The Witness - Friday, 4 February 1916


FARIS -- Feb. 1, at The Manse, Caledon, the wife of the Rev. G. Faris, of a daughter.

THOMSON -- Jan. 25, at 25, University Square, Belfast, to Dr. and Mrs. W. W. D. Thomson -- a son.


BINGHAM--ANDERSON -- Feb. 1 (by special licence), at the residence of the bride's mother, The Crescent, Holywood, by Rev. John Irwin, D.D., Windsor, assisted by the Rev. Samuel Gourley, Dungiven, Rev. James Bingham, D.D., Dundonald, to Mary E. G. Anderson, B.A., third daughter of the late Rev. John Anderson, B.A., Greyabbey. At home -- The Manse, Dundonald, 28th and 29th March.


COULTER -- Feb. 2, 1916, at her residence, Doagh, Margaret A., dearly-beloved wife of William Coulter. Her remains will be removed by motor to-morrow (Saturday), for interment in the family burying-ground, Tullylish, at ten o'clock, passing through Gilford about twelve o'clock. WILLIAM COULTER.

ANDREWS -- Jan. 27, at Ballycrochan, Mary, daughter of William Andrews.

BROWNE -- Jan. 29. at St. Helens, Windsor Park, Fannie Osborne, wife of the late John Douglas Browne.

CAUGHEY -- Jan. 28, at Balligan, John Caughey, aged 87 years.

COLQUHOUN -- Jan. 28, at 24, Clifton Crescent, Isabella, relict of the late Thomas Colquhoan.

COWAN -- Jan. 31, in a Nursing Home in Dublin, Minna Louise Cowan, daughter of the late Andrew Cowan, J.P., of Craigowen, Craigavad, Belfast.

EVEREST -- Jan. 29, 1916, at Nursing Home, Ernest Everest.

FERRIS -- Jan. 29, at Main Street, Garvagh, William, son of the late John Ferris, Killeyvalley, aged 24 years.

FISHER -- Jan. 31, 1916, at his residence, Ulidia, Adelaide Park, Thos. Fisher.

BLACK -- At sea, on passage ("Westgate"), from Belfast to Jacksonville, Captain David Flack, husband of Margaret Flack, 15, Newington Street, Belfast.

GABBEY -- Jan. 30, 1916, at 121, University Street, Jessie S., widow of the late William Gabbey.

GEDDIS -- Feb. 2, at Ballydorn, James Bishop, son of Henry Geddis.

GILLESPIE -- Feb. 2, at Church Square, Monaghan, William Gillespie, in the 90th year of his age.

JOHNSTON -- Feb. 1 at 6, Knutsford Drive, Cliftonville, Jennie, wife of John Johnston.

JURY -- Feb. 2, at Tolka, Deramore Drive, Walter, second son of the late W. J. Jury, Brooklands, Belfast.

HERDMAN -- Jan. 31, at Nursing Home, Knockbreda Park, Belfast, William P. Herdman, of Carrickfergus, in his 81st year.

HORNER -- January 26, 1916, at Crewe, Andrew L. Horner, K.C., M.P., 34, Fitzwilliam Place, Dublin.

LEGATE -- Jan. 31, 1916, at 3, Malone Avenue, Belfast, Anna M. Legate, for 18 years Missionary in Damascus, daughter of the late Rev. George Legate, Kilkinamurry.

MARSHALL -- Jan. 27, at Kintore Villas, Earlswood Road, Margaret Elizabeth, wife of Matthew Marshall.

M'CANDLESS -- Feb. 2, at Grove Cottage, Skeogh, Dromore, Co. Down, Lizzie, wife of Samuel M'Candless.

M'CONNELL -- Jan. 31, 1916, at 5, Copeland Terrace, Carrickfergus, Harriet Wilson, dearly-beloved wife of John M'Connell.

M'CULLOUGH -- Jan. 29, at Hillside, Upper Ballysillan, James, husband of Marjorie M'Cullough.

M'CULLOUGH -- Jan. 31, at Ballyboley, Greyabbey, Alexander M'Cullough.

RITCHIE -- Feb. 1, Robert, son of Samuel Ritchie, 120, Duncairn Gardens.

ROSS -- Jan. 30, at 158, Duncairn Gardens, Belfast, Mrs. M. J. Ross.

STEELE -- Jan. 28, at Loughside, Ballycarry, Lizzie, daughter of Robert Steele.

WARING -- Jan. 27, at Summerville, near Enniscorthy, Anna Haughton, wife of William Waring.

WISNOM -- Jan. 27, at Dunesk, Rosetta Park, Ellen Cook, wife of Hugh Wisnom.



A most successful ploughing competition took place at Mintclone, Scarva, on Wednesday, in a field kindly least by Mr. Atkinson White. The general standard of the work done was very good, and the judges had considerable difficulty in making their awards. Messrs. G. M'Cullough, William Bell, and T. Stafford kindly acted as judges, and their decisions gave general satisfaction. The following were the awards -- Class 1 (broken furrow) -- 1, Charles Whitten, Mintclone; 2, Dawson Jones, Terryhoogan; 3, Alexander Liggett, Acton. Class 2 (half-broken furrow) -- 1, Samuel Chambers, Rochvale House, Scarvagh; 2, Atkinson White, Mintclone; 3, John Ruddock, Loughadian. Class 3 (whole furrow) -- 1, Cecil Warwick, Lakeview House, Scarvagh; 2, Wm. Johnson, Mintclone; 3. Wm. Gillespie, Scarvagh.



Mr. Samuel Arthur Broadbent, of Marina, Whitehead, County Antrim, yarn merchant, who died on the 9th October last, left personal estate in the United kingdom valued at £pound;28,938 15s 8d, of which £22,195 16s 3d is in England. Probate of his will, dated 9th July, 1907, has been, granted to Mr. Frederick Wm. Grundy, of 17, Preston Road, Southport. colliery manager, and Mr. Stuart Edward Richards, of 4, Argyle Road, Shipton, Southport, Lancashire, and his widow, Mrs. Jessie Laurie Broadbent. There were no bequests of public interest.

Mr. James Black, of Glen Ebor, Strandtown, Belfast, solicitor, who died in Nov. last, left personal estate in the United Kingdom valued at £9,772 4s 11d. Probate of his will, dated 11th May, 1915, has been granted to his sister, Miss Mary Black. The bequests are personal.


Notes on the Situation

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After the aerial surprise has come the sea surprise. A British liner, the Appam, had been long overdue, and it was assumed it had been sunk. The other morning, however, it turned up in an American seaport in charge of a German crew, with all its passengers and crew, and some German prisoners on board.

It then transpired that a German cruiser had attacked it off Madeira and put a prize crew on board, that navigated the vessel slowly and out of the usual trade route to the American coast. Some international questions may be raised, but one of the first questions asked is, How or why the Germans, for the first and only time, showed a regard for human life or for international law?

It is said it was done for the purpose of influencing American opinion at this time, and showing German regard for humanity and law. So far as the life is concerned the result is satisfactory. But there are other matters not so satisfactory raised in connection with it. It is claimed that this cruiser, with false sides concealing its armour, escaped from the Kiel Canal masquerading as a trading vessel, and escaped the eyes of our fleet. That would not be a creditable or satisfactory incident, though it might possibly occur, as the German cruiser floated the British flag and had all the appearance of a merchantman till the deceptive timbers were removed, the German flag raised, and the guns exposed. After this the Appam made no resistance.

It is suggested, however, that the cruiser may not have been in the Kiel Canal at all, that it may have been fitted out as it was in a port in South America, if not in the North. Be that as it may, it seems to have been as successful as the Emden in raiding British shipping, and it is said that it had sunk five or six British ships before seizing the Appam. And it in also said that the German officers and crew sank two British vessels on its way, which in itself may lead to complications. Though there was a report that the United States Government had agreed to intern the Appam and render it up as a prize to the Germans afterwards, that has not been officially confirmed. In any event we may be sure there will be complications, no matter what decision may be arrived at. With these Governments will have to deal.

In the meantime we can only express satisfaction, be the reasons what they may, that there has turned up in the German Navy one officer who can emulate Captain Muller, of the Emden, in humanity, and mayhap in chivalry, though such men seem to be rare in the frenzied fleet that Admiral Tirpitz created.



The Rev. Dr. Bingham, minister of Dundonald, Belfast, and former Moderator of this General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church, married Miss Anderson, daughter of the late Rev. Mr. Anderson of Greyabbey, and Mrs. Anderson, of "The Crescent," Holywood, where the ceremony took place on Tuesday. The officiating clergymen were the Rev. S. Gourley, Dungiven, brother-in-law of the bride, and the Rev. Dr. John Irwin, of Windsor Church, Belfast, cousin of the bridegroom.



On the past Saturday there was laid to rest in the historic burying-ground of Duneane Presbyterian Church one whose name and fame will not soon be forgotten by the people of that locality, for David Scott was a saint. As an elder he had served for fifty-two years the Church of his fathers. One of the fruits of the famous "'59" he stood throughout the years as a living testimony of the love of God.

Speaking of him on the Sabbath Day, the Rev. R. C. Elliott described him as the Apostle John of our Christian community. In him the Church of Jesus Christ had a genuine friend and a real servant, and it was with true discernment that our fathers elected him to the sacred office of the eldership. At the age of thirty-one he was already recognised as a master in Israel, Along with his lifelong friend, Mr. John Fulton, he was instrumental in establishing the Sabbath-school in Staffordstown, which has done so much for the young people of that district, and he was foremost of those who succeeded in erecting the present building of the Staffordstown National School. In him every good word and work had an active and genuine supporter, and there are in the church to-day not a few who regard him as hawing been the instrument of their spiritual quickening. To those of us who are left behind he has left an example of rare fidelity to the great work of the Church -- a fidelity that neither permitted difference of opinion nor disagreement as to methods to interfere with the living issue. "I am glad that I was always a peace-maker," said he on his deathbed, "and now I am only anxious to be home with Him whose face I have never seen, though the touch of His hand and the sound of His voice have been familiar throughout the years." David Scott was a man of vision. To him it was given to wear thin, by thought and prayer, the muddy venture, and when he died those who were with him know that he was beholding his Lord. A beautiful wreath from the session and committee was laid upon the bier among others from his sorrowing children. "He was a good man, full of the Holy Ghost and of faith."



During the month of January the Kilkeel district contributed 1,200 eggs to the national egg collection. Mr. R. B. Le Farm is the honorary secretary of the Kilkeel branch.

Rev. R. H. Gallagher, B.A., of Portadown Methodist Church, has received a cordial and unanimous invitation to succeed Rev. W. J. Wilson, as superintendent of the Lurgan (Queen Street) Circuit at the Conference of 1917.

Mr. T. E. Reed, secretary of Armagh County Council, who recently lectured on the history of that county, and has been engaged in other research work, has been elected a member of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of Ireland.

The collections in the First Newry (Sandy Street) Presbyterian Church in aid of Foreign Missions totalled over £260. In the Downshire Road Presbyterian Church, Newry, the offertories on behalf of the same object amounted to over £110.

On Monday, Mr. John Fitzsimmons, farmer, Milltown, near Mayobridge, succumbed in the Newry Nursing Home to the injuries which he sustained on the Hilltown Road while on his way home from Newry on the evening of the 31st of December last.

The Home Secretary has extended far a further period of five years the appointment of Dr. Richard Flood, of Newry, as one of the medical referees for County Down under the Workmen's Compensation Act -- a position which has been held by him since December, 1910.

At a meeting of the Board of Nomination, of the parish of Ballintoy, in the Diocese of Connor, the Rev. T. C. Topley, rector of Ardelinis (Carnlough), was elected rector of Ballintop, in succession to the Rev. William Matchette, who was recently appointed to Ballyrashane.

Under the auspices of Londonderry Canine Association a most successful dog show was held in the Guildhall on the 27th ult. for the purpose of raising funds for the Mayoress's war charities. The show, which was held under Kennel Club rules, was confined to a fifty miles' radius.

An outbreak of fire recently occurred at the hardware establishment of Mr. Marcus Andrews, Main Street, Castlederg, and was responsible for a considerable amount of damage to the stock, both by burning and by water. Several volunteers rendered good service in extinguishing the flames.

Following the inquest held at Ballyclare on the body of Jane M'Adoo, who was found dead in a field near her residence, a thorough search was made in her house, and in a drawer a number of small parcels were found. These were all carefully opened, and one was found to contain a sum of £65 in notes.

An important improvement has very recently been effected in Portaferry Parish Church in the relaying of the chancel floor in handsome mosaic pavement, replacing the former plain tiling. The pavement, which greatly beautifies the sacred building, is in memory of the late Mr. R. J. Glass, Wharparilla, Portaferry.

The Belgian refugees who have been living in the Rostrevor Hotel (kindly lent for the purpose by Sir John Ross of Bladensburg, K.C.B.) will leave Rostrevor at the end of this week for Drogheda, where they have been engaged, under an expert Belgian head-gardener, to lay out same new gardens.

At the usual monthly meeting of Larne Technical Committee held on Friday, Mr. John Girvan, a pupil trained in the Larne schools, was appointed teacher of carpentry and joinery in place of Mr. Bruce Wallace Douglas, who had joined the Army; and Mr. J. F. Barklie was appointed superintendent of examinations.

The report presented at the seventeenth annual meeting of the Governors of the Ulster Agricultural and Dairy School and Henry Trust held, at Downpatrick stated that at the end of the year there was a credit balance in bank of £636 15s 10d, and £14,360 9s 9d of 2½ per cent. Consols were standing in the names of the trustees.

In connection with the magnificent Red Cross collection in Ballymoney, of which Mr. James Hanna was the very capable secretary, and which was generously placed to the credit of Lady Shaftesbury's County Antrim collection, arrangements have been completed for providing out of the contribution a motor ambulance named the Ballymoney.

As there was no criminal business at Magherafelt Quarter Sessions, Mr. John Harbison, the senior solicitor, on behalf of the Sheriff, presented his Honour Judge Todd with a pair of white gloves, for which his Honour returned thanks, and expressed his pleasure at the absence of crime and the apparent prosperity of the district.

In Clones market last week 84s par cwt. was paid for best quality. This is a record as far as Clones is concerned, and apparently the highest price reached in this part of Ireland. The number of dead pigs in the market was 317. In the live pig market on the previous day fat sows commanded a big price, one being sold for £14.

Further curtailment of the postal services in the Omagh postal district are announced to take place from the beginning of the month, the object being to effect economies, and to enable the existing staff to discharge the volume of business in connection with the different offices without having to employ temporary men to replace those who have volunteered.

All doubts as to the whereabouts of Miss Annie Weir, daughter of a dairyman residing in High Street, Newry, who disappeared from her home on Thursday evening last, leaving behind her letters which raised the greatest fears, were set at rest on Saturday last by the arrival of her brother from Chesterfield, who stated that she had reached his home on the previous day.

The annual meeting of the Antrim Agricultural Society was held in the Brace Memorial National School, Antrim, at which Dr. J. J. Adams, J.P., spoke in pathetic terms of the sudden death of Mr. Samuel A. Russell, and proposed, Mr. T. J. Campbell seconding, that a letter of condolence expressive of the deep sorrow felt by the members at his demise be sent to the relatives of deceased. The resolution was passed in silence.

Last week three heifers, value for about £12 each, belonging to Mr. James M'Kenna, of Miltown, were found poisoned on an outlying farm near Blackhill. Two of the animals were already dead and the third was frothing at the mouth and died shortly afterwards in great agony. Mr. J. George. V.S., of Magherafelt, was summoned to the spot, and on the animals being opened he found that the cause of death was due to eating the green leaves of some yew trees.

At a meeting of the Council of Derry Chamber of Commerce the secretary reported that, in accordance with instructions, he had despatched a wire to the Admiralty on the subject of the commandeering of one of the Glasgow steamers, pointing out that Derry and district dependent on the Laird Line for the conveyance of foodstuffs, live stock, and military stores, was already short of the requirements, and if a further steamer were taken off a serious situation would be created.

At the annual meeting of the Ulster Fruit-Growers' Association held in Portadown on Saturday Mr. W. R. Atkinson submitted the financial statement, which was adopted. Owing to the unsatisfactory financial position of the association, the question of economising expenditure was under consideration. Mr. W. R. Atkinson moved that Mr. J. A.Brownlee be re-appointed secretary and that his salary for the current year be reduced from £12 to £10. Mr. James Lynas (Moyallon) seconded the proposition, which was agreed to.



Captured by German Raider


The British liner Appam, which was reported a week overdue on Saturday, has arrived at Newport News flying the German flag and with a German prize crew aboard.

Norfolk, Virginia. -- A thrilling account of the Moewe's activities was given to Mr. Hamilton, the Collector of Customs, by Lieutenant Berge, the German prize-master on board the Appam. He said the capture of the Appam occurred sixty miles north of Madeira on January 16.

On January 17 the Moewe engaged the Clan M'Tavish, which sank after an exciting fight, fifteen men of the Clan M'Tavish being killed. The Appam, which was miles away, returned to the scene and rescued four of the Clan M'Tavish's crew, who were struggling in the water.

Later, acting on orders from the commander of the Moewe, Lieutenant Berge headed the Appam for America. The Appam had one gun mounted when she was captured. The Moewe removed this, and consequently the vessel had no guns aboard when she reached port.

On January 10 the Moewe captured and sank the Faringford, and also captured the Corbridge with a cargo of coal, and put a prize crew on board the latter.

On January 15 the Dromonly was encountered. She offered no resistance, and was sunk. The same raider sank the Author and the Trader.

On the 15th the Ariadne was sent to the bottom with a cargo of wheat.

On the following day two shots were fired at the Appam, which the Moewe approached flying the British flag and exchanging salutes. When close enough to cross the Appam's bows the Moewe hoisted the German flag and lowered her false forecastle, disclosing her armament.


Full details of the capture of the Appam have not yet been revealed, as no one except Lieut. Berge came ashore, and no one has been permitted on board. During her trip across the Atlantic Ocean the Appam did not sight any British or French warships, as she crossed by an unfrequented route. It is stated she flew the British flag until she reached the three-mile limit.

Lieut. Berge said on arrival that he had not sufficient food to last through Wednesday, and was permitted to take aboard a quantity of supplies yesterday.

Sir Edward Mere, Governor of Serna Leone, and his wife, and Mr. Fred James, Administrator of Lagos, were among the passengers. The masters of all the vessels sunk, except the Clan M'Tavish, who with most of the members of the crew were probably on board the Moewe, are on the Appam. Lieut. Berge declined to identify himself otherwise than as Lieutenant Naval Reserve, formerly master of a merchantman which had visited Norfolk several times. He said he was a subordinate officer of the Moewe. One report said the Moewe's armament included ten-inch guns.


Passengers Land Amidst Cheers.

Old Point Comfort, Thursday. -- Cheering and shoots of laughter arose from all parts of the Appam yesterday evening when an immigration launch containing the British representatives came alongside and announced that the passengers and most of the captives would soon receive permission to land. The German guard futilely attempted to quiet the joyousness. The seamen crowded to the rails asking for tobacco and news of the war. The occupants of the launch threw newspapers on board, and tied tobacco and cigarettes to strings lowered over the side.

The launch took aboard nine British subjects -- Sir E. Merewether, Mr. James, and Mr. Fuller, the Chief Commissioner of Ashanti, and the captains of the six sunken steamers for a conference with the Consul on shore.

When they landed they hurried to the hotel, where they obtained food more palatable than they had had for days past. They were soon exchanging their pound notes for American money.

Mr. Fuller and Sir E. Merewether related the stories of the capture similar to those told to Mr. Hamilton, Collector of Customs, by Lieutenant Berg. Mr. Fuller said in addition to the guns on the forecastle, the raider was equipped with two torpedo tubes. All agreed they had been treated well.

Mr. Fuller could not say that he particularly enjoyed the trip, but it might have been worse. They suffered from lack of food, but the prize crew likewise suffered. It was only during the last two days that a shortage of food and water was noticeable. They were then put on a diet of rice, kippered herrings, and biscuits, and were denied the use of fresh water, except far drinking.


Mystery still clings to the Moewe. Sir E. Merewether declares she was a vessel of 3,500 to 4,000 tons, and believed she was originally a fruit trader, but he did not know her name. The captured British skippers say she was a converted merchantman named the Ponga that was fitted out regularly.

Mr. James said he was sure she was a not the old naval Moewe, which he knew.

Captain Barton, of the Corbridge, said she was new boat with her decks strengthened to carry a battery which, would do credit to a first-class commerce-destroyer. Her hold was fitted for fruit-carrying. Four guns were mounted forward, masked by a collapsible steel forecastle, and two after. He saw the name of Ponga on the plate, and the same name on the papers in the commander's cabin. A crew of several hundred manned the vessel. Many were wearing hatbands marked "Moewe," others "Pitanta."


All those who have come ashore expatiate on the gallantry of the Clan MacTavish's fight with the raider with a six-pounder in her bow. Fifteen of the crew were killed and many, wounded before she sank, following two interior explosions.

Sir E. Merewether repeated how the vessel, with her flag weighted and drooping, approached the Appam. When she was within two hundred yards the forward and aft railings, previously looking solid, disappeared magically in sections composed of accordion-like strips of steel, which dropped into slots on pressure from a button on the bridge. A square structure, which had been mistaken for deck houses, also collapsed, and exposed batteries of guns between four and six inches. The gun crews were at their stations ready to begin operations instantly the guns were unmasked.

It was no use to offer resistance. It is absurd to say we did. After the prize crew boarded us they first freed the German prisoners, and then armed them with rifles to guard us. Then followed the transfer of the Moewe's captives to the Appam. When it was finished we started for a destination unknown, with forty-three Germans, half of them former prisoners, over us.

The fight with the Clan MacTavish was fine, if it was one-sided, lasting fully half an hour. The little gun continued to bark long after the German shells had set the Clan MacTavish on fire in half a dozen places. Finally the German discharged two torpedoes. Both struck, and the Clan MacTavish heeled over in a short time and disappeared.


No Official News

Reuter's Agency learns that the Department has informed the British Ambassador at Washington, in reply to the request that permission has been issued to the British Vice-Consul at Norfolk, Virginia, to communicate with the passengers on the Appam, and that the authorities have been ordered to allow at once the landing of all aboard except the prize crew.

No news has yet been received by the British Government of any decision of America's regarding the status of the Appam.



Reference by Rev. Dr. MacDermott.

At the morning service in Belmont Presbyterian Church on Sabbath, the Rev. Dr. MacDermott paid a touching tribute to the memory of Lieutenant Edward Workman, son of Mr. Frank Workman, The Moat, Strandtown, whose death occurred on Wednesday last at the Duchess of Westminster's War Hospital, Le Touquet, as the result of wounds he received while serving with the 2nd Battalion Royal Irish Rifles.

Speaking with considerable emotion, the reverend gentleman said he wished to take note in the name of the congregation and in his own name of the loss of one of their members -- a member for a good many years, and a young man well and favourably known in the community of Belfast. They all joined, he felt sure, in sincere sympathy with the father and mother of the late Lieutenant Workman. The first man who came to him (Dr. MacDermott) for a necessary certificate or document after war had been declared was Edward Workman, and at the time he marvelled at his youth, and quiet determination -- for he looked very youthful, and was certainly determined to do his share in the great struggle. That was in August, 1914. Lieutenant Workman was sent out to the front early, and took part in some of the most desperate struggles which this most desperate war had yet seen. He remembered talking to a private who was in the deceased officer's company, and who spoke of what difficulties they had to meet -- of being sent out on one occasion, as this soldier put it, "to be sacrificed for a greater object." He (the speaker) forgot how many went out in that party, but only a few came back; and this soldier paid tribute to his lieutenant for the coolness and skill by which he extricated those who remained of his men. And now he had paid his debt to the great cause for which he fought. Early in the struggle he had been mentioned in despatches, and promotion came to him. All through his career, both before and during the war, his life was that of a Christian lad, blameless and faithful in every relation. They mourned him as a brave and gallant man and a capable and efficient officer, and their sympathy went out to Mr. and Mrs. Frank Workman, who had lost their only son. Mr. and Mrs. Workman had been in the forefront for many years of the philanthropic operations of Belfast, and since the war began, when anything had been attempted on behalf of the recruits who had gone from the city they had been among the first to give their assistance. They also sympathised with Captain and Mrs. Lindsay, and commended all the relatives of a brave officer to the God of all comfort. Let them besiege the Mercy-seat in this time of peril, praying that this scourge of war might be removed, and that the lives of our bravest and best might be spared.


At the annual meeting of the members of Strandtown and District Unionist Club, held on Monday in the Clubroom, Belmont Road, Mr. W. T. Pollock, who presided, said they met under the shadow of a great loss. Two of their most promising members, sons of two of the most energetic workers they had in the club for the cause of the Union and Ulster, had given their lives in France for their country. He referred to Second-Lieutenant R. W. MacDermott and Lieutenant Edward Workman. They were both very loyal and hard-working members of the club when the political movement was on, and he thought he was expressing the views of everybody closely connected with the volunteer movement when he said that they rendered yeoman service in that connection. Dr. MacDermott and Mr. Frank Workman were two gentlemen who took, a very prominent part, indeed, in the political side of the club's work, and the hearts of the members went out to them in sincere sympathy for the great loss they had sustained. He thought the members would like to take the earliest possible opportunity of expressing their sorrow and sympathy, and, therefore he proposed the following resolution -- "That the members of Strandtown and District Unionist Club, assembled in general meeting, desire to record and tender to Mr. and Mrs. Frank Workman and family, and Dr. and Mrs. MacDermott and family their very sincere sympathy in the great loss they have suffered in the death of their sons, Lieutenant Edward Workman, and Second-Lieutenant Robb. Wilson MacDermott, from wounds received in action in France, and that copies of this resolution be conveyed to them."

The resolution was passed in silence, the members standing.

At the meeting of the Belfast Corporation on Tuesday the following resolution, proposed by the Lord Mayor, was passed:-- "That this Council extend their profound sympathy to Councillor Frank Workman in the loss of his only son, Lieutenant Edward Workman, who died in France of wounds received in action. Lieutenant Workman was a brave and gallant officer, who promptly responded to the call of duty, and made the supreme sacrifice for his King and country. His name, like many others, will go down to posterity as a loyal patriotic, and courageous citizen of this city, who feared not to die in defence of liberty."



We regret to announce the death of the Right Hon. Richard Edmund Meredith, P.C., late Master of the Rolls in Ireland, who died of heart failure at a private nursing home in England on Friday, in has sixty-first year. He was born on 18th November, 1855, and was the son of the late Mr. William Rice Meredith, a Dublin solicitor. He was called to the Bar in 1879, and after a distinguished career took silk in 1892, and two years later was elected a Bencher of King's Inns. During his long association with the Bar of Ireland he had an extensive practice in Chancery proceedings, in connection with which he brought to bear his well-known and widely recognised abilities as a lawyer, keen discrimination, and acumen being his marked characteristics, and his assistance was eagerly invoked in the elucidation of many knotty points of law. In 1898 he was appointed Judge of the Supreme Court, and Judicial Commissioner of the Irish Land Commission, and through his subsequent career as a Land Judge he amply fulfilled the high expectations formed of him. On the Bench, as at the Bar, he was noted for his urbanity and courtesy to the professional gentlemen who appeared before him, as well as to the litigants whose interests were involved. In October, 1906, he was appointed Master of the Rolls in succession to the Right Hon. Sir Andrew Marshall Porter, Bart., and filled that high office with the dignity and ability which is associated with the Irish Judiciary. His resignation through failing health caused much regret among those who knew his painstaking zeal as a Judge and his uniform courtesy to all who practised before him, and his death at a comparatively early age will be deplored.


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The Witness - Friday, 11 February 1916


SCOTT -- Feb. 4, at Main Street, Maghera, to Mr. and Mrs. Alexander Scott -- a daughter.


HERRICK--LINDSAY -- Jan. 15, at Webster, Mass., by the Rev. Nathan H. Gast, Frank Laurance Herrick, to Rebecca, daughter of the late Samuel Martin Lindsay, Ballykelly, Banbridge. (Address -- Walnut Ledge, Putnam, Conn., U.S.A.).

YOUNG--ANDREWS -- Feb. 9, at Killeter Presbyterian Church, by the Rev. W. Duncan, B.A., Charles Young, Kilstrule, to Charlotte Violet, daughter of the late John Andrews, Aghnahoo, Castlederg.


ANSLEY -- Feb. 6, at Boghead House, Margaret Ansley.

BARR -- Feb. 8, at 2a, Ohio Street, Belfast, Edith Strawbridge, infant daughter of Robert Barr.

BEATTY -- Feb. 7, at The Nightingale Nursing Home, Dr. Guy Beatty, late West African Medical Service.

BROWN -- Feb. 4, at Killaughey, Donaghadee, Sarah Brown.

COULTER -- Feb. 9, at Killinchy Woods, Crossgar, Isabella Coulter, aged 65 years.

DURAND -- Feb. 3, at 25, Tate's Avenue, Sarah (Sadie), widow of the late Auguste Durand, and mother of Bertie Durand.

FLETCHER -- Feb. 3, at 16, Eglantine Avenue, Belfast, William Fletcher, late of Greenmount Spinning Company, Limited.

FOLEY -- Feb. 8, at Union Street, Cookstown, Lizzie, wife of John C. Foley.

GILMOUR -- Feb. 8, at 40, Ulsterville Avenue, Robert Gilmour, aged 94 years.

HAMILTON -- Feb. 7, at 25, Cameron Street, Belfast, James, husband of Catherine Hamilton, aged 71 years.

HOBSON -- Feb. 9, at the Thompson Memorial Home, Lisburn, Madeleine Hobson, aged 71 years.

JONES -- At The Rectory, Kilmore, Richhill, Rev. William Jones, M.A., in his 83rd year.

KENNEDY -- Feb. 4, at Caldhame, Straidland, Mary Kennedy.

LARK -- Feb. 9, at Alexandra Terrace, Lurgan, William James Lark, late of Plymouth, Principal of Lurgan Municipal Technical School.

LOEWENTHAL -- Feb. 5, at Lennoxvale, Julius Loewenthal.

LOGAN -- Feb. 3, 1916, at her residence, The Cottage, Ahoghill, Ballymena, Margaret Ann, beloved wife of James Logan, aged 77 years.

MAXWELL -- Feb. 9, at Colinview, Drumbeg, Dunmurry, Anna, widow of the late Alexander Maxwell.

MacILWAINE -- Feb. 5, at Encliffe, Raglan Road, Bangor, Rosetta, wife of the late John MacIlwaine.

M'CORMICK -- Feb. 2, at the Fever Hospital, Larne, Jane, wife of James M'Cormick.

M'CUE -- Feb. 4, at Rosebank, Castlereagh, Henry M'Cue.

M'CUTCHEON -- Feb. 7, at Woodlands, Donaghadee, Mary M'Cutcheon.

M'GAVOCK -- Feb. 8, at 36, High Street, Camlough, Lizzie, daughter of Margaret M'Gavock.

M'GIMPSEY -- Jan. 20, at Jubilee Hospital, Victoria, B.C., Wilhelmina (Minnie), wife of Samuel M'Gimpsy, 2538, Fifth Street, Victoria, late of Mountpottinger, and daughter of Mrs. Sturgeon, 25, Greenville Terrace, Bloomfield.

M'KEAGUE -- Feb. 8, at Ballywindland, Ballymoney, Andrew M'Keague, aged 82 years.

M'KEE -- Feb. 3, at Purdysburn Hospital, S. Herbert M'Kee, B.A., LL.B., son of the late Samuel M'Kee, formerly of Banbridge.

M'NIECE -- Feb. 7, at Straidhaven, Nutts Corner, Sarah, relict of the late John M'Niece.

NIBLOCK -- Feb. 4, at 153, Victoria Terrace, Sydenham, John, husband of Fanny Niblock.

NUGENT -- Feb. 3, at 9, Newington Avenue, Belfast, Robert Nugent, aged 84 years.

PATRICK -- Feb. 7, at Parkmount, Broughshane Eliza, wife of the late William Patrick, Dunaird.

PRICE -- Feb. 9, at Drumena, Portadown, Catherine, wife of Thomas Price, Campbelton, Stockman's Lane, Belfast.

PURDON -- Feb. 6, at 56, Eglantine Avenue, in her 94th year, Jane Maria, widow of the late Charles D. Purdon, M.D., F.R.C.S.I.

RAMSEY -- Feb. 8, at Budore, Margaret, wife of Thomas Ramsey.

SERVICE -- Feb. 6, at Ballyclaverty, Hugh Service.

SIBBINS -- Feb. 6, at 292, Old Lodge Road, William, son of Margaret Sibbins.

TODD -- Feb. 9, at Railway View, Comber, Hugh David Todd, son of the late David Todd.




The Lisnagunagh Society's ploughing tournament, which annually arouses so much interest in Bushmills and the surrounding district, came off in a suitable field kindly placed at the disposal of the association by Mr. Matthew Alexander, Feigh and Lisnagunagh Lower. The following were the awards -- Swing plough class -- 1, silver cup, with £1 added (presented by Major P. Kerr-Smiley, M.P.), W. M'Caughan, Craigs (plough held by son); 2, Alexander Jamison, Ballycastle; 3, Thomas Booth, Ballyliken; 4, W. J. Quigg, Tonduff (plough held by son). Best junior ploughman -- 1, W. J. Quigg (plough held by son); 2, W. J. Getty, Castlecatt. Chill plough class -- 1 (silver cup, presented by Mr. Daniel M'Neill, J.P.), John Boreland, Lisnagunagh (plough held by Charles M'Allister): 2, Thomas Smith, Ballyallaught (plough held by son); 3, John Craig, Carnkirk (plough held by Robert Taylor); 4, James Dunlop, Ballyness. Best turnout -- 1, James Fullerton, Ballyness; 2, W. Forgie, Cavanmore. Mr. Fullerton and Mr. Forgie also won prizes in the chill plough class.


The twenty-second ploughing match under the auspices of Boveva and Roe Valley Farming Society was held in a field at Pellipar, Dungiven, kindly placed at the disposal of the society by Captain R. J. L. Ogilby, D.L., now on active service. The judges were -- Messrs. R. J. M'Elroy, Rossdowney, Derry; John Black, Garbourgle, Portstewart; and William Martin, Ballylease, Portstewart. The awards were -- Swing class -- 1, W. J. Nutt (plough held by son William); 2, Jos. Carmichael; 3, Robert Smyth; 4, J. A. Douglas (son Robert); 5, Thomas Hynds (Henry M'Closkey); 6, W. P. Quigley; 7, Henry Averill; 8, Andrew Buchanan (Michael Keally); 9, William Cartwright; 10, Charles M'Clean; 11, Patrick Doherty. Chill class -- 1, John Nutt (plough held by R. C. Andrews); 2, Joseph Douglass (son Herbert); 3, Captain R. J. L. Ogilby (James Mullan); 4, Matthew Thompson; 5, Robert Smyth (son William). A number of special prizes were also awarded, Messrs. W. J. Nutt and John Nutt winning these for the best ploughing; Capt. Ogilby first prize for the best-equipped team, and Mr. Matthew Thompson second prize.


This young society held its first ploughing match under most favourable conditions on Saturday in a field kindly placed at the disposal of the committee by Mr. Gilbert Erskine, Grave Cottage, Aldergrove. The society is under the distinguished patronage of Colonel Pakenham, Langford Lodge, Crumlin, and has for its president Mr. Harold Barbour, Lisburn; Messrs. George Rankin and Thomas M'Farlane are the hon. secretaries, and Mr. F. Manderson the treasurer. As the day was fine there was a very large concourse of people from the surrounding district. The ploughing, was exceptionally good, and the competition very keen. Messrs. Wm. M'Elroy, Rossdowney, Derry; W. J. M'Caughan, Ballycastle; and Thomas Lindsay, Dunleddy, Cumber, kindly acted as judges. The prize-winners were as follows -- Chill ploughs (open) -- 1, Mr. Langford M'Farlane, Gortnagallon; 2, Mr. Robert Suffern, J.P., Ballyclare; 3, Mr. James Duncan, Largy; 4, Mr. James Hunter, Ardnun; 5, Mr. Thomas M'Farlane, Gortnagallon; 6, Mr. W. J. Mayers, Ballinadreuk. A special prize for the best work done by hired ploughman in this class was won by Mr. Thomas Marsden. Chill ploughs (confined) -- 1, Mr. James Clarke; 2, Mr. W. Harkness, Crosshill; 3, Mr. W. Giffen; 4. Mr. W. Suffern, Ballinadrenta; 5, Mr. John Harkness, Ballyginney. Best turnout -- 1, Mr. Robert Grey, Rose Cottage, Dunadry; 2, Mr. T. Giffen, Springhill. A special prize for the best cuts and ins was won by Mr. J. Craney. The prizes were gracefully presented by Mrs. Gilbert Erskine, and at the conclusion of the ceremony, on the motion of Mr. J. M'Clure, Glenavy, a hearty vote of thanks was accorded to the judges, and to Mrs. Erskine for her hospitality during the afternoon, and for her kindnees in presenting the prizes.





There is a beautifully-paved road; it was once the village street. It is bounded on each side by piles of bricks, which were once houses; here and there a battered house front still stands. Four times the village has been taken and retaken, and as on each occasion the occupying force was driven out by shell fire, only wreckage represents the original homes. Strange to say, the pavement has suffered little; it is the one unspoiled remnant of man's constructive handiwork. One can see that the place was prosperous in its earlier days; the gardens behind the houses are still in good condition, in the autumn the roses were all abloom, and the October sun ripened the fruit on the laden apple trees.

In this, as in other villages, the church is the most stricken building, chiefly because the enemy suspected that its altitude would afford good observation posts, and therefore concentrated shell fire thereon. I found a piece of stained glass among the debris; this first suggested to me what edifice had occupied the site. Later I found the crucifix intact, while around it not one stone stands on another. Nineteen hundred years of Christianity, and the Prince of Peace still on the Cross in a ravaged, devastated land!

Barbed wire entanglements cross and re-cross the abandoned gardens, otherwise these remain much as they were when the family tended their flowers and fruit trees without a fear or suspicion of what was in the near future.


The better-class people have all abandoned the village, but on the outskirts peasants still cling to their ruined homes. About a mile from here a small, well-kept cottage stands absolutely unscathed, although it is well within the shell area. All through the summer the window-boxes were gay with geraniums, the windows were brilliantly clean, and there was not a scratch on walls or woodwork. This cottage probably owes its immunity to the fact that there was no objective in the immediate neighbourhood to attract the enemy's fire. I inquired concerning the inhabitants, and was informed that the only occupant of the house is an old woman, ninety years of age, who has lived in the same premises from the time of the Franco-Prussian War, refusing all inducements to move elsewhere in the present crisis. On sunny days she will stand by her gate serenely observing the surrounding conditions. When a shell falls near her she will observe with displeasure, "Quelle odeur!" and will more indoors in a pet. Twice weekly her daughter, who lives four miles away, brings her food. Her interests do not range a foot beyond the little kingdom of her home.

One day on the march towards the trenches we were about to occupy, taking cover where we could, and dashing at full speed across open ground, the enemy's guns being directed on us all the time, we observed an old man serenely ploughing, and were assured that he was probably humming to himself, if we could only hear him. His house was in ruins, all but the cellar, which he and his wife occupied. In the yard she continued to feed her chickens and young hens, and I was told that the laying power of these was not affected by surrounding disturbances.


Where houses on the outskirts of towns or villages are still occupied our men are billeted on the owners. I have heard that the friendly feelings between our men and their French hosts are obviously cordial. From personal observation I am disposed to think that our hosts act as such very unwillingly; they certainly charge enormous prices for all our supplies; for that one is prepared, but not for the charges for damages to the premises, which, three times out of four, we are entirely unable to discern. For the valour of the French soldier one has the most hearty admiration, but some of the thrifty habits of the civilian I should gladly modify.

Food is abundant, there is plenty of bread among the people; sometimes I am at a loss to understand where the supplies of all kinds of commodities are obtained; I imagine by train from distant places, being brought by hand from the nearest stations. All the young people have gone from the villages; it is the elderly and the old who cling to their homes, and accept the chances of war with a measure of serenity. To the majority of these it seems a matter of no great moment who shall rule the land, so long as they may practice their little industries and economics in peace.


The soil immediately behind the trenches is all under cultivation, strange as it seems; that between the trenches has defied even French thrift, it consists of massed weeds and tares. The space intervening between French and German entrenchments is sometimes not more than fifty yards, yet no foot has trodden the rough surface for over a year, except on the darkest night, when a few men may venture forth to repair the barbed wire defences, facing instant death on each occasion, as star shells are sent up frequently, and by the light of these the intelligent sniper is enabled to mark down his victim, I believe it was seriously proposed in the English Parliament many years ago to construct a tunnel between England and Continental lands. Standing now on the soil of a beautiful and devastated country, and noting what overland marauders can do, I thank heaven for England's insular position, and hope that she shall long continue to be safeguarded by the sea, ruling it in such wise that all lands, her own included, may dwell in peace and security.

M. S. E



A very enjoyable concert was given in the Recreation Room of the Presbyterian Soldiers' Home on Wednesday evening, 2nd February. Trooper Wilkinson, 2nd K.E.H. (The Puppets, London), gave great amusement to the lads in his varied comic selections. The programme, which, was ably given, terminated by singing the National Anthem. The following contributed to the evening's enjoyment -- Corporal Whinyates, L.H.; 2nd A.M. Robinson. F.C.; Private Honey, R.A.M.C.; Private Ricketts, A.O.C.; Trooper Darch, D.L.O.; Trooper Wilkinson, 2nd K.E.H.; Trooper Louden, 4th Hussars; Trooper Ekros. 4th H.; Private Everitt, R.A.M.C.; 2nd A.M. Peacock, F.C.; Trooper Close, 4th H.; Trooper Curling 2nd K.E.H.; Private Riley, R.A M.C.



The death has just taken place of the Rev. James Bodel, a native of Belfast and minister of Trinity Presbyterian Church, Bootle. The deceased was a son of the late Mr. James Bodel, mineral water manufacturer, Townsend Street, Belfast, and was sixty-seven years of age. He took his degree at Queen's College, Belfast, and subsequently attended the Assembly's College. He was ordained in Monaghan, and after a short pastorate there, accepted a call to Bootle, where he laboured with zeal and energy for thirty-eight years. He was a vigorous preacher and a versatile and experienced lecturer. The deceased is survived by his wife, two daughters, and a son, who is serving with the British army in France.



Rev. William J. Rainey, pastor of the church at Orleans, Ill., died at the Presbyterian Hospital, Chicago, on Jan. 18th in the fifty-sixth year of his age. He had not been able to preach since November, and had gone to Chicago for treatment for a compilation of diseases. Mr. Rainey was born at Benburb, Dungannon, County Tyrone, Ireland, on February 8, 1860, and was educated under Dr. Grattan Guinness in London. His pastorates in America were M'Bain, Mich., 1890-92; Harbour Springs, Mich., 1892-98; Central Chapel, Pittsburg, while taking a post-graduate course at Western Theological Seminary, 1898-1900; Immanuel Church, Grand Rapids, Mich., 1900-08; Middleton, Ill., 1908-12; Pisgah Church, Orleans, Ill., 1912-16.

Rev. Samuel T. Linton, pastor of Ridley Park, Pa., Church, died on January 10 of pneumonia, aged forty-two. He was born at Crosshill, Londonderry County, Ireland and studied at St. Andrews University and Original Secession Hall, Glasgow. He was graduated from Princeton Theological Seminary in 1899, and was ordained the same year by Huntingdon Presbytery and installed pastor of East Kishacoquillas Church Reedsville, Pa. In 1901 he became pastor at Ridley Park. He is survived by his widow and a daughter. A brother, Rev. John C. Linton, is pastor at Miami, Okla.



The death occurred on Tuesday last, after a brief illness, of Mr. Andrew M'Keague, of Thornmount, Ballywindland, Ballymoney, a well-known farmer. Mr. M'Keague, who was eighty-two years of age, had been an elder of First Ballymoney Presbyterian Church since 1867. His wife predeceased him by a few years and Mr. Wm. M. M'Keague, chairman of the Ballymoney Rural District Council, is the only surviving member of the family



The death of Mrs. James Logan, The Cottage, Ahoghill, took place rather suddenly on Thursday morning last. Deceased, who was one of the most highly-respected people in the district, had reached the advanced age of seventy-seven years, and had been feeble for some time. The funeral took place on Saturday last, and was attended by a large concourse of relatives and friends, who, as deceased had requested, bore her remains to their last resting-place -- the burying-ground of Trinity Presbyterian Church, Ahoghill. Amongst those present were -- Jas. Logan (husband), Rev. John Logan, LL.D (Sandholes); William Logan, Hugh Logan, Rev. S. Logan (Belfast), James Logan, M.A. (Dublin); Alex. Logan (sons), Victor Allen, Bob, Fred, and Willie Logan (grandsons), W. Mackrell (son-in-law), Albert M'Clelland, H. Kirkpatrick (nephews), H. M'Clelland, J. H. M'Ateer (cousins), Rev. W. R. Megaw, B.A.; Rev. T. G. Moore, B.A. (each of whom conducted funeral services); Robert M'Bride, W. Caldwell, R. Porter (Belfast), G. Neely, W. J. Kernohan, M. M'Master, TR. Wallace, A. M'Dowell, A. Burnside, &c.




The little station is one blaze of colour in the golden sunshine; from the flag-pole overhead floats the Union Jack, above the platform is the Canadian flag, and from every window of the little building flies either the Union Jack or the flags of the Allies. The platform is crowded with, an expectant throng, for the news has gone through the town that a detachment of troops "on route" for the front are to pans through the town today. Twelve o'clock was the time the report said, but it has gone two o'clock now, and yet no sign of the troop train. No one knows when it will come through, and so the crowd settles down patiently to await the arrival of the "boys." At one end of the platform the school children are lined up, and from time to time they vary the monotony of waiting by singing patriotic songs. Moving about amongst the crowd are some Dukhubor women, their vivid scarlet, blue, and pink blouses and head-dresses making a decided contrast against the more sober hues of the rest of the townsfolk. Now the station-agent's office opens, and a clerk hurries out to the agent, who is chatting with the Mayor, and announces that the train has left O--------- and is due here in ten minutes' time. A quiver of excitement goes through the crowd; the members of the town band hastily collect their instruments, the officials clear the crowd back from the edge of the platform, the children unfurl their Union Jacks, and everyone awaits on tip-toe with expectancy. A few minutes pass, the whistle of a train is heard, the watchers descry a puff of smoke round the bend of the line, and then, to the waving of flags and the strains of "It's a long way to Tipperary," the trains steams in. Every window is crowded with men as jolly and as excited as schoolboys out on a holiday jaunt; and they wave pennants and flags in answer to the welcome given them.

In a few seconds the train comes to a standstill, and out of the carriages they tumble, to immediately become the centre of an admiring throng. Tall, well-built, muscular young fellows, their bronze faces telling of rigorous weeks of work under canvas; they smile and in a few minutes make friends with all round and about them, and soon are busily engaged in exchanging souvenirs with the young ladies. Keen is the competition for the maple leaf collar badge, and much to be envied is the lucky girl who succeeds in getting one. Now the band strikes up "The Maple Leaf for Ever," and in a few minutes everyone, soldier and civilian, is joining together in singing the words of Canada's National Anthem. Then the Mayor steps forward and in name of the town wishes them "God speed, and a safe and glorious return home from the front, to which the commanding officer replies on behalf of the men. And then in answer to the request of the men the hand again starts up "Tipperary," the soldiers with lusty voices joining in the well-known chorus. Alas! for some of them it will be "a long, long way to Tipperary" indeed, but not one of them regrets his decision to see the thing through; It has got to be done, and they are going to do their share; the Motherland will have no cause to be ashamed of her Canadian sons. A command rings out, and they take their seats again; the whistle shrieks, and to the soul-inspiring music of "God Save the King," the train steams out, leaving us with a memory of cheerful, smiling faces, of brave hearts, of firm resolves, and high ideals. The sons of the prairie and bush have heard the call, and answered it. Silently, with a choking in our throats, and a mist over our eyes, we disperse. Are we worthy of the sacrifice they are making for us? God help us to prove that we are.


For miles and miles on either side of the railroad the sun looks down on fields of ripened wheat and oats, the yellow ears waving and bending at the caprice of every passing breeze. As far as the eye can see they stretch, their horizon only broken by an occasional farm house or elevator. Cutting is in progress, and as we stand and watch we bear the rattle of the binder. Soon we see it coming along, the horses' heads just showing above the wheat. As it approaches we get a look at the driver. Tall, well-built, with, fair curly hair, and blue eyes, which sparkle with hidden fun, he is a true son of the farm. As he comes up to us he gives us a pleasant "Good day," and then asks if we have come from town, and what the war news is. It is good news, for the Germans have been defeated in the Gulf of Riga with very heavy loss, a prelude, let us hope, of better news.

Then he proffers the information that he is going to join; he has only waited at home until now, because he did not want to leave the old folks in the lurch by joining before harvest; crops had not been good last year, and if he had gone away in the spring the "old man" would have had to hire help, which he could ill afford to do. Once let them get the crops in and threshed, and he would join immediately.

Why did he want to join? Why would any white man want to join? He wanted to see his country victorious. Yes, and there was a bigger reason than that, and here his voice shook, his eyes lost their merry light, and took on a steely glare, his month became grimly determined; he had a pal -- for years Bill and he had "side-kicked" together, together they had worked in railroad camps, on construction work, together they had stood back to back in many a fierce melee in lumber camps, together they had tramped in the bush and hunted; and then when the call came Bill had gone, having no incumbrances, leaving him behind.

One day a letter had come to him with the news that those devils had captured Bill, and had crucified him. Yes, there was no doubt of it, his comrades had seen his dead body, and had told him of it in a letter; then he had seen red, he had beard Bill calling him, his old comrade, to come and avenge him, and he was going. That was all he said, and yet as we walked away to the railroad siding my friend said, "God help any German that meets him -- he may look for no mercy," and I re-echoed his words, "God help them."


As we make our way through the clearing we catch a glimpse of a little log house nestling calmly on the fringe of the thick timber, with the wood smoke curling in lazy coils from its chimney. The sunshine is flooding the whole scene with its mellow light; like a flash a blue bird skims across our path, a grey bush squirrel rustles into the thick undergrowth at our approach, and a young rabbit indolently hops along in front of us, pausing every row and then to take stock of us. From a near-by bush a blackbird with a liquid metallic note is calling to his mate, from the pasture comes the tinkling of the cowbells as the cattle lazily move along knee-deep in the luscious grass; the air is heavy with that faint aromatic fragrance which comes from the bush.

Everything speaks of peace and happiness, and yet our errand is one of sorrow, for we are going to express our sympathy with the old folks, for in yesterday's casualty lists had appeared the name of their son, the youngest born, and the pride of the home.

As we step across the threshold we are almost surprised to hear the sound of the separator at work. Surely this ought to be the house of silence. But we recollect that household tasks must go on, even although sorrow has set its seal on the place.

Courteously and gravely the old man welcomes us, and then, as we endeavour to express our sympathy, he turns to comfort his wife, whose sorrow has broken out anew, and from whose heart comes a cry of anguish like that of David of old, when he mourned for Absolom, "Oh my son, my son."

"Hush, wife! hush! Are we alone in sorrow? Are we the only ones who suffer to-day? Are there not many homes like ours now?" And then turning to us he says, "Yes, sirs, my heart is sore to-day. Aye, but its proud also; proud that our laddie died as a Campbell ought to die, proud that he gave his life for his country." But, then, catching sight of a photo on the dresser, his fortitude gives way; and, dropping into a chair alongside the table, he buries his face in his hands, and cries out in the agony of his heart, "My laddie, my wee, wee. laddie!"

Quietly tip-toeing over the floor we leave them alone in their sorrow. Outside the sun is still shining as brightly as ever; the bird is still calling to its mate; the wind is whimpering its message to the trees; but for us there is no sunlight in the day, no joy in nature. We think of that cry, "My laddie, my wee, wee laddie!"

How long must this horror last? How long must we be tried in the fire of suffering? How long must the will of a lustful autocrat, yearning for the mastership of the world, hold sway? How long shall the great [M---?---] of militarism continue to devour our best and our noblest manhood? We look up into the calm blue sky above us, and seeking there an answer to it all we cry, "How long, O Lord, how long?"



Every congregation in the General Assembly should have its Roll of Honour. Not a cheap print, inartistically designed, but something worthy of the men and the occasion. Better write to us re your Roll of Honour. Carey & Thomson, Rea's Buildings, Royal Avenue, Belfast.


Miss Emily Crawford, of 32, College Gardens, Belfast, who died on the 16th November last, left personal estate in the United Kingdom valued at £16,069 8s 7d, of which £10,532 0s 7d is in England. Probate of her will has been granted to Mr. William Gordon Crawford, of Rathfern, Whiteabbey, and Mr. Alfred Douglas Crawford, of 4, Queen's Square, Belfast. The bequests are not of public interest.



Mr. George Langtry MacLaine, of Wandsworth House, Strandtown, Belfast, Clerk of the Crown and Peace for County Down, who died on 5th October last, left personal estate in the United Kingdom valued at £25,624 14s 3d, of which £6,691 4s is in England, Probate of his will, dated 30th May, 1912, has been granted to his widow, Mrs. Margaret MacLaine. In addition to the family bequests the testator left £100 each to his Honour Judge Orr and his registrar, Mr. H. Disney.





Zurich, February 9. -- After more than two months' internment as common military prisoners of war at Kevavara, in Hungary, Dr. Alice Hutchinson and thirty members of the second Scottish Women's Hospital unit arrived at Zurich, at noon to-day from Vienna, and proceeded to Berne for London. With them are thirty other British women, including nineteen members of the first Scottish unit, and nearly a hundred more women brought together from various parts of Serbia, Montenegro, and Austria-Hungary are expected to arrive to-morrow.

The Hutchinson party bear traces of the hardships they have undergone, but all are well and in excellent spirits. They appear to have been peculiarly unfortunate in their experiences. Most of the others were well treated by the Austrians. The Hutchinson unit fell into the hands of Austrian troops on 10th November at Vranyaschka, where they were operating a large hospital. The Serbians, unable to hold out longer, withdrew, leaving the town totally unprotected, and a mob immediately looted the town, and even destroyed a quantity of hospital drugs. When the Austrians arrived they promptly seized the whole equipment of the hospital, and only after energetic protests by Dr. Hutchinson would they give a receipt.

First they demanded that the unit should nurse Austrian cholera patients, but the women refused, offering, however, to nurse the Serbian wounded prisoners. The unit was then sent to Krushevatz, and there the Austrian commander proposed handing them over to the Germans in order that the Germans might exchange them for prisoners of war. The officer told the women -- "We don't want you. The Austrians are not at war with England, but England is Germany's foe."


Dr. Hutchinson objected to being sent to the Germans, and finally the unit was transported to Kevavara, in Southern Hungary. Here they were interned in a schoolhouse, and treated as common soldier prisoners. They were given only straw to sleep upon, and no beds or bedding. The daily fare consisted of black coffee, without milk, in the morning, and half a loaf of black bread at noon, with watery soup in a backet. They were obliged to fetch the food themselves. Twenty-two women slept in a room, the cubic capacity, according to the English factory laws, being equivalent to a workroom for nine persons. There was no water in the building, and the women were compelled to fetch it from a well in the yard, accompanied by a soldier. The building was watched day and night, and a soldier at first remained inside, but the women made him so uncomfortable that he was forced to flee.

When Dr. Hutchinson demanded that they should, under the Geneva, Convention, be treated as members of the Red Cross with the rank of officers, the Austrian commander answered that the Geneva Convention no longer existed, as England had torn it to shreds. Later the women were permitted to buy food and other necessaries in the village, but the official fare remained the same the whole time, including even Christmas Day, on the evening of which an officer sent to inquire if they wished to make any complaints. The party had been without any news of their friends at home since last October, and were unable to communicate with them. They were permitted to walk in the village twice a day, and the villagers were very kind, and gave them eggs and other food. The common soldier guards were also very polite, but the officers were harsh, apparently acting under German orders. The Germans were everywhere running things without regard to the Austrians.

A fortnight ago the women were told they would be released. They were first taken to Ketschkemet, and then spent two days in Budapest and Vienna, where they were given the fullest liberty to go anywhere, and found everybody polite and even friendly. The Hutchinson unit met in Vienna a number of other women who had been interred at Waidhofen, where they enjoyed most generous treatment, were well fed, and had excellent accommodation.

The party left Vienna on Monday night. The first part of the journey was without military escort, but at the frontier station of Feldkirch they were rigorously searched, and all photographs, books, and papers taken away, and they were locked in the waiting-room until the evening. They expect to leave Berne to-night, and travel direct to London.


Dr. Hutchinson's party are convinced that the severity of their treatment was entirely due to German influence, since the Austrian and Hungarian officers individually were polite, and even friendly, constantly saying they were not fighting the English, but expressing the bitterest hatred of their German colleagues. Friction between the Germans and Austrians and Hungarians was constantly in evidence. Whenever opportunities offered the Austrians eagerly appropriated German supplies. The German soldiers always appeared well fed and clothed, since they confiscated everything in sight immediately they entered a town or village.


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The Witness - Friday, 18 February 1916


CALDWELL--GILL -- Jan. 21, 1916 (by special licence), at the residence of the bride's parents, by Rev. S. Dickson, Saintfield, Samuel Caldwell, D.D.S., J.P., Plantation House, Lisburn, youngest son of David Caldwell and Mrs. Caldwell, Woodbrook, Ballinderry, Co. Antrim, to May, only daughter of John Gill, J.P., and Mrs. Gill, Rockvale, Saintfield, Co. Down.


AULD -- Feb. 14, at his residence, Carraguilin, Killinchy, John Auld. The remains of my beloved brother were interred in Killinchy Churchyard on Wednesday, 16th inst., at one o'clock. ANDREW AULD.

M'ADAM -- Feb. 17, at his residence, 23, Ravenscroft Avenue, Belfast, John M'Adam (Belfast City Mission). Funeral to-morrow (Saturday), at 1-30 o'clock, for City Cemetery. Service in Megain Memorial Church at two o'clock.

BROWN -- Feb. 12, at 20, High Street, Donaghadee, Robert Brown (late of Belfast), in his 85th year.

BUCHANAN -- Feb. 9, at Tattykeel, Omagh, Luke Buchanan, aged 86 years.

BURNS -- Feb. 1, at 39, Palmerston Drive, Litherland, Liverpool, Elizabeth, relict of the late John Burns, Knocknamuckly, Portadown.

CHEYNE -- Feb. 14, at 7, Alameda Terrace, Samuel Cheyne, son of the late Thomas Cheyne, of Glasgow, in his 74th year.

CRANGLE -- Feb. 12, at Halliday's Bridge, Hillsborough, Mary Jane Crangle.

CROZIER -- Feb. 11, at Victoria House, Armagh, Jane, widow of the late James Crozier, of Edenknappagh, aged 90 years.

ENGLISH -- Feb. 12, at Irishtown House, Athlone, Jane, wife of Robert English, and eldest daughter of the late John and Elizabeth Ronaldson, lace of Kellysgrove, Ballinasloe, and formerly Newcastle House, Newcastle, Co. Wicklow, in her 73rd year.
     "So, He giveth His beloved sleep."
     "Where . . . the weary are at rest."

HALL -- Feb. 15, at Abbey Hill, Whitehouse, Jane Hall.

HUTTON -- Feb. 13, at Creevy House, Crossgar, Margaret Hutton.

KEATLEY -- Jan. 28, at 107, Hall Mines Road, Nelson, B.C., Wm. J. Keatley. late of Belfast and the Model School, Lurgan.

KENNEDY -- Feb. 16, 1916, at her residence, "Rathmore," Glenburn Park, Cavehill Road, Eleanor, relict of the late Ritchie Kennedy, formerly of North Street, in her 83rd year.

KERR -- Feb. 9, at Rathlin Island, the Rev. John A. W. M. Kerr, B.A., only son of the late Major-General J. H. L. Kerr, Madras Staff Corps.

MUSSEN -- Feb. 11, at the Cottage, Glenavy, Jeannie, wife of Dr. Mussen, J.P., Coroner.

M'CALLUM -- Feb. 11, at Brownlow House, Orange Hall, Lurgan, James M'Callum.

PATTERSON -- Feb. 10, at Dromore Street, Ballynahinch, James Patterson.

PRITCHARD -- Feb. 13, at Tamnamore, Tandragee, James, husband of Rachel Prichard.

RITCHIE -- Feb. 13, at Victoria, Ballyhalbert, James Colville, second son of Hugh G. Ritchie.

ROBINSON -- Feb. 11, at 16, Tullynacross, Lambeg, Lisburn, William John Robinson.

SMITH -- Feb. 10, at Lowlands, Hednesford, Staffs., Charles Smith, of Milligan Hall, Taunton.

STEVENSON -- Feb. 15, at Lisnanane, Sandholes, Sarah, relict of the late James Stevenson, in her 79th year.

TAYLOR -- Feb. 11, at Minaville, Bangor, Mary, widow of the late William Taylor, Richhill, County Armagh.

THOMPSON -- February 14, at 6, Shore Street, Donaghadee, William Thompson.

WELSH -- Feb. 11, at Lakeview, Boardmills, Thomas, husband of Anna Welsh.

WILKINSON -- Feb. 15, at Rose Cottage, Moy, James Wilkinson.


The old established firm of Messrs, Thomas Johnson & Sons, 39 to 46, Bedford Street, Belfast, have just added to their numerous fleet of mortuary coaches a powerful and imposing 35.40 Dennis motor hearse, of which there is no more serviceable machine of its kind in Ireland. The order for this magnificent motor hearse was placed nearly a couple of years ago, but it is another evidence of how the war affects every branch of industry that delivery has just recently been made, as the Government commandeered the chassis after hostilities were declared. Not content to wait indefinitely for delivery Messrs. Johnson & Sons, Ltd., had constructed to their order in Belfast a 12-16 h.p. Chambers' motor-hearse, which has been most serviceable, and has given entire satisfaction both to the firm and their clientele.

The new and more powerful car has been appropriately designed, strongly built, and splendidly equipped with ail the most modern fittings and arrangements which combine to make it the last word in a perfect and up-to-date machine for funeral purposes. Apart from the driver and the attendants there is comfortable seating capacity for no fewer than fourteen passengers. There is electric lighting throughout, and the ventilation is admirable. The casket is placed in a separate compartment at the front, while there is also another division for wreaths, an arrangement that is most convenient. The new machine thus combines spaciousness with compactness in a most practical and satisfactory way. Its utility for long distance funerals is obvious, as mourning parties are convoyed direct to the place of burial, the expense and arrangement of what in many instances is in reality a double funeral -- one at each end of a railway journey -- are obviated. A journey of 200 or 300 miles is undertaken as simply and with equal satisfaction as an outing of 5 or 10. Never in the long and honourable history of the firm has the establishment of Messrs. Thomas Johnson & Sons been more splendidly equipped with all classes and varieties of vehicles.



In Trinity Presbyterian Church, Newcastle, there was recently unveiled by Mrs. Ross a memorial window to the late Dr. Ross, a former minister of the church. The service in the church was conducted by the Rev. J. H. Maconachie. There was a large congregation of friends of the late doctor.

The Rev. Mr. Maconachie referred in sympathetic terms to has immediate predecessor in the ministry at that church. It was a considerable time since Dr. Ross had departed from Newcastle, yet the announcement of his dearth had revived old memories and associations. The congregation had desired to perpetuate their lost friend's memory in some practical form, and the window had been admirably executed. Dr. Ross entered the pastorate of the church in 1888, and preached his farewell sermon in November, 1901, and had fulfilled his duties with rare fidelity, having been an outstanding preacher. To Mrs. Ross he wished to convey their deepest sympathy, and to thank her for her esteemed presence that afternoon.

Mrs. Ross then unveiled the beautiful window, which bore a suitable inscription, the subject being "Paul preaching at Athens." The figure of St. Paul was draped in a purple robe, with a cloak of deep low toned yellow, and surrounding him was a concourse of Scribes, Roman soldiers, and devout people. Messrs. Atkinson Bros., of Newcastle, had designed and carried out the work.



Much regret was caused in Newry on 10th inst. by the announcement of the death of Mr. Joseph Irwin, the head of a well-known firm of booksellers, stationers, and newsagents. The deceased gentleman, who was close upon sixty years of age, was a brother of the late Mr. R. J. Irwin, manager of the firm of Mr. W. W. Cleland, Belfast. He was a prominent member of the Downshire Road Presbyterian Church, and a few years ago he was ordained an elder of the congregation. He leaves a widow, two sons, and one daughter.

On Saturday the remains of the deceased were interred in St. Patricks Churchyard. The funeral cortege was of large dimensions. At the morning service in the Downshire Road Presbyterian Church on Sabbath the Rev. Phineas M'Kee, B.A., made a feeling reference to the death of Mr. Irwin, a lifelong worshipper in the congregation, a member of the committee for over three decades, and an elder for almost six years. Prior to the service, the session adopted a resolution of regret and sympathy in connection with Mr. Irwin's demise.



The remains of Mr. W. J. Robinson, Tullynacross, Lambeg, were removed for interment in Lambeg burying-ground on Sunday. The deceased was W.M. of Tullynacross L.O.L., the formation of which was largely due to his energy and enthusiasm. There was a large attendance of the members of Lisburn and Derriaghy District Lodges, the members of Sir Richard Wallace Lodge of the Order of Shepherds, and the general public. He had been a member of the Orange Institution for over forty years, and was a loyal supporter of the U.V.F His death is keenly felt in the district and the utmost sympathy was extended to his sorrowing widow and family in their sad bereavement. The Rev. Chancellor Banks conducted the services in the house and at the graveside.



We understand that in connection with the will of the late Rev. Canon Joseph. A. Stewart, of Lisburn, most of those bequeathed specified amounts have been paid, and that the residue of the estate will shortly be distributed. The four institutions which will benefit equally by the residue are the City of Belfast Y.M.C.A., Wellington Place; the Ulster Hospital for Children and Women, Templemore Avenue; the Belfast Hospital for Sick Children, Queen Street; and the County Infirmary, Lisburn. It is estimated that the residue will amount to a considerable sum.



At Omagh Board of Guardians' meeting oa Saturday the clerk stated that the extra duty on tobacco would mean an increase of £45 per year on the inmates' tobacco bill.

Dr. Patrick R.M.S., reported three cases of enteric fever in the Omagh Asylum to the Committee of Management. One of the patients has since died.

The Gas Committee in Lisburn have under consideration the advisability of increasing the price of the gas, owing to the advance in the price of coal. The present price is 3s 8d per 1,000 feet, and according to the local Act cannot exceed 4s.

Mrs. Lawson, of Dromore Street, Ballynahinch, who gave birth to three daughters on 26th January, has received the Royal bounty, through the good offices of Rev. W. J. Todd, minister of Ballynahinch Congregational Church.

On Monday during the progress of the horse fair in Limavady Cattle Market, a heavy horse reared and struck Mr. Daniel Brolly, farmer, Drumballydonaghy, dislocating his left shoulder. Dr. B. Lane attended to the injured man.

In Lurgan Workhouse on 10th inst. Mr. Coroner Atkinson held an inquest touching the death of William John Todd, the two-year-old son of Mrs. Todd, Edgarstown, Portadown. The jury found that death was due to shock resulting from burns.

At the monthly meeting of the Coleraine Harbour Board the recent appointment of Major J. A. W. O. Torrens, D.L., chairman of the Board, to the chair of the Northern Counties Committee of the Midland Railway was the subject of congratulatory reference.

At a meeting of Omagh Rural Council Dr. Campbell reported two cases of scarlatina in the townland of Carnoney. The house occupied by the patients, the doctor stated, was in a lamentable condition, and unfit for habitation. The matter was referred to the Councillors for the district.

The proposal to amalgamate all the unions in Fermanagh into one with a central workhouse has now progressed another step, and at the meeting of the Enniskillen Board of Guardians yesterday a resolution was passed asking the Local Government Board to hold a sworn inquiry into the question.

The death occurred on Monday at his residence, College Terrace, Londonderry, of Mr. James A. Elliott, of the firm of Messrs. Wilson & Elliott, solicitors, Londonderry and Raphoe. For several years he practised himself, but about nine years ago he entered into partnership with Mr. David Wilson.

Although the Lurgan Guardians some months ago decided to substitute margarine for butter in the Workhouse dietary -- a change which gave rise subsequently to many heated discussions -- they on Thursday unanimously adopted a recommendation of a Visiting Committee to consider the advisability of reverting to butter.

On Saturday -- before the Lord Chancellor -- Mr. Muldoon, K.C., M.P., applied that Mr. James O'Doherty be appointed Commissioner for Oaths at Londonderry. The necessity for the application, counsel said, arose owing to the death of the late Alderman Campbell. The Lord Chancellor appointed Mr. O'Doherty.

At Tyrone County Hospital Committee meeting the Local Government Board forwarded a copy of the auditor's report for the year ended 31st ult., in which he stated he had disallowed sums amounting to £48 8s 8d, made up of £19 3s 4d superannuation paid to a former house steward and £29 5s 4d miscellaneous expenditure in respect of the years 1913 and 1914.

At the meeting of the Omagh District Asylum Committee, Rev. J. A. Clarke, Presbyterian chaplain to the institution, wrote tendering his resignation on his taking up work in connection with the Church of Scotland. The Omagh Presbytery has nominated Rev. A. Carmichael, B.A., to act an temporary chaplain at the institution. The resignation was accepted, and the nomination of the Presbytery approved of of.

At the meeting of the Cookstown Rural District Council on Saturday some cases of typhoid were reported at Ballynagilly, one patient having died in the Union Infirmary. The Clerk said the general opinion was that the outbreak was caused owing to structural alteration to a house where there had been typhoid some years ago, and that the pulling down of part of the building had disturbed dormant germs.

The Inspector-General, R.I.C., has awarded money grants to the following members of the Royal Irish Constabulary for good police service in connection with, the recent cock-fighting raids -- Sergeant C. E. Cunningham, Laghey; Sergeant Geo. Hilliard, Stewartstown (now sergeant-major 19th Royal Irish Rifles); Constables M'Kinley and Robinson, Stewartstown; and Constables Lynch, M'Dermott, and Clerken, Coalisland.

Mr. John M'Dermott, of Strabane, had a most exciting adventure on Friday evening with a badger. Observing a strange-looking animal loitering about the blood-hole of a slaughter-house at Townparks, Mr. M'Dermott secured a heavy stick, and it was only after one and a half hour's fighting that he succeeded in killing the animal. The dead badger is a fine specimen of its kind, which is very rarely seen in this locality.

Londonderry County Council have resolved to dispense with the attendance of their solicitor at meetings, but if members specially desire his attendance at any meeting at which some important legal question is likely to arise the solicitor to be requested by the secretary to attend. In such an event the fee for attendance to be £2 2s, including travelling expenses; that the person to be appointed solicitor to the Council shall not hold a similar position under any other public body in the county.

An attractive and well patronised concert arranged by a committee pf local ladies, with Miss Cox at their head, was brought off in the Station Cafe, Portrush, in aid of a fund for the assistance of totally disabled Irish soldiers and sailors. The programme was contributed to by the Misses Winifred Thompson, Winnie Grove, Lillie Fitzpatrick, and Jean Craig; Messrs. W. Knox, W. G. M'Laughlin, W. G. Young, and J. Hunter. Mr. Stuart Anderson was a capable accompanist.

Preaching on "The German Menace and How to Deal With It" in the Thomas Street Methodist Church, Portadown, on Sunday evening, Rev. James Grubb, Belfast, said Prussian militarism and German brutality must be put down. The whole fate not only of our country and of the Empire, but the fate of civilisation and the future of the world depended upon our unanimous determination to crush this spirit. Any talk about peace until this end was attained was as immoral as it was insulting.

At a largely-attended meeting, held at the Courthouse, Kilkeel, a movement having for its object the raising of a memorial to the late Right Hon. the Earl of Kilmorey K.P., was inaugurated, the following being appointed an Executive Committee -- Mr. A. S. Corey, M.A. (chairman); Mr. S. F. Anderson, manager Provincial Bank, Kilkeel (treasurer); Mr. F. M. Walker, cashier Belfast Bank, Kilkeel (secretary); Dr. Floyd, Mr. A. Gordon, J.P.; Mr. R. MacDermott Roe, postmaster, Kilkeel; and Mr. Robert Boyd, C.P.S.

A farmer named John Cunningham, of Lisnagee, near Cootehill, reported to the police that on the 7th inst. four head of cattle, his property, were missing, having, as he believed, been stolen. As a result of police activity a woman named Mrs. Mary A. Kettle, Cohaw, Cootehill, was arrested in Cavan fair by Head-Constable Connor. In her possession was found a cheque for £35, and subsequently the cattle were traced and identified by Cunningham, who stated that they were value for £43. Accused was remanded in custody.

A terrific thunderstorm swept over the North-West during the past few days, causing serious damage and completely preventing the continuance of fishing operations. At Downings a remarkable occurrence took place. The dwelling-house of Mr. Maurice Sweeney, fishery manager for the Congested Districts Board, was struck by lightning and almost entirely destroyed. A family named Shiels in the Kindrum district of Fanad had a narrow escape. Their residence was struck by lightning, a dog was killed in the kitchen and a heifer was killed in a byre adjoining.

A successful entertainment was given in the Town Hall, Ballymoney, on Monday, when elocutionary competitions in connection with the classes conducted by Mr. W. Know, Coleraine, were held. The following were medal-winners -- Miss Ellena Warnock, Newbuildings South; Miss Annie Gilmour, Druckendult; Master Robert M'Afee, Church Street; Mr. James Hill, Charles Street; Mr. Michael Owens, Henry Street; Miss Mary M'Neill, Carnbore, Dervock; Mr. Robert Gilmour, Druckendult; Mr. Samuel F. M'Millan, and Mr. Richard Patterson Druckendult.



At the February meeting of the Governing Body of the Central Presbyterian Association a resolution was adopted expressing sympathy with two of the vice-presidents -- namely, Rev. Dr. MacDermott on account of the death on the battlefield of his son, Lieut. R. W. MacDermott, and Mr. Frank Workman, whose only son, Lieut. Edward Workman, died from wounds received while fighting in France. The resolution was adopted in respectful silence, the members standing.


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The Witness - Friday, 25 February 1916


BREAKEY -- Feb. 21, at 12, Sandys Street, Newry, to Mr. and Mrs. Robert Breakey -- a son.


BROWN -- Feb. 20, at his residence, Ballynagowan, Desertmartin, Henry Brown, aged 88 years. Interred in Lecumpher Burying-ground on Tuesday.

JAMISON -- Feb. 20, Hessie Anderson Jamison, widow of the late James Jamison, of Newtownards, in her 97th year. Funeral private.

JOHNSTON -- Feb. 12, at her residence, 1, Fitzwilliam Street, University Road, Belfast, Matilda Todd (Tillie), widow of the late Robert Johnston, M.D , Newry, and was interred in family burying-ground, Meeting-House Green, Newry.

MORROW -- Feb. 15, at Military Hospital, Devonport (from illness contracted in Gallipoli), Robert Evans, Field Ambulance, Scottish Horse, younger son of John Morrow, J.P., Rockville, Ballyjamesduff, Co. Cavan. Interred, Feb. 18, in family burial-ground.

WILKINSON -- Feb. 19, at her residence, 14, Uniondale Street, Bloomfield, Mrs. Isabella Wilkinson. Her remains were interred in Bangor Old Churchyard on Monday, 21st (Funeral private). T. P. SMYTH.

BLACK -- Feb. 20, at Warden Street, Ballymena, Ruby, daughter of John Black.

BROWNE -- At 6, Sallymount Avenue, Leeson Park, Dublin, Jane Wilson Browne, last surviving daughter of the late James Browne, College View, Dungannon, Co. Tyrone.

CURRELL -- Feb. 20, at Carnlough, Sara, relict of the late Daniel Currell.

DAVISON -- Feb. 19, at Kenles St., Banbridge, Mary Jane, relict of the late Robert Davison.

DAWSON -- Feb. 17, at Ballycarrickmaddy, Magheragall, Lisburn, Thompson Dawson, husband of Mary M'Knight Dawson, in his 86th year.

FINLAY -- At The Village, Killinchy, Margaret Finlay, aged 92 years.

GLENNY -- Feb. 20, at Windsor Hill, Newry, Isaac Glenny, in his 96th year.

GRAHAM -- Feb. 21, Mary, wife of Thomas Graham, Mount Pleasant, Ballycastle, Co. Antrim, in her 60th year.

HOSKINS -- Feb. 11, at Launceston, Tasmania, Thomas Hoskins, M.D., eldest son of the late Dr. Hoskins, Clones, in his 75th year.

HUNTER -- Feb. 17, at the Hospital, Ballymoney, Nancy Hunter, daughter of the late James Hunter, of Ballywattick, of Union Street, and formerly of the Temperance Hotel, Main Street, Ballymoney, in her 88th year.

KIRK -- Feb. 16, at Ballycraigy, Carnmoney, Jane, wife of Samuel Kirk.

MERCER -- Feb. 20, at Skeogh, Dromore, Co. Down, Robert, husband of Sarah Mercer.

MURRAY -- Feb. 22, at Ballynarry House, Portadown, Joseph Murray.

M'CARTER -- Feb. 20, at Belgrave Square, Dublin (suddenly, of cerebral haemorrhage), Kathleen Louise, younger daughter of the late William M'Carter, J.P., Londonderry, and of Mrs. M'Carter, Castlerock.

M'CLURE -- Feb. 21, at Drumaglea, Cloughmills, James, husband of Mary M"Clure.

M'DOWELL -- Feb. 17, Mrs. Ann M'Dowell, of Balleney, Dromore, Co. Down, in her 95th year.

M'KAY -- Feb. 21, at Rathkenny, Ballymena, Mary Jane Strahan, wife of Alexander M'Kay.

M'MEEKIN -- Feb. 22, at High Street, Killyleagh, Robert, brother of Alexander M'Meekin, Seaforde, Co. Down.

NELSON -- Feb. 14, at Killylea, Co. Armagh, William J. Nelson, aged 31 years.

OFFICER -- Feb. 19, at Randox, David Officer.

PATTERSON -- At Millicent Terrace, Portadown, Wilhamina Patterson, aged 73.

PORTER -- Feb. 21, at his residence, Linen Hill, Katesbridge, John Alexander Porter.

SHARPE -- Feb. 17, at Capecastle, Ballycastle, Eleanor, eldest daughter of the late John Sharpe, Coleraine.

SHAW -- Feb. 20, at Beechmount, Dublin Road, Lisburn, Margaret, widow of the late Henry Shaw.

WHITE -- Feb. 18, at Upper Ballysillan, Hugh White.

WILSON -- Feb. 19, at Killydressy, Portaferry, Sophia Wilson.

Golden Wedding

CRAWFORD--GLASGOW -- Feb. 22, 1866, in Fisherwick Place Church, by Rev. J. Morgan, D.D., assisted by the father of the bride, William Crawford, youngest son of Rev. Alexander Crawford, First Randalstown, to Annie Coulson, daughter of the Rev. James Glasgow, D.D., late Missionary in India.



A show and sale of pure-bred bulls was held on Tuesday at Dublin, under the auspices of the Royal Dublin Society, but it could not be said to be representative of the Irish herds, as the better-class animals are being held over for the society's regular spring show in April. None of the animals displayed outstanding merit. Herefords on the whole were the best class, and made the best prices. Shorthorns were below the usual standard, but sold fairly well having regard to the quality of the animals. There was keen competition for the Aberdeen-Angus, which, speaking generally, were a moderate class. The Department of Agriculture awarded fifty-nine premiums. The following were the principal shorthorn sales: --

Bull calved on or before August 31, 1914 -- 1, Thos. Hazelton, Dungannon, Gortigal Signal -- Mr. Kelly, Tigre, fifty guineas; very highly commanded and reserved, Matthew Gibson, Stewartstown -- Mr. F. Smallinan, forty-one guineas; highly commended, Sir Algernon Coote, Mountrath, Queen's County -- Mr. J. N. Death, thirty guineas; reserved and commended, Robert J. Kelso, Dungannon -- Mr. Jas. Ganby, forty-two guineas; commended, Henry Hazlett, Tydavnet, Monaghan -- Mr. John Death, thirty-five guineas; commended, Matthew Gibson, Stewartstown -- Mr. William Corrigan thirty-two guineas; J. H. Jones, Mullinsbro', Waterford -- Mr. P. Walsh, thirty-six guineas.

Bull calved in 1914 on or after September 1 -- 1 and prize, Lord Rathdonnell, Rathvilly, County Carlow -- Sir John Kennedy, fifty-one guineas; 2 and prize, Alexander Lees, Stewartstown -- Mr. John Hoban, forty-four guineas; 3 and prize, Kennedy B. Carson, Stewartstown -- Mr. Isaac Langrell, forty-seven guineas; highly commended, John Ferguson, Coagh, Co. Tyrone -- Major Poer O'Shea, forty guineas.

Bull calved in 1915 -- 1 and prize, Joseph Bowden, Cootehill -- Mr. Robert M'Quarter, forty-five guineas; commended and prize, Joseph Bowden -- Mr. P. M'Cann, forty-three guineas; commended and prize, Lord Rathdonnell -- Mr. M. J. Lynch, thirty-seven guineas; commended and prize, Lord Rathdonnell -- Mr. L'Estrange, thirty-nine guineas; prize, G. E. Moore, Athboy -- Mr. Cash, forty guineas; 'G. E. Moore -- Mr. J. J. M'Carthy, twenty-five guineas; Thos. Davidson, Ballyneal, New Ross -- Captain Mackey, twenty-seven guineas; Lord Carew, Clonroche, County Wexford -- Mr. Power, thirty-two guineas; Lord Carew -- Captain Pollock, thirty-two guineas; Joseph Carson. Mansymore -- Mr. John Thornton, forty-five guineas; Miss K. A. Staples, Durrow, Queen's County -- Mr. Rothwell, forty-six guineas; Thos. and John W. Hall, Smithboro', County Monaghan -- Mr. C. Miller, forty-five guineas; Thos. Hazelton, Dungannon, Co. Tyrone -- Mr. Jos. M'Wey, forty-three guineas; Robert Hall, Smithboro', County Monaghan -- Mr. Jos. Flynn, forty-six guineas; Edward Laverty, Coagh, County Tyrone -- Mrs. Anne Quinn, thirty-nine guineas; Edward Laverty -- Mr. J. G. Melrose, thirty-six guineas; James Miles, Corr, Moy, County Armagh -- Mr. R. Wallan, fifty-four guineas; Mrs. Upton, Malahide, County Dublin -- Mr. Wm. Ennery, forty-nine guineas; Jas. L. Berkeley, Tullyhogue, County Tyrone -- Mr. J. N. Nowlan, forty-six guineas; William George Hoey, Caledon, Co. Tyrone -- Mr. Joseph Carton, forty-three guineas; W. Robinson, Killyman, County Tyrone -- Mr. William Lacey, forty-seven guineas; Francis J. B. Gubbins, Knocklong, County Limerick -- Mr. D. Burdekin, forty-five guineas.

Bull calved between September 1. 1914, and April 30, 1915 -- 7 and prize, Joseph Carson, Coagh, Moneymore -- Mr. Beamish, fifty guineas; 2 and prize, Robert Hall, Smithboro', County Monaghan -- Mr. Beamish, sixty guineas; 3 and prize, Joseph Carson, Moneymore -- Mr. Dawler, forty-three guineas; reserved, Felix Keirans, Newbliss -- Mr. Shipworth, forty-one guineas.



The animal ploughing competitions held under the auspices of the above association took place on the 19th inst. in a large field at Ramaket, near Caledon, placed at the disposal of the association by Mr William Gordon. The weather conditions were ideal, and there was a large crowd of interested spectators. The judges were Messrs. Jas. Walker, Aughaloughan, Glasslough; Hugh M'Kenna, Tarnaneal, Monaghan; and H. Kearney, Caledon. Details:-- Class I. -- Swing plough, open to farmers, farmers' sons, and ploughmen in County Tyrone -- 1, Saml. Brady, Hullineal, Dyan; 2, Hugh Hamill, Ballyboy; 3, Thomas Irwin, Larrykeen; 4, John Gray, Bolton's Walls; 5, Jas. Robinson, Enagh. Class II. -- Juniors -- Open to competitors in the Caledon polling district who have not won a first or second prize at any other match -- John Allen, Tullinashane; 2, Robert Gawley, Tannaghlane; 3, Patrick Hamill, Tannaghlane. Special prizes -- Best back, Saml. Brady; best finish, Hugh Hamill. The prizes were presented to the successful candidates by Miss Sheelagh Alexander, who was accompanied by Lady Jane Van Koughnat.



The postponed ploughing match in connection with Mid-Armagh Ploughing Association was held at Drumgolive near Caledon. Additional interest was infused into the competition this year by the presentation of a handsome silver cup by Mr. R. R. Loudan, Armagh, who was described by a member the committee as "A true friend of the farmer." The other prizes were numerous and costly. The committee, judges, and ploughmen were hospitably entertained to dinner by Miss Bingham, and Mr. William Marshall. The judges in the different competitions were Messrs. Wm. M'Laughlin, Milford; Jas. Irwin, Larrykeen; Thos. W. Murphy, Finglush; and J. Smith, Benburb.

The following is a list of the different prize winners who each received a hearty ovation on coming forward for the awards:--

Farmers' Class -- 1, Robert Warden (also winner of the Loudan Silver Cup for the best work during the day); 2, Thos. Marshall; 3, Henry Gillespie; 4, William M'Anea.

Junior Class -- 1, W. J. Clarke; 2, Jos. M'Aree; 3, Jas. Curry.

Boys' Class -- 1, Peter Hughes; 2, Tom Brady; 3, Robert Cummings.

Chill Plough Class -- 1, J. M'Laughlin; 2, W. Ritchie; 3, J. Lester; 4, Peter Hughes; 5, Robert Heart; 6, Joe Marshall.

Miss M'Clintock, Fellows Hall, gracefully distributed the prizes to the different winners, and congratulated each on his success.

Mr. W. J. Wilson, hon. secretary of the association, heartily thanked Miss M'Clintock for distributing the prizes; the judges for the careful pains they had taken in selecting the winners; Mr. R. R. Loudan for so kindly presenting such a beautiful cup to the association for competition, and which would stimulate all the farmers in the district to put forth their best efforts to be successful in having their names ascribed an the valuable trophy. (Cheers.)

Mr. William Marshall seconded the vote of thanks, and added that he hoped next year that the competition would be even keener than it was this year. (Cheers.)

Miss M'Clintock, in acknowledging the vote, said it was a great compliment to be asked to distribute the prizes. Judging by what she had seen of the ploughing, and from what little she knew of it, she said the judges had a very hard task in selecting, as the work was all very well done indeed. She caused amusement by adding that the elder farmers would have to work hard if they wanted to keep ahead of the boys, who had done their work in a most creditable manner. Their very best thanks should be extended to Mr. Loudan, the donor of such a beautiful cup. (Cheers.) She hoped it would stimulate the men in the future to work hard for the honour of winning the cup. It was a great sorrow to hear that the Hunt Club were unable to give a prize this year owing to several of the members either being at the war or an other important work fighting their country's battles (Cheers.) Next year she trusted they would all be back again, and able to give a prize.



Son of Mr. R. M. Gray.

We learn with sincere regret, and the sorrow will be shared by a wide circle of friends, of the death of Corporal Bob Gray, son of Mr. R. M. Gray, auctioneer and valuer, 6, Royal Avenue, who was killed in action in France on the 14th inst.

The deceased young man was serving with the 20th Royal Fusiliers -- one of the public schools battalions -- and he was killed by the bursting of an enemy rifle grenade, death being instantaneous. He was twenty-six years of age, and, prior to the outbreak of the war, was engaged in business with his father. He was educated at Bangor Grammar School and the Queen's University, Belfast.



The Rev. George Cockburn Dickinson, of Londesborough, Lodge, Worcester Park, Surrey, who died on the 18th December last, left estate of the gross value of £34,280 9s 6d. Among other bequests, testator left £200 to Dr. Irwin (Belfast), "for his attention when operating on my tongue many years ago (my great age requiring his constant care), and I wish him to be told that I feel but for his skill I must have sunk under my agony." He also left £10 to the postman "now acting for this end of the parish, to mark my sense of his punctuality;" £300 to the vicar and wardens of St. Phillip's Church, Worcester Park, Surrey, the income to be used for the benefit of sick and needy persons in the parish, regardless of creed or church attendance; £200 to the National Anti-Vivisection Society; £200 to the Ragged School Union, for providing prizes to be called "The John Kirk Prizes;" and similar sums to some other charitable organisations.



The funeral of Robert Evans Morrow, Field Ambulance Scottish Horse, younger son of Mr. John Morrow, J.P., Rockville, Ballyjamesduff, County Cavan, took place on 18th February. The funeral, which proceeded from the Military Hospital, Devonport, was met at Oldcastle Station by a very large company of friends and a military escort, who accompanied it to the family burial ground. At the grave a very impressive service was conducted by the Rev. S. F. Stuart and Rev. J. Gilcriest, at the conclusion of which, the "Last Post" was sounded.



Bequests to the Presbyterian Church.

Mrs. Margaret Wiles Gass, of St. Ives, Malone Park, Belfast, who died on the 21st December last, left personal estate in the United Kingdom valued at £6,890 11s 11d. Probate of her will, dated 19th June, 1913, with a codicil of the 13th December 1913, has been granted to the Rev. Chas. Davey, B.A., of 17, Wellington Park, Belfast. The testatrix left £100 to the John G. Patch Mission to the New Hebrides; ten shares in the Ulster Bank to her companion, Julia Roger; her shares in J. & P. Goats to various funds in connection with the Presbyterian Church; her premises to the use of Lizzie Rintoul for life, with remainder as to one-half as she may appoint, and one-half for each Presbyterian charitable purposes in Ireland as she may determine. Subject to other bequests of stocks and shares, the testatrix left the residue of her estate to the Aged and Infirm Ministers' Fund of the Presbyterian Church.



On Tuesday, 22nd inst., the remains of this gentleman were buried beside those of his wife in the graveyard at Lecumpher Presbyterian Church. He had reached the ripe age of eighty-eight years. He was a man of the most sterling character, strict integrity, kindly disposition, with, a good wish and a good word for everybody. The high esteem in which he was held by the community was reflected in the large concourse of people who assembled at the funeral to pay their tribute of respect to his memory. His piety was of the unobtrusive kind, but very deep and genuine. For generations his family has been connected with the Presbyterian Church in Magherafelt; from early life he occupied a place in the committee, and about twenty years ago he was elected to the eldership in the congregation. The choice of the people was abundantly justified by his Christian walk and conversation ever since. His example and influence were a great spiritual influence in the church. To the very last he took a lively interest in everything connected with the congregation, and nothing gave him more satisfaction than to hear of its prosperity. He is survived by four sons and one daughter, the latter being the wife of Mr. W. G. Sloan, a respected elder in First Moneymore Church. One of his sons is the Rev. H. R. Brown, B.A., formerly of Ballyshannon, and now settled in a church at Pittsburg, U.S.A.: another occupies an influential commercial position in Dublin, the third is in the old home, and a fourth in Toronto. The Rev. George Gillespie conducted a religious service both in the house and at the graveside.


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