The Witness - Friday, 6 September 1918

Roll of Honour

JOHNSTON -- Aug. 23, died in Red Cross Hospital, France, of wounds received in action, Lieut. R. Ivan Johnston, Royal Irish Rifles.

Deaths

GORMAN -- Sept. 3, at 26, Loughview Terrace, Skegoniel Avenue, Andrew J. H. Gorman, the dearly-beloved husband of Rebecca Gorman. Interred in the City Cemetery on Thursday, 5th September. Deeply regretted.

ANDREWS -- September 2, Herbert William Andrews, of Old House, Comber, eldest son of the late James Andrews, Carnesure, Comber.

BELL -- August 31, at Carnaughlis, Isabella, widow of the late Alexander Bell.

BROWNE -- Sept. 4, at her residence, Pond Park, Lisburn, Margaret Jane Browne.

CRANGLE -- August 31, at her father's residence, Cockhill Road, Upper Maze, Hillsborough, Florence May, second and dearly-beloved daughter of William John and Margaret Crangle.

DAVISON -- Sept. 3, at his residence, Brookhill, Lisburn, Thomas, dearly-beloved husband of Sarah Davison.

FORRESTER -- July 14, at the Victoria Nursing Home, Shanghai, China, Martha, the dearly-beloved wife of Edward D. Forrester, aged 46 years.

FREW -- Aug. 31, at Cottown, Bangor, William John Frew.

HAYES -- Sept. 4, at his residence, 62, Claremont Terrace, Fleetwood, David Hayes, late engineer of ss. Duke of Cumberland.

LAW -- September 1, at Crossgar, Sarah (Sadie), youngest and much-loved daughter of William and Lizzie Law, of 235 Ravenhill Avenue, Belfast.

MAGAHAN -- Sept. 1, at 1, Leinster Villas, Glengeary, Kingstown, in the 83rd year of his age, Frederick William Magahan, late of Lurgan.

PLUNKETT -- August 28, in London, Charlotte Grey, daughter of the late William Valentine Plunkett, of Belfast.

In Memorial

LYONS -- In ever loving memory of the Rev. A. S. Lyons, who passed away on the 7th September, 1908.
"I thank my God upon every remembrance of you." -- Phil. i. 3.
Inserted by his sorrowing Wife and Family. Windsor Bank, Newry, September, 1918.

Clippings

NEWS OF THE WEEK

IN BRIEF.

Casualties in the Australian Forces to June numbered 261,500, including 49,047 dead and 246 missing.

During June French naval patrols covered 447,040 miles, including 59,100 miles covered by naval airships

Sir Newman Chambers, J.P., formerly Town Clerk of Derry, has been appointed a Deputy Lieutenant for County Donegal.

According to an official telegram from Washington there are 57,000 negroes in the American Army, of whom 20,000 are reported to be in France.

Monday was observed as Labour Day in the United States, record-breaking celebrations in all the cities and towns sounding an unmistakable note of loyalty to war policy. Huge processions and reviews were held, and the greatest enthusiasm prevailed.

Mr. J. M. Flood, B.A., B.L., has been appointed Secretary to the Primary Education Inquiry Committee. Mr. Flood is a member of the North-West Circuit, and is Professor of Law in Galway University College. He was for many years an official in the National Education Office.

The directors of the Northern Banking Co., Ltd., have declared a dividend for the past half-year at the rate of 15 per cent. per annum, on the A shares and 7½ per cent. per annum on the B shares of this company, less income tax, being 3s per A share and 1s 6d per B share, less income tax.

Further discoveries of coal have been made in the Irish Midlands, and departmental inspectors are examining the recently discovered seams in King's County and elsewhere which promise to give an abundant yield. In King's County several seams have been discovered within a month.

At a meeting of the Advisory Committee on the control of pigs for slaughter held in London it was agreed to co-opt the following:-- Mr. Finlay Kerr (Irish Department of Agriculture), Mr. M'Cann and Mr. Caruth (Irish Food Control Committee), and Mr. P. M'Kenna (Irish Pig Dealers' Association).

Archbishop Kelly, of Sydney, at the opening of a new school, said concerning Ireland that the people there should not be criticised. If the Irish had one fault it was that they were too idealistic and too enthusiastic, and the pot overboiled, as it were. Those who know Ireland best say that it has no government.

It is stated that the Irish Railway Executive Committee are at present engaged in reviewing the train services on the different railway lines, and that some very drastic curtailments of the existing services are under consideration. The whole matter is being reconsidered in relation to the coal, shortage which has to be faced this winter.

On completing a sentence of six calendar months' imprisonment for incitement to cattle-driving, Mr. Lawrence Ginnell, M.P., was re-arrested at Mountjoy Prison and conveyed to Arbour Hill Detention Barracks, where he was handed over to the military authorities. It is understood that steps are being considered for his deportation.

The Speaker has informed his constituents that he proposes to stand for Parliament again at the General Election, but to retire at the end of the war. Previously he had said his health forbade him to sit beyond this Parliament. Ergo both the General Election and the end of the war are, in his opinion, not far off. And he is a good judge.

At a conference of the South-East Leeds Labour party, Captain Jamies O'Grady, the present member for East Leeds, was nominated, and was unanimously selected as the Labour candidate for the new constituency formed as a result of the new Franchise Act. Writing from the Irish Recruiting Council, Dublin, Captain O'Grady has accepted the nomination.

The Belfast Corporation considered the question of the rearrangement of the City Surveyor's staff, and adopted the recommendation of the Improvement Committee, appointing Mr. E. S. Pinkerton as assistant city surveyor, Mr. H. F. Gullan assistant city engineer, and Mr. Samuel Mahood senior superintendent of the street and house cleansing departments.

Viscount French, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, writing to the Lord Mayor of Belfast (Alderman Sir Jas. Johnston, J.P.), says -- "Will you please convey to the Council my warmest thanks and my high appreciation dt the great honour they propose to confer upon me in making me an honorary burgess of the city. I have the greatest pleasure in accepting the invitation."

The report of Dr. Bailie, Medical Superintendent of Health, Belfast, stated that the death-rate in that city from all causes in 1917 was 16.7 per 1,000, exactly similar to that for 1916, when the rate was the lowest ever recorded for the city. In 1917 there was a decrease of 1.9 per 1,000 in the birth-rate. Infectious diseases fell off by 37 per cent. as compared with 1916.

Belfast Corporation have approved of the increase of gas prices for lighting, cooking, and heating to 3s 9d per 1,000ft., and for high pressure to 3s 11d, and for automatic supplies the price was fixed at 1d per 22ft., residents in Cregagh, outside city boundary, to pay 4s 7d per 1,000ft. Enniskillen Gas Co. have increased the price of gas for lighting to 8s per 1,000, and for cookers and power to 7s 6d.

In reference to the announcement that President Wilson intends to visit England and France "at no distant date," the Press Association says that this does not necessarily mean an immediate visit. The Government have as yet received no official intimation of the date of the visit, but when they are apprised of the President's plans a most cordial welcome will await the distinguished visitor.

A number of suggestions are being put forward for reducing the consumption of gas in Belfast during the winter months. The Corporation is being urged to compel all shops to close at 7 o'clock, or at latest 7-30 p.m., on the first five days of the week, and not later than nine o'clock on Saturdays. The churches, it is suggested, should also hold their evening services earlier, so that they would not require the use of gas or electricity.

The Lord Chancellor has appointed Mr. James Walsh, proprietor of Drumcree Nurseries, Portadown, to the Commission of the Peace for County Armagh. Mr. Walsh, who is an office-bearer in Drumcree Church and a lay representative of the parish on the Armagh Diocesan Council, is an energetic member of the Portadown Agricultural Society, a representative of the Drumcree electoral division of Lurgan Union, and a member of the North Armagh Unionist Association.

Mr. and Mrs W. R. Young, Galgorm Castle, have just celebrated the twenty-firth anniversary of their wedding day. The teachers and scholars of Galgorm Schools and a few friends were entertained to tea at the schoolhouse in the afternoon, and sports were engaged in an adjoining field. A procession was afterwards formed, and the members of it marched to the castle, where they were received by Mr. and Mrs. Young who suitably replied to a well-worded congratulatory address.

The report of the Belfast District Lunatic Asylum for the past year shows that the numbers under treatment were 693 males and 733 females -- a total of 1,426; and the daily average numbers resident during the year were 536 males and 578 females -- a total of 1,114. The discharges were -- Males, 70; females, 87 -- total, 157. The number remaining on Dec. 31st was 1,096 (515 males and 581 females). As compared with the previous year the admissions increased by one, the discharges by twenty-eight, and the deaths by eleven.

At a luncheon given in London to overseas journalists, Colonel Lord Burnham, one of the proprietors of the "Daily Telegraph," referring to the veracity of the British Press, said he believed the less the official narrative was garbled or twisted the better for the country. When the war was over the governing masses would insist upon being told the truth. The newspaper Press was the intelligence department of the Empire, and should work to help public opinion to judge aright on the vast issues that arose on every side.

The Rev. A. J. Carlyle, D.Litt., Chaplain and Lecturer on Political Economy of University College, and rector of St. Martin's (Carfax) and All Saints, Oxford, has accepted an invitation from the Archbishop and the University of Upsala to lecture, on the "Olaus Petri" foundation, on "The Historical Position of the Church of England in Relation to Universal Christendom." Dr. Carlyle, whose father was a minister of the Free Church of Scotland, is a Fellow of the Royal Historical Society, and is well known as a writer on both historical and economic history.

Sir John Simon, in a message read by Lady Simon at a garden party at Walthamstow, said the Kaiser told the truth when he described the war as a conflict between two ideals. It was a conflict between those who regarded war as an instrument and those who regarded it as a pestilence which threatened to destroy mankind; between those who acted as if the weak had no rights and those who wished their neighbours to live in full security. The democracies of the world realised the nature of the conflict, and were resolved to grind the Prussian war machine to powder. To abandon the ideal would be to lose all hope for the future.

At an inspection of Royal Irish Constabulary men at the Depot, Dublin, the Lord Lieutenant (Viscount French) referred to the difficulties of the constabulary when isolated in out-of-the-way parts of the country, and said they must remember that they would be supported in carrying out their duties, and that when they called upon military help, they would get it. He asked for mutual confidence between them and the Government and himself. They were, he would remind them, doing their part in the war as well as if they were in the trenches with the Germans in front of them. Returning thanks, the Inspector-General mentioned tha 400 officers and men of the R.I.C. had enlisted in the Irish Guards.

The King has degraded Sir Joseph Jonas, a former Lord Mayor of Sheffield, from the degree of Knight Bachelor. Joseph Jonas was recently convicted in the Central Criminal Court, London, under the Official Secrets Act, 1911, of misdemeanour, and was fined 2,000. Born at Bingen-on-the-Rhine in 1845, he came to England when he was 21, and was naturalised in 1875. He was first German Consul in Sheffield, and during his Lord Mayoralty received from the Kaiser the Order of the Prussian Crown. He was knighted by King Edward in 1905. The last case of degradation from knighthood, and the first for many years, was that of Roger Casement, who was hanged for high treason.

The funeral took place to the Belfast City Cemetery from his late residence of Mr. Robert Rodgers, who, up to a few years ago, was chief inspector of the city tramways. Included in the procession were a number of tramway officials and members of the Masonic Order, in addition to deceased's personal friends. The chief mourners were Captain John Rodgers (mercantile marine), son; Mr. Robert Hugh Rodgers, grandsons; Mrs. Nicholl, daughter; Mr. R. Nicholl, son-in-law; Mrs. Forsythe, daughter; Mr. David Forsythe, son-in-law; and Mr. G. M'Keown. Prior to the removal of the remains a brief service was conducted at the house by Rev. W. J. Sirr, who also officiated at the graveside. The funeral arrangements were carried out by Messrs. Melville & Co., Ltd.

According to a Berlin telegram the new harvest in Germany is officially estimated as showing an increase of 10 to 15 per cent. compared with last year.

The American Senate has passed a Bill favouring the total prohibition of manufacture and sale of alcoholic liquors after June 30, 1919. It is believed the House will pass the Bill.

Mr. Samuel Gompers, the American Labour leader, has issued an appeal to the miners to produce more coal, and to the people of Great Britain to save coal in their households.

Mr. James Graham, manager of the Irish Peat Development, Co., Ltd., Portadown, has been appointed by the Lord Chancellor to the Commission of the Peace for County Armagh.

Mr. Shadforth Watts, a well-known London shipowner, has forwarded to Captain A. W. Clark, the deputy chairman of King George's Fund for Sailors, a gift of 10,000 in aid of the fund.

Mr. Barnes, M.P., writing to his Glasgow constituents, challenges his Labour opponents to contest his seat. Recent scenes at his Glasgow meeting he describes as an orgy of fanaticism and mendacity.

Under an order of the English Board of Agriculture the wages of male agricultural workers (above 21) have been fixed at 33s weekly for 48 hours. Overtime is to be 9d and Sabbaths 11d per hour.

Chief Petty Officer Reece, awarded the D.S.M. was formerly stationed at Newcastle, Co. Down. Captain J. F. Buller, who has been awarded the M.C., is nephew to Mr. C. W. Dunbar-Buller, D.L., Donaghadee.

The "Petit Parisien" states that M. Diagne, Deputy for Senegal, has returned to Paris from a recruiting tour in West Africa. He recruited 75,000 natives in all, 60,000 of them in West Africa, and 15,000 in the Equatorial zone.

The Secretary for the United States Navy has ordered the collier Cyclops to be struck off the Navy register. She was last reported at Barbadoes on 4th April. It is believed she encountered a cyclone and sunk. 293 persons perished.

Mr. Samuel Kelly took his seat for the first time at the Belfast Harbour Board on Tuesday. Mr. Kelly, who is a leading shipowner and coal merchant, was cordially welcomed by the chairman, Mr. H. M. Pollock, J.P., and Mr. James M'Connell, J.P.

Mr. Edward Hilden has resigned the principalship of the Newry Intermediate School, which he has held for the last fifteen years, consequent upon his appointment to a responsible position in the engineering firm of Ruton[?], Proctor, & Co., Ltd., Lincoln.

According to reliable estimates some 9,450,000 tons of refuse are made annually in Britain, each ton of which is worth, at least, 7s. Some 38 per cent. of the waste represents cinders not consumed by uneconomical grates, or the equivalent of 2,250,000 tons of raw coal.

Mr. Haywood, secretary Industrial Workers of the World, convicted with others of conspiracy to disrupt America's war programme, has, says a Chicago telegram, been sentenced to 14 years' imprisonment; others received 20 years, and were fined 20,000 dollars each.

Mr. H. W. Andrew who has died at his residence, Old House, Comber, was son of the late Mr. James Andrews, Carnesure. He was a highly-successful agriculturist, and was connected with the Liverpool and London and G[?]e Insurance Co. He was a keen footballer and hunter.

Belfast Corporation have requested the Government to utilise empty ships at Archangel for conveying flax to this country. Councillor Stirling said there were 50,000 tons of flax at Archangel, whereas the yield from home acreage would only meet one-third of the normal requirements of the linen trade.

At a meeting of the Coleraine Urban Council the Technical Instruction Committee reported having, unanimously appointed Mr. W. R. Johnstone, Banbridge, as principal of the Technical School, in succession to Mr. David Hyndman, M.Sc., who has been appointed principal the Barrow-in-Furness Technical Institute.

General Seely, M.P. Deputy Minister of Munitions, speaking in the East Midlands, said new tanks were being provided in thousands, and would be instrumental in saving thousands of lives. With tanks available casualties were relatively small. There was no doubt that on a certain day the tanks saved Amiens.

The "Telegraaf" (Amsterdam) reports from the frontier that two German regiments from Russia refused to proceed to the Western front, and that 130 men were shot. At Munich some 700 men of a Guards regiment also refused to go to the front, and barricaded themselves in the barracks, but they finally had to surrender.

After having served in four Polar expeditions, twice with Scott and twice with Shackleton, Alfred Cheetham, of Hull, has lost his life at sea through enemy submarine action. Mr. Cheetham had made voyages in the Morning, the Terra Nova, the Nimrod, and Endurance. One of his sons lost his life through his vessel being torpedoed two years ago.

Poyntzpass magistartes discussed a prosecution, the first of its kind in the United Kingdom, against David Allen, shopkeeper (trading as Allen Bros.), for selling cornflour alleged to be adulterated with 100 per cent. of prepared rice flour. Sir C. Cameron stated that cornflour was not a proper name to apply to this sort of article, but cornflour was a mere trade term, which everyone understood. Rice cornflour was as good an article as maize cornflour.

The late Canon S. Campbell, formerly Rector of Hollymount, County Down, Left property valued at 43,577. He bequeathed 5,000 to the Representative Church Body to apply 500 a year from the income for the stipend of a curate at St. Patrick's, Ballymacarrett. The bulk of the residue he left in equal shares to the Society for the Propagation of the Gospel, the Representative Church Body, and the building fund of St. Ann's Cathedral, Belfast.

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Death of Mr. Joshua Chambers, Ballynagarrick, Gilford.

The death occurred recently of this highly-respected resident. The loss of his wife, who died some three years ago, deeply affected him, and since then he had been in failing health. He was a loyal and devoted member of the Presbyterian Church, and for the past thirty-three years held the office of elder in Newmills. Deeply interested in the religious training of the young, he early devoted himself to the work of the Sabbath-school, and for a lengthened period, until growing infirmities necessitated his retirement, he rendered faithful and efficient service as a teacher. He was for some years a member of the Rural District Council, and in that capacity served the interests of the community with faithfulness and acceptance. He leaves a family of two sons and five daughters. One of his sons is in the Army, and was wounded in action in France. The funeral, which was largely attended by the residents in the district and friends from a distance, afforded a striking testimony to the respect in which he was held throughout a wide circle. Rev. T. W, Coskery and Rev. James Irwin officiated at the residence of the deceased, and Rev. D. M. M'Connell and Rev. James Edgar at the grave.

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If the next of kin of Carolyn Irwin, born Caroline Henry, whose father was a Presbyterian Minister, and who left the neighbourhood of Belfast about fifty years ago, would communicate with the undersigned, they would hear of something to their advantages. In her girlhood Miss Henry had a close friend named Key, who was also a Presbyterian Minister. George Hopper, Manager, Gresham Insurance Society, 72, Royal Avenue, Belfast.

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Roll of Honour

Lieutenant R. J. Johnson, who has died of wounds received in the battle on Sabbath, August 25th, came from Canada in 1915 to fight for his country. He enlisted in the Royal Engineers, and served as a sapper in France for sixteen months without being wounded. He then obtained a commission in the Third Battalion Royal Irish Rifles, and proceeded to France in June of this year. He was educated at Marlborough College, in Wiltshire. The deceased officer was the son of Mr. S. A. Johnston, Dalriada, Whiteabbey, and his mother was a daughter of Mr. William Barbour, of Hilden, Lisburn. He was a fine footballer and swimmer, and a splendid all-round athlete, and at on time a most popular member of the North of Ireland Football Club. He had a most attractive and winning personality, and his loss will be deeply felt by a large number of friends and relations with whom he was always a great favourite.

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Death of Mr. A. J. H. Gorman.

We regret to announce the death of Mr. Andrew J. H. Gorman, an old and valued member of the composing department of this newspaper, which occurred at his residence, 26, Loughview Terrace, Skegoniel Avenue. The deceased attended his business as usual on Friday last, when he took seriously ill, and notwithstanding the unremitting attention of Dr. Macintosh, Dr. M'Connell, and Dr. Calwell (in consultation), he passed away on Tuesday forenoon to the great sorrow of his numerous acquaintances. The late Mr. Gorman entered on his apprenticeship as a compositor in the "Banner of Ulster" about forty-five years ago, and remained on the staff when that paper was merged into "The Witness." He was connected with the department up to the time of his lamented death, and for some years past held the distinction of having been longer associated with "The Witness" than any other employee. A skilful and reliable workman, a staunch friend, and a man who was ever ready to give the benefit of his wise counsel to those who sought his aid, he was highly respected by all with whom he came in contact, and his removal is greatly deplored. The deceased was prominently identified with the Rechabite and Masonic Orders, and was a leading member of Spamount Congregational Church. The larger-attended funeral yesterday demonstrated in a marked degree the esteem entertained for him, as did also the numerous floral tributes, which covered the oak coffin. The impressive service at the house and at the City Cemetery was conducted by the Rev. W. Davey. The late Mr. Gorman leaves a widow and a large family to mourn his loss, and to them we extend our heartfelt sympathy in the irreparable loss they have sustained. The funeral arrangements were admirably carried out by Messrs. Melville Co., Ltd., Townsend Street.

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The engagement is announced of Lieutenant-Colonel Sir John Seymour Lloyd, K.B.E., C.M.G., and Mrs. Cuthbert, of Bentham Hill, Southborough, Kent, daughter of the Rev. Samuel Prenter, D.D., LL.D., and widow of William Mitchel Cuthbert, Capetown.

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Rev. Robert Blank, who acted as substitute for Rev. W. N. Maxwell, of Dervock, while acting as an Army chaplain, has been appointed assistant to Rev. Samuel Cochrane, B.A., of Sinclair Seamen's Church, Belfast. Mr. Cochrane has been doing a splendid work among the men of the Navy at the port of Belfast, as well as in his own congregation, and the help of an assistant was absolutely necessary to enable him in justice to himself to overtake the extra duties which his position as a naval chaplain entailed.

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In aid of the funds of the Belfast branch of the Irish Federation of Discharged and Demobilised Sailors and Soldiers, a flag day will be observed in the city to-day, and it is hoped that a liberal response will be made to assist this most deserving of charities. Our adverting columns contain full particulars of the splendid work being done on behalf of the men who have done so much to uphold the honour of the British Empire, and now unable to take an active part in the great war. Subscriptions will be gratefully received and acknowledged by Miss E. Fitzmaurice, organising secretary, 43, Globe and Textile Buildings, Donegall Square South.

 

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The Witness - Friday, 13 September 1918

Roll of Honour

BLAIR -- Sept. 2, 1918. at 59th Casualty Clearing Station, France, Alexander (North Irish Horse -- attached 5th Cyclists' Regiment), third son of Alexander Blair, 18, Stranmillis Road, Belfast.

IRWIN -- Sept. 2, 1918, killed in action, 2nd Lieut. J. Ross Irwin, Royal Irish Regiment, dearly-beloved son of Mr. and Mrs. J. Irwin. The Diamond, Donegal, aged 19 years.

Marriages

KENNEDY--SMITH -- Sept. 4, at Carland Presbyterian Church, by the Rev. Stanley W. Thompson, B.A., of First Dungannon, David George, son of the late David Kennedy, of Belfast and Ballymoney, and Mrs. Kennedy, Rockview House, Craigatempton, Ballymoney, to Sara, younger daughter of H. J. Smith, and Mrs. Smith, Scotch Street, Dungannon.

PATTERSON--MOSS -- Aug. 27, at the Spa Presbyterian Church, by the Rev. John M'Adam, B.A., Thomas, youngest son of the late John Patterson, Rann House, Downpatrick, to Frances Peden (Fannie), only daughter of A. W. Moss, Drumaness, Ballynahinch.

PORTER-KENNEDY -- Sept. 4, at Fort William Park Presbyterian Church, by the Rev. A. Lyle Harrison, B.A., Robert A. Porter, Cliftonpark Avenue, to Elizabeth Kennedy, Rathmore, Glenburn Park.

RITCHIE--BEGGS -- Sept. 10, at Groomsport Parish Church, by the Rev. Thomas M'Creight, B.A., Walter S., younger son of Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Ritchie, Belfast, to Marjorie, only daughter of Mr. and Mrs. S. Beggs, Dunmurry.

Deaths

ALEXANDER -- Sept. 10, at 2, Glanworth Terrace Belfast, Agnes, wife of late James Alexander, of Glasgow, and daughter of the late James Thom, of Glasgow.

BELSHAW -- Sept. 7, at Kilcorig, Magheragall, Lisburn, William Belshaw.

BUCKLEY -- Sept. 3, at Houghton Cottage, Wrea Green, in her 82nd year, Sally, widow of Joseph Houghton Buckley, late of Wesham Mills, Kirkham, Lancashire.

CAMPBELL -- Sept. 8, at her husband's residence, 16, Main Street, Strabane, Sarah, the beloved wife of Thomas Campbell.

CAUGHEY -- Sept. 8, at New Street, Donaghadee, Jane Caughey.

GREENE -- Sept 7, 1918, at Millview, Dunmurry, Sarah Greene. "She hath done what she could." Inserted by M. GREENE, 34, Athol Street, Belfast.

HOLLEY -- Sept. 8, at Redgorton, Helen's Bay, Hilda Mary Holley, aged 25.

JOHNSTON -- Sept. 9, at 28, Bryansburn Road, Bangor, W. N. Johnston, nephew of the late Wm. Johnston, Ballykilbeg.

MOORE -- Sept. 10, at Newry General Hospital, John Moore, of The Commons, Newry.

MILLIKEN -- Sept. 7, at Ballykennedy, Dundrod, Eliza Jane, relict of the late John Milliken.

MULLIGAN -- Sept. 9, at Millbank, Banbridge, John Watson Mulligan, M.D., J.P., in his 75th year.

STANLEY -- Sept. 7, at her father's residence, 1, Alexandra Terrace, Cable Road, Whitehead, Martha (Pattie), third daughter of Alfred and Martha Stanley.

SWEENIE -- Sept, 6, 1918, at her mother's residence, 4, Florence Terrace, Londonderry, Marguerite Mills (Marzie), daughter of the late Dr. W. F. Sweenie, Jagersfontein, South Africa.

WILSON -- Sept. 9, at Mill House, Warrenpoint, James Wilson.

Clippings

NEWS OF THE WEEK

IN BRIEF

Prince Albert of Saxe-Weimar, who was a major in the German cavalry, has fallen on the Western front.

Mr. Joseph Sweeney has been selected as Sinn Fein candidate for West Donegal. Mr. Hugh A. Law, M.P., represents the constituency at present.

At a sale of British Frisian cattle at Beccles, Suffolk, the celebrated imported cow, Golf Sietske X. sold for 4,500 guineas. This is a record for the kingdom.

The Welsh Free Church Council have decided to support the proposed League of Free Nations, but declined to send a delegate to the proposed International Christian Conference at Upsala.

Sir Arthur Yapp will shortly leave for the United States, where he will take part in a crusade on behalf of a great Anglo-American Y.M.C.A. movement on the different fronts.

Mr. O. S. Spokes, chief assistant in engineering, Derry Technical School, has been appointed principal Banbridge Technical Institute, in room of Mr. W. R. Johnston, appointed principal Coleraine Technical School.

At a meeting of the General Committee in connection with the recent Red Cross in Banbridge, it was stated that the "Red Cross" would benefit to the extent of 600 as the result of "Our Day" effort.

At the Letterbreen sittings of the South Fermanagh revision court the U.I.L. interests were watched by Rev. Canon M'Mahon, P.P., while the Sinn Feiners had their interests looked after by his curate, Rev. T. Caulfield.

The Marquis of Downshire left 135,540 He left 1,000 to his wife, 1,000 to Lord Arthur Hill, one year's wages to all persons in his employ three years previous to his death, and the residue to his son, Lord Hillsborough, now Marquis of Downshire.

A statement issued by the Canadian Finance Department shows an increase of over twelve million dollars in the revenue of the Dominion during the first five months of the current fiscal year. War expenditure in August totalled 11,571,723 dollars.

By special permission of the Rev. Dr. Peacocke, Bishop of Derry and Raphoe, Mr. John Bristow, a Belfast layman, and a licenced lay reader in the Down diocese, is to preach next Sabbath in Derry Cathedral on behalf of the Poorer Clergy Income Augmentation Fund.

It was stated at Antrim County Council that, owing to a House of Lords decision in a Dublin case, the proportion of contribution of Belfast Guardians' expenses would be assessed on the basis of the new valuation of the city, which meant a saving of 274 for the present year.

News received from Teheran confirms the massacre of Christians at Urumiah by bands of Kurds emboldened by the announcement of the imminent arrival of Turkish troops. Among the victims are Mgr. Sontang, French Lazarist, and the Vicar Apostolic and three priests.

Sir Thomas Dewey, chairman of the Prudential Assurance Company, has notified the Chancellor of the Exchequer that as practical recognition of the glorious victory achieved by our men who broke the Hindenburg switch-line the company had purchased two million pounds' worth of national war bonds.

The U.S. Navy Department states that the U.S. ss. Lake Owens was sunk by a submarine on Sept. 3 in foreign waters, and that five of the crew are missing, and that the U.S. troopship Mont Vernon (formerly German owned) was torpedoed 200 miles off the French coast, but no lives were lost.

The Food Controller recently retraced the prices of certain cuts of bacon to 157s 6d per. cwt. wholesale, and 1s 8d per lb. retail. These prices apply to bacon in its green state. The Food Controller has now made an order fixing the prices of it when pale dried or smoked at 171s cwt. wholesale, and 1s 10d per lb. retail.

Figures issued by the Food Controller show that the output during the first thirty-two weeks of this year was 140,958,200 tons, against 164,450,300 tons in the corresponding period last year; the net shortage being about 8.7 per cent. Stocks for industrial works, public utility undertakings, and household purposes are lower than ever before.

At the thirty-eighth annual sale of the Lincoln Long-Wool Sheep Breeders' Association all previous prices and records were broken. The aggregate of the sale of 385 rams was 12,980. The record price for a single sheep was reached when one from the flock of Mr. Joseph Brocklebank was secured by Mr. T. W. Dean for 700 guineas. The previous best figure was 350 guineas.

Rev. H. W. Brownrigg, M.A., rector of the Mariners' Church, Belfast, has resigned the parish, and intends devoting himself to mission work among the troops in France. The Rev. Mr. Brownrigg was appointed rector of the Mariners' Church, Belfast, in the year 1891. He was ordained in the year 1884 for the curacy of Christ Church, Lisburn,

Glasgow United Free Church Presbytery, by 124 votes to 45, carried a motion in favour of the status quo in regard to religious instruction in Scottish schools. The amendment expressed approval of the joint letter recently issued by the Moderators of the Church of Scotland and of the United Free Church, and favoured compulsory teaching.

Lurgan Technical instruction Committee have appointed as art teacher Mr. Charles Braithwaite, A.R.H.A., Belfast; rural science, Mr. J. Edmund Mercer, Belfast; engineering subjects, Mr. A. Hutton, Belfast; manual instruction, Mr. A. S. P. Light-body, Lurgan; introductory art, Miss. R. Murphy, Avenue Road, Lurgan; grocery lectures, Mr. Gordon, of Messrs. Gordon & Miller, Skipper Street, Belfast.

The Trades Union Congress at Derby passed resolutions demanding an increase in the scale of soldiers' and sailors' pay, and a policy of national housing, calling on the Government to apply the Whitley Report principle to all departments of State service, and accepting the new Reform Act as a compromise only, re-affirming a previous declaration in favour of a reduction of the qualifying period to at least three months.

Investigations by the United States Bureau of Standards show that while inferior concrete, of which the surface skin has been impaired, suffers deterioration in sea water, nothing need be feared in the case of concrete which has been carefully prepared and applied. The investigations further show that Portland cement itself is durable in sea water, and that the rich mixtures of concrete used in shipbuilding, if properly deposited around the reinforcement, will protect the metal effectively from corrosion.

On the recommendation of H.M.L., the Earl of Leitrim, his Excellency the Lord Lieutenant has conferred a commission of the peace on Councillor James Hamilton, shirt and collar manufacturer, John Street, and 13, Sunbeam Terrace, Londonderry. Councillor Hamilton is one of the leading officials of Carlisle Road Presbyterian Church, a member of the Executive Committee of the Good Templar Order in Ireland, a member of the Derry Presbytery, and other important bodies that have the interest and welfare of the Maiden City at heart.

The "Statist" advocates the disendowment of the Church of England to pay the war debt.

The Admiralty announces that one of his Majesty's destroyers sank on the 8th inst. as the result of a collision in a fog. There were no casualties.

The Government is appointing a Special Committee to consider and report upon the question of the renumeration of women in occupations in which they are doing men's work.

Wage increases have been granted in the United States affecting a million track and other railway workers. It is estimated that the increase in the pay notes will amount to 20,000,000 per annum.

Mr. Gompers, the American Labour leader, addressing the Trades-Union Council at Derby, said his sympathy was with the real heart of Ireland and that his friends were pledged to Home Rule.

Addressing a meeting in Derry, in furtherance of the recruiting campaign for the Q.M.A.A.C., Miss Stack, Recruiting Controller, said that in a fortnight they had received 450 applications in Ireland.

Mr. Hodge, at Derby, said there were now 50,000 disabled men under training. He wanted to find light employment for them. This would have to be provided by the creation of national factories or by compelling employers to give them work.

The U.S.A. war expenditure for August broke all monthly records by 26,000,000, amounting to 342,360,000 or more than 11,068,600 daily. Ordinary war expenses reached 293,600,000, or 40,000,000 more than July's high record.

A correspondent of the "Weekly Dispatch" states, on the authority of a repatriated war prisoner from Holland, that 600 of the British garrison there have married Dutch girls, and that 300 more "have their names down" for contracting like unions.

At the Viceregal Lodge his Excellency the Lord Lieutenant invested the Provost of Trinity College, Dublin (Rev. John Pentland Mehaffy) with the Order of the Grand Cross of the British Empire and conferred upon him the honour of knighthood.

The Federation of Engineering and Shipbuilding Trades has decided to communicate with the Chancellor of the Exchequer urging that, with the present value of money at one-half, income-tax should only be assessed on earned incomes beginning at 200.

The names of Captain Rentoul, R.A.M.C., Lisburn, and Captain Shekleton, R.A.M.C., Holywood, have been brought to the notice of the Secretary for War for services rendered on the occasion of the sinking or damage by enemy action of hospital ships.

A message from Nes Ameland says that one of the German warships which was cruising off the coast ran on a mine or was torpedoed. The ship was suddenly seen to heel over and immediately afterwards disappeared. Four boats were seen is the vicinity.

At Ballynure fair a springing cow, the property of Mr. Robert H. Wilson, J.P., of Straid, was sold at 60, which beats all previous local records. Another springer, the property of a farmer named John Gettinby, of Lismenary, brought 50. Both animals were purchased by Mr. Robert J. Gamble, J.P., Ballyclare.

At Glasgow Mr. Barnes said he did not believe that either Free Trade or tariffs would be helpful in the post-war position, but Free Trade was the best policy, considered only from the economic point of view, and assuming that other countries would adopt it, and also that they would have continued peace.

Dr. Evansun, in the "Aftenphosten" (Christiania), quotes a pamphlet by Herr Thyssen, the German Iron King, that the Kaiser, on August 14, promised him 30,000 acres in Australia after the war in return for a war contribution, and that other magnates were promised grants from the revenues of Indian princes.

An inquest was held at Whitehead on Saturday on the body of an unknown man whose body was found floating in Belfast Lough. The dress indicated that the deceased was either a ship's officer or a marine engineer. The medical evidence was that death appeared to be due to drowning, and the jury returned a verdict accordingly.

It is, Mr. J. H. Thomas says, the intention of the Labour Party to hold concurrently with the Peace Conference a Labour Conference, to be attended by representatives of Labour in all the belligerent countries. These Labour delegates will sit in the same town as the Peace Plenipotentiaries, with whom they hope to get into close touch.

Words uttered by the Kaiser in compliment to the newly-constituted Ukrainian State may be construed as a hint of a possible German entente with that great grain-growing country. He hoped that he political and economical relations between the two countries, who seemed called on to supplement one another, might grow ever firmer and more intimate.

Right Rev. Dr. D'Arcy, Bishop of Down and Connor and Dromore, has suggested, as a means of saving fuel and light, that afternoon services be substituted for evening services in country churches, and that in the city churches only, half, or probably less than half, the usual number of lights be used, while evening services should be made as short as possible.

Lord Pirrie, giving impressions on his tour in the big shipbuilding districts, was pleased with the progress of the new private yards, and extensions, and installations of further plant and labour-saving devices. Organised labour was co-operating, and in several yards men who a few months ago were opposed to pneumatic rivetting were now actually applying for pneumatic tools.

Mr. Schwab, Controller of United States Shipbuild, announces that during August the output of shipping from American yards constituted a world's record. Sixty-six vessels were completed, forty-four of them being of steel. This increased output put construction far ahead of the destruction wrought by submarines The total tonnage completed by the Shipping Board exceeded two million tons.

Speaking at a prayer-meeting in London Sir Jos. Compton Rickett, M.P., the Nonconformist leader, said he knew of people who had received messages by instant thought transference from friends 10,000 miles away, and Sir Oliver Lodge said that this undoubtedly could be done. It was probable that something not yet discovered enabled man to project his thoughts in prayer to the other world.

Mr. P. Donnelly, M.P., South Armagh, has been officially informed that Sir Auckland Geddes is advised that there would be serious difficulties about applying to poultry and fish dealers who visit England the arrangements applicable to cattle drovers regarding exemption from military service, but facilities would be provided for Irishmen desiring to visit temporarily on urgent business.

The U.S. Revenue Bill is designed to produce 1,600,000,000 -- double the amount of last year's taxation, and half of what it is planned to raise by war loans. The taxes on incomes below 800 are to be doubled, those above that figure trebled, and the graduated super-tax and taxes on incomes and profits of companies are to be increased, and death duties and excise on tobacco and alcohol more than doubled.

The Road Board grants to Ireland for the year ended March 31, 1918, were 976; for the year ended March, 1917, 290,568; further sum promised for the period ended March last, 51,582. Loans advanced to Ireland for the last financial period, 4,741; promised, 13,132. Irish loans repaid to March 31 last amounted to 23,681. The aggregate sum paid to local bodies throughout the United Kingdom is 916,379.

By way of proving the Prime Minister's recent statement that at least 160 U-boats had been destroyed by the British, a statement which the German papers have denied, the Admiralty have issued a list of the names of 150 U-boat commanders whose boats have been disposed of. These names do not by any means exhaust the list. The commanders include those who torpedoed the Lusitania, the Sussex, the Arabic, the Belgian Prince, and others.

As a result of the recent revision sessions in County Tyrone the Sinn Feiners claim that they will easily win the new Parliamentary divisions of North-East and North-West Tyrone at the next General Election, while the Unionists are certain of retaining South Tyrone, and are very hopeful of winning the other two divisions should the Nationalist vote be split, which is not improbable. The Sinn Feiners profess themselves confident of being able to capture the County Council from the Unionists.

Mr. Gompers, the U.S. Labour leader, at an American luncheon in London, said America was in the war to fight to a finish; the struggle must not end prematurely. To an interviewer, Mr. Gompers declared that America wanted nothing out of the struggle except the right of the world's democracies to live without the menace of a dominating military spirit. American Labour would not meet representatives of enemy countries until victory had been achieved. The German people, if they had a true heart and conscience, must overthrow their Imperial autocracy.

The Chief Secretary, in a letter to the Chief Commissioner of the Dublin Metropolitan Police and the Inspector-General of the Royal Irish Constabulary, states that the Lord Lieutenant and he are satisfied that the members of the forces are entitled to a substantial rise both in the amount of pay and in the amount of the widows' pension. As was the case in 1914 and 1916, the rise in pay and pension could only be obtained by Act of Parliament, but they were taking the necessary steps to bring the matter forward, and would do their utmost to press it to a successful conclusion. They thought it would be fair that any increase which they might be able to obtain should be retrospective as from 1st Sept.

The marriage was solemnised in May Street Presbyterian Church, Belfast, of Miss Martha Cruiks, only daughter of Mr. Henry Cruiks, Oberon, Ormeau Road, and of the Belfast Steamship Company. Ltd., and Mr. Wm. Moorhead, Irwin Avenue, auditor of the Belfast and County Down Railway Company, Ltd. Rev. A. Wylie Blue was the officiating minister, and Mr. C. A. Moore, general manager of the County Down Railway Company, acted as best man, whilst the organist was Mr. Jack M'Keown, A.R.C.O. Miss Norah M. Morrow, a cousin of the bride, was a charming bridesmaid. After the ceremony a reception was held in Messrs. Thompson's (Belfast), Ltd., Donegall pLace, and the happy couple left later in the afternoon for the honeymoon tour.

In aid of the local branch of the Irish Federation of Discharged and Demobilised Sailors and Soldiers a flag day was held in Belfast, and met with a gratifying measure of success. The federation has been established for the purpose of protecting the interests of men who have suffered in the service of their country, and its remarkable growth is the best tribute which can be desired of its popularity amongst those for whose benefit it was brought into existence. The Belfast branch has already done much good work. It has provided a club in Donegall Square East, and the committee have been instrumental in obtaining an increase in the amount of the pension paid to disabled men in several cases in which the allowance was not up to the standard. The claims of widows am=nd dependents are also brought under the notice of the proper authorities. The arrangements were made by a representative committee, with Miss E, Fitzmaurice as the organising secretary.

A farmer near Ballybay has just threshed an acre of this year's crop of oats which, on being weighed, totalled 28 barrels, or 392 stones.

A Scottish business man in Barcelona has sent 500 to the Church Army to replace a Waacs' recreation hut which was bombed in France recently.

Pigs killed in Ireland during the week ended 5th inst. numbered 8,981, and the total exported 986, compared with 20,165 and 1,356 respectively in the same week last year.

Captain J. G. Cecil, nephew of the Marquis of Salisbury, is unofficially reported killed in action, and, if true, he is the third son which the Bishop of Exeter has lost in the war.

Mr. C. T. Garland, the American millionaire, has been adopted as discharged soldiers' and sailors' candidate to contest the Warwick and Leamington Parliamentary division. He is himself a discharged soldier, having served an a trooper in the Warwickshire yeomanry.

The "Telegraaf" (Dutch) learns from an eye-witness that the 25th Regiment at Cologne mutinied on August 31, on being ordered to leave for the Western Front/ Another regiment refused to fire on its comrades. Eventually a fight took place, in which 11 boys were killed and many wounded.

The United States Embassy issues the following -- A report having recently appeared in the Press to the effect that the President of the United States contemplates a visit to Europe in the near future, the American Embassy is authorised to state there is no truth whatever in this rumour.

Mr T. Cassidy (Derry), Chairman, presided at a meeting of the National Executive of the Irish Trades' Union Congress and Labour Party, in Dublin, when it was decided unanimously to contest a number of seats at the forthcoming General Election. Preparations were made for local conferences and the selection of candidates.

The Rev. T. Wilkinson Riddle, of Wood Green, has accepted an invitation of Sir Arthur Yapp and the National Council of Y.M.C.A.'s to go to France as secretary in charge of religious work. On his return Mr. Riddle has been invited to become minister of the historic church at George Street, Plymouth, formed in 1520, the year the Pilgrim Fathers sailed from Plymouth in the Mayflower.

Mr. Lloyd George, at Manchester, replying to an address from Armenians, asked them to believe that the British Government was not unmindful of its responsibilities to their martyred race. To a Syrian deputation, he expressed the hope of the Government that the Arabic-speaking peoples, who had suffered under Turkish rule, would once more enjoy the liberty that would enable them to rebuild the edifice of civilisation and prosperity. He assured a Zionist deputation that he believed the fulfilment of their hopes was an essential corollary to the enfranchisement of the oppressed peoples of the East.

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Death of Mr. A. T. Robinson, Jordanstown.

Mr. A. T. Robinson, Elland, Jordanstown, has died aged 64. He was prominently identified with the provision trade in Belfast, and also carried on business as a lard refiner and mineral water manufacturer.

At the funeral striking testimony to the affectionate esteem in which the deceased was held was afforded by the extent, of the cortege. The chief mourners were Messrs. John, Tom, and Fred Robinson, sons; J. J. Robinson, Wm. Robinson, and F. C. Robinson, brothers; Captain J. M. Smith, R.A.M.C., Messrs. J. S. Callaghan, and A. C. Gordon, sons-in-law; Mr. T. Cottingham, ex-district-inspector R.I.C., District-Inspector J. A. Marks; Messrs. Thomas English, and J. Gordon, brothers-in-law; Jack Robinson, Arthur Robinson, Gordon Jackson, Arthur Jackson, and Arthur Robinson, nephews. A funeral service was held in St. Patrick's Church, Jordanstown, conducted by Rev. W. H. Bradley, M.A., Coleraine, and Rev. R. N. Ruttle, M.A., and the interment took place in the City Cemetery. The funeral arrangements were carried out by Messrs. Melville & Co., Ltd.

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Death of Mr. James Wilson, Warrenpoint.

The death took place at his residence, Mill House, Post Office Street, Warrenpoint, on Monday, of Mr. James Wilson, a prominent citizen of that town, and head of the building and contracting firm of James Wilson & Sons. The deceased gentleman was one of the old Warrenpoint Town Commissioners, and from the coming into operation of the Local Government Act of 1898 up to 1913 a member of the local Urban Council. He filled the chair from November, 1907, to the 1st January, 1909, and the vice-chair in the years 1910, 1911, and 1912. He was a staunch member of the Presbyterian Church and a sterling Unionist. He leaves a widow, one daughter (Mrs. Harpur), and two sons, James and Arnold.

There was a large and representative attendance at the funeral. The chief mourners were -- James E. and Arnold Wilson (sons), William Wilson, Carrickfergus (brother), James Everett, Richhill (brother-in-laW), John M'Mahon, Richhill, and Samuel M'Mahon, Cavan (nephews). The services in the church and at the graveside were conducted by the Rev. A. Stevenson, B.A., of the Warrenpoint Presbyterian Church (with which congregation deceased was connected), and the Rev. James Meeke, B.A.

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Death of Mr. J. Hutton, J.P.

The death took place on Wednesday morning of Mr. James Hutton, J.P., Bell's Hill House, Crossgar. The deceased was a native of the Ards peninsula, and an extensive farmer. He sat at the Petty Sessions Courts of Killyleagh and Downpatrick. Since the inauguration of the Local Government Act, he represented Inch division as a District Councillor on the Downpatrick Boards. He was also an active member of the Downpatrick Pension and Killyleagh School Attendance Committees. In Religion he was a Presbyterian, and worshipped at Lissara Church, Crossgar. Predeceased by his wife, the only daughter of Dr. James Carlisle, he leaves a family of two sons and three daughters, with whom sincere sympathy will be felt in their bereavement.

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The death occurred yesterday of Sir George Reid, M.P. for St. George's, Hanover Square, Loudon. Deceased was a son of a Presbyterian minister in Scotland, and was twice Premier of Australia. Later he became High Commissioner for Australia in London, and a few years ago resigned and entered the British House of Commons as one of the members of the Unionist Party. He was a great Imperialist.

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The "London Gazette" of 2nd inst. gives a list of names of persons who have been brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War tor valuable services rendered in connection with the war. Amongst those mentioned is Mr. J. W. C. Coulter, Army Pay department. Mr. Coulter is a son of the Rev. D. S. Ker Coulter, Gilnahirk, and prior to the outbreak of was engaged in the accountant's of the Belfast City Hall.

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The Roll of Honour

TRIBUTES TO FALLEN SOLDIERS.

In Windsor Presbyterian Church on Sabbath Rev. Dr. John Irwin, ex-Moderator of the General Assembly, at the close of his sermon said -- "I know that you will all learn with profound sorrow that another of our gallant young Volunteers has fallen on the battlefield -- this is the tenth of our number. Last Sabbath Alexander Blair took time to write a short letter to his home, in which he said that his squadron was then engaged, and had been for a week, patrolling in front of the British Infantry; and one could gather from the letter that he regarded the task as one of exceptional danger. On Monday he was fatally wounded, and died that day at the clearing station. He was a good, gentle, retiring boy, as we knew him, and his life, which was brief, was passed in a good home, and now it has had a noble ending in the path of duty. We all profoundly sympathise with his father and mother, and with his brothers and sisters, who have for long held, what I may venture to say, a special place in our esteem and affection as servants of this Windsor Church, and now they have a place, in our prayers and in our sympathies.

At a meeting of the session and committee of Whitehouse Presbyterian Church, held on Sabbath last, the following resolution was proposed by Mr. Vint, and unanimously passed:-- "That we, the session and committee of Whitehouse Presbyterian Church, have heard with deep sorrow of the death in action of Lieutenant R. Ivan Johnston, who has offered up his life so gallantly in defence of the Empire and for the cause of liberty and righteousness in the world. We desire to express to his father, Mr. S. A. Johnston, J.P., our sincere sympathy with him in his sorrow and bereavement, and we are assured that this feeling is shared by all the inhabitants of the neighbourhood, where Mr. Johnston is such a large employer and benefactor, and where he is so highly and deservedly esteemed."

At the close of the morning service in Carlisle Road Presbyterian Church, Derry, on Sabbath, Rev. H. M'Kinty made suitable reference to another member of the congregation's Roll of Honour who had made the supreme sacrifice -- viz., Private. J. Fulton (U.V.F.), 13, Kennedy Street, Derry. Private Fulton, he said, was one of the first to join the regiment from the city on its formation early in the war. He went overseas in 1915, and saw much service since, emerging unscathed from all the engagements in which his regiment took part. On the 23rd ult, he was engaged in an advanced trench, when an enemy shell burst close by, killing him instantaneously. Letters received from his officer and chaplain spoke of him as a cheerful and courageous soldier. Their prayers and sympathy went out to his sorrowing mother, brother, and sisters in their sad bereavement.

Lieutenant J. K. Clarke, Royal Air Force, previously reported missing, and now reported killed, was the eldest son of the Rev. Edward Clarke, Strabane. Educated at Campbell College, Belfast, Lieutenant Clarke enlisted in the Ulster Division on its formation, and took part in the battle of the Somme, and also in the battle of Cambrai. Subsequently he transferred to the Royal Air Force, and was wounded last May, a fortnight after his return to France. Deceased's brother, Second-Lieutenant T. V. Clarke, is serving with the Indian Army.

Second-Lieutenant W. R. Anderson, the King's (Liverpool Regiment), officially reported wounded in the right shoulder, was organist of Great James's Street Presbyterian Church, Londonderry, until he joined the colours in 1916.

Military honours were accorded the funeral of Private Robert Reid, Royal Irish Rifles, whose death occurred on the 6th inst. at Huddersfield from disease contrasted while on active service. Deceased, who was 36 years of age, was the second son of the late David and Antrim Road, and brother of Miss Jane Reid, from whose residence (13, Matilda Street, Belfast) the remains were removed for interment in Balmoral Cemetery. Prior to the outbreak of war he was an employee of the Belfast Corporation. Two of his brothers are still serving with the forces -- Charles, who is on the Royal Irish Rifles, and Andrew, on the A.S.C. The latter while serving with the Royal Irish Rifles (Ulster Division) received a certificate for gallantry, and was once wounded. Rev. J. M. M'Ilrath, Donegall Road Presbyterian Church, was officiating clergyman. The funeral arrangements were carried out by Messrs. Melville & Co.

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RANDOM READINGS.

WOOD FIBRE IN MAKING GAS

In France and Switzerland sawdust and wood have lately been experimented with fro gas making, says "Popular Science." Ten per cent. of sawdust added to coal, it is reported, has given good results in Geneva, and logs of wood have likewise proved satisfactory for the same purpose. Condemned flour was carbonised at Royan, and produced a good quality of coke.

A MARK TWAIN STORY.

A good story is told of Mark Twain. He walked home with the Rev. Joseph Twitchell, an old friend, and complimented him on the sermon he had preached. "But," added Mark Twain, "you know, Joe, I've a book at home with every word of that sermon in it." "Excuse me," said Mr. Twitchell, indignantly. "that sermon is absolutely original. Here is my manuscript." "I cannot help your manuscript," persisted Mr. Twain; "I've a book at home with every word of that sermon in it. I'll send it along." The two friends parted on distinctly cool terms. In an hour Mark Twain sent Mr. Twitchell a dictionary!

COURTESY ON THE RAILWAY.

An American railway company has issued a charming little essay on courtesy, which is printed on the time-tables and on conspicuous places in the stations. It reads as follows:-- "This railroad believes in courtesy. It expects its officers and employees to be courteous in all their dealings with passengers and one another. It asks that they in turn be treated courteously. Courtesy is catching. Courtesy makes the rough places much easier, and helps to smooth life's little differences. Courtesy is a business asset, a gain and never a loss. Courtesy is one mark of a good railroad man. 'Life is not so short but there is always time for courtesy.'"

WAR ON RATS.

At the instance of the Ministry of Food a general crusade is to be undertaken against rats. Arrangements have accordingly been entered into with the Local Government Board and the Board of Agriculture, whereby powers will be conferred on local authorities, and to see that they are carried out. Poison will be the principal weapon to be used, and farmers and others concerned will be obliged to join in a comprehensive campaign. The Treasury will be asked to contribute towards the cost of the scheme, which, however, should not prove very great. At an expenditure of only a trifle over 300 in Scotland, for instance, 20,000 rats, it is estimated, have been destroyed.

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