The Witness - Friday, 6 October 1916


SMYTH--MacLAUGHLIN -- September 20, 1916, at Gillygooley Presbyterian Church, Omagh, by the Rev. A. Carmichael, B.A., George Alexander, youngest son of the late William Smyth, Mill House, Gillygooley, to Margretta, youngest daughter of the late James MacLaughlin, St. Johnston.

Golden Wedding

LEGATE--MOORHEAD -- October 4, 1866, at Loughaghery Presbyterian Church, by Rev. Robert Moorhead (father of the bride), assisted by Rev. George Legate, Kilkinamurray (father of the bridegroom), and Rev. James Moorhead D.D., Donacloney (uncle of the bride), Rev. E. M. Legate, Ballyclare, to Jenny, second daughter of Rev. Robert Moorhead, Loughaghery.


M'CREA -- September 29, 1916, at Church Street, Dromore, Co. Down, James Patterson M'Crea. His remains were tenderly laid to rest in the family burying-ground in connection with First Dromore Presbyterian Church, on Monday, 2nd October, 1916.

PATTERSON -- September 29, at The Manse, Great Victoria Street, Mary Patterson, widow of John Patterson, Moylagh, Seskinore, Omagh, aged 78 years. Interred in City Cemetery.

ROWAN -- September 29, 1916, at Vinecash Manse, Portadown, Annie, the beloved wife of the Rev. Thomas Rowan, M.A. Interred in the family burying-ground, Drumlee, on Monday, 2nd October, 1916.

SMITH -- October 4, 1916, at his residence, Ardgivna, Antrim Road, Belfast, John Smith. Funeral private. No flowers.

ARDIS -- September 28, at the Infirmary, Antrim, James Ardis, late of Donegore.

BERRY- -- October 2, at her residence, 3, Millisle Road, Donaghadee, Jane (Jennie), eldest and dearly-loved daughter of the late Robert Berry.

BROWN -- October 1, at his residence, 14, Greenville Terrace, Bloomfield (late of Lismachan), John, the dearly-beloved husband of Eleanor Brown.

BYRNE -- September 29 (suddenly), at his residence, Ivy Cottage, Thomas Street, Portadown, Edward G. Byrne, late manager for James Grew & Co. (grain and seed department).

BULLICK -- September 29, at The Beeches, Fintona, Martha, wife of the late R. F. Bullick, of Coleraine.

CHAPMAN -- October 2, at his residence, Loughaghery, Hillsborough, John Chapman, son of the Rev. J. H. Chapman (formerly rector of Dromara).

DONALDSON -- October 1, at his residence, Ballyloughan, Comber, John Donaldson.

FOX -- September 27, at 2, Ireton Street, Fanny Mabel, beloved wife of J. P. Fox, and younger daughter of Samuel Hoyland, dentist (late of Antrim Road, Belfast).

GIBSON -- September 29, at her residence, Ravarnette, Lisburn, Margaret I., dearly-beloved wife of James Gibson.

GORDON -- September 29, at her residence, Tullyear, Banbridge, Essie, relict of the late William Gordon, Annaclone.

GORDON -- October 3, at her residence, Milebush, Carrickfergus, Mary, relict of the late Robert Gordon, in her 88th year.

KIRK -- October 4, at 2, Wolfhill Avenue, Ligoniel, Ellen, the beloved wife of William Kirk.

LENNOX -- October 2, at his residence, Aughrim, Castledawson, William Geo. Lennox.

MARSHALL -- September 30, at the Foundry, Limavady, Elizabeth, relict of the late Richard Marshall.

MILLIKEN -- October 3, at her residence, Gransha, Islandmagee, Jane Milliken.

M'CHESNEY -- September 30, at his residence, 12, Trevelyan Terrace, Duncairn Gardens, Joseph M'Chesney, in his 72nd year.

ROLLESTON -- September 29, at his residence, Ivy Cottage, Bessbrook, Robert H., the dearly-beloved husband of Agnes Rolleston.

STEVENSON -- September 29, Second-Lieutenant S. B. Stevenson, Siege Battery R.G.A. (youngest son of the late William Cochran Stevenson, Knockan, Londonderry), of malaria, at Salonica.

WILSON -- October 2 (suddenly), William Wilson, Shrigley.

WILSON -- October 3, Andrew Wilson, the dearly-beloved husband of B. H. Wilson.

WOODS -- September 28, at his residence, Killylea, James Woods, dearly-beloved husband of Ellen Woods.

Killed in Action

MARSHALL -- Killed in action, in France, on September 9, 1916, Charles Frederick Marshall, Royal Munster Fusiliers, youngest son of Charles Marshall, Sixmilecross, County Tyrone.

MacLURG -- Killed in action, in France, Private W. MacLurg, Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry, eldest ton of Rev. Alex. MacLurg. M.A., Cowan Avenue Presbyterian Church, Toronto, formerly of Ardstraw, Co. Tyrone.



Sir William Ascroft, the well-known educationalist, has died suddenly at Preston, aged 84.

The Rev. H. Chalmers, of Wandsworth, has come forward as an Independent candidate against General Sir A. Hunter-Weston in North Ayrshire.

The Victoria Mills and a large warehouse at Batley, belonging to Messrs. J. Newsome & Co., have been destroyed by fire, the damage being estimated at £60,000.

The five stewardesses of the ss. Brussels, whose commander, Captain Fryatt, was murdered by the enemy, have arrived at Gravesend upon their release from internment in Germany.

Speaking in London on after-the-war problems, Mr. G. N. Barnes, M.P., said he believed that industry would be put on a better and surer basis and that women would come by their own.

The quarterly return issued by the Treasury shows a net increase of £39,670,273 in the total revenue of she United Kingdom for the quarter ending Saturday over the corresponding quarter of last year.

It is reported that Germany is building a new giant Zeppelin with a range of 3,000 miles, the speed being 65 m.p.h. It is 780ft. long and when bombs are dropped the airship will rise to a height of 17,000ft.

A friend of Sunday-school work in Cardiff, who prefers to remain anonymous, has presented a cheque for £1,000 to the local Sunday-school Union for the promotion of modem equipment and teaching methods.

Farmers in the Burren district, near Warrenpoint, and in the Mayobridge district, near Newry, have decided to form associations to safeguard their interests in the sale of flax and tow and other farm produce.

The Home Secretary has appointed a committee to inquire into the social and economic results of the Summer Time Act, and to consider whether it is advisable that summer time should be reintroduced in 1917.

Mr. Benjamin Kidd, the well-known author and journalist, died on Monday morning at his residence, South Crowden, at the age of fifty-eight. The deceased was chiefly famous by reason of his studies in Sociology.

Orders published in the "Dublin Gazette" prohibit the collection of money or sale of articles for the benefit of charitable or other purposes in any street or public place in Ireland except under permit of the police authorities.

At a meeting of the Board of the Belfast and County Down Railway, Mr. John Miller Andrews, of Maxwell Court, Comber, was coopted a director of the company in place of the late Right Honourable Thomas Andrews, D.L.

Rev. Ralph Philipson has been ordained as minister of the Downpatrick First Presbyterian (Non-Subscribing) congregation by the Presbytery of Antrim, in succession to Rev. M. S. Dunbar, who resigned after a pastorate of twenty-two years.

Mr. Walter Long, M.P., speaking in Glasgow, said this war could only be ended when they saw firmly and truly laid the foundations of that world peace which must endure for so long that the world would be able to recover from the shock of this mighty contest.

A London firm offered for sale to a meeting of the Belfast Corporation a collection of Sinn Fein relics. The curator recommended that they be bought over for the museum at a cost of not over 100 guineas. By a vote of sixteen to twelve it was decided not to accept the relics.

A proposal having for its object the inauguration of a scheme of technical education in Bessbrook has been made, with the result that preliminary steps have been undertaken, and, under the aegis of the Bessbrook Spinning Company, Ltd., no doubt is entertained as to its ultimate success.

At Brentford William G. H. Miller, aged twenty four, a tutor, was charged with being an absentee under the Reserve Forces Act. Prisoner, who said he took part in the Dublin riots and would not serve England in the present war, was fined £2 and handed over to a military escort.

At Lurgan Town Council's monthly meeting the Clerk reported that the amount of poor rates outstanding at the end of the September financial half-year was £105 4s 2d, and of town rate £194 11s. The Clerk said most of these amounts were in respect of vacant premises. The collection was better than ever.

At a meeting vof Banbridge and district farmers it was arranged to establish a flax market in Banbridge. A deputation was appointed to wait on the several millowners, and it was decided to hold the markets on every alternate Monday, and that the first market be held on the first convenient Monday in November next.

The clearings of the Manchester banks for the three quarters of the year ended on Saturday last amounted to over £329,000,000, over £72,000,000 more than in the corresponding period of last year. The figures constitute a new record for Manchester by many millions. The high prices of all commodities account for much of the advance.

Tollymore Park, County Down, one of the most charming demesnes, in Ireland, has been closed by Lord Roden to the public. The reason for the closing, it is understood, is that trees, shrubs, and flowers have been damaged, and unsightly litter left behind by heedless visitors, who have not even regarded the privacy of the mansion.

The proposal has been made to close Lisnaskea Workhouse on the same lines as Clogher Workhouse, and in moving a proposition to this effect at the weekly meeting of the Guardians, Mr. Kirkpatrick made a financial statement, which estimated an annual net saving of £500 would result. On a poll being taken, the voting was equal, and the chairman gave a casting vote against the motion.

At the meeting of the Donegal County Council the secretary (Mr. Bernard M'Fadden) reported that of the six scholarships established by the County Council only four had been filled this year. These were the four that were tenable in the National University. The remaining two, tenable at Trinity, Queen's, and M'Crea Magee, had not been filled, as there had been no applicants for them.

The annual meeting of the North Antrim Orchard and Garden Association was held in Ballymoney on Saturday -- Mr. S. B. Knox presiding. The secretary, Mr. R. A. M'Elderry, reported that close on six tons of black currants had been marketed, the returns to the growers averaging £49 10s per ton, or £6 10s per ton above the highest previous record. Five growers netted between £40 and £50 per acre for their fruit.

The Milazzo, a new Italian liner, is said to be the biggest cargo ship ever built, and her construction is entirely novel. She carries 14,000 tons cargo and 4,500 tons oil fuel. She can discharge in forty-eight hours without manual labour by means of a railway system into the trucks of which cargo tumbles from many hatches. The car, when filled, runs to one of many shafts, to the top of which it is hoisted, and there tipped into a monster chute, and thence into the trucks on shore.

A meeting of farmers, millowners, and scutchers was held in Cookstown on Saturday, to discuss the rate to be charged to farmers for scutching, and the amount to be paid by the millowners to the scutchers. Mr. Newton, J.P., said the millowners and scutchers should each appoint a committee, and the two committees should then meet and fix the price to be paid to the scutchers. A majority of the millowners present were in favour of charging the growers 1s 6d per stone for scutching. Some of the scutchers were disposed to accept 7d per stone for their work, but others demanded 9d.



A wide circle of friends will receive with regret the announcement of the death of Mr. Joseph M'Chesney, which occurred on Saturday last at his residence, 12, Trevelyan Terrace, Duncairn Gardens. The deceased, who had reached his seventy-second year, was a native of Ballyclare. In 1859 he came to Belfast, where he served his time to the jewellery business with the late Mr. James Crozier, North Street, a, contemporary apprentice being the late Mr. William Gibbon. In 1887 Mr. M'Chesney started business for himself at 62, North Street, removing twenty-six years later to larger and more attractive premises in Royal Avenue. In 1912, in consequence of failing health, he retired from business, his association with which extended over almost half a century. Mr. M'Chesney was recognised in the trade as perhaps the best judge of diamonds in Ulster. He was also an antiquarian, and an authority on archaeological subjects. A Presbyterian, he was a member of the Macrory Memorial Church. He leaves a widow and one son, Mr. Joseph M'Chesney.


Bequest for Loughbrickland Presbyterian Church.

Mr. Francis Moore M'Cullough, of Creevy House, Loughbrickland, County Down, who died on 24th April last, left personal estate in the United Kingdom valued at £10,668 14s 9d, of which £2,621 7s 6d is in England. Probate of his will, dated 9th February, 1912, has been granted to Mr. George Murray Rogers, of Hazelbank, Banbridge; Mr. Arthur Haire, of Banbridge, bank manager; and Mr. Hunter Moore, of Newry, solicitor. The testator left £2,000 for the benefit of Loughbrickland Presbyterian Church; also sums varying from £500 to £50 to a number of servants.



The infant son of Lieutenant J. G. Moulton, Wilts Regiment, was baptised on Saturday in the ancient Saxon church at Bradford-on-Avon. This was the first baptism for 800 years in this little church, which is reputed to be the oldest complete Saxon church in the kingdom, dating from about the year 700. Later King Ethelred bestowed it upon the Abbey of Shaftesbury that therein might be found "a safe refuge against the insults of the Danes and a hiding place also for the relics of the blessed martyr King Edward" (died 978). For a long period, until 1857, the church had been entirely lost sight of, having been hemmed in by buildings and used as cottages. The then vicar (Canon Jones) investigated its history, and in 1871 discovered in the Bodleian Library at Oxford writings of William of Malmesbury in which mention is made of the church. The property was bought, the outer buildings were demolished, and the church was restored to its original appearance. The church being without a font, a silver bowl was fixed to an old stand and used for the baptism on Saturday.



The death of this gentleman, which occurred at his residence, Dromore, gave rise to feelings of widespread regret in the district, where he was held in general esteem. Mr. M'Crea was a leading merchant in Dromore, where he carried on business in the grocery and flour trade and also as an undertaker. He was a J.P. for County Down, and for some years sat as a member of the Dromore Urban Council, the Committee of Technical Instruction, and Old Age Pension Committee. He took a deep interest in all charitable works, and was a member of the Executive Committee and an honorary auditor of the Cowan-Heron Cottage Hospital. In religion Mr. M'Crea was a Presbyterian, and worshipped in First Dromore Church, of which he was an elder. The deceased is survived by his wife (who is a sister of Rev. Samuel Prenter, D.D.), two sons, and three daughters, with whom there is much sympathy.

The funeral took place on Monday to the family burying-ground, at First Dromore Church. The hearse was preceded by the members of session and committee of First Dromore Church, and was followed by the deceased's brethren in the Foresters' Order, all wearing crepe armlets. The chief mourner was Mr. James M'Crea (son), who was accompanied by Rev. Dr. Prenter, ex-Moderator of the General Assembly, and Mr. James Prenter (brothers-in-law). A short service was conducted at the residence, and the Rev. Thomas Doey officiated at the graveside.



The remains of the late Mr. John Limerick, whose death took place at his residence, Ballykelly, were removed for interment in Ballykelly Presbyterian Church burying-ground on Saturday afternoon. Deceased, who was one of the oldest residents in the district, had been in failing health for some time past. He was throughout life a staunch advocate of the temperance cause, and in earlier years took a keen interest in temperance work in connection with the local organisations. He was a respected member of Ballykelly Presbyterian Church, and while health permitted was regular in attendance at the services. The chief mourners were:-- Rev. George Limerick, Drumkeeran, County Antrim, and Mr. Samuel Limerick (sons); Mr. Wm. Imrie, Londonderry (son-in-law); Mr. Matthew Kerr, Londonderry (brother-in-law); and Messrs. Thos. Cochrane, Robert Cochrane, and Samuel Kinkead (relatives). The session and committee and membership of Ballykelly Presbyterian congregation were largely represented, and there was also a large representation of residents in the district. In the absence of Rev. Arthur Parke, B.A., who is now on duty with the Y.M.C.A. in France, the services at the house and graveside were conducted by Rev. Samuel Kennedy, B.A., Limavady.



On inquiry at the Royal Victoria Hospital yesterday, it was ascertained that Mr. Isaac W. Ward ("Belfastiensis"), a well-known and popular Belfast citizen, who had been knocked down by a pony and trap in North Street on Tuesday night, had not yet recovered consciousness, but that his strength had been well maintained. His many friends will join in the hope that he will recover from the effects of the unfortunate accident winch befell him.


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The Witness - Friday, 13 October 1916


JAMISON -- October 10, at Maryville. Ballybay, the wife of Rev. H. Jamison, of a son.


IRWIN -- October 5, 1916, at her residence, Glenfern, Ballyarton, Londonderry, Lydia Alice, elder daughter of the late James Irwin. Funeral strictly private. No flowers.

QUINN -- October 8, 1916, at Lurgan Hospital, Annie Florence, aged 12 years, youngest daughter of James Quinn, Laurel Hill, Ballinderry. Her remains were interred in Ballinderry Presbyterian Churchyard.

ALEXANDER -- October 5, at Sizehill, Ballyclare, John Alexander.

BEERS -- October 10, at 27, Leeson Park, Dublin, J. Leslie Beers, J.P., formerly of Leslie Hill, Co. Donegal, and Ballymoney, Co. Antrim.

BOAL -- October 4, at the residence of her brother, Slatady, Castlereagh, Elizabeth Boal.

BOYD -- October 7, at his residence, Ballyduff, Carnmoney, Arthur John Boyd.

COURTNEY -- October 7, at the residence of her son-in-law, William Hope, Cottonmount, Mallusk, Ann, widow of the late James Courtney, Windy Hill.

CURLEY -- October 5, at his sister's residence, St. John's Place, Larne, John Curley, late of Skilganaban, Ballynure.

DEMPSEY -- September 12, at Winnipeg, Canada, Thomas W. Dempsey, late of Springfield Road, Belfast.

GIBNEY -- October 6, at 48, Hammerfield Avenue, Aberdeen, Eliza Glass, widow of the late Alexander Gibney, Banbridge, in her 87th year.

GREENHILL -- October 4, at his residence, Edenbank, Londonderry, John Greenhill, formerly of Belfast.

HOLLAND -- October 10, at Mountstewart, David Holland.

KERR -- October 10, at 50, Market Street, Omagh, Marian Steele, the beloved wife of James Kerr.

LARMOR -- October 9, at his residence, Killultagh House, Ballinderry, William James Larmor.

MOORE -- October 6, at his residence, Ballyno, David Moore.

M'CREADY -- October 7, at her residence, 15, Warren Road, Donaghadee, Mary, daughter of the late Thomas M'Cready.

M'DOWELL -- October 11, at her residence, 5, Seymour Street, Lisburn, Isabella, the beloved wife of George M'Dowell.

M'ELROY -- October 9, at her father's residence, Ballysnodd, Larne, Marion, eldest daughter of S. M'Elroy.

M'NEILL -- October 6 (suddenly), at his residence, Blackcave, Larne, Archibald, beloved husband of Annie M'Neill.

NEWMAN -- October 5, at her residence, Irish Street, Downpatrick, Anne, widow of the late Joseph Newman, in her 87th year.

O'NEIL -- October 10, at the Royal Victoria Hospital, Captain John T. O'Neil, 17th Batt. R.I.R.

PARKER -- October 6, at 98, Ravenhill Avenue, James Parker, in his 99th year.

PATTERSON -- October 6, at her residence, Bailie's Mills, Lisburn, Ann J., dearly-beloved wife of Alexander Patterson.

REA -- October 11, at her father's residence, Carsondam House, Saintfield, Maggie, eldest daughter of David Rea, aged 17 years.

ROBB -- October 6, at the residence of her niece, Mrs. James M'Kee, Hame, Hamilton Road, Bangor, Sarah, daughter of the late Gilbert Robb, Belfast.

ROBINSON -- October 6, at his residence, Derrymain, Coalisland, John Burleigh Robinson, aged 81 years.

ROSS -- October 11, at her residence, Killymoyle, Castlecaufield, Margaret, dearly-beloved wife of Edward Ross.

SMYTH -- October 6, at her residence, Lisburn Street, Hillsborough, Mary Jane, fond and dearly-loved wife of Henry Smyth.

WALKER -- October 9, at her residence, Magherafelt, Mary, youngest daughter of the late Hugh Walker, J.P., Magherafelt.

WARD -- October 11, Isaac William Ward, of 114, Fitzroy Avenue, Belfast, aged 82 years.

WHITESIDE -- October 4, at his residence, Madden Hill, Loughans, Gilford, Moses Whiteside.

WILSON -- October 10, at his residence, Carnlough, Joseph Wilson, the beloved husband of Bessie Wilson.

WILSON -- October 10 (suddenly), at her husband's residence, Caugherty, Margaret Dale, dearly-beloved wife of Thomas Wilson.

WOODSIDE -- October 7, 1916, at his residence, Castle Rocklands, Carrickfergus, David Woodside.

WORKMAN -- October 6, at his residence, Nottinghill, Belfast, William Workman, in his 80th year, younger son of the late Robert Workman.

YOUNG -- October 9, at her residence, Fenaghy, Cullybackey, Jane, widow of the late William Young, aged 82 years.



Five members of the permanent staff of the Irish Land Commission have been dismissed as the result of a departmental inquiry as to their association with events during Easter week.

The Liberal War Committee have decided to urge that further efforts should be made to "comb out" the men eligible for military service from the various industries of the country.

The Master Bakers' Association announce another increase in the price of bread. The advance is the usual one of a halfpenny per 4lb. loaf, making the latter 9½d instead of 9d.

The bronze medal for gallantry in saving life at sea has been granted to Rev. R. J. P. Peyton-Burbery, M.A., Naval chaplain, for aiding in the rescue of the crew of the ss. Pollokshields at Bermuda.

The employees of the Dublin and South-Eastern Railway have demanded an increase of wages not in the nature of a war bonus. The men state that if their demand is not granted they will hand in their notices.

Earl Curzon presided in London at a luncheon to the Duke of Devonshire, Governor-General Elect of Canada. Speaking of the war, he paid a tribute to Canadian gallantry, and said ultimate victory now seemed to lift its head above the horizon.

The Ballymena Guardians were occupied for a couple of hours on Saturday last discussing the relative merits of butter and margarine for use in the workhouse, and in a poll being taken, twenty-four voted in favour of adopting butter and ten against.

The committee appointed at a meeting of scutchers in Cookstown to meet the millowners reported to a full meeting of the scutchers on Saturday night, at which Mr. T. M'Cann presided. The men agreed to start work at 8d a stone, the streekers to get 2d.

Mr. J. J. Hill, the son of a farmer, and who died the greatest railway magnate that America has ever seen, left estate exceeding in value £20,000,000, of which about half was railway stock. The widow receives about £6,600,000, and each child about £1,500,000.

£200,000 (equal to a 140 per cent, dividend on the paid-up capital) has been set aside to meet excess profits tax by the Nautilus Steam Shipping Co. The year's earnings appear to be £397,400, about six times those of pre-wax times. A distribution of over 31 per cent is recommended.

It has been decided by the Government that the restrictions on the importation of paper shall be increased so that only one-half the weight, on the basis of the importation in 1914, will be allowed to come in. The restriction on the importation of paper-making materials remains at one-third.

General Sir John Maxwell has issued an order prohibiting the manufacture, sale, transfer, or disposal of firearms, military arms, parts of military arms, ammunition, including sporting ammunition for use in shot-guns within the area of Ireland, except with his consent, in writing, or that of the officer authorised by him.

The employees in the flax spinning mill of Messrs. John Andrews &c Co., Ltd., Comber, Down, last week received an extra fortnight's wages as a bequest from the late Right Hon. Thomas Andrews, D.L. All the employees of the firm benefited by this act of generosity, and the sum involved amounted to about £1,000.

The Mexborough urban tribunal have granted conditional exemption to a rubber manufacturer, aged thirty-five, who was stated to have obtained, through association with a German firm now suppressed and its principal, who was interned, a valuable trade secret connected with the manufacture of rubber rings for all classes of bottles.

Captain R. W. Barnett has been unanimously selected by the West St. Pancras Conservative Association, of which he is president, as Unionist candidate at the local by-election. He is the eldest son of the late Dr. Richard Barnett, of Holywood County Down, and for many years has been one of Ireland's most famous rifle shots.

The monthly meeting of the Executive Committee of the County Antrim Agricultural Association was held at Ballymena -- Captain John Patrick, D.L., J.P., president, in the chair. It was proposed by Mr. M'Connell, J.P. seconded by Mr. Samuel Gibson, and passed, that the next annual show in connection with the association be held on 20th June, 1917.

Mr. Bonar Law announced in Parliament that the question of establishing one pension authority in the United Kingdom was receiving attention, and it was hoped a statement would be made shortly. A news agency says it understands a central administration will be established under a Pensions Minister, and that the maximum pensions rate will be advanced by 5s.

The Board of Trade returns for September again show large expansions in exports and imports, the figures being -- Imports, £77,488,368, an increase of £7,202,131 on the corresponding month last year and of £1,371,534 on August, 1916; the exports were £43,477,677, an increase of £11,169,345 on the corresponding month last year and a decrease of £4,242,646 on August, 1916.

When Mr. Laurence Ginnell, M.P., appealed at London Sessions against the sentence passed upon him at Bow Street Police Court on the charge of obtaining admission to certain military detention barracks by making a false statement, the Court confirmed the conviction, but reduced the fine to £50 or three weeks' imprisonment in the first division. The appealant elected to go to jail.

Replying to Mr. Joseph Devlin, M.P., with regard to the supply of sugar for Belfast the Chancellor of the Exchequer writes that the Sugar Commission endeavours to deal as fairly as possible with all, and it is not overlooking the claims of Belfast. In the coarse of November a ship has been assigned to deliver half or its cargo at Belfast, and further assignments will be made as opportunities offer.

The late Mr. John Megraw's farms, of 32½ acres at Clanmaghery and 18½ acres at Rathmullan, Co. Down, held at £24 18s 4d annually, realised £950 at auction, the purchaser being Mr. James Megraw, Clanmaghery. Mrs. M'Master's farm of 123½ acres at Ringfad, Ardglass, held subject to a terminable annuity of £67 1s, has been purchased by Mr. W. A. F. Martin, solicitor, in trust, at £3,000.

At a meeting of the Coleraine Harbour Board Mr. Robert Lemon, who risked his life and lost a valuable motor boat in a courageous effort to rescue the crew of the steamer Corsewell, was presented with a cheque for £80 and a framed certificate, the gifts of the trustees of the Carnegie Hero Fund, who have placed Mr. Lemon's name on the Roll of Heroes. In August Mr. Lemon was presented with a cheque for £80, raised by public subscription, and was at the same time awarded the vellum certificate and silver medal of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution. The motor boat and gear were valued at £160.

Dr. C. F. Aked, after his withdrawal from the Ford Peace party, offered to return to the pastorate of First Congregational Church, San Francisco, which he had resigned to join the peace expedition, at a smaller salary than the £2,000 stipend he had been paid. Meanwhile, the church trustees had decided to submit the name of Dr. H. S. Bradley, ot Worcester, as pastor. A minority pressed for Dr. Aked's return, and at a stormy church meeting Dr. Aked gained a majority, but it was thirty short of the required two-thirds of those voting. The senior deacon, who presided, appealed for prayer, but the meeting broke up amid a manifestation of bad feeling.

Pastor Chiu, of the London Missionary Society, has been an arresting figure at the Congregational Union meetings at Birmingham. Pastor Chiu, who has just reached England, and retains in this country his native costume, has a wonderful record of a quarter of a century's splendid service. He is himself a product of the Chinese Christian Church, and was sent by the Chinese connected with the L.M.S. in Amoy twenty-five years ago into the country district of Tingchow, where he was stoned. He is now one of the most highly honoured Chinese in the whole of that great district. A man of real spiritual power and single-minded sacrificial devotion, Pastor Chiu is assured of a warm welcome in the churches of Great Britain which he will visit for the London Missionary Society.



The death of Mr. John M'Caw, which took place on the 6th inst. at his residence, 74, North Parade, Belfast, has created widespread regret in business circles locally. A few weeks ago one of his brothers, Mr. Thomas M'Caw, Lisrodden House, Portglenone, passed away suddenly in his native district. The late Mr. M'Caw's father was a hand-loom linen manufacturer in that neighbourhood. In his youth Mr. John M'Caw came to Belfast and entered into service with the firm of Messrs. Ewing, Son, & Co., Ltd., Linen merchants and bleachers, 15, Donegall Square South. He remained with the firm practically a lifetime, and rose to a trusted and responsible position, in which he enjoyed the confidence of the principals and the esteem of the public who came into association with him in business matters. He is survived by his brother, Mr. Robert M'Caw, who is also a respected figure in linen trade circles in the city; by a son and daughter, to whom the greatest sympathy in their great loss will be extended. Deceased was a member of the Presbyterian Church, being connected with Rosemary Street congregation, in which he was an elder. At the morning service on Sabbath Rev. Dr. Park referred to the great loss the congregation had sustained in the death of Mr. M'Caw, and expressed the sympathy of the members with the relatives in their bereavement.



Much regret is felt by a wide circle of friends at the death of Mr. John Greenhill, formerly of Belfast, who passed away at his residence, Edenbank, Londonderry. Deceased was a native of Yorkshire, but, coming to Belfast in early life, joined his elder brother, Mr. William Greenhill, and founded the firm of Greenhill Brothers, coal merchants, who carried on business in Great George's Street and St. George's Hall for many years. During his sojourn here he took an active interest im the affairs of the city, being, in addition to a justice of the peace, a member of the Belfast Harbour Board and president of the Chamber of Commerce. He was a devoted member of the Methodist Church, and filled from time to time nearly all the positions open to a layman. For many years he filled the position of superintendent of University Road Sunday-school, and took an active interest in improving the financial condition of supernumerary Methodist ministers. In 1900 he went to Londonderry to take charge of the Ulster Manure Company. In the Maiden City also he found time to interest himself in church work, and acted as treasurer of the Derry City Mission. The late gentleman is survived by his wife, who is a sister of Professor James A. Lindsay, M.D., Belfast.



The evolution of mechanical devices during the past twenty years has been truly phenomenal. In this connection one cannot help recalling October of 1898, when a word unknown to our citizens was first printed in our columns -- now a "household word" all over the world. That word appeared in a paragraph advertisement inserted by a well-known local merchant, whose name ever since has been "linked" therewith "by an indissoluble union." We refer to the word Gramophone, and our advertiser was Mr. T. Edens Osborne, now of 11, Wellington Place, Belfast, who holds one of the most extensive stocks of Gramophones and records in Ireland. Instruments from 70s to £110 on view; also Booksafes, Filters, Edison Phonographs, Sapolio, &c. -- Correspondent.



My memory of May Street Church dates back to the year 1847, when as a schoolgirl in Belfast I worshipped under that prince of orators, Dr. Henry Cooke, for whom, as is generally known, the church was built. I can yet recall the tones of his voice which echoed through the old church. Though past his meridian, "his eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated." He had still power to thrill the large audiences who hung enraptured on his utterances. Years after, when he preached to a Southern congregation, on coming down from the pulpit, the pastor inquired of the old man if he was tired, when, with all his old energy, he tapped his walking-stick on the ground, saying, "I'll give any man a gold guinea who ever heard me say I was tired." It was long years after my school days when I once more sat in May Street, at a meeting of our General Assembly, listening to the eloquence (or otherwise) of the fathers and brethren. And afterwards, year by year, I attended those meetings and enjoyed them. I never worshipped in May Street during Dr. Macintosh's ministry, but had the pleasure of hearing my lifelong friend, Dr. R. J. Lynd, on several occasions. Of him I need not speak, as his memory is still green in May Street, and the Church generally. These memories came up to me on Sabbath, 6th August, when, prompted partly by curiosity, as well as a strong desire to worship in the dear old church, I went with some friends to May Street and heard for the first time the new pastor, Mr. Wylie Blue, and, certainly, I and the friends who went along were amply repaid by the sermon we heard -- so full of earnestness and sympathy, and delivered with such power, recalling both Drs. Cooke and Lynd -- to the former of whom I trace a great resemblance on speaking to him at the close. He impressed us as a large-hearted, genial, earnest minister of the Gospel, and I came away thanking God for having sent such a pastor to the old historic church. I was glad to see and hear that an organ has been installed, and the choir's seat removed from the perch where it was in the old days. Long may Mr. Blue be enabled to hold aloft the old blue banner which was so nobly displayed by those who have gone before!

E. I.



The death of this well-known gentleman, which occurred at his residence, Notting Hill, Malone Road, on Friday, has occasioned widespread regret. The deceased, who had reached the advanced age of eighty years, was the younger son of the late Mr. Robert Workman, and was head of the firm of R. Workman & Co., stock and share brokers and insurance agents, 8, Corporation Street, and was a man or great enterprise and energy. He was held in the highest esteem by all who knew him, both in private and business circles. Upright and straight in all his dealings, he made hosts of friends, and his retirement from business owing to failing health was greatly regretted. Deceased was married, and leaves a family of three sons and two daughters. His brother is the Rev. Dr. Workman, of Newtownbreda Presbyterian Church, while a second cousin is Mr. John Workman, Lismore, Windsor Avenue. The utmost sympathy is extended to the members of the family in their bereavement. The funeral was private.



On Saturday Mr. David Allan Woodside passed away at his residence, Castle Rocklands, Carrickfergus. Mr. Woodside, who was about eighty years of age, was the youngest son of the late Mr. James Woodside, formerly of Ballyclare. For many years he and his brother, the late Mrs William Allan Woodside, J.P., carried on successfully the business of tanners at West street, Carrickfergus, but retired from business about thirty years ago. The deceased was a devoted member of the First Presbyterian Church, Carrickfergus, and about four years ago he and his brother, the late Mr. W. A. Woodside, J.P., presented to the church a beautiful organ, choir seats, and pulpit at the cost of about £1,400. Mr. Woodside, though a staunch Unionist in politics, took no active part in public affairs. The news of his death was received with general regret in the district.



The Governors met on Wednesday in the Office, Church House, Belfast -- Mr. A. D. Lemon, J.P., in the chair. The scrutiny of votes showed that the following families had been duly elected, having received the largest number of votes. This election adds 199 children to the roll of the society.

Class I. -- Orphans, both parents dead -- Kernohan, 1, Drumlee; Lecky, 1, Saintfield First; Quail, 5, Belfast, Clifton Street; Potter, 2, Kilmore.

Class II. -- Children of qualified subscribers -- M'Millan, 3, Belfast, Albert Street; Irvin, 4, Belfast, Duncairn; Smith, 1, Belfast, Argyle Place.

Class III. -- Fatherless -- Glenn, 1, Kilraughts First; Campbell, 1, Belfast, Agnes Street; Cottrell, 1, Derry Second; Duff, 1, Belfast, Westbourne; Black, 1, Buckna; M'Kenzie, 3, Ballyeaston First; Keenan, 2, Greyabbey; Chestnut, 2, Ballyrashane; Elder, 2, Belfast, Bloomfield; Kennedy, 4, Belfast, Castleton; Fee, 2, Belfast, Castleton; Lorimer, 1, Belfast, Newington; Moore, 5, Larne, Gardenmore; Patterson, 3, Belfast, M'Quiston Memorial; Walsh, 2, Belfast, Albert Street; Neill, 6, Randalstown, Old Congregation; M'Leish, 1, Belfast, Duncairn; Thompson, 1, Belfast, Nelson Memorial; Stevenson, 2, Belfast, Nelson Memorial; M'Clelland, 1, Armagh First; M'Allister, 4, Glascar; MacDonald,, 3, Belfast, Mountpottinger; Young, 1, Saltersland; Wilson, 1, Belfast City Mission; Killen, 2, Belfast, College Square; Crowe, 1, Ballymena Second; Boal, 5, Newtownards, Greenwell Street; Neely, 3, Swateragh; Park, 2, Killymurris; Atkinson, 5, Swateragh; Irvine, 1, Gilford; Bell, 1, Lisburn, Railway Street; Fleming, 3, Myroe; Nesbitt, 3, Belfast, Crescent; Cummings, 3, Carnmoney; Elliott, 1, Belfast, Shankill Road Mission; Irwin, 6, Belfast, Agnes Street; Atkinson, 3, Belfast, Agnes Street; Arbuthnot, 4, Belfast, Agnes Street; Thomson, 2, Belfast, Crescent; Mawhinney, 1, Belfast, Shankill Road Mission; Tullock, 1, Coagh; Gorman, 4, Dromara First; M'Meekin, 1, Bangor First; Whiteside, 2, Belfast City Mission; M'Coubrie, 3, Belfast City Mission; Orr, 1, Donaghadee, Shore Street; Cares, 1, Belfast, Fountainville; Bell, 2, Belfast, Ulsterville; Sloan, 3, Portglenone Third; Johnston, 2, Belfast, Agnes Street; Smylie, 3, Boardmills First; Templeton, 2, Belfast, Clifton Street; M'Connell, 1, Ray Second; Phillips, 1, Belfast, May Street; Perry; 4, Belfast, May Street; M'Clean, 1, Carrickfergus, Joymount; Patterson, 4, Drumbo; Black, 2, Drumbo, Creith (?), 1. Omagh, Trinity; Perry, 3, Ahoghill, Trinity; Buchanan, 2, Larne First; Harris, 4, Newtownards First; Agnew, 2, Larne, Gardenmore; M'Kee, 2, Belfast, Westbourne; M'Neill, 3, Larne First; Dawson, 2, Whiteabbey; M'Lean. 2, Finvoy; Marshall, 2, j | Donagheady Second; M£Knight, 1, Belfast, * Ballymacarrett; Reilly, 1, Belfast, Great Victoria Street, Gabbey, 3, Great Victoria Street; Graham, 4, Great Victoria Street; Walker, 3, Belfast, Broadway; M'Kibbin, 1, Killead; Williamson, 3, Killead; Bell, 2, Belfast, Townsend Street.

Class IV. -- Cases not under ordinary circumstances -- Martin, 2, Millisle and Ballycopeland; Coburn, 4, Belfast, Albert Street.



There has lately been introduced into Ulster a motor plough, and this labour saving device is certain to create a great deal of interest in the agricultural world. From notes supplied by Mr. Thomas Edens Osborne, Wellington Place, Belfast, we learn that early in September the enterprising owner of the Red Hall estate at Ballycarry, County Antrim (Mr. W. J. Porritt, J.P.), purchased a Wyles Petrol Motor Double-furrow Plough, equipped with an engine of eleven brake horse-power, which, by reason of its pronounced efficiency and economy, has superseded his most sanguine expectations. The action of this most useful invention is practically automatic; it is manipulated easily by one man, and ploughs three acres per day with a consumption of about two gallons petrol per acre. It is adjustable to plough at varying depths and widths, and the wheels can be lowered or raised independently; in fact, its adjustments are virtually the same as on a horse plough. As an indication of its recognised economy, users have testified that it can accomplish the work of two teams of horses and two men at less cost than one team and one man. Attached to the engine is a pulley that enables users to utilise it for driving farm machinery, such as chaff-cutters, pulpers, pumps, &c., which obviously is of great advantage to agriculturists. Mr. Porritt is to be congratulated as the Ulster pioneer of this latest achievement of engineering construction.


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The Witness - Friday, 20 October 1916


LYTTLE--GILLILAND -- September 20, at the home of the bride, by the Rev. W. J. Wilson, assisted by the Rev. J. H. Brownrigg, and the Rev. R. M'Cheyne Gilliland, brother of the bride, Howard Lyttle, Mourne View, Donacloney, Jane Elizabeth (Jeannie), only daughter of Mr. and Mrs. R. K. Gilliland, Ballymanally House, Donacloney, Lurgan.

MARSHALL--MARSHALL -- October 17, 1918 (by special licence), at May Street Presbyterian Church, Belfast, by the Rev. W. A. Hill, B.A., assisted by Rev. G. R. Wedgwood, Robert M. B., Captain R.A.M.C., only son of W. J. Marshall, J.P., and Mrs. Marshall, Risedale, Derryvolgie Avenue, Belfast, to Evelyn Mary, only daughter of William Marshall and Mrs. Marshall, Princeton Villa, Bangor, Co. Down.

O'CONNELL--BEATTY -- October 17, at Elmwood Presbyterian Church, Belfast, by the Revs. David Purves, D.D., and D. A. Taylor, D.D., the Rev. Redmond O'Connell, Rector of Ballycroy, Co. Mayo, to Elizabeth Margaret, eldest daughter of the Rev. William Beatty, D.D., Upper Crescent, Belfast.

Golden Wedding

M'ELDERRY--KNOX -- October 16, 1866, in Second Ballymoney, by the Rev. Thomas M'Afee, Ardglass, the uncle of the bride, assisted by the Rev. John Lawrence Rentoul, John, youngest son of Thomas M'Elderry, Ballymoney, to Matilda, eldest daughter of the late Robert Knox, Springfield.


BELL -- October 14, at 201, Woodstock Road, Belfast, Sarah ("Sadie"), the beloved wife of William Bell. Her remains were interred in Dundonald Cemetery. "She being dead yet speaketh."

ARTHUR -- October 17, at 17, Clifton Drive, Belfast, Margaret, relict of the late William Arthur, Belfast.

CORRY -- October 10, at a Nursing Home in London, Sarah, widow of Trevor Corry, of Belmont, Newry.

COULSON -- October 18, at Clarinda Park East, Kingstown, Anne Coulson, formerly of Lisburn.

CRYMBLE -- At Alexandria, of enteric fever, Captain William Crymble, R.A.M.C., dearly-beloved son of Hugh and Lizzie Crymble, Ballee, Downpatrick.

GEORGE -- October 16, at her residence, Loughview Terrace, Whiteabbey, Sarah Jane, relict of the late Samuel George.

HILL -- October 14, at his brother's residence, Gilnahirk, Adam Hill.

HOLLAND -- October 16, at his residence, Ballylintagh, William Holland.

IRWIN -- October 14, 1916, at the residence of her mother, Cattogs House, Comber, Elizabeth Snowden Barry, eldest daughter of the late David Munn, and dearly-loved wife of Thomas Irwin, Stapleton Race, Dundalk.

KNOX -- October 11, at Lee, London, Frances Ruth, widow of the late Captain John Knox, Liverpool.

MAWHINNEY -- October 13, at his parents' residence, 112, Castlereagh Road, Herbert (Wee Bertie) Mawhinney, aged 3 years and 2 months.

M'CAUSLAND -- October 16, at Magherafelt, May, dearly-beloved daughter of William J. and Mrs. M'Causland, aged 6 years.

M'LENNEN -- October. 15, at Ormeau, Woodland Avenue, Paisley, Catherine Elizabeth Bethune, third daughter of the late John Bethune, of Belfast, wife of David W. M'Lennen, of Paisley.

NEWSAM -- October 8, at his residence, Ruckamore Road, Torquay, William Phillip, eldest son of the late James Newsam, Maghera, Newcastle, Co. Down, in his 79th year.

PETRIE -- October 16, at her residence, Post Office, Dunloy, Elizabeth, widow of the late John Petrie.

SCOTT -- At the residence of her parents, 29, Lonsdale Street, Lizzie May (Dottie), the only and dearly-beloved daughter of Joseph and Annie Scott.

STEWART -- October 17, at her residence, Mullaghdubh, Islandmagee, Agnes, relict of the late Thomas Stewart.

WlLLIAMS -- October 14, at his residence, Tennyson Avenue, Bangor, Francis John Williams, Ulster Bank, Belfast.

WRIGHT -- October 11, at Derryhale House, Portadown, William John, the dearly-beloved husband of Margaret Wright, aged 55 years.

Killed in Action

GREER -- October 9, 1916, killed in action, in Northern France, Frederick W. Greer, Machine Gun Section, Royal Irish Rifles (Y.C.V.), younger and dearly-beloved son of Mrs. Greer, Inglenook, James Street, Lurgan.



The Prince of Wales has given £1,000 for the Red Cross Fund.

Queen Alexandra has contributed £500 to the "Our Day" effort for the Red Cross.

The death has occurred of Mr. J. Gilhooly, M.P. for West Cork, in his sixty-ninth year.

Captain R. W. Barnett, a well-known Ulsterman, has been returned unopposed as M.P. for West St. Pancras.

The Rev. John E. Hogan, R.N., Trinity College, Dublin, has been awarded the Silver War Badge for services rendered in the North Sea.

Rev. Lord William Gascoyne Cecil has been appointed Bishop of Exeter in place of Right Rev. Archibald Robertson, resigned.

Mr. Denis Henry, K.C., one of the Parliamentary representatives for Londonderry County, has been appointed a Deputy-Lieutenant of that county.

In view of the depressed state of the linen trade the Flax Spinners' Association have decided to reduce their production to two-thirds of the normal production.

His Majesty the King has contributed £5,000 and the Queen £1,000 to the fund of the Joint War Committee of the British Red Cross Society and the Order of St. John of Jerusalem.

In an Essex village on Saturday silver cups were presented to Captain Robinson, V.C., Lieutenants Sowrey and Tempest, the three officers who have succeeded in bringing down Zeppelins.

The New York "Sun" states that Messrs. J. P. Morgan & Co. are completing arrangements for another £50,000,000 loan for the Allies on terms identical with those of the loan issued in August.

Mr. Hubert Samuel notifies that the new Government order for the early closing of shops during the winter months will come into force on the 30th inst. It will not, however, apply to Ireland.

The Board of Trade reports that employment in September was brisk, and that more women are needed in industry. The average cost of living of a working class family is now 50 per cent, higher than when war broke out.

Colonel the Rev. W. Floyd Shannon, B.A., chaplain to the Presbyterian troops of Western Australia, has been on a brief visit to this country to see his relatives and friends. He is a son of the late Rev. Robert Shannon, of Cladymore, Markethill.

Growers who were fortunate enough to have anything like a crop of apples are obtaining very high prices at Covent Garden. The "Bramley Seedling," which is regarded as the finest cooking apple, realised as much as 11s per bushel wholesale, equivalent to about 3¼d per lb.

General satisfaction will be created in Ballymoney and district by the announcement that the Commission of the Peace has been conferred upon Mr. Clarke Murphy, U.D.C., of Main Street, Ballymoney, and Mr. Robert Caason, of Artiferral, Knockahollett, Ballymoney.

Dr. Clifford on Sunday celebrated his eightieth birthday, and received congratulations from Mr. Lloyd George, Mr. Samuel, Viscount Bryce, and many others. A meeting in celebration was held at Westbourne Park Chapel, at which a presentation was made to Dr. Clifford.

Major W. Redmond, M.P., contributes in a letter a short history of the 16th (Irish) Division since its inception. It shows a record of strenuous work at Loos, Hulluch, and on the Somme, where the division took part in the capture of Guillemont and Ginchy. The letter concludes with an appeal for men to fill up the gaps.

The Local Government Board Auditor, in reporting on the accounts of the Dungannon Urban Council for the financial year ended 31st March last, states that the gross receipts from the municipal markets for the year amounted to £599 16s 9d, and the expenditure, including repayment of loan, was £517 11s 5d, thus showing a profit on the year's working of £82 5s 4d.

At a meeting of the Donaghadee Rural Council, Captain J. S. Henry, R.D., R.N.R., reported that a certificate had been received from the Royal Humane Society and also a grant from the Carnegie Hero Fund for Mr. John Bennett, an employee of the Council, to whom same had been awarded for his gallantry in saving the life of a lieutenant in his Majesty's army.

The parishioners of a village in Essex in which a Zeppelin descended in flames have decided to erect a memorial tablet in the Parish Church to commemorate the bringing down of the raider and the escape of the residents. It is desired that the tablet should be cast in aluminium from the wrecked Zeppelin, and the military authorities are being asked to give their permission.

There are now over 10,000 War Savings' Associations at work in England and Wales. Last week 441 new ones were affiliated to the National War Savings Committee, while thirty-one new local committees were formed, bringing the aggregate to 622. At a recent public meeting in the Miners' Hall, Royston, Yorkshire, a signalman promised to put £100 into war savings' certificates through a War Savings Association.

Lord and Lady Dowdray have made a munificent gift of £10,000 for the endowment of a Professorship of Spanish Language and Literature in the University of Leeds. Their desire is (1) to further the educational and economic interests of the nation, and especially those of Yorkshire, with which they have family connection; and (2) to foster a closer intimacy between the cultures of Spain and Latin South America and Great Britain.

The funeral of the late Mr. Robert M'Geagh, Draperstown, who was fatally injured while assisting at the training of a young horse, took place on Tuesday, and was very largely attended. Impressive services were conducted at the house and also at the churchyard by the Rev. C. C. M. Dickey, M.A. The chief mourners were Mr. Robert M'Geagh (son), Messrs. J. F. M'Geagh, J.P., and Wm. M'Geagh (brothers).

At the last meeting of the Executive Committee of the Ulster branch of the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, it was reported that from the 1st of May till the 30th Sept, last 535 cases affecting the welfare of 1,706 children had been dealt with. In thirty-nine of these cases prosecution had to be resorted to. Of the 535 cases investigated 136 were those of the wives of soldiers, twenty-one of whom it was found, necessary to bring into court.

At the annual congress of the Textile Institute at Leeds a discussion took place on the necessity of textile research. It was urged that in the last decade, America had made great advance in that direction, and was well abreast of Britain, if, indeed, we were not already lagging behind. The question of the dyeing industry was debated, and our backward position in that matter was attributed to the indifference of our manufacturers and lack of encouragement to chemistry.

Speaking at the Diocesan Synod in Dublin, Most Rev. Dr. Bernard, Archbishop of Dublin, referred to the rebellion, and said the thanks of all quiet citizens of every political and religious creed were due to the army and navy. Those who lived through the horrors of Easter week knew well with what gallantry and moderation the soldiers bore themselves in circumstances of great difficulty and under conditions calculated to arouse the worst passions. That attempts should be made for the sake of political by-ends to vilify these brave men was melancholy indeed.



A pretty wedding took place in May Street Presbyterian Church, Belfast, on Tuesday, when Miss May Marshall, daughter of Mr. Wm. Marshall, Princeton Villa, Bangor, and of Messrs. Wm. Marshall & Sons, Ltd., Victoria Street, Belfast, was married to Dr. Robt. Marshall, captain R.A.M.C., son of Mr. W. J. Marshall, Rysdale, Derryvolgie Avenue, and High Street, Belfast. The bride, who wore a navy costume, with fawn hat trimmed with Chinese blue, was given away by her uncle, Mr. Andrew Marshall. The officiating clergy were Rev. W. A. Hill, B.A., Bangor, assisted by the Rev. G. R. Wedgwood, University Road Methodist Church, Belfast. The bridesmaid was Miss Eileen Marshall, sister of the bridegroom, while the duties of best man were discharged by Mr. W. F. Marshall, brother of the bride. The bridegroom was house surgeon in a London hospital, and joined the colours at the outbreak of the war, being promoted to captain about a year ago.



In our last issue there was a notice of the death of Mr. Larmor, Killultagh House, Ballinderry. He had been in ill-health for a considerable time, so that his death was not unexpected. He was an elder in Ballinderry congregation, and a large subscriber to its funds. The large attendance at his funeral testified to the respect in which he was held. Revs. H. J. Lilburn and J. Meeke conducted a short service at the house prior to the removal of the remains. Revs. Dr. Little and H. Hastings officiated at the grave. On Sabbath last the Rev. J. Meeke paid a tribute to Mr, Larmor's worth and work.



The death of this gentleman at his residence, Derryvolgie Avenue, has occasioned widespread sorrow. Born in Lisburn about eighty-five years ago, the late Mr. Mulholland early in life entered the employment of Messrs. William Barbour & Sons, Ltd., flax spinners and linen thread manufacturers, with whose great factories the prosperity of Lisburn, Hilden, and Dunmurry districts is so intimately associated. A man of strict integrity and possessing unbounded energy and a special aptitude for business, he acquitted himself in a manner which won the highest encomiums of his employers, and he was rapidly promoted, discharging his duties with zeal and fidelity until a few years ago, when he retired from active service. In the public life of Belfast the late Mr. Mulholland took an active and prominent part. He was a Justice of the Peace for the city, and evinced a deep interest in various movements for the amelioration of the condition of the poor and the suffering. He was for a time a member of the Committee of Management of the Belfast and District Asylum, and was a generous subscriber to the funds of the Royal Victoria Hospital, being a member of the Board of Management of that institution for many years. He was a member of the Union Club and for some years was also connected with the Ulster Reform Club. His wife predeceased him some years ago.



Another triumph for women is announced, and that in a sphere which has always been strictly guarded for men. The first lady bank manager has been appointed to a branch of the London City and Midland Bank. At the headquarters of the bank a Press representative was informed that "this appointment is in no sense an 'experiment,' as the lady appointed has been in training for the intricate work and the special knowledge. required for some time."



Judges' Awards.

Messrs. Richard D. Chambers, Tullynaskeagh; James M'Connell, Balloo; and John Woods, Ballyhornan, the potato and root crop judges appointed by the Killyleagh, Killinchy, Kilmood, and Tullynakill Farming Society, after a two-days' inspection, have reported as follows -- "We inspected the eighteen farms in respect of which potatoes' and roots were entered. Owing to the late spring and bad season the yields of potatoes are very much under previous standards; tubers are diseased in many instances, and not of marketable size. Swedes and Aberdeens are promising crops, but not fully grown. The same remark applies to mangel wurzel. There were few entries for carrots, which are disappointing save those of leading prize-winners. Everything considered, crops were well laboured. In a few instances greater care might have been expended on headlands. It was noticeable that all the principal price-winners for swedes, Aberdeens, mangel, and potatoes had applied nitrate of soda, to those crops." Awards--

Potatoes -- 1, John Stewart, Balloe; 2, Pierce Neill, Cargagh, Downpatrick; 3, William R. Smyth, Ballyalgan; 4, Mrs. Daniel Fitzsimons, Killard; 5, Patrick Smith, Carricknabb; 6, James Cleland, Killinchy-in-the-Woods.

Swedes -- 1, Henry Cook Orr, Cluntagh; 2, John Jackson, Barnamaghery; 3, Jas. Cleland; 4, James Porter; 5, John M. Gilmore, Corporation, Killyleagh; 6, Thomas Lindsay, Derryboye; 7, John Stewart; 8, James Weaver, Ardigon, Sutton's Special Prizes for Swedes -- 1, John Jackson; 2, James Porter. Dickson's Special Prizes for Swedes -- 1, James Cleland; 2, Thomas Lindsay. M'Ervel's Special Prize for Swedes -- John Stewart.

Mangel -- 1, John M. Gilmore; 2, John Jackson; 3, William R. Smyth; 4, William C. Carr, Gocean, Killyleagh; 5, Henry Cooke Orr.

Carrots -- 1, William C. Carr; 2, John Jackson.




Military Cross.

The Military Cross has been awarded to the following officers and non-commissioned officers of the Ulster Division for conspicuous gallantry in the field --

Captain James M. E. Wilton, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, of 21, Marlborough Avenue, Londonderry, chairman of the Irish Football Association.

Captain W. J. Menaul, Royal Irish Fusiliers, who resided at Laurelvale, Tandragee.

Lieutenant A. Norman M'Clinton, Royal Irish Rifles, son of Mr. John M'Clinton, Rosaville, Windsor Park, Belfast. This officer was in Canada on the opening of hostilities, and came home to offer his services.

Lieutenant A. Collings, Royal Irish Rifles, who formerly resided in Wolseley Street, Belfast.

Second-Lieutenant A. M'C. Dickson, Royal Irish Rifles, the second son of Mr. J. Hill Dickson, J.P., Ardmore, Ballygowan. He is an old Campbell College boy, and enlisted in 1914 as a private in the County Down Volunteers.

Second-Lieutenant C. P. Tiptaft, Royal Irish Rifles.

Regimental Sergeant-Major G. Bleakley, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers.

Company Sergeant-Major A. White, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, who belongs to Derry.

Distinguished Conduct Medal.

Sergeant H. W. Neely, Royal Irish Rifles, Belfast.

Sergeant J. Cunningham, Royal Irish Rifles.

Military Medal.

The Military Medal has been awarded to to following --

Sergeant P. A. Nolan, Irish Guards, son of Mr. Martin Nolan, Derry Road, Omagh, and a former constable in the R.I.C. (Belfast).

Sergeant R. M. Allison, Canadian Infantry, son of Mr. Robert Allison, Causeway Street, Portrush.

Sergeant Wm. Purdy, Brigade Machine Gun Company.

Sergeant J. J. Crisp, Field Company Royal Engineers.

Lance-Sergeant Jas. Jackson, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, Derry.

Lance-Corporal Mark Lowther, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, Derry.

Lance-Corporal H. Birkmyre, Trench Mortar Battery, Fleet Street, Larne.

Rifleman R. Letters, Royal Irish Rifles, Ballymena.

Gunner W. J. Hayes, Trench Mortar Battery.

Gunner W. Mayes, Trench Mortar Battery.

Bombardier C. C. Evans, Trench Mortar Battery.


Private F. W. Greer, Royal Irish Rifles, killed in action, was the younger son of Mrs. Greer, Inglenook, James Street, Lurgan, and formerly of Downshire Road, Cregagh. He was a member of Cregagh Presbyterian. Church choir and committee. When war broke out he was on the staff of the Ulster Bank, Mountpottinger branch.

Lieutenant W. F. Hogg, Royal Irish Rifles, Anglesea Road, Ball's Bridge, Dublin, wounded, is a son of Mr. W. Hogg, 63, Anglesea Road, Ball's Bridge, and 23, Bachelor's Walk, Dublin. He was educated at the Endowed School, Bangor, and St. Andrews College, Dublin, from the latter entering Trinity as a junior exhibitioner October, 1914. From the O.T.C. he was originally gazetted to the Special Reserve of the Royal Irish Rifles, in March, 1915. He was promoted to his present rank last February, and some time afterwards went to the front from Dublin, and was attached to one of the local battalions. Mr. William Hogg is an elder in Adelaide Road Presbyterian Church, Dublin.


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The Witness - Friday, 27 October 1916


GRAHAM--SMYTHE -- October 19, in the Presbyterian Church, Castleblayney, by the father of the bride, and the Rev. Samuel Prenter, D.D., LL.D., Samuel, third son of the late Edward Graham, Monaghan, to Sophie, second daughter of the Rev. R. H. Smythe and Mrs. Smythe, The Manse, Castleblayney.

MUNCE--BEARSLEY -- October 20, at the Palace Temperance Hotel, Edinburgh, by the Rev. Andrew Gilchrist, B.A., James Stilwell, only son of James Munce, Holywood, Co. Down, to Annie, eldest daughter of Charles F. Bearsley, Old Meldrum, Aberdeen. "At Home," 8, Marine Parade, Holywood, 5th and 6th December.


BARTON -- October 21, 1916, at Derrylavin, Carrickmacross, Christina, younger daughter of J. J. Barton, aged 27 years. Interred at Carricklavin, October 25th.

ARNOLD -- October 24, at The Manse, Enniscorthy. Rev. William Arnold, M.A., aged 76 years.

BAIRD -- October 20, at her residence, Main Street, Ballyclare, Mary Ann, dearly-beloved wife of Francis Baird.

BOYD -- October 22, at his residence, Dufferin Avenue, Bangor, County Down, John Boyd, formerly National School Teacher, Dungannon.

CEASER -- October 24, at his residence. Ballyrobin, Hugh Robert, dearly-beloved husband of Ellen Ceaser.

CROSS -- October 13, at Bath, Beatrice Lucinda, widow of William Pennell Cross, of Dartan, Killylea, Co. Armagh, and daughter of the Rev. Dominick Augustus Browne.

CURRAN -- October 25, at her residence, 14, Sugar Island, Newry, Margaret Curran, relict of the late Hugh Curran.

DICKSON -- October 24, at his residence, 7, Cliftonville Avenue (after a few days' illness), John Dickson, son of the late Colonel Dickson, Dungannon.

DOAK -- October 20, at his residence, Cranmore Park Lodge, Malone Road, Belfast, James Doak.

GABBIE -- October 24, at his father's residence, Ballywoollen, Crossgar, James Cleland, eldest son of John Gabbie.

GELSTONE -- October 22, at Athelford, Ballycastle, Emily Adelaide, widow of Thomas Hughes Gelstone, and last surviving daughter of the late Thomas Lecky Hutchinson, of the Manor House, Ballymoney.

HENRY -- October 20, at Carlisle Buildings, Waterside, Londonderry, Margaret Stewart Smith, beloved wife of John R. Henry.

HORNER -- October 19, at her residence, Cockhill, Ballinderry, Harriet, only daughter of the late James and Margaret Horner.

JONES -- October 21, at The Castle, Portstewart, Londonderry, Sarah Amelia (Amy), widow of the late John Joseph Jones, D.L., of Abberley Mall and Pensax Court, Worcestershire, aged 73 years.

LEPPER -- October 25, at his residence, Ballylangley, Bangor (after a severe illness), John C. H. Lepper.

MACLEAN -- October 24, at his residence, Kingsgate Street, Coleraine, James Maclean.

MacLAUGHLIN -- October 22, 1916, at his father's residence, Newtowncunningham, Wm. Henry MacLaughlin, B.Sc., only and dearly-beloved son of David MacLaughlin.

MAGEE -- October 22 (the result of an accident), William John Magee (Painter and Decorator), 6, Burnbrae Avenue and West Street, Portadown.

MILNER -- October 22, at the residence of his daughter, Mrs. Green, 23, Deveraux Drive, Seacombe, Cheshire, Rev. James Milner, aged 82, ex-rector of Islandmagee, Co. Antrim, Ireland.

MITCHELL -- October 23, at 29, Derg Street, James, the beloved husband of Eliza Mitchell.

MOFFETT -- October 19, at his residence, Market Street, Lurgan, Robert Moffett.

MORGAN -- October 18, at Kilnagleary, Carrigaline, Elizabeth Wolf, wife of the late Canon T. Poole Morgan, rector of Larne and Inver.

M'CAIG -- October 22, at Strawpark, Doagh, Arthur, son of the late John M'Caig, Ballyvoy.

NELSON -- October 24, at his residence, Wilmont, North Circular Road, Lisburn, James Nelson.

PATTERSON -- October 25, at Lisnadill, County Armagh, Susan, widow of the late James Patterson.

RICHARDS -- October 21, Harold Beckwith Richards, A.R.I.B.A., youngest son of the late Captain John C. Richards, of Sydenham, and of Mrs. Richards, Cyprus Avenue, Belfast.

SMYTH -- October 25, at her residence, Stroan, Armoy, Catherine Morrison, relict of the late Moses Smyth.

STEVENSON -- October 25, at her residence, Main Street, Ballyclare, Esther, the dearly-beloved wife of Samuel Stevenson, and daughter of the late William Hugh Grange.

TAYLOR -- October 19, at Salters Grange, Armagh, Anne, only daughter of the late James Taylor, aged 83 years.

TOMB -- At the residence of her daughter, Mrs. Graham, Albert Place, Kilrea, Mrs. M. Tomb, relict of the late David Tomb.

WHITAKER -- October 23, at a Private Nursing Home, Elizabeth Martin, eldest daughter of the late Henry Whitaker, M.D., Antrim House, Belfast.

WRIGHT -- October 19, at The Agency, Newbliss, Mary Mayne, widow of Samuel Wright, J.P.

YOUNG -- October 21, at his residence, 123, Vernon Street, Frederick ("Wee Freddie"), the second and dearly-beloved infant son of Charles and Lucy Young.



Mr. Edward Denison Boss, Ph.D., has teen appointed director of the School of Oriental Studies.

Sir Maurice Fitzgerald, Bart., 20th Knight of Kerry, died on Sunday at his residence at Faringdon, Bucks, aged seventy-two.

The death has occurred in London, at the age of sixty-eight, of Sir Joseph Beecham, Bart., the well-known pill manufacturer.

Limavady U.C. has invited the Hon. W. F. Massey, Prime Minister, New Zealand, to visit his native town before his return to the Antipodes.

Speaking in London, Viscount Grey said the war would not end until the Allies' objects had been achieved. The future peace of Europe must be assured.

Mr. Hall Caine, describing a visit to Woolwich Arsenal, pays a striking tribute to the work performed by the country's women munition workers.

At a conference in Manchester the cotton trade employers granted an increase of 5 per cent, in wages to the weavers. Nearly 300,000 workers are affected.

During the past quarter 1,223,368 shifts (out of 10,414,387) were lost in South Wales collieries. Of this number, 911,257 are attributable to avoidable absenteeism.

At Richmond Sir George Cave said the submarine blockade of the American coast had taught the United States a lesson which would not be lost upon her Government.

A telegram from Lucerne states that an explosives magazine near Ebikon has been blown up. Five workmen were killed. The cause of the disaster is unknown.

The Post Office announces that the parcels post to the territory formerly known as German South-west Africa has been established. The rate of postage will be one shilling per pound.

It is notified for information that owing to the great stress of work in the Post Office at Christmas they will neither accept nor despatch parcels for prisoners of war from 10th to 25th December.

By seven votes to three, the Derry Guardians rejected a motion by Mrs. Morris for the appointment of delegates to the proposed All-Ireland Convention for the formation of an Amnesty Association.

Lord Montagu, speaking at Brockenhurst, said there had been a distinct alteration for the better in our air services of late. Although we had won great successes there must be no relaxation of effort.

An agreement has been come to between the Anchor Line and the Donaldson Line, Ltd., for a fusion of the interests of the two companies in the passenger and cargo service between Glasgow and Canada.

Presiding at the Home Office at a conference to consider the increase ih juvenile offences, the Home Secretary announced the coming establishment of a central official censorship of cinema plays and advertising posters.

Mr. Wm. Magee, aged fifty-five, painter and decorator, Portadown, has died as the result of injuries sustained by colliding, while motor-cycling, with a motor lorry. His abdomen was torn open, and one of his legs was broken.

Field-Marshal Viscount French continued his inspection of the Volunteer battalions in the Eastern Counties, and repeated his statement that the Government would equip them on their undertaking service till the end of the war.

Brigadier-General Page Croft, speaking at Eastbourne, upon the Somme offensive, said far more had been accomplished than was generally imagined. It was the continued British and French advance that saved Verdun.

"The engagement is announced," says the "Morning Post," "between Captain W. C. Neill, K.O.R., Lancaster Regiment, of Bangor, Co. Down, and Miss Vera Phelps, elder daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Phelps, Knole View, Sevenoaks.

The Lord Kitchener Memorial Fund has now reached a total of over £349,000. The Queen of Norway has forwarded 100 guineas, expressing "great pleasure in contributing to perpetuate the memory of an illustrious Englishman."

A new market for the sale of flax was opened in Tandragee on Monday, and was well attended by the principal buyers. Seventeen loads of flax were offered, and the demand was very keen, prices ranging from 19s to 21s 6d per stone.

The High Sheriff, Mr. Stuart Verschoyle, has fixed to-day (Friday) for the nominations in North Fermanagh, now vacant by the resignation of Mr. G. Fetherstonhaugh, K.C., and the poll, if any, to take place on Friday week next, 3rd December.

At Marlborough Street Police Court, London, two American citizens named Roquet and Cheroka were sent to jail for three months for having in their possession a quantity of opium. The latter said he had been an opium smoker for twenty years.

A marked advance in the price of flax took place on Monday at the Limavady fortnightly flax market, when some fifteen tons were on offer. For the best £9 5s per cwt. was realised, an advance of about £1 5s per cwt. on the previous market.

The number of animals shipped from the port of Belfast during the week ending the 21st October, 1916, was -- 4,889 cattle, 370 sheep, 281 swine, 28 horses -- total, 5,368. For corresponding week last year -- 4,357 cattle, 389 sheep, 204 swine, 14 horses -- total, 4,964.

Lloyd's Agency reports the sinking of thirteen more vessels by U boats, including the Donaldson line steamer Cabotia, and five Norwegian and three Danish ships. Sixteen persons are missing from the dutch steamer Fortuna and twelve from the Greek steamer George M. Embiricos.

A memorandum has been prepared by the Management Committee of the Federation of Trades Unions regarding the high prices of food. The memorandum suggests the immediate appropriation by the State of all net profits made in the United Kingdom on the sale of ships, coal, food, or clothes.

The Queen has issued a letter appealing for continued and increased effort on behalf of her Needlework Guild, which has done so much for the comfort of soldiers and sailors during the campaign. Her Majesty points out that the applications from regiments and hospitals at home and abroad continue to increase.

The King received Vice-Admiral Sir G. Patey and Vice-Admiral Gordon Moore, and invested them with the insignia of a K.C.M.G, and K.C.B. respectively. The honour of Knighthood was also conferred upon Mr. M'Cardie. In the evening his Majesty received Sir William Robertson, Chief of the Imperial General Staff.

Mr. Joseph King, the well-known Radical M.P., appeared at Bow Street, London, to answer summonses under the Defence of the Realm Act charging him with having communicated information with respect to the supply and condition of certain war material in letters to George Raffalovich, New York. Accused was convicted, and ordered to pay a fine of £100 and 25 guineas costs.

Shocking revelations are made in an official report as to the typhus epidemic in the Gardelegen camp, Germany, last year. When the outbreak occurred the British and other Allied prisoners were deserted by the German medical men and attendants. Tributes are paid to the splendid heroism shown by the British, Russian, and French doctors in fighting the epidemic.

His many friends will regret to hear of the death of Mr. John Dickson, of Cliftonville Avenue, Belfast. The deceased, who was a son of the late Colonel Dickson, of Dungannon, had spent practically the whole of his business career in the service of the Belfast Harbour Board, and had for many years occupied the position of traffic inspector in connection with that Trust. He was regarded as one of the most gifted amateur flautists in the United Kingdom.

The Local Government Board has at length sanctioned the appointment by the Omagh Guardians of Dr. D. F. Murnaghan as temporary medical officer of No. 1 dispensary district and temporary workhouse medical officer. While the Local Government Board adheres to the principle not to sanction doctors of military age for such positions while there is a doctor of non-military ago available, they say they had no option but to approve of Dr. Murnaghan's employment.



The Rev. John Fawcett, M.A., a retired clergyman, was found dead in his own house at Portstewart. Aged about seventy-five, he lived alone for many years in Coleraine, changing to Portstewart four years ago. In his earlier life he worked in various parishes in the Church of England. In later years he was a familiar querist at the shareholders' meetings of the Great Northern Railway, and was critically interested in local administration. At the inquest the medical evidence showed that death had occurred six days previously from heart disease.


Coleraine Minister for France.

The session and committee of First Coleraine Presbyterian Church met specially at the close of the morning service on Sabbath, to consider a request from the Y.M.C.A. authorities that Rev. G. W. Rea, B.A., be granted another month's leave for work in France. On the motion of Mr. Hugh T. Barrie, M.P., D.L., seconded by Mr. Andrew Nevin, the meeting unanimously acceded to the request, and Mr. F. W. Crawford (clerk of session) was instructed to convey the decision to the Y.M.C.A. authorities.



Awards by Academic Council.

The following awards have been made by the Academic Council:--


Entrance -- 1, Alice M. Curran, Methodist College, Belfast; 2, Margaret D. Moorhead, Victoria College, Belfast; 3, Margaret M. M'Mackin, St. Dominic's High School, Belfast; 4, Samuel Andrews, Academical Institution, Banbridge, and Joseph T. Lewis, Campbell College, Belfast; 6, Hugh F. Henderson, Royal Academical Institution, Belfast; 7, Robert M. Hamilton, Foyle College, Londonderry; 8, Edward E. Burnside, Royal Academical Institution, Belfast; 9, Thomas Savage, St. Patrick's College, Armagh; 10, T. A. Sinclair, Royal Academical Institution, Belfast; 11, Johnston C. Ramsay, St. Andrew's College, Dublin; 12, William S. Gibson, Royal Academy, Belfast.


The names in this list are arranged in alphabetical order -- Lizzie Boyd, J. Campbell, J. Duff, Margaret B. Dunn, Nora Edwards, W. P. Kirkwood, Catherine Martin.


Porter Scholarship (Entrance) -- Margaret Moorhead, Victoria College, Belfast.

Porter Scholarship (Third Year) -- Mary Dorothea Heron.

Megaw Scholarship -- Samuel Andrews, Academical Institution, Banbridge.

Sullivan Scholarship (confined to Candidates from the Royal Academical Institution, Belfast) -- H. F. Henderson, in Mathematics; T. A. Sinclair, in Classics.

Emily Lady Pakenham Scholarship -- John M'Mulian, St. Malachy's College, Belfast.

Sir Hercules Pakenham Scholarship -- Eileen M. K. Maxwell, Methodist College, Belfast.

Reid-Harwood Scholarship -- Wm. G. M'Conkey, Mercantile College, Belfast.

The Hutton Prize -- W. P. Kirkwood.



Awards for Bravery.

The following awards hare been received by Ulstermen in recognition of their gallantry and devotion to duty in the field:--

Distinguished Service Order

Captain the Hon. Harold Alexander, M.C., Irish Guards, third son of the Countess of Caledon.

Lieutenant-Colonel Herbert T. Dobbin, Royal Warwickshire Regiment, second son of Lieut.-Colonel George M. Dobbin, Royal Artillery (retired), of Drummulla House, Omeath.

Major P. L. Kington-Blair-Oliphant, Royal Irish Rifles, Lisburn.

The Military Cross.

Lieutenant Trevor Moutray Bonnet, Royal Irish Rifles, son of Mr. James Bennet, University Road, Belfast.

Captain Samuel Brown, Royal Army Medical Corps, son of the late Mr. W. Brown, Boardmills, Co. Down.

Captain Eben S. B. Hamilton, M.B., Royal Army Medical Corps, Special Reserve, son of Rev. R. W. Hamilton, of Railway Street Presbyterian Church, Lisburn.

Second-Lieutenant David J. Murnane, Royal Engineers, Special Reserve, son of District-Inspector J. P. Murnane, Royal Irish Constabulary, formerly of Newtownards, and now of Trim.

Lieutenant W. F. Hogg, Royal Irish Rifles, 63, Anglesea Road, Ball's Bridge, Dublin, From Trinity O.T.C. he was originally gazetted to the Special Reserve of the Royal Irish Rifles, in March, 1915. He was promoted to his present rank last February, and some time afterwards went to the front from Dublin, and was attached to one of the local battalions.

We regret that by inadvertence Lieutenant Hogg's name was included in our list of casualties last week. We are glad to say he is in good health, and at present on service with his battalion in France.

Lieutenant David Harden Scott, Army Cyclist Corps, and Royal Flying Corps, eldest son of Mr. Matthew Scott, stationmaster at Ballynahinch (formerly of Bangor), Co. Down.

Second-Lieutenant Sidney E. Cowan, M.C., Royal Flying Corps, Special Reserve, who receives a bar to his Military Cross, is a son of Mr. P. C. Cowan, D.Sc., Chief Engineering Inspector of the Local Government Board for Ireland and a former surveyor for the County of Down.

Captain Charles Parker Watson, London Regiment, is a son of Mr. Archibald Watson, The Myrtles, Cliftonville, Belfast, secretary of the Falls Flax Spinning Co., Belfast.

Second-Lieutenant Thomas M'Crea, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, is a son of Rev. Thomas M'Crea, minister of Bellaghy Presbyterian Church, County Derry. Second-Lieutenant M'Crea was wounded last week.

Lieutenant Evelyn Francis Gardiner, Seaforth Highlanders, attached to the Machine Gun Corps, was the son of Mr. and Mrs. T. M. Gardiner, of Edinburgh, formerly of Dublin, and nephew of Major-General Gardiner and the Rev. F, S. Gardiner, M.A., Kingstown, County Dublin. He was born at Sutton, County Dublin; was twenty years of age, and was educated at Merchiston Castle School, Edinburgh. Lieutenant Gardiner has been missing for some time, and is believed to have been killed.

Investiture at Buckingham Palace

At the latest investiture in Buckingham Palace the King conferred decorations, the award of which has previously been notified, on the following officers amongst others --

D.S.O. for Captain J.D. M'Callum; Royal Irish Rifles, Belfast.

D.S.O. for Lieutenant-Colonel Ralph F. M. Fawsett, R.A.M.C., commanding a field ambulance of the Ulster Division,

Military Cross for Captain Rev. Joseph Wrafter, C.F., brother of Mrs. D. J. Murray, Collin Fort, Newcastle.

Roll of Honour

Captain A. M. Moore, Royal Irish Rifles, wounded, is the younger son of Dr. A. P. B. Moore, Ashley House, Albertbridge Rood, Belfast. Captain Moore, who is one of the youngest officers of his rank in the army, being only twenty-two years of age, was educated at Campbell College, and prior to the war was a company commander in the Mountpottinger Battalion, East Belfast Regiment, Ulster Volunteer Force. Captain Moore, who was previously wounded in November, 1915., was home on leave just a fortnight ago. His brother, Second-Lieutenant William Moore, is serving with the Royal Irish Fusiliers, Ulster Division.

Captain Sinclair Miller, M.C., Royal Army Medical Corps, wounded, is a son of Mr. James Miller, Cloughfin, Stewartstown, Co. Tyrone. This officer had a most distinguished career at Queen's University, and was the students' representative member of Senate in 1913-14. While on leave in December last he was married to Miss Norah Isabel Glendinning, youngest daughter of the Right. Honourable R. G. Glendinning, D.L., Belfast. He was awarded the Military Cross at the beginning of the present year, and was mentioned in despatches by Field-Marshal Viscount French.

Second-Lieutenant T. M'Crea, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, wounded, is a son of Rev. Thomas M'Crea, Presbyterian minister, Bellaghy, County Derry. He obtained his commission in the 12th (Reserve) Battalion in April, 1915.

Second-Lieutenant Harold K. May, Royal Berkshire Regiment, wounded in the shoulder, is the youngest son of Mr. George May, Scottish Provident Buildings, Belfast. He was educated at Coleraine Academical Institution, and before the war was in the service of Messrs. H. B. Brandon & Co., accountants, Scottish Provident Buildings.

It was announced at the Edinburgh Presbytery meeting that the Rev. John Pinkerton, of the Royal Scots, had been killed in action. He was formerly an assistant in St. Matthew's Church, Midlothian, had a remarkably distinguished university career, and just previous to his enlistment completed a revision of the text of the Syrian Bible, a work entrusted to him by the British and Foreign Bible Society.


Rev. Charles Davey, B.A., Fisherwick Presbyterian Church, Belfast, has received unofficial news that his son, William Davey, who is serving with the Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment), is missing. The news has come in a letter from a comrade who hails from Belfast.



The following particulars are specially prepared, for "The Witness" by Messrs. Rayner & Co., registered patent agents, of 5, Chancery Lane, London, who will give all assistance and advice quite free to any of our readers on all matters relating to patents and inventions, trade marks, or designs:-- 101,189. Hand-trucks; brakes. F. T. Murdock, 11, Hillsborough Street, Belfast. Hand-trucks of the railway platform type are braked, when not in use, by raising or dropping the handle from the propelling position, whereby the cranked forward axle, with which the handle is rigid, is turned in its bearings in the turnable to the lower truck at this end and cause the depending side members of the cross-bar to contact with the ground and take the weight off the front wheels. The cross-bar is fixed to and between the main side bars of the truck, and the pivot of the fore-carriage or turnable passes through it and the member. Full copies of the published specification can be obtained from Messrs. Rayner & Co. at the price of 1s.



Mr. John Boyd, who died at his residence, Dufferin Avenue, Bangor, County Down, on Sunday, at the advanced age of seventy-five years, was a native of Tartaraghan, County Armagh. He had been in the service of the Board of National Education for many years, and had commenced his career as a pupil teacher in the Newry Model School, and afterwards taught in the North Thomas Street School, Belfast. In 1871 he succeeded his namesake, the late Mr. John Boyd, clerk of Dungannon Union, as principal of the old school in William Street, Dungannon, where he taught with marked success for almost forty years. He retired from his teaching duties a few years ago, and owing to failing health went to reside in Bangor. He was a devoted adherent of the Presbyterian Church, and was an active member of the First Dungannon Presbyterian Church committee. In politics he was a lifelong Liberal of the old type, but he was opposed to Home Rule and always advocated the principles of Unionism.


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