowances to their wives and dependents. He said that the number of married men who had enlisted was out of all proportion to the number of unmarried men available. He declared that we were paying in separation allowance something like 1,000,000 a week.

Lord Newton, in reply, said that approximately 606,000 in the Regular Army and 237,000 in the Territorial Forces -- or a total of 843,000 -- were drawing separation allowances. The aggregate amount paid to wives and children in separation allowances since mobilisation was approximately 25,000,000. This sum did not include separation allowances paid to dependents other than wives and children. It would be seen from these facts that the figures were less alarming than the noble lord would have them believe. The War Office would welcome any suggestion by which single men might be induced to enter the Army.



A Unique Meeting.

The present recruiting tour in Fermanagh has its unique features. On Tuesday night the party visited Ballinamallard -- the most Protestant town in Ireland. In it is only one Roman Catholic, and it is situated in a district practically devoid of Roman Catholics.

Mr. E. M. Archdale, D.L., occupied the chair, and said he was glad to welcome the Nationalist speakers, for they were doing good work for the Empire. It would be the first time in history that a Nationalist addressed a meeting in Ballinamallard.

Mr. J. Porter Porter, D.L., said that the Ballinamallard men were always ready and eager for a row. They did not forget the great Orange meetings at Rosslea and Dromore. (Cheers.) He wanted them now to join in the present row and smash, the Germans. He asked them to give Lieutenant Kettle a warm reception.

Lieutenant Kettle expressed the pleasure it gave him as a Catholic and Nationalist to address Orangemen, and said that he was glad the reception they were planning to give him was not what they would have given him twelve months ago. (Loud laughter.) Last year they were all so full of fight they were actually getting up a little wax of their own. Well, they now had a war ready made, and he appealed to all to close their ranks and fight for the Empire. (Cheers.)

On the call of the Chairman the crowd gave Lieutenant Kettle three cheers for his speech.


Dr. M. Betty, medical officer of the Enniskillen Workhouse, reported at the meeting of the Board of Guardians on Tuesday that an inmate named Sarah M'Donagh had died at the age of 102 years.



Walks a Thousand Miles to Enlist.

A telegram to the "Montreal Star" from Saskatoon, dated June 26, says -- The newest recruit to the 53rd Battalion here is Private Joe Martin, who completed a walk of over a thousand miles from Fort M'Leod, on the shores of Hudson's Bay, in order that he might fight for his King and his country.

Last fall a rumour went around the North that Great Britain was at war with some one. He journeyed south 300 miles to Fort M'Leod, to find out if it was true, and finally found a Hudson Bay factor who had a paper announcing the outbreak of war between the nations of Europe.

So he sold his fur and traps and his dogs -- "that was the hardest parting of all," he told the reporter, and started out on the long trail to Prince Rupert. He shot his food on the way, and had numerous exciting adventures.

Then he decided to come a little further east before enlisting, so he hit the trail for Prince Albert. When he got there he found that there were no vacancies, and at North Battleford, where he went next, he found no enlisting. So he came on to Saskatoon. He is Irish by birth, but has been in the Hudson's Bay country for the past seven years, being the only white man living in his district, he having lived with the Blackfeet for the most part. He is a crack shot -- in fact, he can pick off anything living within a radius of several hundred yards, but he insists on shooting from his left shoulder.


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The Witness - Friday, 30 July, 1915


KNOX -- July 27, at Bradox, Clontibret, Monaghan, to Mr. Samuel Knox and Mrs. Knox -- son.


GALLOWAY--PRICE -- July 8, 1915, at All Saints' Church, Bayside, Long Island (New York State), by Rev. C. R. Brown, Charles Frederick Cavendish, only son of Mr. and Mrs. C. L. Galloway, of Lismore, County Waterford, to Kathleen Maria, second daughter of the late Rev. W. H. Price and Mrs. Price, of 33, Cornwallis Crescent, Clifton, Bristol, England.

GREIG--SZIGETVARY -- July 24, by Rev. W. H. Price, B.A., at Holy Trinity Cathedral, Shanghai, Hope, only son of Mrs. Greig, "Glenwood," Esher, Surrey, to Irina, second daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Szigetvary, of Soochow, China.

WEDGWOOD--CHARLESSON -- July 27, at Mountpottinger Methodist Church, by the father of the bridegroom, assisted by the Rev. J. Howe, Engineer-Lieutenant George Alexander Wedgwood, R.N., eldest son of the Rev. G. R. Wedgwood, Belfast, to Caroline Annie, daughter of Richard W. Charlesson, Mountpottinger, Belfast.


DICKSON -- July 25, at the Fever Hospital, Cootehill, Alice, youngest and dearly-beloved daughter of J. G. and S. S. Dickson, Coragary. Newbliss. Interred in Drumkeen Graveyard, July 26.
"She is not dead, the child of our affection,
     But passed into that school,
 Where she no longer needs our poor protection,
     And Christ Himself doth rule."

SMITH -- July 26, at Purdysburn Fever Hospital, Samuel Lindsay, youngest and much-loved son of Rev. Thos. A. Smyth, Great Victoria Street. Interred in City Cemetery. "Until the day break."

ALEXANDER -- July 26, at Albert Terrace, Carrickfergus, Robert Alexander, husband of Jeannie Alexander.

ALLEN -- July 28, at 14, Seacliffe Road, Bangor, William M'Letchie (Willie), youngest son of James Allen, 3, Belgravia, Lisburn Road, Belfast.

BOAS -- July 24, at Morston, Malone Park, Belfast, Walter P. Boas, aged 42 years, son of Hermann Boas, Bronfield, Windsor Park.

BRYCE -- July 22, at 99, Wellesley Avenue, Belfast, David Bryce, in his 84th year.

CAIRNS -- July 24, at Heidelberg, Onslow Gardens, Cregagh, Belfast, Mary Jane Cairns (nee Smyth), dearly-beloved wife of James Cairns.

CUNNINGHAM -- July 23, at Kilgreel, Elizabeth, only daughter of the late Christopher Cunningham, of Larne.

DORAN -- July 25, at Delcusha, Deramore Drive, Isabella Sophia, widow of the late Joseph Cairncross Doran, Dublin.

EVANS -- July 24, at Huthwaite House, Thurgoland, near Sheffield, James Arnold Evans, M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P, aged 47 years, late of Rose Vale and Breeze Hill, Liverpool.

JOHNSTON -- July 25, at Ballywoollen, Crossgar, County Down, Robert, eldest son of the late Samuel Johnston, aged 57 years.

JOHNSTON -- July 16, 1915, at Ballygarron, Tralee, Margaret Stewart, eldest daughter of the late George Johnston.

LITTLE -- July 26, at 8, Garfield Street, Mary Little, Furniture Dealer.

MARK -- July 23, at Lisnisk House, James Mark.

MOORE -- July 23, at 26, Donnybrook Street, Belfast, Matthew, husband of Lizzie Moore.

MORROW -- July 22, at Whitehall, Dhu Varren, Portrush, William J. (Joe), eldest son of W. J. Morrow.

M'BRIDE -- June 26, at Winnipeg, John Henry M'Bride.

M'CLOY -- At 30, Radnor Drive, Liscard, Cheshire, Mary, daughter of the late David M'Cloy, Larne.

M'GIVERN -- July 21, Isabella M'Givern, widow of the late George M'Givern, Donaghadee.

NEWSAM -- July 22, at Ravenhurst, Ruckamore Road, Torquay, Mary B. (Tiney), wife of W. P. Newsam, late of Mountpleasant, Ballyloughlin, Newcastle, Co. Down.

ORR -- July 26, at 15, Malone Avenue, Belfast, Rev. Robert Orr, Methodist Minister, in the 83rd year of his age, and the 56th of his ministry.

PALMER -- July 26, at Donnybrook House, Brookmount, Lisburn, Isabella Palmer, late of Dundesert, Crumlin, aged 71 years.

PARKE -- July 20, at Drumlee, County Down, Jane, relict of the late Thomas Parke, aged 91 years.

PARKE -- July 24, at Derryallen, Elizabeth Parker.

PATTON -- June 26, at Fortuna, Transvaal, South Africa, Thomas Trevor Hull, youngest son of James Patton, late of Hoggston House, Donaghadee.

QUINN -- July 27, at Belfast Road, Comber (late of Mill Street), John Quinn.

VANCE -- July 21, at Riverside Antrim, Ellen Beck, widow of the late William Vance, aged 76.

WALLACE -- July 27, at Hillmount, Greencastle, James Wallace.

WOLSELEY -- July 23, at Ardan, Ballymena, Percy, infant son of A. D. Wolseley, aged 15 days.

YOUNG -- July 27, at Ballymiscaw, William J. Young.



We regret to announce the death of Miss Margaret Stewart Johnston, eldest daughter of the late Mr. George Johnston, which took place at her residence, Baltygarron, on Friday morning, the 16th inst., after a short illness. Miss Johnston and her sisters were associated with every good work in the town of Tralee and in a very wide neighbourhood round about. Her loss will be most severely felt by the Presbyterian Church, of which she was a most loyal and devoted member. The funeral, which was very large and representative, left Baltygarron at one o'clock on Monday, the 19th inst., for the New Cemetery, Tralee. The service at the graveside was conducted by the Rev. J. R. Bartley, minister of the Presbyterian Church, assisted by the Rt. Rev. Dr. Open, Bishop of Limerick and Ardfort.



An interesting ceremony took place on Tuesday in Mountpottinger Methodist Church, when Engineer-Lieutenant Geo. A. Wedgwood, Royal Naval College, Dartmouth, eldest son of the Rev. Georgia R. Wedgwood, University Road Methodist Church, an ex-Vice-President of the Methodist Conference, was married to Miss Carrie A. Charlesson, third daughter of Mr. R. W. Charlesson, a well-known Mountpottinger resident, and a grandson of the late Commander R. W. Charlesson, R.N. On account of the war the wedding was of a private nature, only the immediate relatives of the contracting parties being present. The bride, who was given away by her father, was attended by Miss Edith Wedgwood and Miss Florrie Charlesson, while Mr. Montague G. Charlesson acted as best man. The officiating clergy were the bridegroom's father and the Rev. Joseph Howe, and as the bridal party left the church the "Wedding March" was played on the organ by Mr. W. A. Firth. Subsequently a reception was given in Messrs. Thompson's, Donegall Place, by Mr. and Mrs. Charlesson, and in the evening the bride and bridegroom left for the South of England, where the honeymoon will be spent. The presents were both numerous and costly.



On Tuesday certificates in lieu of prizes were informally distributed by file Headmaster to the boys of Campbell College. At the boys' request the money usually devoted to prizes will be given to the Public Schools Base Hospital. Before tbe distribution the Headmaster read out the names of the following Old Campbellians who have given their lives in the war -- Lieutenant V. T. Rea, 2nd Battalion Royal Irish Rifles; Captain H. O. Davis, 2nd Battalion Royal Irish Rifles; Captain T. M'C. Phillips, R.A.M.C.; Second-Lieutenant M. C. Rogers, R.E.; Lieutenant W. A. Burges, 1st Battalion Royal Irish Rifles; Second-Lieut. C. R. G. Vance, 3rd Battalion Cheshire Regiment; Second-Lieutenant F. M. Wookey, Royal Irish Regiment; and Lieutenant R. L. Neill, 5th (attached 1st) Battalion Royal Irish Rifles. The school stood while the list was being read. The roll of Old Campbellians serving their country now numbers 292.



We regret to announce that Sir James Murray, the maker of the "New English Dictionary," died at Oxford on Monday, aged seventy-eight years. Sir James was one of the great Victorians. Born in 1837 in the little Scotch village of Denholm, he began as a schoolmaster, first at Hawick, then in London. Many years ago his book on the dialect of Southern Scotland lifted him out of the crowd, and then the world became aware that there was a man working away quietly catching every uttered English word; that a man had set himself to catalogue the English language; had devoted has life to the making of a treasure-house of words.

Thirty years ago Sir James Murray went to Oxford, but his life's work was begun in 1879. It was the making of the "New English Dictionary" -- a catalogue of the English speech. Sir James built an ugly tin house at Oxford -- at which Ruskin jibed -- and there be kept his words and their biographies and the quotations by the hundred thousand. For thirty-six years he worked at his task with great courage. In 1913 he prophesied that the last volume would appear on his eightieth birthday.

As soon as each section appeared it was immediately revised, increasing the labour tenfold. Lately the American influence complicated the task by introducing new words and giving new meanings to old ones. Sir James Murray ransacked libraries for derivations, wrote to all parts of the world in search of information. No trouble was ever too great, for his work was his life. He once wrote to the director of Kew Gardens about an exotic plant and to Yarmouth about a bloater.


Miss Sadie Wilson. 1, M'Clure Street, Ormeau Road. Belfast, Ireland, who in a student at the Moody Bible Institute of Chicago, was one of the 280 students from that institution who sang in the large chorus choir at the fifth World's and twenty-seventh International Christian Endeavour Convention in Chicago last week. The high standard of the Institute's music department was illustrated by the fact that the music on Friday evening was given over almost entirely to its chorus.



A wide circle of friends in Belfast and the North of Ireland will learn with regret of the death of Mr. Walter P. Boas, solicitor to the Ulster Bank, which occurred on Saturday at his residence, Morston, Malone Park. The deceased gentleman had been in failing health for a considerable time, and for the past three months his condition was such as to cause grave anxiety to his friends. The deceased, who was the third surviving son of Mr. Hermann Boas, Bronfield, Windsor Park, was only forty-two years of age. He was a native of Belfast, and was educated at the Royal Academical Institution and St. John's College, Cambridge. He decided to enter the legal profession, and was articled to Messrs. L'Estrange & Brett. After qualifying as a solicitor in 1897 he become connected with the firm of Messrs. C. & J. Black, and some years later went into partnership with the late Mr. W. B. Galway, M.A. The firm had a very large and extensive practice, both the principals being exceedingly popular and highly respected. In 1913 Mr. Boas was appointed solicitor to the Ulster Bank, and this necessitated has retirement from private practice.



Mr. R. M. Liddell, hon. treasurer of the Ulster Volunteer Force Hospital, has received the sum of 50 from the platers in the Queen's Island to name a bed to be called after their department in the U.V.F. Hospital.




Preaching in Strand Presbyterian Church, Londonderry, on Sunday from the text Dan. ii. 22 -- "He knoweth what is in the darkness," Rev. J. Carson Greer, M.A., made the following reference to the late Lieutenant Daniel Kerr, B.A. -- "I bring these words to your notice to-day because they express what we all feel about the untimely death, as it seems to us, of a most distinguished student of M'Crea Magee College, who during the college sessions regularly worshipped with its in this church. I refer to Lieutenant Daniel Kerr, who early in the present month laid down his life in the service of his country on the field of battle, and now sleeps the last long sleep under a foreign sod. A few short months ago he responded to the call of his King and country, because he felt that that call for him was also the call of his God, and now there has come to us the sad and distressing news that he has fallen at the Dardanelles, on a battlefield that has been already drenched with the Empire's best blood. Lieutenant Kerr had dedicated his life to God for work on the foreign mission field and those of us who knew him well dreamed of the day when his youthful enthusiasm, his restless energy, and his unfaltering faith would be engaged in great spiritual battles in which he would successfully help to conquer the world for Christ. This was the work for which he had been preparing for years, and this was the work on which he was soon to enter, but God called him to another service and to another sacrifice, and, leaving aside the dreams and hopes of years, he promptly obeyed. We cannot understand why a life which promised to be so useful and so rich in blessing to the world should be so soon ended. But God 'knoweth what is in the darkness,' and we cling to the belief that those splendid gifts of head and heart which seem to us at the moment to have been wasted will find a higher sphere for their activity in that land where 'His servants serve Him' for evermore. Among his fellow-students and those that were closely associated with him at M'Crea Magee College 'Dan' Kerr, as he was familiarly called, was held in the highest regard and esteem. He was so modest, yet so manly, so quiet yet so courageous, so enthusiastic yet so unassuming, so strong in intellect yet so simple in faith, that he readily called forth the respect and the affection of all who knew him and to-day there is profound sorrow among his fellow-students because of his death, and many of them feel that the world is now poorer for them than it was before. We tender our sympathy to his bereaved mother and relatives, and to all who feel a deep personal sorrow in his loss, and pray that the God of all comfort may turn their mourning into joy, and their spiritual misgivings in this dark hour into gratitude, as they think of the manliness and courage and Christlike nobility of his life."



The announcement will be received with deep regret by a wide circle of friends of the death of the Rev. Robert Orr, a well-known Methodist minister, which occurred on Tuesday at his residence, 15, Malone Avenue, Belfast. The deceased gentleman, who was the son of the late Mr. Robert Orr, of Lisreagh, Lisbellaw, County Fermanagh, was born at Ballyreagh, near Tempo, in the year 1833. He was originally connected with the Primitive Wesleyan Connexion, but in 1878, when the two Methodist Churches in Ireland united, the deceased became a member of the present Irish Methodist Church. In the course of his lengthy period of service he was stationed in Clones on several occasions, in Rathdrum. Kingsland Park (Dublin), Clonakilty, Antrim, Monaghan (twice), and Castleblayney. He had been a supernumerary for several years, and during the last two years had been in ill-health.



It is announced that Mr. Leslie I. M'Candless, the third son of Rev. J. L. M'Candless, Boardmills, has obtained a commission in the 14th Notts and Derby Regiment (Sherwood Foresters). Mr. M'Candless was educated at Lurgan College, afterwards matriculating at Queen's University, where he has been for some time with the Officers' Training Corps.



Owing to failing health Mr. S. F. Neely has resigned the clerkship of the Petty Sessions districts of Portaferry and Greyabbey, a position which he has filled with much ability for many years.

The Rev. E. Moore, B.D., rector of Glencraig (Helen's Bay), County Down, has been appointed to a parish in Devonshire near Exeter. He was ordained in 1900 for the curacy of St. Jude's, Ballynafeigh.

Armagh Urban Council have appointed five additional men to the Fire Brigade. At the last meeting of the Council it was stated there were only two members. One Councillor remarked that Armagh was twice burned to the ground.

The Cookstown Guardians on Saturday unanimously granted a superannuation allowance of 20 a year to Nurse M'Culloch, who is retiring from her position as nurse in the fever hospital, owing to declining health, after twenty-two years.

The Omagh Guardians on Saturday postponed for six months after the end of the war a memorial from the eight medical officers of the Union requesting an increase in their salaries and suggesting that they be placed on a sliding scale as was done in other unions.

Mr. Robert M'Cree, of Edenbready, County Tyrone, farmer, who died on the 25th April last, left personal estate in the United Kingdom valued at 3,470 7s 8d, of which 816 7s 9d is in England. The bequests are personal.

A verdict of death from heart failure was returned at an inquest on the body of Miss Jane Finlay, who was found dead on Monday evening at the residence of her brother, Robert Finlay, road surfaceman, who lives at Clara, Gilford.

On Friday evening, when Mr. W. J. M'Laughlin, rural postman from Ballycastle to Magheracastle, was cycling home the fork of his machine gave way, and he was thrown over the handlebar, receiving a double fracture of the right arm.

When Londonderry No. 1 Rural Council met on Saturday to consider some 700 of road contracts they found instead of the usual keen competition that only four contractors appeared. These were accepted for works amounting to 165, the remainder being left in the hands of the Council.

The Cookstown Guardians on Saturday received and accepted the resignation of Dr. Luke, medical officer of the Pomeroy dispensary district, to take effect from 17th, August next, he having received an appointment on the Royal Army Medical Corps. It was decided to advertise for a successor, and to offer a war bonus in addition to the salary.

A resolution was received by Clogher Guardians on Saturday from a Coroners jury recommending a resident medical officer in Aughnacloy, and stating that if there had been one the life of the deceased on whom the inquest was held might have been saved. Aughnacloy Hospital Committee sent a similar resolution. Consideration was adjourned.

While a Mr. Johnston, of Armagh, was proceeding to Portrush by motor-bicycle, accompanied by his wife in a side-car, he met with a nasty spill while negotiating the corner of the Coleraine Road, Mrs. Johnston being flung right over the bicycle, while Mr. Johnston was pinned underneath his machine. Fortunately neither sustained any injury of a serious nature.

The directors of the British Aluminium Co., Ltd., who have large works at Larne Harbour, have struck a happy vein with regard to their workers' contribution towards the war loan. The company offer to every employee who before the 1st December collects eighteen 5s vouchers to hand to every such employee a 5 war loan stock certificate from the Government, the company themselves paying the balance of the purchase-money.

Mr. John Arbuthnot, foreman mechanic at Draperfield Weaving Factory, has invented an appliance for use in connection with machine guns, which has been adopted by the War Office. The invention is the outcome of a suggestion made by Captain Stevenson, of Dungannon, who, while on active service, made observations, upon which he consulted Mr. Arbuthnot, whose mechanical experience enabled him to carry the idea to a practical conclusion.

On Sunday night last a collision took place at the Quay, Rostrevor, between a cyclist named Wm. Cunningham, or Aughrim, Kilkeel, and a car belonging to Mr. Thomas Fegan, Rostrevor. Cunningham's head came in contact with the shaft of the car, the point of which was broken as a result of the impact. He received prompt medical treatment, and was subsequently, able to proceed home.

The annual concert in July at Mullaghdubh, Islandmagee, is a fixture that is always looked forward to with interest, and this year the function proved singularly successful. A capital programme was arranged by Miss Chism and Mr. Tom Milliken. Rev. David Steen, B.A., presided, and the following artistes participated -- Miss Lottie Millar (Belfast), Miss Hunter, Miss Brien, Miss Robertson, Miss Rusk, Miss Rosenzweig; Messrs. J. T. Gibb, J. Young, S. Carson, R. H. Mitchell, J. Harris, and Gordon Rankin.

At a meeting of Antrim County Council Proposal Committee in Ballymena for the purpose of considering the printing contracts the tenders of the "Northern Whig," "News Letter," "Irish News," "Evening Telegraph," "Ulster Echo," "Witness," "Weekly News," "Weekly Northern Whig," "Ulster Guardian." and all the county newspapers were accepted. Mr. Boyd secured the tender for the printing for the Clerk of the Crown and Peace, general printing, and the voters' and jurors' lists, and Messrs. Hugh Adair & Son the general printing for the Secretary and County Surveyor's offices.

On Tuesday evening a serious motor accident occurred at Newcastle, one of the occupants sustaining serious injuries, and the motor car being practically smashed. The car, which was driven by Mr. James Adams, was proceeding to Ballymartin with Messrs. Hagan, Ward, and Patrick Mallon, Castlewellan, and when negotiating the Blackrock it swerved, and Mr. Mallon came in contact with the electric pole, and received rather severe injuries to his head.

On Tuesday a largely-attended meeting of the Guardians of Strabane Union elected a clerk in room of Mr. W. J. Ingram, who retired owing to ill-health. There were three candidates for the position at a salary of 300 per annum, including allowances for an assistant -- namely, Mr. W. H. Annesley, Wellesley Avenue, Belfast; William H. Ingram, Strabane, son of the late clerk; and Mr. P. J. Kelly, Strabane. Mr. W. H. Ingram was unanimously appointed.

Under the auspices of Zion Masonic Lodge No. 144, Kilkeel, a service was held in the Mourne Presbyterian Church, Kilkeel, on Sunday evening last. There was a good attendance of the members of the local lodge and brethren from Newry, Warrenpoint, Newcastle, Armagh, and Belfast. Br. the Rev. A. Eadie, B.A., minister of the Kilkeel Presbyterian Church, took part in the service, and the choir was under the leadership of Mr. W. J. Chambers. The preacher was the Rev. J. K. Cronne, B.A., Portaferry.

A special meeting of the Donegal Committee of Agriculture was held on Tuesday to consider a letter from the Departmental Committee asking for their opinion as to what steps should be taken by legislation or otherwise for the purpose of maintaining, and, if possible, increasing the present production of food in Ireland. The committee expressed



To the Boys in Gallipoli.

Here is a stirring and touching letter addressed to the Australian wounded by a lady teacher in the Ballarat (Victoria) High School --

Dear Australian Boys -- Every Australian woman's heart this week is thrilling with pride and with exultation, and while her eyes fill with tears she springs up as I did when the story in Saturday's "Argus" was finished, and says "Thank God I am an Australian." Boys, you have honoured our land! You the novices, the untrained, the untaught in war's grim school have done the deeds of veterans. Oh, how we honour you! How we glory in your matchless bravery, in your yet more wonderful, fortitude, which the war correspondent says was shown so marvellously as your boatloads of wounded cheered and waved amid their pain as you were rowed back to the vessels!

What gave you the courage for that heroic dash to the ridge, boys? British grit, Australian nerve, and determination to do or die -- a bit of the primeval man's love of a big fight against heavy odds. God's help, too. surely.

Dear boys, I am sure you will feel a little rewarded for your deeds of prowess if you know how the whole Commonwealth -- nay, the whole Empire -- is stirred by them. Every Sunday now we are singing the following lines after "God Save the King" in church and Sunday-school. They appeared in the "Argus" extraordinary, with the first honour roll in it.
    God save our splendid men!
    Send them safe home again!
    Keep them victorious,
    Patient and chivalrous;
    They are so dear to us.
        God save our men!

What can I say further? With God the ultimate issue rests.

Good night, boys. God has you, living or dying, in His keeping. If any one of you would like to send me a pencilled note or card I'll answer it to him by return. -- Your countrywomen, Jeanie Dobson. -- Reuter.



Canada's Gift of Floor Destroyed.

A disastrous fire occurred in Belfast on Wednesday afternoon, resulting in the complete destruction of the DufFerin Dock shed, the property of the Harbour Commissioners, some 60,000 bags of flour, the grift of the people of Canada to persons in Ulster placed in straitened, circumstances in consequence of the war, and a large quantity of compressed hay. The origin of the outbreak is a mystery, and the damage is estimated at over 60,000. The firemen, assisted by naval men, had a difficult task in preventing the flames from spreading to large stack of timber stored beside the shed. Shipping in the dock was in peril in the early stages of the fire, and had to be removed to the other side of the dock for safety. Early in the outbreak the roof of the shed collapsed, and several firemen who were inside attacking the burning hay had narrow escapes from injury.


Lord Dunboyne was married on Monday at St. Augustine's Church, Queen's Gate, to Miss Isolde Tower, a well-known yachtswoman, eldest daughter of Commander Francis Fitzpatrick Tower. R.N.V.R.





Yesterday's Parliamentary Papers contain a question by Mr. Joynson Hicks, who asked the Prime Minister if he stated the latest totals of casualties both in Flanders and the Dardanelles.

Mr. Asquith, in reply, furnishes the following figures correcting an error in those officially circulated on Monday--

Military casualties, including the Naval Division, up to the 18th July--

Killed -- Officers, 3,293; men, 48,402.
Wounded -- Officers, 6,807; men, 156,435.
Missing -- Officers, 1,207; men, 53,375.

Making a total of 11,307 officers and 258,212 men.

Killed -- Officers, 562; men, 7,537.
Wounded -- Officers, 1,375; men, 28,508.
Missing -- Officers 154; men, 8,486.

Making a total of 291 officers and 44,531 men.

Killed -- Officers, 145; men, 1,445.
Wounded -- Officers, 248; men. 3,247.
Missing -- Officers, 22; men, 641.

Making a total of 415 officers and 5,333 men.


In all the theatres of operations mentioned the totals are as follow--


The grand total of casualties is thus 321,889. The figures published on Monday gave the total figures as 330,995.




We have received the following letter from the Vice Chancellor of the Queen's University (Rev. Dr. Hamilton) -- yesterday I received from the War Office a letter the contents of which I should he much obliged if you would help me to make known to all persons concerned. Owing to Queen's University being at present in the midst of the long vacation it is impossible far us to bring the important subject therein referred to under the attention of students in the ordinary way, and, as you will observe, the matter is of a pressing nature, It is this -- The War Office is anxious to obtain this services of men qualified and willing to serve as non-commissioned officers in certain special units of the Royal Engineers. The letter says--

"The position of non-commissioned officers in these special units is different to that of other corps, inasmuch as these units are composed entirely of men of the same class, and that their duties will be of a technical nature in relation to defensive and other measures in connection with the handling of gases and chemicals. It is thought that young men who have completed their first year's University course would be suitable for these duties, and that it is not necessary to appeal to graduates and research students."

I commend this matter to the careful attention of students of the category referred to. How nobly Queen's University has responded to the call of the country since the commencement of the war is well known. The roll of Honour has inserted upon it the names of over 500 men. About 400 others are under training in the Officers' Training Corps. The Veterans' Corps has 238 upon its strength. In our school of instruction for young officers established at the request of the War Office last autumn, more than 300 more men have been or are being trained. These are housed in the University buildings, and taught by the officers of the Officers' Training Corps, altogether a patriotic contribution not unworthy of Queen's. We wish now to continue to assist the War Office by all means in our power in their very arduous task. Hence this letter. If students wishing to take advantage of the proposal now made by the War Office will be good enough to communicate as soon as possible with Major Gregg Wilson at the University they will be furnished with all necessary information, and supplied with the requisite forms of application for admission into this special branch of the Royal Engineers. I may say that ordinary standards of height and chest measurement will be waived, provided the candidate is organically sound and fit for service in the field. The eyesight test may be passed with the aid of glasses. Men selected will be enlisted in the Royal Engineers, and at once promoted corporal.




Dr. W. Tyrrell, son of Alderman W. J. Tyrrell, J.P., ex-High Sheriff of Belfast, has been distinguishing himself at the front. A recent letter from an officer serving "somewhere in France" says -- "There was a fine performance by Tyrrell, the Irish international footballer, the other day at the show at Ypres. He is a doctor attached to the Lancashire Fusiliers, and after being buried by a shell, commanded the battalion for a considerable time until he was buried again, being dug out by his servant. He has already got the Military Cross, and I hope they will give him something for this."


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