The Witness - Friday, 1 March 1917


GIBSON -- February 22, 1918, at Maywood, Dundonald, Co. Down, to the Rev. J. H. R. and Mrs. Gibson -- a son.


BEATTIE -- February 23, at Waringstown, Bessie, dearly-beloved wife of Samuel J. Beattie.

BEST -- February 22, at her father's residence, Queen Street, Lurgan, Sara, third daughter of William Robert and Mary E. Best.

BOAL -- February 22, at Church Street, Antrim, Mary Jane, dearly-beloved wife of George Boal.

BULLICK -- February 21, at Roselea, Andersonstown, Isabella, widow of John Bullick, Bell's Grove, Crumlin.

COURTNEY -- February 24, at Rickamore, Sarah Courtney, aged 82 years.

COUSINS -- February 26, at Crumlin, County Antrim, Isaac Cousins.

DAVISON -- February 21 (suddenly), at Pound House, Crumlin, James Davison.

DORAN -- February 16, at his residence, Dunottar,. Malone Road, Belfast, Alderman George Augustas Doran, J.P., Belfast and County Down. (American, Canadian, and Australian papers please copy.)

FRAME -- February 17, at a Nursing Home, Liverpool, Egbert, eldest son of the late Dr. James Frame, of Comber.

LOVE -- February 21, at Irish Street, Downpatrick, Lizzie, wife of George Love.

MEGAHY -- February 20, at the residence of her daughter, Mrs. M. E. Anderson, Colga House, Sligo, Eliza A. Megahy, formerly of Belfast, aged 93.

MILLIGEN -- February 24, at a Private Nursing Home, Albert M. Milligen, M.A. (Cantab.), Glenmore House, Lambeg, Co. Antrim.

M'CORD -- February 22, at The Knowes, Moorfields, James A., eldest son of the late David and Elizabeth M'Cord, Glenwherry.

M'INTYRE -- February 23, at Ballytresna, Randalstown, James G. M'Intyre.

PIRRIE -- February 24, at Ardville, Holywood, Co. Down, Jane Barbour, third daughter of the late William Pirrie, of Liverpool.

WILLIAMSON -- At Westonia, Western Australia, Arthur C. Williamson, youngest son of the late Rev. H. M. Williamson, D.D. of Fisherwick Place Church, Belfast.

In Memoriam

WALLACE -- In loving memory of Jane Annie, wife of Campbell Wallace, who died 2nd March, 1910.



A Royal warrant has been received by the secretary of the Queen's University of Belfast appointing Sir Alexander Dempsey a member of Senate, vice Councillor Patrick Dempsey, resigned.

Striking gains during 1917 for prohibition are reported by the New York Temperance Board. There are now 2,374 "dry" counties, against 615 "wet" counties, the gains during the year being 88.

All the German soldiers who were suspected of having taken part in a mutiny at Beoesloste Camp, when an officer was killed, have been sentenced to death, and shot, according to an Exchange Amsterdam message.

The Food Controller announces that it will probably be possible to allocate about 10,000 tons of sugar during the coming fruit season to enable private fruit-growers to make jam, without reducing the supplies to jam manufacturers who serve the urban population.

Rev. E. L. Macassey, brother of Sir Lyndon Macassey, well known in Belfast, and curate of Greenhill, Harrow, has been admitted to the Duchess of Rutland's Hospital, Arlington Street, Loudon, suffering from internal injuries received while serving as a chaplain in France.

The Air Ministry announces that from Feb. 1 to the 22nd 120 enemy machines were accounted for on the Western front, while only 28 British machines are missing; and the British airmen on the Italian front have destroyed 58 enemy machines, while their own losses were only 8.

In an appeal in the House of Commons to the men in the shipyards to put their backs into their work, Mr. Barnes said America was failing them in shipbuilding, and, therefore, it became more important than even munitions. Last month only less than half the estimated work was turned out in the shipyards.

Mr. Kellaway (Parliamentary Secretary, Munitions) announced, in the Commons, that during the past three weeks about 8,000 women munition workers had been dismissed or received notice of dismissal as the result of the termination of certain contracts. The Minister of Munitions regretted that a certain amount of hardship was inevitable, but everything that possibly could be done would be done to relieve it.

More than 100 lives are believed to have been lost in the wreck of the liner Florizel, of the New York, Newfoundland, and Halifax Steamship Company, which was driven ashore in a violent gale at Freshwater Point, seven miles north of Cape Race. A rescue steamer, after fierce battling with the breakers, was able to reach the scene of the disaster and remove forty survivors from the vessel before she was pounded to pieces.

Mr. Asquith, addressing Liberal agents, said that although the Commons could not claim to be in fresh and living contact with the constituencies, it would have been something like an act of national treason to force a General Election on an obsolete register and with millions of those best entitled to vote unavailable. The Liberal Party was not going to be cast aside or obliterated or to merge its identity in some embryonic combination.

The death occurred in London at the age of 82 of Earl Brassey, who will be best remembered, first as Civil Lord, and subsequently as Secretary to the Admiralty. He was a barrister, a one-time Liberal M.P. for Devonport and Hastings, a Lord-in-Waiting to Queen Victoria, Governor of Victoria, President Naval Architects' Institute, and London Chamber of Commerce. He gave his yacht to the Government as a hospital ship in 1916. Viscount Hythe is the heir.

At a special meeting of the Belfast (Women's) Branch of the Association of Secondary Teachers, the following resolution was passed unanimously:-- "That we, being profoundly dissatisfied with the rules governing the allocation of the so-called equivalent grant in aid of Irish secondary education, call upon the Government to authorise the establishment of a representative committee, to inquire into the position of secondary teachers in Ireland, with a view to reform in the matter of salaries, increments, and superannuation."

Major Lord, who has been in charge of the Salvation Army men's social work for Ulster for nearly five years, has been promoted brigadier. His latest venture, in which Mrs. Lord figured prominently, is the communal kitchen in Earl Street, which supplies daily several hundred men and women with a cooked midday meal at the price of the raw material. The Brigadier holds many honorary positions in the city, amongst which he is a probationer officer of the Police Court, and serves on the local Prince of Wales and Coal Funds. From his local institution in the city at least 270 men have joined the colours and are doing duty on all fronts.

Wild scenes in the Austrian Reichsrath followed the Premier's statement that the situation in the North-East had not substantially eased. The Czechs and Slavs shouted down all his sentences, and were only kept back from the Premier's seat by the broad shoulders of Deputy. As the Premier pounded the table the Czechs shouted -- "Lies!" "Treachery!" "Tell them that in Berlin." On a Czech Deputy saying -- "The Germans want to advance, but we protest," there arose a terrific tumult between Slavs and Germans. The Socialists intend asking for continued negotiations with Washington.

Mr. Bonar Law, in a speech at a War Bond meeting in London, said they had a rugged path before them; but there was no ground for discouragement or faintheartedness. But for Russia's collapse his hope that, the Victory Loan would be the last would have been realised. They had already raised in War Bonds an amount in excess of the total new money of the 4½per cent. Loan. All pacifist talk at home was but froth, and if they had an election on the plain issue whether they should go on with the war the result would astonish both themselves and their enemies. The greatest and most unforgivable crime would be to give way before the results which they set out to achieve had been attained.

The death has occurred of Sir Henry Blake, G.C.M.G., at his residence, Myrtle Grove, Youghal, County Cork. By his death the Unionists of Ireland lose one of their staunchest champions. Sir Henry, who was a member of the Irish Convention, had a most distinguished career in the service of his country. He was a district-inspector of the R.I.C., afterwards became a resident magistrate, and from 1884 to 1917 he acted as Governor of Bahamas, Jamaica, and Ceylon respectively. Sir Henry Blake's ripe experience and great administrative capacity obviously commended him for appointment as a member of the Irish Convention, in the deliberations of which his sound advice would have proved most valuable had the condition of his health permitted his constant attendance.

Mr. Fane Vernon, presiding in Belfast at the annual meeting of the Great Northern Railway Co. (Ireland), said cash receipts in 1917 exceeded those in 1916 by 97,096. Of traffic originating on their own system, not including soldiers and sailors, there was a decrease of 202,866 second and third class passengers, first class do. showing an increase. On the other hand, they carried about 30,000 more tons in goods and minerals, and 578 more waggons of live stock. All principal outgoings showed a great increase -- e.g., wages, coal, and materials. Cost of war bonuses to their employees in 1917 was 170,000, and will, if continued for the whole of 1918, cost about 300,000 for that year. Coal cost them 18,000 more than the previous year. Higher costs in all departments brought their increased expenditure to over 200,000.

Mr. Robert Crawford, J.P., and Mr. M. Lamont, representing Ballymena, attended at the Belfast City Hall and formally handed over to Mr. F. W. Moneypenny, M.V.O., O.B.E., a cheque for 5,000 as the outcome of their recent collection in Ballymena in aid of the County Antrim "Our Day" Fund. Mr. Crawford, in presenting the cheque, said over 6,000 had been realised in Ballymena and district, and other charities would benefit as a result of the collection. Mr. Moneypenny warmly thanked Mr. Crawford and Mr. Lamont for the splendid effort they and their committee had made on behalf of the County Antrim "Our Day" Fund, which had now, thanks to the generosity of the people of Ballymena and district, reached a total of over 13,000.


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The Witness - Friday, 8 March 1918


GORDON -- March 2, 1918, at his residence, Islandreagh, Dunadry, Samuel B. Gordon. His remains were interred in the family burying-ground, Donegore, on Tuesday, 5th inst. Deeply regretted. ALICE M. G. DOUGLAS.; AGNES G. DOUGLAS.

AGNEW -- March 4, at 20, Southwell Road, Bangor, Elizabeth Emma (Bessie), third daughter of the late Samuel Agnew, Quay House, Moira.

BINGHAM -- March 6, at Derryboy, Crossgar, Hugh Bingham.

CRAIG -- March 6, at 447, Ormeau Road, Gavin Ralston, the beloved husband of Hannah Craig, and second son of the late John Craig, Bellarena, Co. Derry.

FRENCH -- March 4, at New Street, Randalstown, Mary, relict of late Charles French.

HANNA -- March 5, at Erin Crescent, Armagh, Portadown, James, the beloved husband of Agnes J. Hanna.

HOUSTON -- March 3, at Mullaghmossin, Magheramoune, Margaret, wife of Robert Houston.

JOHNSTON -- March 5, at Yew Cottage, Carnbane, Lisburn, Robert John, dearly-beloved husband of Mary Johnston.

LAVERY -- March 4, at the County Antrim Infirmary, Lisburn, John, dearly-beloved husband of Harriet Lavery, Bachelor's Walk.

LIGHTBODY -- March 2, at Tullyroan, Moy, Johnston Lightbody.

MOFFATT -- March 2, at Sunnyside, Dundonald, Nellie, youngest and dearly-loved daughter of Wm. M. Moffatt.

M'FARLAND -- March 2, at the residence of Mr. James Crymble, Rosemount Cottage, Dunmurry, Mary M'Farland, late of Stewartstown.

PATERSON -- March 2, at Glasgow, in his 77th year, John Paterson, linen manufacturer, of 57, Cochrane Street, Glasgow, and 20, Bedford Street, Belfast.

PATTERSON -- March 3, at 32, High Street, Holywood, Elizabeth, widow of the late George Patterson, aged 89 years.

PRICE -- March 3, at Baligan, Eliza Price.

RUSK -- March 3, at a Private Nursing Home, John, eldest son of the late John Rusk, Edenderry, Ballysillan, Belfast.

TEMPEST -- March 3, at Douglas Place, Dundalk, William Tempest, aged 82.

TODD -- March 3, at West Street, Carrickfergus, William John Todd.

WALLACE -- March 2, at Ballygrainey, Craigavad, Eleanor, relict of the late David A. Wallace.

WILKINS -- February 28 (suddenly), at Coalisland, Mary E. Wilkins, beloved wife of Robert Wilkins.

WILSON -- March 1 (suddenly), at Stratherin, Carrickfergus, Agnes Evelyn, daughter of the late David Parkhill Wilson, Derraghrin, Glenavy.

WOODS -- March 3, 1918, at the Hospital, Purdysburn, John, eldest son of James Woods, Cluntagh, Crossgar.

In Memoriam

DOUGLAS -- In cherished memory of Letitia Hanna (Leta), wife of James Douglas, Maine, Drumsurn, Co. Derry, who departed this life on the 6th of March, 1917, and whose mortal remains were, by request, interred in her parents' grave in Draperstown Presbyterian Cemetery, on the 8th of March. No "In Memoriam" cards.
"Death, like a friend's voice from a distant field
 Approaching through the darkness, call"
"Nor blame we Death, because he bare
 The use of virtue out of earth;
 We know transplanted human worth
 Will bloom to profit, otherwhere."
   Inserted by her Children.



Ulster's Our Day contributions to the Red Cross reached 46,449 in 1917.

A ewe belonging to Mr. Finn, farmer, Campile, New Ross, gave birth to five lambs. All are alive.

The death is announced of Most Rev. Dr. Prendergast, 40 years Archbishop of Philadelphia, who was a native of Clonmel.

No fresh taxes are proposed in the Indian Budget. The surplus of income over revenue for 1917-18 is 5,750,000, due to a favourable monsoon.

The Cunard Company have sent 200 to the Sailors' Society, Derry, in recognition of the hospitality extended to the crew of a torpedoed Cunarder.

The cost of the war to the United States is now nearly one thousand million dollars monthly. The expenditure in February was 200,000,000.

At a fat cattle sale last week the record price of 73, or 85s per cwt., was paid to Mr. John A. Nesbitt, of Woodgrange, Downpatrick, for a three-year-old bull.

By an Order in Council summer time will come into force from two o'clock in the morning of Sunday, 24th March, until two o'clock in the morning of Monday, 30th September.

A sum of 11,119 was realised for 47½ tons of flax in Armagh market, averaging 29s 6d per stone. The value of the season's flax sold in this market so far is stated at 160,281.

Mr. John Dooley, Drummiller, County Down, was savagely attacked by a bull, which he was returning to its stall, and, before being rescued, had his arm fractured in two places.

Mr. Hayes Fisher states 'that at least 10 per cent, of the young blind people in Great Britain owed their condition to their having suffered from ophthalmia neonatorum, a preventable disease.

The Foreign Office has received a telegram announcing the safe arrival at Helsingfors of the staff of the British Embassy at Petrograd. There is no information as to how many are included in the party.

The National Education Commissioners have ordered the abolition at the end of the present school year of the present system in respect of books, asking Divisional Inspectors to recommend books for the Board's approval.

The Germans are now using women's combings for the making of articles necessary for the war, such as felting-boards, machine-belting, stuffing box rings, &c., and beech leaves and chicory are used as tobacco substitutes.

Mr. Clynes in Parliament said that it was essential to reserve for human consumption all fit wheat and barley, but it was hoped to enable hen poultry hatched since Jan. 1st, 1916, to receive a ration of dry food not exceeding 1oz. a day.

A telegram from The Hague announces that some small naval vessels came to grief six miles off the coast of Vlieland by running on mines. In German attempts to save the crews one boat got into the surf and capsized, and five men were landed on the southern point of Vlieland.

The three years' strike in the Munster Warehouse, Tralee, has been settled by the Most Rev. Dr. O'Sullivan, the arbitrator in the dispute, who has given to the employees the option of adopting the "living-in" or "living-out" system.

Lieut. the Hon. G. R. B. Bingham, brother of Lord Clanmorris, is among those released from Germany and interned in Holland. One of his brothers, Commander Hon. E. B. S. Bingham, won the V.C. in the Jutland Battle, and is still a prisoner.

Mr. Clynes, in the Parliamentary Papers, states that the number of standard barrels of beer brewed for home consumption in 1913 was 35,250,700, and in 1917 16,133,800. The total number of bulk barrels brewed in 1913 was 37,499,500, and in 1917 21,336,600.

It was stated that James Lillis, who at Belfast was sent to jail for six months for neglecting his wife and children, had given only 3 towards their maintenance during the past four years. His wife said he earned good wages, but spent most of it on drink.

It was stated at a meeting of Belfast Food Control Sub-Committee that farmers were using bread-stuffs for the feeding of pigs as being the cheapest pig-food available, and that this practice should be stopped, and the farmers made to observe the Food Orders.

The President of the Local Governt Board states that the last day of the qualifying period under the Franchise Act will be April 15, and the first register will come into force on Oct. 1. The "Daily Chronicle" understands from this that the General Election cannot be expected before autumn.

At Toronto, Mr. Wm. J. Bryan was refused a hearing for a speech favouring prohibition in the Massey Hall by returned soldiers and elements opposed to prohibition. The disturbance was so intense that the meeting had to be adjourned. Previously Mr. Bryan was accorded a sympathetic hearing in the Metropolitan Church.

A German official report circulates a story of alleged unrest and riots in Great Britain due to food scarcity and the calling up of workers. In Leith and Edinburgh, it says, excited crowds came into conflict with troops, and in London women and boys took part in riots, food shops being looted, and fifty people being wounded by troops clearing the streets.

Belfast Corporation have agreed that the City Surveyor is to have charge of engineering work now controlled by the Works Committee, to amalgamate the street and house-cleaning departments, and to transfer charge of the tramways permanent way to the tramway department. Councillor Dr. Allworthy was appointed Alderman for Dock Ward, in place of the late Alderman Geo. A. Doran, J.P.

The Bishop of Willesden, in an address at St. Andrew Undershaft, said that the clergy told him they were afraid to say that the collections in their churches' were for church expenses, because the people thought that object of no importance. But it was very important, and instead of the churches being maintained by the offerings in church, he would like to see the Canadian system introduced whereby each parishioner promised to pay a weekly amount.

The Anglican Bishop of Birmingham tells his clergy he would adopt nine-tenths of Cardinal Bourne's programme as to social life, and says that Catholics, Anglicans, and Dissenters who refuse to co-operate with one another in furtherance of Christian ideals will be guilty of a crime against God. "In my own diocese," the letter adds, "I have known no more useful adviser than the Catholic Archbishop, unless it be the representatives of the various Free Churches."

Mr. W. J. M. M'Caw, M.P., addressing delegates of the West Down Unionist Association, having referred to the Convention, said they stood now where they had always stood, and no argument put forward recently had caused them to change their views. They claimed to remain under British Government as a bedrock principle, and so long as that was recognised they were willing to discuss any form of Irish settlement, and he hoped the Convention would bear that condition in mind.

Speaking at a meeting in London, at which M. Thomas, ex-Minister of Munitions in France, delivered an address, Mr. Winston Churchill said the task that lay before us in the closing period of the war and after would tax all the energies of this country and France. The leaders of democracy had to rescue the prestige of their principles from the ghastly futility and inanities of the Russian revolution, and to show that social justice and enfranchisement were not incompatible with a love of home and country and readiness to perish in their defence.

With reference to the Ministry of Munitions Order dated 28th Feb., 1918, taking possession of all re-scutched tow of the 1917 crop or the crops of previous years, grown in Ireland, notice is given that such re-scutched tow will only be bought in lots of not less than one ton through scutch mill owners or growers of flax, in Ireland. Such owners and growers should communicate as soon as possible with the Administrator of the Flax Supplies Committee, 44, Chichester Street, Belfast, who will instruct them as to the arrangements made for delivery, grading, and payment.

St. Stephen's House, Oxford, has become for the time of the war a Serbian Theological College. There are now eleven students, whose main course of study will consist in preparation for the degree of Bachelor of Letters. Their direct religious training is the responsibility of a priest of their own Church, Dr. Janie, formerly a professor in St. Sava's College, Belgrade. Every care will be taken that no religious influence is brought to bear upon them incongruous with their traditional belief and customs, and religious services, according to the Eastern Orthodox rite, are constantly provided.

In a statement on the subject of the London and Home Counties rationing scheme, Lord Rhondda said:-- "It is too early to express a definite opinion as to the success of our experiment in the compulsory rationing of meat, butter, and margarine. So far as is known, however, the great bulk of the population of nearly ten millions affected by the scheme have been able under it to secure their fair share of supplies, and a marked improvement has already been effected in the distribution of meat. The experience of the first week encourages me to hope that by the 25th inst. we shall have established a system that will work satisfactorily over the whole of the United Kingdom."

During January German aviators dropped 1,482 bombs behind the British lines. British airmen in the same period dropped 7,653 bombs in German areas.

Damage estimated at 10,000 was caused by fire at Glasgow, the premises of Paton & Duncan, Ltd., oilskin manufacturers, on the bank of the Forth and Clyde Canal, being completely burned out.

The death of Mr. Wm. Tempest, J.P., occurred at his residence, Douglas Place, Dundalk, at the advanced age of 81 years. The late Mr. Tempest was the founder of the Dundealgan Press, and was one of the oldest master printers in Ireland.

The Cotton Control Board at Manchester announce that on and after March 18th the cotton mills spinning American cotton, except those engaged on Government work, will be restricted to the use of 50 per cent. of their machinery, this being a reduction of 10 per cent.

The United States War Department announces the establishment of a large ordnance base in France, the construction of which will cost twenty-five million dollars. This base will comprise twenty large storehouses, twelve workshops, and a hundred smaller shops and magazines.

In a statement issued by the Ministry of Food it is announced that Sir Arthur Yapp having resigned his position as Director of the Food Economy Division, the functions hitherto exercised by that department shall be re-allocated to the Food Survey Board, under the chairmanship of Lieut.-Col. Weigall, M.P.

Nils Ovensen, an engineer of a Norwegian ship sunk off the Irish coast, has been landed at an Irish port, and, so far as known, he is the sole survivor of a crew of 78. The ship, he says, went down "like a stone." He clung to a raft, and was rescued in about 24 hours, after suffering terrible hardships. He is very weak.

Mr. Allen, executive officer, told Belfast Food Control Sub-Committee that prior to the war Ireland was consuming bread at the rate of 8lbs. per head per week. The authorities considered 3lbs. enough for sedentary workers, but the I.F.C.C. would be satisfied if they could reduce consumption to 4½lbs., as at present the rate was up to 9lbs.

189,000, says a White Paper, are required for the year ended March 31, 1919, for expenditure on Irish public buildings, parks, and works, and for maintenance of the Shannon drainage works. This is a net increase of 19,740 on the like expenditure of the present year. 9,450 is the estimate for grants to build and enlarge National schools.

The House of Commons unanimously voted the grant of 25,000 to Lady Maude, as recommended by the King. Mr. Lloyd George, in moving it, described the late General Sir Stanley Maude's services as distinguished, far-reaching, and permanent in their effects, notably in Mesopotamia where he restored British prestige after the Army had suffered a series of severe reverses.

At the close of the Coleraine Urban Council meeting the chairman and members proceeded to the Anderson Park, where the ceremony of planting three oak trees in commemoration of the glorious advance made by the Ulster Division on the Somme on 1st July, 1916. The attendance included Lieutenant J. W. Shannon (Coleraine), who took part in the memorable advance, was wounded and taken prisoner.

A marble bust of the Right Hon. Sir Edward Carson is to he executed by Mr. John Tweed, the eminent sculptor, and placed in the City Hall, Belfast. The Lord Mayor, (Mr. James Johnston, J.P.) is acting as honorary treasurer of the fund, and a large number of subscriptions have already been received. Mr. Tweed has agreed to execute the bust for 500, and to present the fee to the Ulster Red Cross Fund.

Polish speakers at a meeting of Poles living in Holland stated that Polish workers, forced by hunger at home to seek employment in Germany, were at Krupps' during the winter, when they refused to work bound to stakes, while cold water was poured over them. At Mulheim they were placed close to ovens till their clothes caught fire, while others were forced to crawl on their knees over ground covered by broken glass.

Mr. Arthur Henderson, M.P., speaking at East Ham, said the time had come for the Allies to restate their war aims, which should be consistent with the high ideals with which we entered the war. The policy of conciliation adopted by the British Labour movement did not mean a patched-up peace, but the destruction of militarism everywhere. It meant that the enemy must comply with the indispensable conditions that would make such a peace permanent.

The first register of the Representation of the People Act will come into force on October 1, remaining till March 15, 1919. The registration and qualifying period dates are -- End of qualifying period, April 15; publication of list, June 15; last day for objections, June 29; last day for claims, July 5; publication of objections, July 8; publication of claimants' list, July 26; publication of objections to claimants, as soon as practicable after July 20; register in force, October 1.

With a month's revenue still to come in, Exchequer receipts are 609,747,700, within 29,000,000 of the total estimate for the whole year. In the corresponding period the receipts were 494,479,000, or 115,268,700 less. The increase for the year was estimated at 65,172,000, and this has now been exceeded by 50,096,700. Last week's receipts amounted to nearly 23,000,000, property and income tax producing 15,500,000. The expenditure is 2,459,065,170, an increase of 493,588,650.

At a temperance meeting in Rostrevor a resolution expressing sympathy with the Ulster Temperance Council's present effort was adopted on the motion of the Rev. J. Jameson, Methodist minister, seconded by Rev. T. W. E. Drury, M.A. (vicar), who said that he believed if the Government had had the courage to adept a policy of prohibition for the war the country would have found such an extraordinary benefit by it that it would have voluntarily continued the policy afterwards.

Lord Jellicoe, speakings at the Imperial Service Guild at Liverpool, advocated greater stringency in the use of lights on merchant vessels. There was, he said, serious risk, especially in the Channel. His plea for the prohibition of all lights was met by the argument that it was against the Board of Trade regulations. Steaming without lights should be given every possible encouragement in order to guard against submarine attack. The spirit shown by the mercantile marine was going to take this country to victory.

Miss Anne Martin, of Nevada, has announced her candidature for the United States Senate. The first woman to stand for the Upper House is the Vice-Chairman of the National Women's Party, and has been for four years the leader in the fight for national enfranchisement of women. Miss Martin, who is 42 years of age, was Professor of History at the University of Nevada, where she taught constitutional history. In a public statement she declares that the crucial problems which the nation faces are problems in the solution of which justice demands that women should have a voice.

The detailed financial statement for the period April-December, 1917, in connection with the Hilden Convalescent Hospital, Galwally, Belfast -- the first institution of its kind to be established in Ireland -- makes very interesting reading particularly in view of the excellence of the work which is being done at the institution. Established by the Ulster Joint Voluntary Aid Committee of the British Red Cross Society and the Order of St. John, with General Sir Wm. Adair, K.C.B. as chairmen of a representative Committee of Management, and Dr. John Macintosh as honorary medical superintendent, the hospital was opened in the first week of April last, and has performed consistently and increasingly good service. The number of beds available has risen from 51 to 132. The Army allowance in respect of these patients amounted to 4,081 16s, as compared with a total cost, of maintenance and administration o 5,022 Os 6d, giving a total average cost per patient per day of 3s 8.5d, and fixing the average total cost of each patient at 7 17s 8d.


Interesting Belfast Wedding.

An interesting ceremony took place on Wednesday in Macrory Memorial Church, Duncairn Gardens, when Miss Eileen Alice Northey, daughter of Rev. J. Northey, was married to Rev. Joseph Wasson, of Second Kilrea, son of Mr. Samuel Wasson, Ardenlee Avenue, Belfast. The officiating clergymen were the Rev. Joseph Northey, Rev. John Pollock (St. Enoch's), and Rev. D. D. Boyle (M'Quiston Memorial). The bride was given away by her uncle, Mr. William B. Cairns, Ballina, while her bridesmaid was Miss Kathleen Northey, B.Sc. (sister). The groom was attended by Mr. James Craig, B.A., as best man. A reception was subsequently held at Moshphir, Cavehill Road, the residence of Rev. Mr. Northey.


Death of Mr. A. M. Campbell.

Sincere regret will be occasioned by the announcement of the death of Mr. A. M. Campbell, which took place at his residence, Arlington, Martinez Avenue, Belfast. Deceased, who was a son of the late Mr. William Campbell, a well-known teacher in the city, and who had attained to a ripe old age, was connected for over sixty years with the extensive firm of Messrs. A. Finlay, Ltd., soap, candle, and glycerine manufacturers, Victoria Square, acting for a considerable portion of that time as manager. When he had completed fifty years' service in the employment of Messrs. Finlay he and Mrs. Campbell were made the recipients of valuable presentations. Every respect was paid to his memory not only by the members of the firm but also by the employees, the works being closed until after the funeral. The late Mr. Campbell, who was in religion a staunch Presbyterian and in politics a sound Unionist, was always held in high esteem by a wide circle of friends.


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The Witness - Friday, 15 March 1918


MORRISON -- March 8, at Tirnoney, Maghera, to Mr. and Mrs. James Morrison -- a daughter.


BLACK--LAING -- March 6, 1918, at Ballyconnell Presbyterian Church, by Rev. James M'Clean, Carrigallen, assisted by Rev. Hugh Jamison, Ballybay, and Rev. James Clyde, Ballyconnell, Rev. J. H. Black, B.A., of Carlow, to Louisa Evelyn, youngest daughter of William Laing, Esq., and the late Mrs. Laing, Hillview, Ballyconnell, Co. Cavan.

WASSON--NORTHEY -- March 6, 1918, at Macrory Memorial Church, by Rev. J. Northey, Assisted by Rev. J. Pollock and Rev. D. D. Boyle, M.A., Rev. Joseph Wasson, Kilrea, to Eileen Alice Northey. At home, Tuesday, 26th March.


EAKIN -- March 9, Samuel Eakin, J.P., of Cordrummonds, Donaghmoyne, Carrickmacross, in his 92nd year. Interred at Broomfield Presbyterian Church, on the 11th March.

GILMORE -- March 9, 1918, at her parents' residence, Tullycore, Killinchy, Evaline, the dearly-beloved daughter of William and Elizabeth Gilmore. Interred in Killinchy Churchyard, March 12th. WILLIAM and ELIZABETH GILMORE.

ANDERSON -- March 11, at 16, Victoria Avenue, Newtownards, Jane Anderson (late of Granshaw, Bangor).

BLAKELY -- March 11, at 6, Bridge Street, Lisburn, Samuel Blakely (leather merchant).

CAMPBELL -- March 12, at the residence of his son-in-law, Thomas Watt, Station View, Ballyclare, William Campbell, late of Ballyhenry, Carnmoney.

CARLISLE -- March 8, at Saintfield, Jane Carlisle.

DOBBIN -- March 11, at the residence of her son-in-law (Mr. J. M. Finnegan), 23, Botanic Avenue, Belfast, Marianne Ringland, widow of the late Rev. Alexander Dobbin, Boardmills.

FENTON -- March 10, at 21, Hamilton Road, Bangor, Jane Fenton, late of Castlederg.

GRAHAM -- At her mother's residence, Ballyreagh, Portrush, Rachel, second daughter of the late Wm. J. Archibald, and beloved wife of James Graham (late of Philadelphia), aged 29 years.

GREER -- March 11, at her brother's residence, Park View, Hillsborough, Mary, daughter of the late Samuel Brown.

HILL -- March 9, at 93, Malone Avenue, Belfast, Charles A. Hill, only son of R. G. Hill, Brookmount.

JOHNS -- March 11, at 2, Knowle Road, Bristol, Harry French Johns, younger son of the late T. Digby Johns, Rosebrook, Carrickfergus.

JOHNSTON -- March 8, at Magheradroll, Ballynahinch, William Johnston.

MACK -- March 7, at 31, Station Road, Larne, William Mack, ex-Head-Constable R.I.C.

MOORE -- March 9, at 62, Princetown Road, Bangor, Patrick Moore, aged 85 years, the dearly-beloved husband of Margaret Moore.

M'BRIDE -- March 9, at Denegarth, Hydepark, Belfast, Hal, dearly-beloved and only son of H. W. and M. L. M'Bride, in his 16th year.

M'FARLAND -- March 9, at Ballygan, James M'Farland.

M'ILGORM -- March 10, at Hillview Farm, Islandmagee, Samuel, dearly-beloved husband of Isabella M'Ilgorm.

M'KEE -- March 10, at Dromore, Co. Down, Francis M'Kee, M.B., F.R.C.S.

In Memoriam

DOUGLAS -- In loving remembrance of Rev. Gawin Douglas, Loughbrickland, minister of the Reformed Presbyterian Church for almost fifty-two years, who died March 15, 1915, aged 83 years. Inserted by his loving Daughter, ANNIE J. I. BOGGS.



The high price of 3,700 guineas was paid for a championship shorthorn bull. Everlasting, at Penrith.

The death has occurred of the once famous Koepenick captain, the shoemaker, Voight, who in 1900 made the whole world laugh at the Germans, and came near to killing German militarism by ridicule.

Sir Edward Carson has received the following cablegram:-- "Ontario West. -- Grand Orangemen, representing 760 lodges, 10,000 members, overseas desire to assure you that we will stand with Ulster. -- F. Fitzgerald, W.M."

Lena Guilbert Ford and her crippled son, to whom she was devoted, were killed in the recent air raid on London. Mrs. Ford was the authoress of the songs "Keep the Home Fires Burning" and "When God Gave You to Me."

The death has just taken place at his residence hear Ballyhay of a man named James Duffy, who was said to be well over 100 years of age. In early life deceased had assisted his father, who was a teacher in one of the the well-known "Hedge Schools."

The body of one of the officers of the hospital ship Glenart Castle, torpedoed in the Bristol Channel, shows that he had sustained two gunshot wounds -- one in the neck and one in the thigh. It is suggested that the Germans attacked the boats of the escaping crew.

Mr. Clynes told Major Newman, in Parliament, that he had no information that a Central Food Committee had been established by the Irish Republican party to prevent export of food from Ireland; he had no information pointing to imminent food shortage in Ireland.

Mr. Bonar Law writes:-- "I am sorry to learn that a rumour is being circulated that the Government will repudiate the national debt, or confiscate investments. Such a suggestion is unthinkable, and I am certain no British Government would ever contemplate such an action."

At the County Tyrone Assizes, the Grand Jury passed a resolution placing on record their opinion that the disgraceful condition of the country outside Ulster at the present time is entirely due to the neglect of the most elementary obligations of government by the present Irish Administration.

Mr. A. M. Carlisle (of Messrs. Harland & Wolff) writes in "The Times" expressing his belief that unless the Government at once removes its control of shipbuilding and other great industries, it will "kill what, in the past, has been the success of all great achievements -- individuality and personal enterprise."

Mr. John Dillon, M.P., on the position of migratory labourers in England, wrote to a correspondent:-- "My advice to you is not to register, and if any pressure is put on you and you are compelled to register, give your Irish address and state that you are only temporarily in England, having been brought there by the Labour Exchange."

Rev. John M'Ilwaine, formerly of St. Andrew's Cathedral, Glasgow, and who had volunteered for service about a year ago, was one of the victims of the sinking of the hospital ship Glenart Castle. He had been chaplain to the Dublin Fusiliers at Aldershot, and had been invalided home some time ago from France, where he had been gassed.

Irish pig-killings during the week ended 7th inst. were only 6,725, compared with 20,538 in the corresponding week of 1917; Irish pig exports were 2,166, as against 6,027. For 1918 (up to 7th inst.) compared with the corresponding period of 1917 the pig-killings were 107,684 as against 228,384, the exports being 63,662 and 65,944 respectively.

The death has taken place of the Rev. Irvine Johnston, a well-known Irish Methodist minister. Deceased, who was in his eighty-ninth year, was a native of Drumquin, County Tyrone, and entered the ministry in 1855. After a strenuous ministry of forty-seven years, he became a supernumerary and went to Bangor, where he had ever since resided.

The death has occurred in London, in her eighty-second year, of Lady Russell of Killowen, widow of Lord Russell of Killowen. Lady Russell, who had been in failing health for some months, was a sister of Clara and Rosa Mulholland (Lady Gilbert) the well-known Irish writers. Lady Russell was the eldest daughter of Dr. Joseph Mulholland, Belfast.

Mr. Roberts, Minister of Labour, presiding at a dinner in London. under the auspices of the Industrial League, said industrial Germany was never more united. Militarism there was never more confident in victory, and never more buoyed up with the hope of territorial extension and the exaction of indemnities. All that made it imperative we should preserve unity at home.

Mr. John Rourke Massey Leach, of 6, Campden House Terrace, Kensington, has left the residue of his estate, valued at over 20,000, "to the Chief Scout, General Sir R. Baden-Powell, for the Boy Scout movement in England and Ireland, a movement which promises to make the boys of England and Ireland in the next generation more manly than those of the present."

A Bill whose object is to divert alcohol from human consumption to industrial uses has been favourably received in the French Chamber. The Bill provides for the abolition of the privilege of distillers and their compensation, the creation of a State monopoly in alcohol for commercial use, an increase in the duties on drink, and the doubling of the licence duty paid by retailers. A reduction of twenty-two million gallons was anticipated.

A number of arrests at Dundalk in connection with charges of illegal drilling was followed by a menacing demonstration, the Republican section of the crowd making an attempt to close on the barrack gates, and being only repulsed by the pressure of a baton charge on the part of the police. Two persons were slightly injured. It is expected that the earlier closing of licensed houses as ordered by the competent military authority will have a salutary effect.

At the monthly meeting of the Belfast and District Branch of the Irish Principal Teachers' Union, the following officers were unanimously elected for the year ending 31st March, 1919 -- Chairman, Mr. W. Parr; vice-chairman, Mr. W. Haslett; treasurer, Mr. J. A. Fitzsimons, B.A.; secretaries. Miss O'Donoghue and Mr. J. Rodgers, B.A. The entire committee were re-elected, with the addition of Messrs. T. H. Matthews and D. F. Moore to fill two vacant places.

With regard to the coming blow on the Western Front, Mr. Bonar Law, in a speech in Parliament, assured the House of the ability of the Allies to defeat any attack, and declared his confidence in our power to break Prussian militarism and secure that guarantee of peace for which we entered the war. But that success depended largely on the unity of the people at home and on their determination to hang on to the end.

Conscription for Ireland is urged by Lord Ebury, father-in-law of Lord Wimborne, in a letter to the "Morning Post." He states that many who thought any modification of the Union inconsistent with the true interests of Ireland, the safety of Great Britain, and the welfare of the Empire, had been silent out of consideration for those who deprecated any reference to the recruiting problem, while the Convention was in active existence.

Mr. Darrell Figgis, speaking at Meath Hill, said that Mr. Lloyd George's emphasis on the necessity of continuing the Irish representation at Westminster was a fine justification of Sinn Fein policy, for so long as Ireland was represented there England could proclaim that both countries were one nation, not two. That was what Mr. Lloyd George meant, and Ireland could not clear her position to herself or to the world until she withdrew.

A telegram from Ennis, County Clare, states that much police and military activity prevails in the districts between Clare and Galway. In the course of a search for arms and ammunition at Ballindereen a quantity of ammunition was discovered concealed in a garden. The police arrested a man and his two sons in connection with the matter. Isolated attempts at drilling by Irish Volunteers in different parts of Clare on Sunday were suppressed by the military. No untoward incident occurred.

Mr. Bonar Law, in submitting to Parliament the new Vote of Credit for 600,000,000, explained that it would carry on the war until the end of June, taking the daily rate of expenditure at 6,750,000 a day. The last Vote has been disbursed at the rate of 6,120,000 a day up to February 9, and the average for the year has been 6,557,000. At the end of the financial year, March 31, it is estimated the National Debt will be 5,900,000,000, of which 1,600,000,000 represents loans to Allies and Dominions.

In the debate in Parliament on the relations of the Government with the Press, the Prime Minister stated that Lord Rothermere and Lord Beaverbrook were the only newspaper owners holding Ministerial appointments, Lord Northcliffe's post being in a different category. On appointment these two Ministers gave up all direction of their newspapers, in consonance with the rule applying to company directors. Such appointments were common in other Allied countries, and both the noble lords were eminently fitted for their posts.

Sir E. Carson, addressing a war aims meeting at Dover, asked what room there was now for people who said the Germans only wanted an honourable peace? Why, the whole history of the German methods might be learned in five minutes by tracing out their dealings with Russia. Replying to a vote of thanks. Sir Edward said it certainly had been a kind of Nemesis he supposed to his antecedent history that when he had nothing but the war in his mind he should ! have left the Cabinet, on a matter unconnected with the war. However, there it was.

Opening County Down Assizes at Downpatrick, Mr. Justice Dodd stated that there were 1,401 cases of drunkenness in 1916, and in 1917 the total had fallen to 983, a decrease of 418. The police reported to him that the county was absolutely quiet and law-abiding. He was jealous for them and their reputation and standing in the county. They had the reputation of being hard-headed business men, and it was not inconsistent with that that they should have a genuine love for what was good, honourable, and pure. They loved their land not less, but with a love greater than any county in Ireland, and they followed the King and his movements with a loyalty that could not be shaken or surpassed.


Death of Mr. S. Eakin, J.P.

On Saturday there passed away to his rest and his reward one of the oldest residents in County Monaghan in the person of Mr. Samuel Eakin, J.P., of Cordrummonds, Donaghmoyne, Carrackmacross. Born in Nov., 1826, he had well entered into his ninety-second year. Throughout his long life he was privileged to enjoy remarkably good health. He was an extensive and successful farmer, and one who was not slow in adopting the most up-to-date methods in agriculture. For many years he was a ruling eider in the congregation of Broomfield, and a very liberal contributor to its funds; indeed, he was a generous supporter of any deserving religious or charitable cause. He was unusually well versed in the Scriptures; and held clear and decided views of Christian truth and doctrine. He is survived by three sons and one daughter; the flatter is resident in Canada; one of his sons holds a good position in the Customs and Excise, London; the other two are extensive farmers in the Donaghmoyne district. The funeral to the family burying-ground, Broomfield Presbyterian Church, was largely attended by all classes and creeds.


Death of Second-Lieut W. Brown, Cootehill.

Preaching in Cootehill Church on Sabbath from the words, "Having loved His own who were in the world, He loved them unto the end" (John xiii. 1), Rev. W. M. Henry referred to the sad and greatly-lamented death of Willie Brown, son of the senior elder, Mr. Samuel Brown, merchant, Cootehill. This fine young officer was killed in action on the 1st of the present month. He was one of the most interesting and lovable boys and young men ever brought up in any family. As a boy in the elementary school, he was a great favourite with all the pupils, and when attending the Royal School in Dungannon he gained the goodwill and esteem of all the teachers and scholars. Almost from the very beginning of this terrible war he earnestly considered it to be his duty to do what he could for his King and country. He joined the Royal Irish Fusiliers, and subsequently went to the front with the Ulster Division in 1915, serving for a number of months as interpreter to his battalion. In November, 1916, he was selected for a commission, and was trained as a cadet unit at Cambridge, and afterwards gazetted to the Royal Munster Fusiliers in March, 1917. On returning to France in April of same year he was attached to the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, and only a few weeks ago was transferred with his battalion to the Ulster Division, in which he was second lieutenant. His captain, men, and chaplain all have spoken of him in the very highest terms, and the congregation as a whole desired to express their deep sympathy with his father, mother, brothers, and sisters, and all his family connection in this their time of deep sorrow and sad bereavement.


Death of Mr. John Wilkinson.

We regret to announce the death of Mr. John Wilkinson, which occurred on Sabbath at his residence, Mountpleasant, Stranmillis Road. The deceased, who was seventy-four years of age, was well known and highly respected in commercial circles, and was chairman of directors of the firm of Wilkinson & Turtle, Ltd., manufacturers, Alfred Street. Mr. Wilkinson was a devoted member of the Presbyterian Church, and for over thirteen years was clerk of session in the Fisherwick congregation. For many years also he was a member of the committee of the Young Men's Christian Association. He did not take a prominent part in public affairs, but was keenly interested in everything affecting the welfare of the city and province, and was a staunch supporter df the Unionist cause. Deep sympathy will he felt for his widow and family.


Funeral of Mr. A. Jamison.

The funeral of Mr. Alexander Jamison, Florenceville Terrace, Ormeau Road, took place on Saturday to the family burying-ground at Knockbreda, and the large attendance of mourners was a striking testimony to the esteem in which deceased was held. In the cortege were included representatives of the session of Newtonbreda Church, with which he was officially connected for many years, and of the Ulidia Clothing Company, of which he was director and secretary. The service at the graveside was conducted by Rev. Dr. Workman and Rev. J. Somerville Wilson, B.A., B.D. The funeral arrangements were admirably carried out by Messrs. Melville & Co.. Ltd.


Death of Dr. F. M'Kee, J.P., Dromore

The death occurred on Sabbath at his residence, Dromore, of Dr. Francis M'Kee, J.P. A son of the late Mr. Samuel M'Kee, of Ballymurphy, Annahilt, the deceased was educated at the Ballynahinch Intermediate School and Queen's College, Belfast, and graduated at the old Royal University in 1889, taking the degrees of M.B., B.Ch., and B.A.O. About eight years ago he became a Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons, Iceland. After graduating Dr. M'Kee did duty in a London hospital, and also served as medical officer on an ocean liner. He subsequently set up in practice at Dromore, where his ability and courtesy were highly appreciated. He was granted a commission in the Royal Army Medical Corps in June, 1915, and served with his Majesty's forces for a period of about two years. When returning home from Egypt the ship on which he was a passenger was torpedoed, and Dr. M'Kee was in the water for a considerable time before being rescued. The exposure to which he was subjected on that occasion seriously affected his health, and he never completely regained his strength. The deceased was a magistrate for County Down. He did not take any active part in politics, but was a staunch Unionist, whilst in religion he was a member of the Presbyterian Church. He was connected with the Independent Order of Foresters, and was medical officer to Court Laganvale, 2040.


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