The Witness - Friday, 6 April 1917


BROWN -- April 3, at Owen Varra, Donegall Park Avenue, to Mr. and Mrs. James Brown -- a daughter.


ADAMS -- March 31, at his residence, Drumagarner, John Adams.

ALLEN -- April 3, at her residence, Ardboley, Straid, Essie, wife of Thomas Allen.

BOYD -- March 30, at the Bangor Hospital, Margaret C. Boyd, aged 79 years.

CORSCADDEN -- April 3, at his residence, Jenningsville, Rossnowlagh, George R., M.D.

CRAIG -- April 1, David Craig, J.P., Camly M'Cullagh, Newtownhamilton.

CROCKETT -- March 12, at 160, West Seventy-Second Street, New York, Rev. Stuart Crockett, D.D., Ph.D., rector of Holyrood, New York, and eldest son of the late Joseph Crockett, Cloughfin, Tobermore, Co. Derry.

DOUGLAS -- April 2, at Bryansford (after a short illness), Nicholas Douglas, aged 64, dearly-beloved husband of Annie Douglas, and for 50 years gardener at Tullymore Park.

GILPIN -- March 30, at his residence, Clanrola, Portadown, Thomas Gilpin.

GRAHAM -- February 20 (suddenly, as the result of an accident), at General Hospital, Boston, U.S.A., Joseph Graham, sixth son of the late John H. Graham, 19, Orient Gardens, Cliftonville, and formerly employed at Messrs. Lindsay Bros., Donegall Place.

GWYNN -- April 2, at Ashbrook, Clontarf, Dublin, in his 90th year, the Rev. John Gwynn, D.D., D.C.L., Regius Professor of Divinity in the University of Dublin, and some time Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin.

HENRY -- March 31, at Maormar Lodge, Cultra, Robin, youngest son of Thomas W. and Margaret Henry.

HERON -- April 2 (suddenly), at his residence, Sunnybank, Armagh, Archibald George Heron.

JAMISON -- March 29, at his residence, Mount Oriel, Bangor, William H., husband of Agnus Jamison.

JOHNSTON -- April 1, at Rockfield, Stranorlar, Co. Donegal, John Style Johnston, in his 91st year.

MAGEE -- April 1, at his residence, 31, Eia Street (late of Holstone, Doagh, and Mourne Park, Kilkeel), John, the beloved husband of Ellen Magee.

MOORE -- April 1, at her residence, Reehill, Ellen, beloved wife of William Moore.

MURRAY -- April 2, at his residence, Rahanna, Ardee, Malcolm B. Murray, aged 73.

M'ADOREY -- March 30, at his residence, Liminary, Ballymena, William M'Adorey. (ex-Sergeant, R.I.C.), formerly of Queen Street, Belfast,

M'CLENAGHAN -- March 30, at her residence, Beech Lawn, Ballymartin, Templepatrick, Mary, relict of the late Thos. M'Clenaghan.

M'COMB -- March 31, at her late residence, Throne Cottage, Whitewell Road, Rachel, widow of the late John M'Comb, Ballyrobin, Dunadry.

M'CORMICK -- March 30, at Killyvolgan, James M'Cormick.

M'ILROY -- March 30, 1917, at her son's residence, The Manse, Hilltown, County Down, Eliza M'Ilroy, aged 73 years.

M'MASTER -- April 3, at his residence, The Old Castle, Salterstown, Hugh M'Master.

O'CONNOR -- March 31, at Ballycastle, John, son of the late George M. O'Connor, Esq., M.B., aged 64 years.

POLLY -- At her residence, Strangford, Jeannie, the beloved wife of [----?---]

RUDDOCK -- March 31, at his residence, Diviney, Portadown, Robinson, eldest and dearly-beloved son of the late Robert Ruddock.

SHAW -- March 29, at the house of his brother, 11, The Broadway, Woking, Surrey, Fred, youngest, and dearly-beloved son of Alan and Isobel Shaw, 31, Pacific Avenue, Belfast.

WILKINSON -- April 3, at her residence, Lurgill, Ballinderry, Annie, dearly-beloved wife of Thomas Wilkinson.



Miss Martin, (daughter of late Rev. James Martin, Belfast) left on March 31 to work in France in the Scottish Churches Huts.

Mr. Kingsley Wood, at a conference of the Faculty of Insurance, said 6,000,000 have already been paid in benefits to mothers.

A young man named Thomas M'Evoy, whilst working in a field at Drumcrow, near Killeshandra, turned up a silver coin bearing date 1575.

While the marriage rate in England in 1915 was the highest on record, the birth rate last year was 22 per 1,000, being the lowest on record.

Dundee magistrates have decided to offer the freedom of the city to Mr. Lloyd George, Mr. Asquith was the last recipient of the honour.

It is stated that the Cunard Line is planning to place orders in America for 144 passenger steamers, ranging from 8,000 to 17,000 tons, at a cost of 24,000,000.

While Michael Doyle, aged 12, was practising an Irish jig for a coming entertainment, at the Christian Brothers' Schools, Midleton, he collapsed and expired.

A further paper restriction order is to come into effect on May 1 by which it will be made illegal for newspaper or magazine owners to sell to the trade on sale or return.

At Monday's meeting of the London Flour Millers' Association the following prices were fixed -- G.R. flour, 60s to 61s, ex mill, according to quality; bran, 12 per ton; middlings, 13 15s.

The Rev. A. B. Boyd Carpenter, London, hon. chaplain to the King, and Mother of Bishop Boyd Carpenter, died suddenly on Sunday. His mother was a daughter of the late Mr. A. Boyd, Derry.

Mr. W. Fishbourne, a Ballynahinch merchant, who died recently, left in his will 100 to the funds of Third Ballynahinch Presbyterian Church, and 50 to the funds of the Spa Presbyterian Church.

Rev. W. J. M'Askie, B.A., Seskinore, Omagh, and Rev. N. Huston, B.A., Ballynahinch, have both returned from France, where they have been engaged in work among the troops during the winter months, in connection with the Y.M.C.A.

The King on Saturday bestowed on Mrs. Gather the V.C. won by her son, the late Lieutenant G. Shillington Cather, R.I.F., on July 1 at the battle of the Somme. He was a grandson of the late Mr. Thomas Shillington, Portadown.

The Viceroy of India has recently received a further contribution of 20,000 for war purposes from the Nepal Government. The Nepal Durbar has contributed two lakhs, and his Excellency the Prime Minister of Nepal one lakh of rupees from his private purse.

Mr. Austen Chamberlain presided at the House of Commons at a luncheon to the overseas Ministers at present in London. Sir Robert Borden and General Smuts were among the speakers, the latter prophesying victory and peace "earlier than many expect."

The magnificent West End Pier Pavilion at Morecambe was completely destroyed by fire on Saturday towards midnight. The damage is estimated at 30,000. Fortunately the promenade pier was saved. The structure was erected twenty-one years ago, and cost 60,000.

Demonstrations were held on Saturday at Kingway Hall, Queen's Hall, and the Albert Hall, London, at which speeches were delivered expressing admiration for the (Russian people's success in establishing democratic government, Viscount Bryce, Mr. Fisher, and Sir Alfred Mond were among the speakers.

The King has approved of a miniature replica of the Victoria Cross being worn on the riband in undress and service dress uniform by all recipients of the decoration. The award of a bar will be marked by a second miniature cross on the riband, an additional cross being added for each bar awarded.

Sir George Alexander, presiding at the annual meeting of the Actors' Association, said municipalities were short of labour, and he was told that musicians throughout the country were going to offer their services for the cleansing of the streets in their leisure hours in order to preserve the public health.

Dr. W. J. O'Sullivan, sanitary export, of Now York, declares that scientists are now taking culture from mummies buried four thousand years ago, and that they show the pathogenic germ in a state of hibernation. Under proper moisture and heat, adds Dr. O'Sullivan, the deadly germs quickly come to life.

In answer to Mr. Kilbride in Parliament, Mr. Duke said the department were fully aware of the value of barley as a food crop, and that certain districts in Ireland were particularly suitable for growing it. They advised farmers to grow it on good barley soils in preference to oats, except on land where oats give the best return.

The licensee of the Royal Oak Hotel, Bromley, Kent, who is also an owner of land, has posted on his premises the following notice:-- "Help to win the war and drink less beer, wines, and spirits. To take attention off the increased prices I will let plots of land for cultivation free of charge, and will plough the plots of widows and wives of soldiers on active service."

The Director-General of National Service is appealing for 10,000 women to come forward at once to train for work on the land. The number required includes 5,000 to be taught milking and dairy work, and 5,000 to train as general farm workers. As the production of food is of the highest national importance, the need for these women to come forward at once cannot be exaggerated.

The post of Superintendent, Statistics and Intelligence branch of the Department of Agriculture, vacant by the death of Mr. T. Butler, has been filled by the promotion of Mr. John Hooper, B.A., Senior Staff Officer, who has been 15 years in the service, and who as a student of the Royal University took high mathematical and science honours. Mr. Hooper is a son of the late Alderman Hooper, M.P., of Cork.

The revenue for the year ended on Saturday amounted to the huge total of 573,427,582, which is an increase of 71,152,582 on the estimate, and of 238,660,758 on the revenue of the preceding year, 1915-16. To this increase income tax contributed 76,713,000, and excess profits duty 139,780,000, the latter producing as much as 53,920,000 more than was estimated. The expenditure for the year amounted to 2,198 millions sterling, or about thirty-eight millions less than the latest estimate.

Mr. William Mills Forsyth, Pembroke Road, Dublin, manager for Ireland of the Norwich Union Life Assurance Company, and a member of the Pembroke Urban Council, has been appointed a Justice of the Peace for the County of Dublin, and will sit at Dundrum. Mr. Forsyth, who is a son of Mr. Robert Forsyth, Downshire Park, Carrickfergus, and a nephew of the late Mr. W. J. C. Mills, solicitor, Belfast, formerly resided in Belfast, and his numerous friends will be pleased to learn of the honour now conferred upon him.



During the last twelve years Mrs. M'Ilroy had been residing with her son, who is the much-respected minister of Hilltown Presbyterian Church. No visitor to the manse could fail to be struck by her simple venerable dignity and her genial hearty hospitality. She gained for herself a wide circle of attached friends by her gracious human kindness and transparent honesty and candour. With unaffected piety she gave herself much to the study of the Word of God, and her humble trust in her Saviour rendered the evening of her life radiant with hope. She was the mother of a large family, and she used to point out with a pardonable pride that two of her sons and five of her grandsons were serving their King and country in the present great war. She passed away after a brief illness on 30th March, and on 2nd April her remains were conveyed by motor hearse to Bangor for interment where her earlier home was. Several of her soldier sons were privileged to be present at the funeral. The services at the manse ware conducted by Rev. G. T. Cowper and Rev. M. M. Logan, and at the graveside the Revs. R. J. Morrell, T. J. Harrison, and W. S. Herron officiated, when touching references were made to the amiable character of the deceased, and expressions of sympathy were conveyed to Rev. J. M'Ilroy and his sisters and to all the other bereaved members of the family.



On Friday last the remains of Mrs. Montgomery, widow of the late Rev. Alexander Montgomery, who for thirty-five years was minister of First Magherafelt Presbyterian Church, were removed from her late residence, Eglantine Avenue, Belfast, for interment in the family burying-ground, Magherafelt. It is twenty-eight years since her husband died, during which period she and her daughters resided in Belfast. Mrs. Montgomery was a daughter of the late Mr. William Shannon, of Magherafelt, and her memory is still cherished in the congregation to which her family belonged for generations, and of which her husband was the highly esteemed minister. She leaves four sons and five daughters. Her eldest son is Dr. Edward Montgomery, J.P., formerly of Magherafelt, now in Canada. The second is in France doing "his bit" for his country. The third is in business in South Africa, and the youngest is a minister in the Presbyterian Church, U.S.A. The eldest daughter is wife of the Rev. George Gillespie, minister of First Magherafelt; and her second is matron of a military hospital at Southampton. Rev. Dr. J. Irwin, of Windsor, conducted a service at her late residence, and he and Rev, George Gillespie officiated at the graveside. On Sabbath last the Rev. W. Reid, of Moneymore, occupied the pulpit in First Magherafelt Church, and before the end of the service made sympathetic reference to the life and worth of the deceased lady, who had been so long and so intimately connected with the congregation.



The congregation of Bellville has sustained a severe loss in the death of Mr. Thomas Adamson, which took place at his home on the 31st ult. Mr. Adamson was an elder in the church, having been elected to the office about twenty years ago, and though for a very considerable time he had been in delicate and failing health, and seldom able to attend the services, he continued to the last to take a very warm interest in everything that pertained to the congregation's welfare. He was naturally of a bright and encouraging disposition, and he imparted encouragement always to those who enjoyed his fellowship. His word was ever hopeful, as he himself, saw the hopeful side. His remains were laid to rest on the 2nd inst. in the burying-place adjoining the church, and the large number of people at the funeral testified to the respect and esteem in which the deceased was held by all classes Of the community. The chief mourners were -- Mr. Richard S. Adamson (son), Mr. W. H. Adamson (nephew), Mr. George M'Kinney (uncle), Mr. W. J. M'Kinney, Mr. Samuel Metcalf, Mr. Richard Metcalf, and Mr. Edward Metcalf (brothers-in-law). Services were conducted in the house and in the church by the Rev. James Whiteside, B.A. (pastor loci). Mr. Adamson leaves a widow, two sons, one of whom is in the United States, and two daughters, and the deepest sympathy is felt with them in their bereavement.



The death occurred at Ashtown, Clontarf, County Dublin, on Tuesday, of Rev. Dr. John Gwynn, the Regius Professor of Divinity in Dublin University. Deceased was born in Larne in 1827, and was one of the most distinguished scholars connected with the University in recent years. He had a brilliant scholastic career, and became D.D. in 1880. In 1892 he was honoured with the degree of D.C.L. by Oxford University. The late Dr. Gwynn was appointed assistant to the Regius Professor of Greek in Dublin University in 1853, and in the following year assistant to Archbishop King's Divinity Lecturer. He was warden of St. Columba's College from 1856 to 1864. Deceased was rector of Tullyaughnish from 1863 to 1882. From 1873 to 1882 he was dean of Raphoe, and subsequently dean of Derry and rector of Templemore. He then became Archbishop King's Divinity Lecturer in 1883. He was appointed Regius Professor of Divinity, Dublin University, in 1888.


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The Witness - Friday, 13 April 1917


LOWE -- April 8, 1917, to W. H. Lowe, M.B., and Mrs. Lowe, 58, Amiens Street, Dublin -- a son.


GRAHAM--BROWN -- April 4, 1917, at Drumbo Presbyterian Church, by the Rev. Joseph Cordner, B.D., assisted by the Rev. J. Mitchell, B.A., Anahilt, Alex. Graham, B.A., Greenbank, Carr, Lisburn, third son of the late Robert Graham, Carnlea, Ballymena, to Cassie, second daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Brown, Ballyaughlis, Lisburn.

KIRKPATRICK--ARNOLD -- April, 5, at the First Presbyterian Church, Omagh, by the Rev H. Waterworth, M.A., assisted by the Revs. A. Macafee, B.A., and H. W. Morrow, M.A., Rev. William Speers Kirkpatrick, B.A., second son of the late Hugh Kirkpatrick, Esq., Whiteabbey, to Constance Mabel, third daughter of the late Rev. William Arnold, M.A., Enniscorthy.

SMYTH--COOKE -- April 9, at Fitzroy Avenue Presbyterian Church, Belfast, by the Rev. Wm. Colquhoun, B.A., William, third son of the late Rev. James Smyth, Crossgar, and Mrs. Smyth, 111, University Street, Belfast, to May, elder daughter of Mr. and Mrs. W. D. Cooke, 14, Albert Road, Brighton.


ALLEN -- April 2, 1917, at Ravenswood, Northwood, Middlesex, Marion Elizabeth Allen, widow of the late Robert Henry Allen, and eldest daughter of the Rev. Robert Workman, D.D., of Newtownbreda, Belfast.

ANDERSON -- April 10, at his residence, Strandbrook, Dundela Avenue, William James Anderson (late Secretary, D. Anderson & Son, Ltd.).

BINGHAM -- April 11, at his residence, 5, Ashville, Skegoniel Avenue, Belfast, Edward Nathaniel, second son of the late Edward Bingham.

CLEMENTS -- April 6, at her brother's residence, 121, Tate's Avenue, Maria, the dearly-beloved wife of Captain R. L. Clements, of 67, Dufferin Avenue, Bangor.

COLEMAN -- April 5, at his residence, Bruslee, Ballyclare, Samuel Coleman, senior, in his 81st year.

COMPTON -- April 5, at her residence, Umgola, Armagh, Lizzie, the beloved wife of John Compton.

CONLY -- April 4, at her husband's residence, Station House, Limavady, Minnie, the dearly-beloved wife of William Conly.

DALZELL -- March 27, at his sister's residence, Salem Cottage, Lessize, Rathfriland, Samuel Dalzell, aged 73 years.

FERRIS -- April 11, at his residence, Drumillar, Dromore, John Ferris, tenderly-beloved husband of Mary Ferris.

GILMOUR -- April 6, at 1, High Street, Holywood, Annie, beloved wife of James Alex. Gilmour, 5-7, Clarence Street, Belfast.

GREER -- April 10 (suddenly), at Lough Head, Islandmagee, Abigail, dearly-loved wife of Wm. D. Greer, 5, Duncairn Gardens, Belfast.

HOLMES -- April 5, at her residence, Newstone, Portadown, Jemima Maria Hesilrige, widow of the late Gordon Holmes, Dollon House, Castlebellingham.

HUGHES -- April 4, at his residence, Glastry, John Hughes.

HUNTER -- April 6, at her husband's residence, Cullyhagan, Lislea, Rebecca, dearly-beloved wife of John C. Hunter, Esq.

JOHNSTON -- April 9, at her late residence, 69, Southport Street, Belfast, Annie, the dearly-beloved wife of William Johnston.

KIELTY -- April 5, at her brother's residence, Lisnataylor, Killead, Catherine, relict of the late Wm. Kielty, Belfast.

MERCER -- April 6, at her father's residence, 53, Sunnyside Street, Ballynafeigh, Mary youngest daughter of Robert Mercer, formerly of Lurgan.

M'ALLISTER -- April 8, 1917, at the residence of her son-in-law, James Haslett, Minella Villas, Ormiston Park, Belfast, Mary, relict of the late Alexander M'Allister, Carrickfergus.

M'INTYRE -- April 9 (suddenly) at No 7, Landscape Terrace, Crumlin Road, Belfast, Elizabeth, youngest daughter of the late David M'Intyre, Berrysfort, Castlederg, Co. Tyrone.

M'PHERSON -- April 5, at 43, Brougham Street, Belfast, Nancy Hunter M'Pherson (late of Portstewart).

RIGGS -- February 28, at Forest Hills, Long Island, U.S., William Riggs, eldest son of the late James Ledlie Riggs, M.D., of Armagh.

TURTLE -- April 11 (suddenly), at Newcastle, Co. Down, Herbert Samuel Turtle, youngest son of late Wm. John Turtle, Mullavilla House, Tandragee.

WILLS -- April 11, at his residence, Mountpottinger, George Edward, elder son of the late George Clarke Wills, Holywood.

WRIGHT -- April 4, at the. residence of her son-in-law, W. C. Brown, Caledon, Cathrine, widow of John Wright, of Tullyrimmond, Dyan, Caledon, aged 96 years.

In Memoriam

JOHNSTON -- In fond memory of John King Johnston, Coroinchigo Cottage, Smithboro', who departed this life on Easter Monday, the 8th of April, 1912. Ever remembered by his loving Wife and Family.


MRS. HENDERSON and FAMILY thank the many kind Friends who sympathised with them in their recent sad bereavement, also those who, kindly sent floral tributes. Forthill, Bangor, April, 1917.




Rev. J. C. G. Ball, minister of Ardglass Presbyterian Church, as an Army chaplain has officiated during the past year in Egypt and Macedonia. He has forwarded to Ardglass a long letter, which Rev. S. Hawthorne read to the congregation.

In the course of his letter Mr. Ball states -- My first war experience was hospital work. In Alexandria I saw men from Mesopotamia, broken and maimed, or with the vitality drained out of them by the cruelties of climate -- black and white, side by side. Let me take my first day in the hospital as typical. Going through the wards, I was called by a British West Indian to write home to tell his people that he was very ill. I had a talk with him, and found him trusting quietly in Christ. Next time I visited the ward he was dead. Some weeks later I had a letter from his home in New Providence. The English of the letter was very bad, but I treasure it as the voice of one in a far land, grateful for a little bit of service rendered to a mother's son, who had come far across the seas to die for Britain. That same day I had to visit the cemetery. A Church of England padre who had died of dysentery was being buried. The tears stood in my eyes as I pictured an English home left desolate. The soldiers, as they stood by the grave, sang, "For ever with the Lord." A nurse took a snap of the graveside scene, to send to his widow. The "Last Post" sounded, the burial party returned to camp. I remained to stroll round the cemetery. I was deeply moved to see the rows and rows of little white crosses which marked the graves of the brave men who had received their death wounds on the Peninsula on that fateful and awful August of 1915. Many of the crosses had the single word, "Unknown." There had been no clue, no identification disc, nothing to tell who this man was that lay underneath. Again the home picture came to me -- a mother, a wife, a sister, a sweetheart, waiting for the news that never comes. "Missing, now believed killed," is the curt communication of the War Office.


Crosses here and there bearing the names of brave and noble sisters proclaim that not to the men alone belongs the honour of laying down their lives for their country. What Britain owes to her womankind, and especially to her nurses, can never be reckoned up. With her gentleness, patience, hope, brightness, the devoted sister has pulled many a man out of the jaws of death. And I have always found that the men in hospital do everything they possibly can towards lightening the sisters' work. They make the beds, clean the wards, and help in a hundred thoughtful ways. But the wounds on a man's body are often less difficult to deal with than the wounds on a man's soul. The East is a place of brazen, unashamed vice. The Egyptian cities are cesspools of abomination. The evil is one of enormous magnitude, which the Army authorities, medical-officers, chaplains, and Y.M.C.A. workers, and the best of the men themselves are striving, and not without success, to combat. From working in a base hospital at Alexandria I was sent to join a field ambulance in Macedonia. A field ambulance follows the troops Wherever they go, and is pitched close up to the battle front. I was posted to an Irish brigade. The work was very different from hospital work at the base. Here I was among men who were truly "at the front." My first place of encampment was hard by Salonica. Egypt spoke to me of Moses and the Pharaohs; Salonica spoke to me of Paul and Silas. What cruel hillsides these are for a full-packed soldier to climb! But romance comes at eventide; the blazing sun hides itself; the flies cease for a time to trouble.


Soon I was introduced to actual warfare. Knowing of an arranged attack, the advance dressing section of our ambulance moved out just before dawn to get into position. Two biscuits made my breakfast that morning. As we went along, our artillery fire opened. The bombardment was terrific. Big guns boomed, shells screamed. The soldiers talk about "giving the enemy hell." It is the only word to describe it. Presently the Bulgars began to reply, and came our way. At first I felt dazed. Then, I heard a doctor calling to me, "Take cover; a dead padre or a wounded one is of no service to us." Stretcher-bearers began to pour in with the human debris of the battle -- British wounded, Bulgar wounded, friendly now in their helplessness. Oh, the utter, savage, naked horror of it! That little first-aid post where they passed through will live in my memory for ever. In three days our artillery fired 50,000 shells. When the firing was fiercest, the Rev. Mr. S---------, an Irish Wesleyan chaplain, my best friend among the chaplains here, and myself, were coming back across the plain, and we saw lying under some trees the dead body of a brother chaplain. He had been caught by a shell as he passed over the ground which Mr. S------- and I had just traversed. In his pocket was a letter newly written to his wife. I had been talking to him two days before. We had been arranging how best to get our work done. Alas! how soon his work was done. And now he sleeps his long last sleep, far from England, in a little cemetery in a Greek village. Next day Mr. S-------- and I went put to the front line trenches. Just across were piles of Bulgar dead. In the midst of all the horrors one sees many; distracting and even amusing incidents. While the fight was at its hottest one of our airmen swooped down, and looped the loop over the heads of the combatants. Just for the fun, as it seemed. It was said, but I do not vouch for the truth of it, that he turned his machine-gun on the Bulgars. At another time I almost laughed outright, although the wounded were lying thick about, as I heard one of our men trying to show kindness to a Bulgar prisoner. He was Scotch of the Scotch this Tommy. Seeking to make Johnnie Bulgar feel at home in his new surroundings, I heard Scottie say to him, "Gang and sit doon ower there." The Bulgar looked perplexed. I am not sure that he did not mistake the kindness for a malediction. One is thankful to hear that our prisoners are treated kindly by the Bulgars.


The chaplain finds many things to do when a strafe is on. The wounded want drinks and smokes. It is wonderful how a wounded man craves a cigarette. One of the doctors and I going out one night met a major of one of the Irish battalions being borne in on a stretcher. We asked could we do anything to make him more comfortable. No; all he wanted was a cigarette. A few hours later he was dead. Then, there are letters to be written home. One man with gunshot wounds on hand and knee was most anxious that I should write for him to congratulate his sister and her husband; they were to be married the day. before he was wounded. Another man, speaking of the fight, said it was like Belfast on a Saturday night. Asked what that was like, he said, "Oh, a bit of a rough house." At times we bury each other's dead. I have conducted a funeral service over a Roman Catholic, and the Roman Catholic padre has conducted service over Protestant dead. The dead sleep none the less soundly because of the interchange of padres. Once the R.C. chaplain and I found ourselves having funeral services at the same time. Our dead were being buried in graves end to end. The burial party ranged themselves round. The R.C. padre stood, with head bared as I conducted the service after the Presbyterian form. Then, he had his service, and I and my men stood with bowed heads. Suddenly, in the unknown language of his service there burst in accents of triumph the great.words, "I am the resurrection and the Life, saith the Lord. He that believeth in Me, though he were dead yet shall he Live." Round the risen Christ we could clasp hands.



The cold winter of 1340 gave us the blanket. So, at least, says tradition which ascribes its invention to Thomas Blanket, a Flemish merchant, who settled in Bristol, and fell from affluence to want. He and his wife, suffering from the intense cold by reason of scanty bedding and lack of fuel, he searched for something to put on the bed to increase the warmth, and hit on a piece of rough, unfinished cloth that had been thrown to waste. Its success as a warmth giver suggested the manufacture of special bed covers from the same material, and these articles, to which he gave his own name, won the worthy Blanket wealth and immortality.


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The Witness - Friday, 20 April 1917


ANDREWS--RUNCIMAN -- April 11, at St. Bride's Church of Scotland, Edinburgh, by the Very Rev. J. C. Russell, D.D., Campbeltown, assisted by the Rev. George Bell, Mus.D., St. Kenneth's Parish Church, Glasgow, and the Rev. James F. Leishman, M.A., Linton (cousin of the bride), the Rev. W. George Andrews, B.A., minister of St. Bride's Church, son of the late Mr. Joseph Andrews, Banbridge, and Elsie Anderson Runciman, daughter of the late Rev. D. W. Runciman, M.A., of Leslie, Fife, and Auckland, New Zealand, and Mrs. Runciman, 10, Western Terrace, Edinburgh.

HALL--CONN -- April 12, 1917, at First Presbyterian Church, Armagh, by Rev. J. S. MacMillan, Tartaraghan, Jackson, son of the late John and Mrs. Hall, Derrycorr, Annaghmore, to Anna Eliza (Annie), eldest daughter of Thomas and Mrs. Conn, Cloncarrish Birches, Portadown.

MORRISON--FLYNN -- March 29, 1917, at St. Mary's, Donnybrook, by the Rev. R. A. Orchard, M.A., assisted by the Rev. Vernon Kyrke, B.A., J. A. Morrison,. B.E., Second-Lieutenant Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, son of the late John Morrison, Edgeworthstown, to Gladys, youngest daughter of James Neville Flynn, "Roscommon," Ailesbury Park, Dublin.


MILLER -- April 13, 1917, at Woodburn, Ballymena, Captain Robert Miller. Interred in the New Cemetery, Ballymena.

SLOAN -- April 19, 1917, at the Manse, Buckna, Broughshane, Alexander Sloan, B.A. Funeral to-morrow (Saturday), 21st inst., at one o'clock, to Buckna Burying-ground.

ALLEN -- April 13, at the Fever Hospital, Larne, Emily, youngest and dearly-beloved daughter of James and Emily Allen, Thorn Lodge, Greenisland.

BAILLIE -- April ,17, at Ballycastle, Jane, wife of John Baillie, Stationmaster, aged 62 years.

BAYLEY -- April 14, at her residence, 120, Main Street, Bangor, Co. Down, Charlotte, a daughter of the late Abraham Bayley, Moneygrath, Co. Carlow.

BEATTY -- April 14, at his residence, Asylum Road, Downpatrick, Matthew Beatty, in his 77th year.

CHALMERS -- April 15 (suddenly), at his residence, Main Street, Portrush, William, beloved husband of Annie Chalmers.

DUNLOP -- March 19, at Richland, Manitoba, Canada, John Potts Dunlop, sixth son of the late Rev. Samuel Dunlop, Hill Hall, Co. Down, and Derriaghy Cottage, Dunmurry.

FENTON -- April 14, at her residence, Crumlin, Amelia, the dearly-beloved wife of Arthur Fenton.

FERRIS -- April 11, at his residence Drumillar, Dromore, John Ferris, tenderly-beloved husband of Mary Ferris.

FRIZELLE -- April 15, 1917 at his father's residence, Crew, Dungannon, William M., second son James Frizelle.

GREEN -- April 16, Robert Green, Blaris, Lisburn.

GREEVES -- April 11, at his residence, Lismachan, Strandtown, John Greeves, aged 85 years.

HARSHAW -- March 16, 1917, at his residence, Webster Avenue, New York, James, last surviving son of the late Andrew Harshaw, Ballinafern, Banbridge, Co. Down, and brother of Mrs. Lyons Waddell, 12, Orient Gardens, Belfast.

HARVEY -- April 14, at his residence, Annaglianoon, Waringstown, William, dearly-beloved husband of Jane Harvey.

IRWIN -- April 16, at her late residence, Bertha Row, Craigavad, Elizabeth, the dearly-beloved wife of George Irwin, jun.

JOHNSTON -- April 16, at her residence, 33, Edenderry, Shaw's Bridge, Mary Claney, widow of the late William Johnston, and youngest daughter of the late Andrew Claney, Purdysburn.

JOHNSTON -- April 14, at his residence, Rosemount, Killeshil, James Johnston.

LANCASHIRE -- April 15, at Ballymena, Kathleen, third daughter of Huston Lancashire, Ballymena.

LOGAN -- April 12, at his residence, 23, Market Place, Lisburn, Paul Logan, painter and decorator.

M'CAVANA -- April 11, Minnie, daughter of the late Hugh M'Cavana, Antrim.

M'KEE -- April 11, at Eastwood, Rathgael, Robert (Bob), eldest and dearly-beloved son of Robert and Anna Jane M'Kee.

M'KEE -- April 15, at his residence, Ballyknockan, John M'Kee.

M'KELVEY -- April 17, at Woodside, Carrowdore, Annie, the beloved and second daughter of Robert J. and Isabella M'Kelvey.

REA -- April 15 (suddenly), at her father's residence, 1, Eagle, Terrace, Low Road, Lisburn, Anna Annie, second daughter of Samuel and the late Mary Jane Rea.

STEVENSON -- April 17, at his residence, Campmar, Newtownards, John Stevenson, J.P.

STIRLING -- April 5, at his residence, 47, Moray Avenue, Scotstoun, Glasgow, Robert, son of the late Samuel Stirling, Dunadry.

TURTLE -- April 11 (suddenly), at Newcastle, Co. Down, Herbert Samuel Turtle, youngest son of the late Wm. John Turtle, Mullavilla House, Tandragee.

WETHERALL -- April 12, at the residence of her son-in-law, Henry Dunbar, Wellington Street, Lurgan, Ann Jane, widow of the late William John Wetherall.

WILEY -- April 17, at her residence, Acton Cottage, Poyntzpass, Mary, widow of the late John Wiley, and elder daughter of the late Andrew Pollock, Merchant, Newry.

In Memoriam

WARWICK -- In fond and loving memory of our dear mother, Hessie Warwick, who fell asleep in Jesus on the 15th day of April, 1908.
"At the river's crystal brink,
Christ shall join each broken link."
Inserted by her Husband and Family.



Prince Schaumburg Lippe, a brother-in-law of the Kaiser, has been wounded in the hip.

North of Ireland restauranters, in compliance with the Meals Order, are reported to have decided to fix a flat rate of 1s 3d for luncheons.

The death has taken place at Drimhillock, County Sligo, of John Doherty, who had attained the age of 100. He was a fluent Irish speaker.

Four hundred and ninety-eight emigrants (165 males and 333 females) left Ireland during the three completed months of 1917, as against a total of 1,173 in the corresponding period of 1916.

Mrs. Bridget Baxter, Meenamullen, Tyrone, has died at 110 years. Two sons are drawing the old age pension. She did her marketing until a year ago, when she met with an accident.

The steamship Rostrevor, owned by Joseph Fisher & Son, Newry, encountered a northeasterly gale and sank in the Irish Sea. The crew got off in boats, and were rescued by a passing steamer.

A disastrous explosion has occurred in a munition factory at Chester, Pennsylvania, as a result of which over 100 lives were lost. The explosion is supposed to be the work of German plotters.

The Cotton Spinners' and Manufacturers' Association have refused an application for an advance in wages of 20 per cent, to 200,000 operatives engaged in the manufacturing section of the trade.

Field Marshal Lord French, at Hull, opening a new hospital provided by the local voluntary aid association, spoke of woman's work as one of the most brilliant chapters in the history of the war.

At Ballyclare monthly fair a fat bull, which scaled 17cwt. 211b., was purchased at 3 13s per cwt., live-weight, making the record price of 62. The animal was only two years old, and was bred by a local farmer.

A settlement has been effected between the railway executive and the railway unions with respect to a war bonus. The basis of a settlement is an advance of 5s a week, employees under eighteen to receive 2s 6d a week.

Following a memorial mass for those executed in connection with the Irish rebellion, rioting took place in Cork on Sabbath. A policeman was thrown to the ground and beaten. The crowd were subsequently dispersed.

On Monday the price of bread in Belfast was increased by a halfpenny for the 4lb. loaf, making the cost of the 2lb. loaf 5¾d. The retail price of flour was advanced, and the sale of all halfpenny bakery goods was discontinued.

The M.C. has been awarded to Second-Lieutenant R. L. Thompson, R.I.R., grandson of Right Hon. R. Thompson, D.L., M.P., Belfast, and to Lieutenant A. W. Duncan, son of Mr. A. Duncan, Kells, Ballymena. Lieutenant Duncan has just been reported missing, believed killed.

Mr. Joseph Tatlow, late manager Midland Great Western Railway, has been appointed by the Board of Works to report on the condition of the Burtouport Railway, and as to its working, maintenance, and development. The railway is of great importance in developing the resources of Donegal.

Mr. Duke, in reply to Dr. Lynch in Parliament, said he saw no reason to suppose that a general amnesty of Irish political prisoners would improve the relations between the two countries, and it was a matter of opinion if their detention did not run counter to all the objects hoped for by the Government.

Mr. Ramsay Macdonald attended a conference at Glasgow to protest against industrial conscription. Outside the hall there were exciting scenes, a crowd of about 2,000 endeavouring to rush the doors. They were well guarded from within, however, and a large force of police eventually dispersed the crowd.

The General Council of Irish County Councils, at its annual meeting in Dublin, adopted a resolution recording the conviction that any proposal for the settlement of the question of Irish self-government involving the exclusion of any portion of Ireland would only intensify the grave dissatisfaction existing in the country.

We regret to record the death of Mr. John Stevenson, J.P., which took place at his residence, Campmar, Newtownards. Mr. Stevenson commenced his business career in Newtownards nearly half a century ago, and for the last forty years occupied a prominent position in the business and social life of the community.

As a result of the intervention of Mr. G. H. Roberts, M.P., of the Board of Trade, the Great Southern and Western Railway of Ireland have agreed to pay their clerks and stationmasters the full war bonus as and from when it was granted in December last. The payment will be entered on the next pay vouchers.

The death has occurred of the Rev. Canon W. H. Davis, M.A., rector of St. Jude's Church, Ballynafeigh For thirty-one years he was connected with this parish, and was greatly beloved by his people. He took an active part in the various organisations of the Diocese, and was associated with the work of the mission hall in College Square North for the adult deaf and dumb.

Archdeacon Daunt, M.A., Queenstown, presiding at a Protestant missionary meeting in Dublin, said half of the 518 Catholic chaplains at the front are not needed if one looked at the proportion of numbers of men there. "When our young men come home," he said, "they will be tinged with the teachings about Confession and those kind of things."

The world's total crop of the five cereals last year was very bad as compared with 1915, the aggregate yield being one-fifth less, and one-eighth below the average, according to the International Institute of Agriculture. In wheat the Northern hemisphere shows a loss of 6,300,000 tons, to meet which the Southern hemisphere supplies only 5,000,000 tons; rye is down 1,100,000 tons; barley, 800,000; oats up by 3,000,000; maize down by 5,200,000, making a general total deficiency of 2,600,000 tons, to which must be added the average net imports from tropical countries.

The Court of Inquiry into the Carlingford Lough disaster in November last, when ninety-four lives were lost through the collision of the steamers Retriever and Connemara, have decided that the collision was primarily due to the Retriever not complying with Article 23 of the Regulations for the Prevention of Collisions at Sea, but added that owing to the severe weather and tide conditions she was not able to do so. The Court recorded its strong disapprobation of the conduct of the coast watchers, and commented on the want of co-operation between lighthouse, Coastguard, and lifeboat with respect to life-saving.



The death of Mr. Thomas Ingram, of Waimate, New Zealand, an extensive farmer, son of the late Mr. Thomas Ingram, Ballyloughan, Comber, is just announced. We take the following from the "Waimate Times":--

An old and much-respected resident of Waimate has just passed away at his residence, Richmond, Pukeuri, at the age of 63 years. Mr. Ingram came to New Zealand from Comber, Co. Down, Ireland, in 1879, landing with his wife (nee Miss Sarah Cairns, Cherryvalley) at Lyttelton, and almost immediately came to reside in Waimate. He was for some years in partnership in the timber business with Mr. S. J. Adams, later disposing of his interests to the late Mr. Hoyes, of Centerwood, for whom he acted as manager for number of years. Mr. Ingram took a keen interest in educational matters, and was for a long term on the Waimate School Committee. He was a most useful and active member of Knox Presbyterian Church, of which he was a ruling elder, and served on the Manager's Court. After a residence of thirteen years in Waimate, he took to farming in Pukeuri district, where he resided up till the time of his death. He leaves a wife and two daughters and two sons to mourn the loss of an affectionate and devoted husband and father. One of his sons is now serving his King and country in France. Mrs. Ingram was sister to the late Rev. Thomas Cairns, M.A., ex-Moderator of the Presbyterian Church, New Zealand, and of Rev. John Cairns, B A., late minister of Ballina Presbyterian Church. Miss Jane Ingram, sister of deceased, still at Ballyloughan, Comber, and has the fullest sympathy of the residents there, by whom she is greatly beloved for generosity and kindly acts.



A pretty wedding was celebrated at Malone Presbyterian Church on Saturday, when Second-Lieutenant Richard J. Wagner, Royal Irish Rifles, fourth son of the late Mr. Wm. Wagner, Belfast, married to Miss May Clarke, Elmsthorpe, Bangor, daughter of the late Mr. S. G. B. Clarke, B.A., Ballykeel House, Dromore, County Down. The officiating clergyman was Rev. R. J. Morrell, Bangor, who was assisted by Rev. James Haire, M.A., B.D., Belfast. The bride was given away by her brother, Mr. R. E. L. Clarke, B.A., B.E. M.Inst.C.E. (recently invalided out of the Royal Army Medical Corps in consequence of wounds received in France). The bridesmaid being her sister, Miss Irene Clarke. The bridegroom was supported by Mr. John S. H. Mansfield, of Ballyholme. The happy couple afterwards left on a honeymoon tour in the North of Ireland.



Two More Members Make the Supreme Sacrifice

The monthly meeting of the governing body of the C.P.A. was held on Friday evening. In the unavoidable absence of the president (Mr. John Sinclair), the chair was occupied by Mr. R. W. M'Dowell, vice-President. The deaths of two Roll of Honour members of the association were announced -- Second-Lieutenant J. K. Pirret and Private W. Gordon Paisley, both of whom were recently killed in action on the Western front. The C.P.A. members who have made the supreme sacrifice, now number twenty, and well over 200 are "doing their bit" with his Majesty's forces on land and sea. Sympathy was expressed with the relatives recently bereaved, and also with Mr. T. Porter, a member of the governing body, whose brother had recently died. Business in the interests of the various departments of the association's work was transacted.



It is with sincere regret that we record the death of the Rev. Thomas Madill, LL.D., of Garvagh Presbyterian Church, which took place at the Manse on Monday. The deceased, who was held in the highest esteem in the district where he laboured with such assiduity and with such successful results for so lengthened a period, was greatly respected by his brethren in the ministry. He received his early classical training from Rev. Dr. J. D. Crawford, at that time minister of First Drum congregation. He entered Queen's College, Galway, in 1858, where in each year of his course he held a scholarship in classics, and graduated in 1861 with honours in logic, metaphysics, and political economy. After a theological course in Assembly's College, Belfast, he was licensed by the Presbytery of Cavan on 10th May, 1865, and on 21st February following was ordained in First Garvagh in succession to Rev. T. Davidson, who died after a brief ministry of less than five years. Having entered on the study of law he graduated LL.B. in 1878, and in the following year became LL.D. In 1889 he was Moderator of the Synod of Ballymena and Coleraine. During his long ministry the church edifice underwent a series of repairs, in 1873 and again in 1887. Dr. Madill enjoyed good health until last year, up till when he had only been laid aside twice by sickness, and that for brief periods. Under his ministry the congregation greatly increased its offerings, though its numbers have been much reduced. Deceased married a daughter of the late Rev. James Millar, predecessor of Rev. T. Davidson, and all their family have won distinctions in the scholastic world, one of his sons being parish minister of Elgin. Rev. D. G. Millar, Derry, and Mr. W. J. Millar, County Inspector R.I.C., Tyrone, are brothers-in-law. The funeral took place yesterday, and the large attendance testified to the great popularity of the deceased. The remains were interred in First Garvagh Burying-ground.


The death has occurred of Mr. Frank Bushfield Robertson, of Sprucefield, Lisburn. Deceased, who was sixty-five years of age, was widely known in agricultural and stock raising circles, and was a frequent exhibitor and adjudicator at Ulster shows.


Rev. Richard Hall, B.D., for the Front

Rev. Richard Hall, B.D., the popular young minister of Clough (County Antrim) Presbyterian Church, who has volunteered and been accepted as a chaplain at the front, delivered his farewell address to the congregation on Sabbath, 8th inst. (in uniform), prior to taking up his military duties. Subsequently the session and committee of the church met, and the following resolution was unanimously passed-- "The session and committee of this church, having heard from Rev. Mr. Hall that he is about to go out to the seat of war as a chaplain, hereby express our regret at the temporary separation of Mr. Hall from his congregation; and we undertake to do all we can to carry on the usual and necessary work of the church during his absence; and we earnestly pray that God may bless his work among our soldiers, and grant him a safe return to his people." Rev. Mr. Hall has, we understand, been gazetted to Salonica.


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The Witness - Friday, 27 April 1917


GLENN -- April 19, 1917, at the residence of her brother-in-law, Mr. James M'Donald, Duke Street, Waterside, Londonderry, Mary, eldest daughter of the late James Glenn, surveyor, Bond's Hill, and widow of David Glenn, Kilfennan, Waterside. Funeral private.

HOOKE -- April 21, at the residence of her son-in-law (W. J. Tweedie), Tormore, Margaret J. Hooke, relict of the late James Hooke, Creggans, Whitecross, Co. Armagh, in her 85th year. Interred in Kingsmills on the 23rd inst. The funeral was private.

M'CANCE -- April 21, at 14, English Street, Armagh (suddenly), of peritonitis, Richard John (Dick), second and dearly-loved son of Hugh and Harriet M'Cance. Interred in Second Dromara Burying-ground, April 23.

M'COUBREY -- April 20, at Shamrock Bank, Knockbreda Road, Elizabeth, beloved wife of William M'Coubrey. Interred on the 24th in Knockbracken Burying-ground.

M'KINNEY -- April 25 (suddenly), at his residence, Sentry Hill, Carnmoney, William Fee M'Kinney, aged 84 years. His remains will be removed for interment in Carnmoney Burying-ground on to-morrow (Saturday), 28th inst., at 11 o'clock, a.m. JOHN T. M'KINNEY.

M'KINNEY -- April 25, 1917 (suddenly), at her residence, "Gortlands," Gilnahirk, Knock, Sarah Jane, widow of the late Joseph M'Kinney, Maghera, Co. Derry. Funeral private.

ROBSON -- April 22, at his residence, 3, The Gables, Cliftonville, Belfast, Charles Anderson Robson, formerly of Eary, Stewartstown. Interred in Brigh Churchyard, 24th April.

STUART -- At his father's residence, 66, Dufferin Avenue, Bangor, Elliott, elder and dearly-beloved son of Joseph Crawford Stuart. Interred in Bangor New Cemetery, on Thursday afternoon.

BODEL -- April 21, at her late residence, Ballygigan, Killinchy, Martha, relict of the late William Bodel.

DAVISON -- April 21, at her residence, Farm Hill, Castledawson, Martha, the dearly-loved wife of William Davison.

EDGAR -- April 22, at his residence, Claremont, Newcastle, County Down, Alexander Edgar (many years manager for Edmund Beatty, Newcastle), eldest son of David Edgar, Leitrim.

FLEMING -- April 24, 1917, at his residence, Woodburn, Aughansillagh, Limavady, William Fleming, J.P.

FLEMING -- April 18, at his residence, Derrycorry, Moy, Andrew Fleming.

GRAHAM -- April 22, at 8, Malone Avenue, Eleanor J. Graham, late of Portadown.

HAVERON -- March 13, accidentally drowned (and interred at Caen, France), William Haveron, dearly-beloved husband of Jane I. Haveron, Loughford, Islandmagee.

HERDMAN -- April 23, at the residence of her brother-in-law, 12, Church View, Hollywood, Helena, daughter of the late James Herdman, Knockcairn, Glenavy.

JACQUES -- April 22, at his residence, Newtownbreda, James Jacques, aged 94 years.

JAMISON -- April 25, at his residence, Lisbarnett, John Jamison, jun.

JEFFERSON -- April 19 (suddenly), at Warrington, Doctor George Jefferson, son of the late Ralph Jefferson, Belfast.

KING -- April 18, at Mazoe, Ballymena, Harriette King, widow of the late Rev. Robert King, and daughter of the late Rev. Alexander George Stuart, rector off Killencoole, Co. Louth.

KINGAN -- April 20, Sara Bailie Dickson, the beloved wife of David Kingan, Ballynahinch.

MARTIN -- April 23, at her residence, Ballydown, Banbridge, Jane, relict of the late Samuel Martin.

MALCOLMSON -- April 25, at her residence, 20, Market Street, Lurgan, Mary, the relict of the late David Malcolmson.

MILLAR -- April 20, at her residence, Broughdone, Cullybackey, Mary, eldest daughter of the late John Millar, Broughdone.

MONTGOMERY -- April 19, at her residence, High Street, Portadown, Sara, dearly-beloved wife of T. J. Montgomery, and daughter of the late Robert Taylor, Derrycarne, Portadown.

M'CAY -- April 23, at her parents' residence, Station House, Whiteabbey, Catherine (Katie), the eldest and dearly-loved daughter of Charles and Charlotte M'Cay.

M'COTTER -- April 23 (of peritonitis), at her brother's residence, Whitehill, Aghadowey, Mary, eldest daughter of the late Hugh M'Cotter.

PARKER -- April 23, at his residence, Ballyclan, Crumlin, Samuel Parker.

PEACOCK -- April 23, at his residence, 71, Main Street, Ballymoney, John Peacock, J.P., aged 78.

ROBERTSON -- April 18, Frank Busfield, of Sprucefield, Lisburn, younger son of the late William Robertson, Netherleigh, Strandtown.

RUDDELL -- April 19, at her residence, 95, Edward Street, Lurgan, Elizabeth, widow of the late John Ruddell.

STUART -- April 24, at his father's residence, 66, Dufferin Avenue, Bangor, Elliott, elder and dearly-beloved son of Joseph Crawford Stuart.

SUFFERN -- April 22, at Toronto, Canada, Hugh James, eldest son of the late Wm. Suffern, of Cliftonpark Avenue, Belfast.

THORNTON -- April 24, at her residence, Annie Louie, the beloved wife of D. W. Thornton, Clohard, Portadown.

WARD -- April 23, at Iv-a-Craig, Craigavad, Co. Down, George Goold Ward, aged 56 year's.

WILSON -- March 16, Eliza Jane Wilson, widow of the late Alexander Wilson, Clenmaghery, Co. Down.

WILSON -- April 19, at her residence, Ballymagaraghan, Moira, Mary Jane, widow of the late Reid Wilson.

WILSON -- April 24, at his residence, Ballylimp, Kirkcubbin, David J. Wilson, late of Ballyclare, dearly-beloved husband of Kathleen Wilson.

In Memoriam

CAMPBELL -- In fond and loving remembrance of William Campbell, who departed this life on 25th April, 1914, and was interred in Dundonald Cemetery. Ever remembered by his sorrowing Wife and Family. 9, Eblana Street, Belfast.



The Press Association learns that it has been found necessary to postpone the introduction of the Budget, which had been fixed for Monday next. Wednesday is now the probable date.

The three candidates in the South Longford election, who are supporters of the Irish Party, have agreed to submit their names to Mr. Redmond to select one to fight the Sinn Fein candidate.

Lieutenant-General Sir Bryan Mahon has issued a proclamation forbidding unauthorised processions or meetings in any highway or public place in the Dublin Metropolitan area up to Sunday, 13th May.

A fine of 3s, with costs, was imposed under the Realm Act, at Carrick-on-Shannon Petty Sessions on a grocer's assistant named Cooney for refusing to supply Bernard M'Dermott with sugar unless he purchased tea.

Lieutenant C. J. Law, King's Own Scottish Borderers, who was wounded in the recent fighting in Palestine, is now reported missing. He is the second son of Mr. Bonar Law, and a nephew of Dr. W. K. Law, Coleraine.

Sir Robert Liddell has received a letter from Messrs. Harland & Wolff, Ltd., Belfast, expressing their appreciation of the work carried on in the U.V.F. Hospital, and enclosing a cheque for 250 towards the Limbless Fund.

The death has occurred at her residence in Kensington, of Miss Georgina Hogarth, sister-in-law of Charles Dickens, with whom she made her home in the last years of the great novellist's life. Miss Hogarth was ninety years of age.

The Health of Munition Workers' Committee, in an interim report just issued, deal with industrial efficiency and fatigue, and urge the importance of daily and weekly rests upon a physiological basis devised for the average worker.

A revision of the excess profits tax, which stands at 60 per cent., is expected, says the lobby correspondent of the "Weekly Dispatch." It is believed that the Government will not raise the income tax, which now stands at 5s in the .

The death occurred on Sabbath at Tydavit Rectory, Monaghan, of the Venerable David Charles Abbot, D.D., Archdeacon of Clogher, and rector of Tydavit, in his 73rd year. He had spent fifty years in the ministry, having been ordained in the year 1867.

The death is announced of Second-Lieutenant Richard Bernard Boyle, seventh Earl of Shannon, Royal Fusiliers, who was killed in action on 13th April. Deceased was only in his twentieth year. The Honourable Robert Henry Boyle, aged seventeen, is heir to the Earldom.

Cambridge University has received the sum of 10,000 for the endowment of a school of Spanish. The donors, who desire to remain anonymous, wish the money to be devoted to the improvement of the teaching of the Spanish language, literature, and history, and of the spoken tongue.

Natural causes were the cause of death in the cases of Mrs. Hanna, widow, aged 72, and her daughter, Sarah, aged 46, of Ryans, near Newry, whose bodies were discovered in a bedroom; that of the daughter being on the floor and that of the mother resting partly on the bed. The ladies had lived alone.

While prisoners, who had been sentenced in Limerick to terms of imprisonment under the Crimes Act, were being conveyed on cars to the County Limerick Jail, escorted by a force of Constabulary, the party were attacked by a crowd of girls and boys, who cheered and groaned, and eventually threw stones.

The Rev. R. J. Campbell, preaching in St. Mary's Cathedral, Glasgow, said that in the world that would emerge from the present cauldron of affliction, if we were worthy, all strifes and antagonisms would disappear for ever. The Christian spirit would level our social distinctions and remedy our social injustices.

Construing a residuary gift in the will of the late Miss R. Brooks, of Elm Park Avenue, Ranelagh, to "Presbyterian missions and orphans," Mr. Justice Barton directed the executors to pay one half the residue to Rev. Dr. Lowe, general secretary for Irish Presbyterian Missions, and the other half to the Presbyterian Orphan Society.

The Scottish Trade Union Congress is being held at Falkirk, half a million workers being represented by the delegates. A resolution was adopted congratulating the Russian people on the successful termination of their long struggle with an irresponsible autocracy. Mr. Neville Chamberlain, Director of National Service, addressed the congress.

In deference to the request of the military authorities a new convalescent home for wounded soldiers has just been established at Whitehead in most suitable and central premises on the King's Road. The home, which is comfortably furnished and equipped with the greatest care, is under the direction of a competent matron and staff of attendants.

The marriage took place on Wednesday, at St. Columba's, Pont Street, London, of Mr. Charles Louis Mackean, of Larne, County Antrim, younger son of the late Mr. William Muir Mackean, of Inverkat, Paisley, with Miss Isobel Guthrie, younger daughter of Mr. and Mrs. George Burrell, Gleniffer Lodge, Paisley. The Rev. Archibald Fleming, of St. Columba's, and the Rev. James Reid, of Eastbourne, officiated.

The General Council of Glasgow University, discussed the provision of increased facilities for the study of modern languages, and agreed to make representations to the University Court approving of the ordinance for the foundation of the Marshall Chair of Modern Languages. The Council also decided in favour of the inclusion of women graduates in the Parliamentary register on the same terms as men graduates.

Brigadier-General Hacket Pain, at Holywood, bestowed decorations for gallantry on several N.C.O.'s and men of the R. Irish Rifles, and two posthumous honours, the Military Cross of the late Captain Elliott Johnston being presented to his father, Mr. S. A. Johnston, Knock, Belfast, and the military medal of Lance-Corporal Ferris being received by his widow.

On the appointment of fifteen probationer nurses at Belfast Union, Mr. A. Savage said it was being made on a religious basis, and held that instead of three Catholics to twelve Protestants the proportion should be four to eleven. A motion by Mr. Savage to substitute Miss M'Curdy for Miss Trainer was lost by sixteen votes to eight. It was announced that 1,000 saving had been effected on clothing supplies.

The Food Controller has issued as an Order the Fresh Water Fish (Ireland) Order, 1917, by which the Department of Agriculture and Technical Instruction for Ireland is empowered to authorise the taking of fresh water fish in Ireland, notwithstanding that the methods authorised by the Department's Order would otherwise be unlawful. Salmon, sea trout, and pollen are not included in the definitions of fresh water fish.

Intelligence has reached Drogheda that Drum-Major Kenny, V.C., Gordon Highlanders, has been killed in action. He was a native of Drogheda. It is interesting to recall that the King pinned the Victoria Cross to the breast of Drum-Major Kenny on Glasgow Green during his Majesty's visit to tho city in May, 1915. Drum-Major Kenny received the coveted medal for conspicuous bravery on October 23, 1914, near Ypres.

Mr. S. G. Forsythe, the Postmaster of Belfast, has been appointed to a similar position at Leeds, and he will also act as Surveyor of the West Yorkshire Postal District. Mr. Forsythe came to Belfast on the 1st September, 1914, and previous to that he was Controller of the Dublin Postal District. As the chief of the Belfast Post Office he has acquitted himself in a manner which has won the cordial approval of the entire community.

Mr. Duke, in reply 1o Mr. Kennedy in Parliament, said, regarding resolutions of the Cavan and Monaghan Asylum Committees, and several others, asking the Government to contribute by capitation grant half the annual cost of maintenance of pauper lunatics, that the question was one of the insufficiency of certain grants on local licences for the paupers to which they were assigned. There was no immediate prospect of an additional grant.

The honorary freedom of Manchester was conferred on Saturday on three of the overseas Premiers now in this Country. In acknowledging the honour Sir Robert Borden, Canadian Premier, spoke of Germany's intention to challenge the world for industrial supremacy, and declared that our hope lay in availing ourselves to the full of all our natural resources. Mr. Massey, New Zealand Premier, said that the recent decision of tho United States would prove to have been one of the most important events in human history. Sir E. Morris, Premier of Newfoundland, urged the need for organising the Empire from a trade standpoint.


The death has occurred of Mr. Frank Bushfield Robertson, of Sprucefield, Lisburn. Deceased, who was sixty-five years of age, was widely known in agricultural and stock raising circles, and was a frequent exhibitor and adjudicator at Ulster shows.


Rev. Richard Hall, B.D., for the Front

Rev. Richard Hall. B.D., the popular young minister of Clough (County Antrim) Presbyterian Church, who has volunteered and been accepted as a chaplain at the front, delivered his farewell address to the congregation on Sabbath, 6th inst. (in uniform), prior to taking up his military duties. Subsequently theo session and committee of the church met, and the following resolution was unanimously passed:-- "The session and committee of this church, having heard from Rev. Mr. Hall that he is about to go out to the seat of war as a chaplain, hereby express our regret at the temporary separation of Mr. Hall from his congregation; and we undertake to do all we can to carry on the usual and necessary work of the church during his absence; and we earnestly pray that God may bless his work among our soldiers, and grant him a safe return to his people." Rev. Mr. Hall has, we understand, been gazetted to Salonika.



We regret to announce the death of the Rev. A. Sloan, B.A., Buckna, Broughshane, which took place yesterday at the Manse. He had been in ill-health, for the past two years with heart trouble, which lately developed into acute pneumonia, from which he died. Mr. Sloan, who was a native of the Antrim district, had been minister of Buckna for over twenty years, and had proved himself an earnest and conscientious minister. He was educated at the Queen's College and the Assembly's College. This was his first charge. He was highly respected by his congregation and his fellow-Presbyters. He was an ex-Moderator of the Presbytery. Mr. Sloan was married to a daughter of the late Rev. James M'Neill, Drumbo, who, with five daughters and one son, survives him. The funeral will take place at one o'clock to-morrow' in Buckna burying-ground.



We regret to announce the death of Capt. Robert Miller, son-in-law of the late Mr. Jervis Weir, at his residence, Woodburn, Ballymena, on Friday last. The deceased, who was a comparatively young man, had commanded the Glasgow steamer "Queen Elizabeth" for several years, and had just returned from a voyage from America, when he was seized with a fatal illness, during which he had the unremitting attention of Dr. Devline and Dr. M'Kisack, Belfast. The late Captain Miller possessed a most genial disposition, and was held in the highest esteem by his large circle of friends, who will learn of his demise with feelings of profound sorrow. A Presbyterian in religion, he was a member of Wellington Street Church, Ballymena, and at the funeral on Monday the services at the house and at the graveside in the New Cemetery, were conducted by the Rev. R. M. M'C. Gilmour. Sincere sympathy will be extended to his widow in her great bereavement.



Twenty-Eight Men Lost.

An inquest has been held upon the body of John Courtney, seaman, of Cork, a member of the crew of an Irish steamship lately sunk by a German submarine. The crew numbered 32 in all, and were residents of the South of Ireland. Four only now survive. Of the remaining 28, 26 appear to have gone down with the ship, and two sank before aid arrived. The deceased man Courtney and two other Cork seamen still surviving (Victor Quelley and John O'Keeffe) were picked up after the explosion which sank the vessel. Quelley and O'Keeffe are in hospital. Courtney was in extremis when he was taken from the water, and died before his rescuers reached land. The vessel in question was on its way to an Irish port with a cargo of provisions and general merchandise. Twenty-eight members of the crew lost their lives, of whom nineteen left widows and forty-nine children; two of the crew were widowers and have left six children. The families of the men who were drowned were wholly dependent on them, and are now left entirely destitute.



The remains of the late Mr. Frank B. Robertson, of Sprucefield, Lisburn, were interred in Lisburn Cemetery on Friday afternoon, and although it had been announced that the obsequies would be private, a number of friends attended to show their respect for the memory of the deceased. Mr. Robertson was, in his younger days, an enthusiasts sportsman, but for many years he had devoted himself to agricultural pursuits, and as a breeder and judge of cattle he enjoyed a very high reputation. The funeral arrangements were carried out by Messrs. Melville & Co., Ltd. The remains were enclosed in a heavy oak coffin, on the nameplate of which was the following inscription:-- "Francis Busfeild Robertson, died 18th April, 1917, aged 60 years."



The remains of the Rev. Canon W. H. Davis, M.A., rector of St. Jude's Church, Ballynafeigh, were removed from his late residence, The Rectory, St. Jude's Avenue, on Friday, for interment in the City Cemetery. At the first stage in the journey they were taken to the church in the immediate neighbourhood, which may be regarded as a monument of the zeal and energy of the deceased, and there an impressive service was conducted by the Dean of Belfast, the Very Rev. C. T. P. Grierson; Rev. Oswald W. Scott, Rev. J. E. Browne, B.D., and Rev. R. N. Ruttle. At the obsequies there was a large and representative attendance, which included the Lord Mayor (Councillor James Johnston, J.P.). The chief mourners were -- Mr. W. H. Davis, M.D.; Mr. J. C. Davis, B.A., T.C.D., and Captain G. H. Davis (sons); Messrs. J. Meeks and R. Beattie (nephews), and Rev. W. G. Lindsay. The following was the inscription on the heavy oak coffin:-- "William Henry Davis. Born 13th August, 1846. Died 16th April, 1917." At the graveside the service was conducted by the Dean of Belfast and Rev. R. N. Ruttle. Messrs. Melville & Co. had charge of the funeral arrangements, which were carried out in the most satisfactory manner.



The Funeral.

The funeral of the late Rev. Alexander Sloan, B.A., took place on Saturday afternoon, the place of interment being the family burying-ground at Buckna Presbyterian Church. There was a large attendance, including the members of Ballymena Presbytery, of which the deceased had been Clerk. The services at the house were conducted by the Rev. W. H. Sloane, Harryville (acting Clerk of the Presbytery!, the Rev. David Cummins, Glenwherry, leading in prayer. The casket was carried from the manse down the avenue by the members of the Presbytery, and subsequently by the members of the session and committee and congregation to the church, where it was placed upon a draped catafalque, and the remaining portion of the service was conducted by the Rev. E. F. Simpson, West Church (Moderator of the Ballymena Presbytery), and the Right. Rev. Dr. West, D.D. (Moderator of the General Assembly), who delivered the funeral address. He said their departed brother had led a very earnest and strenuous life, and like David, after serving his own generation according to the will of God "he fell on sleep." His whole heart was in his work, and he took a very serious view of ministerial life and duty, desiring in all things to be found faithful. Like the rest of them, he had his faults, but he pursued his life work with singleness of aim for the glory of God and the good of his fellow-men. As a pastor he was fervent in season and out of season, toiling on even when his strength was failing. His Presbytery showed their confidence in him and in his business capacity in appointing him to be their Clerk. They all sympathised with his widow, his children, and friends.

The chief mourners were Master James Sloan (son), Messrs. Campbell M'Neill and John M'Neill (brothers-in-law), Master Jack M'Neill and Master Allan M'Neill (nephews, and Mr. John Sloan, Whitehead (uncle). Beautiful wreaths were forwarded by the session and committee of the church, Ballymena Presbytery, the Christian Endeavour Society, teachers and pupils of Upper Buckna N.S., Mrs. Campbell M'Neill, Mr. M. Stevenson, and Mr. A. M'Clelland.



A well-known and familiar figure in Ballymoney passed away on Monday morning in the person of Mr. John Peacock, J.P., at the age of seventy-eight. He was connected with the retail woollen drapery trade in Main Street for the last forty years. He fought in the American Civil War on behalf of the Union forces. On his return to this country he married Miss Elizabeth Patterson, of the Risk, Priestland, who predeceased him fifteen years ago. He was elected as a member of the Town Commissioners in 1888, and held a seat on the Council almost continuously up to the time of his retirement in 1914. A member of the committee of Trinity Presbyterian Church, he took an active part in everything pertaining to its welfare. Deceased was a County Grand Master of the Independent Orangemen. In 1907 he was appointed as a Justice of the Peace for the county. By his marriage ho had two sons and four daughters. Of these Dr. Chestnut Peacock has an extensive practice in London, while his other son, John, who was assistant in the business, died ten years ago. His four daughters are married. Two reside in Ballymoney -- Mrs. Wilson, of the Belfast Bank, and Mrs. Hanna, of Main Street -- while the other two -- Mrs. Gilmour and Mrs. Rankin -- reside at Lurgan and Whitehead respectively. A sister of the deceased, Miss Peacock, resides at Lansdowne Crescent, Portrush.



There has recently been given to the Church House, in Belfast, a very handsome white marble bust of the above well-remembered gentleman, who for many years faithfully discharged the duties now so ably performed by Rev. Dr. Lowe, of general secretary of the missions of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland. The bust is the work of an Italian artist, and is an admirable likeness of Dr. Bellis, and beautifully finished in every detail. The late Rev. Dr. Arnott Bellis, of Ramelton, had this bust of his venerable father made to his order, and now it comes into possession of the General Assembly, and finds a suitable and permanent location in the Church House through the kindness of Mr. Charles Bellis, till recently an efficient and successful officer in Rhodesia. Mr. Bellis has done a very gracious and generous act in presenting this bust of his grandfather to the Church that the latter so long and efficiently served, and his gift adds to the adornment of an already handsome building.



The remains of the late Rev. Thomas Madill, LL.D., Garvagh, were interred on Thursday of last week in the burial-ground attached to the First Garvagh Presbyterian Church. The funeral was largely attended, not only by the members of the Coleraine and adjoining Presbyteries, but by representatives of sister Churches over a wide area. The services at the house were conducted by Rev. S. B. Thomson, Second Garvagh, and Rev. William M'Cay, Moneydig, and in the church by Rev. T. C. Stuart, Macosquin, and Rev. W. A. Wilson, Coleraine. The chief mourners were Rev. J. M. M. Madill, Elgin; Dr. Madill, Dublin; Mr. John G. Madill, Ulster Bank, Sligo; Surgeon Probationer Thos. Madill, R, N. (sons); Mrs. Lennox and Miss Madill (daughters); Dr. Lennox, Kilrea (son-in-law); Rev. D. G. Millar, Mr. W. J. Millar, C.I., R.I.C. (brothers-in-law); Rev. W. Hopkins Craig, Finvoy, and Rev. Thomas Bole, Clonaniece (relatives).



A very old and much-respected resident in the Northern district of Belfast has just passed away in Mr. Robert Auld, of Verbena, Cavehill Road. Deceased, who had reached the ripe age of 86, was one of the oldest members of Duncairn Presbyterian Church and took an active interest in all its affairs. He was greatly esteemed by the members by whom his death has been deeply deplored. He was an enthusiastic Unionist and was proud of having been a delegate to the Ulster Anti-Home Rule Convention of 1892. He leaves a widow (to whom he was married sixty-five years ago) with three sons and three daughters.



We regret to learn of the death, which took place very suddenly on Wednesday night, of Mr. W. F. M'Kinney, Sentry Hill, Carnmoney, at the ripe age of 84 years. Mr. M'Kinney was a most interesting personality. An excellent farmer, he was a gentleman of literary and antiquarian tastes, intelligent and well-informed, and modest withal. He was a member of the Naturalist Field Club and an hon. member of the Linenhall Library. The writer had many opportunities of meeting Mr. M'Kinney, and always enjoyed his interesting conversation and admired his quiet modesty. He did not take, any part in public life, though at one time he was a member of the Belfast Board of Guardians for a short time. He was a staunch Presbyterian, and was well-informed in the history of the Church, especially of that of Carnmoney, which has a most interesting history. His wife predeceased him forty years ago. He leaves four sons and two daughters. His eldest son, Mr. J. F. M'Kinney, is a member of the Board of Guardians and the Rural Council. Another son is a medical officer in Northern Algeria, and his other sons are in Australia. One of his daughters is the widow of the late Dr. Dundee. The funeral will take place in Carnmoney graveyard to-morrow (Saturday) at eleven o'clock.


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