The Witness - Friday, 4 April 1919


ARMSTRONG -- April 1, at the Manse, Drum, Co. Monaghan, Marian, dearly-beloved wife of the Rev. Wm. Armstrong. No flowers. Funeral strictly private. Fallen asleep in Christ.

CUNNINGHAM -- March 31, 1919 (suddenly), at Ballymacashan, Killinchy, Mary Jane Cunningham. Interred Killinchy Old Meeting House Green on Wednesday, April 2.

HAMILTON -- March 24, 1919, at her residence, Barrack Hill, Fermoy, Co. Cork, Sarah, widow of the late James Hamilton, aged 88 years. Interred in Kilworth Churchyard.

BECKETT -- March 29, at Newfield, Ballinderry, Thomas Beckett, late of Aghadavey, aged 86 years.

CORKEN -- March 28, at her residence, Ballymacash, Lisburn, Mary, beloved wife of Samuel Corken.

EKIN -- March 30, at his residence, Soran, Stewartstown, Samuel Ellison Ekin, J.P., aged 88 years.

ELLISON -- April 1, 1919, at her husband's residence, the Clooney, Ramelton, Co. Donegal, Mary Jane, the beloved wife of James Ellison.

GILMORE -- March 29, at The Fort, Killyleagh, Robert Gilmore.

HANNA -- March 28, at Leadhill House, Lower Castlereagh, William, the dearly-beloved husband of Sarah Hanna.

HYNDMAN -- March 29, at Ross, Kells, Ballymena, Margaret, widow of the late Thomas Hyndman, aged 74 years.

HULL -- March 31, at Maralin, Elizabeth Hull, in her 82nd year.

IRWIN -- March 28, at Greenhills, Drogheda, William, eldest son of the late Alexander M. Irwin, N.T., Ballyhaise, Co. Cavan, aged 33 years.

JELLY -- March 27, at Cappy, Banbridge, Martha, the dearly-loved wife of the late Andrew Jelly.

LYLE -- March 28, at Ardeevin, Ballycastle, Hessie H., widow of the late Alex. Lyle.

MacLAUGHLIN -- March 25, at her residence, Carnlelis, Mosside, Co. Antrim, Mary Jane George widow of the late W. J. MacLaughlin. Isaiah lxiii. 9.

MAGOWAN -- March 31, at Blackhill, Ballycarry, Wm. Magowan.

MAGOWAN -- March 31, at his residence, Trench House, Ballyaughlas, Lisburn, Jas. Magowan, late of Woodbine, Drumbo.

REID -- March 28, 1919, at Castle Hill, Dungannon, William Oliver Reid, in his 66th year. Very deeply regretted.

SHANNON -- March 29, at the residence of her son-in-law (Joseph Wilson), Diamond, Coleraine, Barbara Wylie Brown, widow of the late John Shannon, of the "Coleraine Chronicle," aged 79 years.

SIMPSON -- March 25, at her residence, Seskinore, Co. Tyrone, Jane, widow of the late James Simpson.

STEWART -- March 26 (suddenly), at the Kinnegar, Holywood, Joseph Marshall Stewart, dearly-beloved husband of Mary Stewart.




Hay and Straw Crops. -- The Secretary of the War Office announces that it is not the intention of the Army Council to control the 1919 crops of hay and straw.

Ship Blown Up. -- The Italian, steamer Speaedione, with a cargo of mineral oil, having on board a number of military and civilian authorities for Pola, blew up as the result of an explosion in her tank. Thirty persons were killed and about thirty injured.

Home Rule's "Most Critical Year." -- Major Moore, official Unionist, candidate, East Antrim, stated at a Straid meeting, that he was aware that Sir E. Carson regarded the coming year as the most critical year in the history of the Home Rule movement.

Irish Housing. -- A separate Housing Bill for Ireland will be introduced at an early date, Mr. Bonar Law stated in Parliament; and, he added, in reply to Sir E. Carson, that an effort will be made to secure that it becomes law about the same time as the English Bill.

Future of the W.A.A.C. -- The Secretary of the War Office announces that the Army Council have decided to maintain Queen Mary's Auxiliary Corps as a part of the after-war army organisation, and steps are being taken to ascertain the names of officials and members who are desirous of continuing their services in the corps.

Famine in Russia and India. -- Food famine conditions prevail in the trans-Caucasian region of Russia; 45,000 people are without bread, and the population in the Igdir district is even compelled to eat the flesh of dogs, cats, horses, &c. The Viceroy of India reports that famine prevails in many districts in India, and that food is urgently needed.

President Wilson and Dublin. -- The American Consul in Dublin has handed to the Lord Mayor a message from President Wilson expressing his appreciation of the invitation to visit Dublin and have the freedom of the city conferred upon him, and his regret that constant pressure of engagements made it impossible for him to visit the Irish capital.

Sir David Beatty and Empire Motto. -- Admiral Sir David Beatty, unveiling at New Brighton Pier a tablet commemorating local participation in the Zeebrugge action, said the phrase "cherish merchandise and preserve the Admiralty" was as true to-day as 350 years ago. The country's best recompense to the Navy was to look after the widows and orphans and maintain the Navy in strength to preserve command of the seas.

Red Cross Buffet Record. -- On the occasion of a presentation of an illuminated album address, a wristlet watch, and other gifts to Miss Cunningham, by the 200 workers at the Red Cross buffet, G.N.R., Belfast, in recognition of her labours as supervisor, it was stated that 379,756 soldiers and sailors had been entertained at the buffet; and Mr. J. M. Colton announced that the city house furnishers had given 55 towards Miss Cunningham's fund for giving a, reception to Ulster soldiers returned from action.

Irish Vessels Engaged in Fishing. -- Mr. Samuels informed Sir Maurice Dockrell in the House of Commons that in 1913 Irish vessels engaged in fishing numbered 509. In 1917 the motor boats had increased to 384, although, owing to war causes, the steamers actually engaged in fishing had been reduced to 4. The return of steam fishing vessels at present on charter by the Admiralty would increase this number this year. The other boats fitted out for fishing had decreased to 4,154, of which Ireland had 13.

Disorder at Lipton's Meeting. -- Disorder marked the annual meeting in London of Lipton's shareholders. The directors sought to double their renumeration with an addition of 3,000 a year in the event of the dividend to ordinary shareholders amounting to 12½ per cent. or more, and an amendment deferring consideration till June was declared carried on a show of hands, but a poll was immediately demanded by the chairman, whereupon those who voted for the amendment withdrew, amid angry shouts and angry threats to the Board. The original motion was subsequently carried.

Antrim Farmers' Association. -- At the annual general meeting of the Antrim Farmers' Association, on the motion of Mr. James Logan, seconded by Mr. James Hunter, Mr. Hugh Minford was unanimously elected president for the ensuing year. Messrs. John Chesney and George Gray were unanimously elected vice-presidents of the association. Rev. W. A. Adams appeared with reference to the proposed soldiers' memorial, and was sympathetically received. Major M'Cormack gave an address on the present agricultural problems, and, on the motion of Rev. Dr. Irwin, seconded by Mr. James Barron, was heartily thanked.

"Gambling Gone Mad." -- The money resolution authorising the expenditure under the Ministry of Ways and Communications Bill was considered in Committee of the Houses of Commons. Sir Edward Carson said this department constituted the most expensive experiment that had ever been made. The Minister was to have carte blanche for two years to spend whatever he liked with a view to getting rid of a deficit of 100,000,000 a year on the railways. It was gambling gone mad. He pressed for an estimate, "even within a million or two." Other members agreed, and a motion by Mr. R. M'Neill to report progress in order that the Government might further consider the preparation of an estimate was not resisted by the Government.

Devlin and Irish Peace. -- "England never had more need for the friendship of Ireland than she has at this moment, or than she is likely to have in the troubled years immediately before her." So Mr. Joseph Devlin, M.P., concluded an article headed, "No Peace Without an Irish Peace" -- in the "Weekly Dispatch." "Either Ireland should be given representation at the Peace Conference, the same as other small nationalities," declares Mr. Devlin, "or the right of self-determination ought to be conceded to her -- preferably the latter. The British Government has failed to settle the question. Constitutional action in Parliament has failed to settle it. Unless, then, the professed sympathy of England for the freedom of small nations is mere pretence and humbug, Ireland is entitled to the self-determination for which President Wilson stands. Ireland is the acid test of British good faith."

Army Estimates. -- During the debate in Parliament on the Navy, Military, and Air Force Service Bill, which was read a third time, Mr. Churchill analysed the cost to show that of the amount upon the estimates exactly half was for expenses connected with the winding up of the war, and not for the Armies of Occupation, while the amount to be got from Germany for the cost of maintenance of the Army of Occupation reduced the actual outlay on this head from 506½ millions to 133 millions. After the rejection of the measure had been moved by Mr. G. Thorne, and seconded by Major Hayward, Sir Edward Carson warned them that the enemy was getting the best tonic he could have by the attitude of the Opposition, and the French Press was suspicious that Great Britain did not mean to see them through to the end. Mr. Clynes said that Sir Edward Carson was one of the last men who should taunt any party on the ground of their patriotism. It might, when the full authoritative story was told of why the Germans chose August, 1914, for the beginning of the war, be found that it had some connection with the condition of things created by him.

Belfast Harbour Chairmanship. -- At the meeting of the Belfast Harbour Board Mr. H. M. Pollock, J.P., was unanimously re-elected chairman of the Trust for the ensuing year. Mr. James M'Connell, J.P., who moved the resolution, said that Mr. Pollock since his election to the chair last August had filled the position with credit to him self and with a full measure of satisfaction to them all. As a Harbour Commissioner, Mr. Pollock's experience, extended back nineteen years. He had been distinguishing himself in playing many parts in connection with the commercial and educational interests of the city, and had at the same time paid the closest attention to the work of the harbour. Not only had he during his short chairmanship presided practically without intermission at their numerous Board and committee meetings, but he had been very active behind the scenes. It was necessary that they should have one to preside over their deliberations in whom they had the utmost confidence, and to whom they could look for inspiration and guidance. He ventured to submit that Mr. Pollock complied with those requirements in a remarkable degree.

Belfast Jail Inquiry. -- In his report on the inquiry into the complaints made by Sinn Fein prisoners in Belfast Jail as to their treatment by prison officials, Mr. Justice Dodd says it is quite clear that there was no foundation for any complaint against the Governor as to food. It was equally clear that the accusation as to ventilation was without foundation. The accusations of harsh treatment, and as to foul cells and foul clothes were also disproved. The charges against the Governor and warders and doctor were peculiarly cruel. The manacling of the hands of these prisoners behind their backs gave the Judge some concern, but he found that the treatment, though severe, was salutary, and he was satisfied that the continuing of the prisoners in restraint at Mass and at Communion was rendered necessary by the acts of the prisoners. He desired in a very special way humbly to request of his Majesty some recognition of the faithful and loyal work of Head-Warder Howe and the warders acting under him. The governor discharged a difficult and delicate duty with skill, consideration, and success, and he recommended that he should be indemnified against all costs.

New Scottish Bishop. -- The Pope has appointed Rev. Donald Martin (now Administrator of the Cathedral of Oban) to tho bishopric of Argyll and the Isles.

Admiral Jellicoe in Bombay. -- Admiral Jellicoe on arrival in Bombay was enthusiastically received by ruling princes and chiefs, naval, military, Government and Consular officials and representatives of all classes of the unofficial community, and was presented with an address by the Corporation. He afterwards visited the Governor, and was given hearty greetings along the route, which was lined by cheering crowds.

Bishop's Resignation. -- The Right Rev. Dr. Gore has resigned the Bishopric of Oxford in order that he might devote more time to literature and have the opportunity of more continuous preaching and speaking than that position made possible. Dr. Gore, who has been Bishop of Oxford for nearly eight years, is 66 years of age. He has been a prolific author, both of contributions to theology and practical expository works.

Ireland and Peace Conference. -- The United States State Department has granted passports to Mr. Frank P. Walsh (ex-chairman of the War Labour Board), Mr. Edward S. Dunne (ex-Governor of Illinois), and Mr. Michael J. Ryan (a former member of Pennsylvania Public Service Commission), who are going to Paris to present Ireland's claims to self-determination to the Peace Conference as the spokesmen of the Convention of the Irish Race in America which met at Philadelphia in February.

Chief Secretary's Visit. -- At a meeting of the Corporation the Lord Mayor (Councillor J. C. White) intimated that the Chief Secretary would pay a visit to the city immediately after Easter. The Chief Secretary, he added, was a stranger to Belfast, and was desirous of making himself acquainted with the people and the affairs of the city. He would be accompanied by the Attorney-General, and the Corporation and other public bodies would be afforded an opportunity of discussing with him housing, education, transport, and other subjects.

Queen Amelia's Jewellery Stolen. -- During the dinner an evidently accomplished and daring burglar entered Queen Amelia of Portugal's residence at Richmond, and, proceeding to her Majesty's apartments, appropriated a quantity of valuable jewellery, including Royal heirlooms and Orders, and then vanished. The articles stolen include a jewelled watch presented to the Queen by the late King of Portugal, a valued decoration given her by Queen Alexandra, and a number of decorations from other Royal houses, one of them from King George.

Maximum Prices. -- For bacon and hams, home produce (including Irish), sold in Great Britain, the latest order fixes the maximum retail prices at -- Pale dried or smoked, 2s 4d per lb; others, 2s 2½d; Ayrshire rolls, 2s 4½d; smoked (skin off), 2s 6d, on sales in excess of 28lbs. in one week to one person, 1d per lb. less. A new order fixes the prices of imported onions (other than in packages), wholesale, 23s 4d per cwt., and retail, 4d per lb. Orders fixing manufacturers' and wholesale dealers prices for matches are revoked. Restrictions on the importation of matches are continued.

The Year's Revenue. -- The total revenu for the financial year just ended is 889,020,825, or 46,970,825 in excess of the Budget estimate. Ireland's contribution to the total on the proportion of 1917-18 would be, approximately, 33,782,000. The expenditure shows a decrease on the estimate or 398,000,000. The revenue shows a net increase of 181,786,260, and the expenditure, which amounted to 2,579,301,188, a decrease of 116,920,217 on the previous year The most prolific source of revenue was income tax, which produced 291,000,000 closely followed by excess profits tax, with 85,000,000.

Ulster Division Honours. -- The following is the record of decorations won by officers, warrant officers, N.C.O.'s and men of the 36th (Ulster) Division, for gallantry in the field between October, 1915, and November, 1918:-- Victoria Cross, 8; Distinguished Service Order, 71; Military Cross, 459; Distinguished Conduct Medal, 173; Military Medal, 1,294; Meritorious Service Medal, 118; Foreign (French, Belgian, &c.), 287; total, 2,410. To the total has to be added the mentions in despatches, numbering a couple of hundred, and the award of the C.B. and C.M.G. to a number of the senior officers in various Birthday and New Tear Honour lists.

Ulster and the Red Cross. -- The result of the 1918 collection for the funds of the British Red Cross Society and the Order of St. John is announced as follows:-- County Down, 16,500; Co. Armagh, 15,718 9s 7d; Co. Antrim, 10,300; Belfast city, 9,663 Os 9d; Co. Tyrone, 6,120 13s 8d; Co. Derry, 3,850; Co. Donegal, 2,668 7s 3d; Co. Fermanagh, 1,648 6s 9d; Co. Cavan, 1,516 1s 4d; Derry City, 1,200; Co. Monaghan, 800; bank interest, 69 8s 3d -- total, 70,054 7s 7d. The total Ulster collection for 1917 amounted to 48,707 17s 8d. In the previous year (1916) the province contributed 27,735 1s 8d. The total subscribed by Ulster to this fund for the three years amounts to 146,497 6s 11d.

The Health Bill. -- This measure, in so far as it relates to Ireland, came before the Standing Committee of the House of Commons. By a new clause, moved by the Attorney-General for Ireland, the measure is applied to Ireland. The Attorney-General, in reply to Sir Philip Magnus, said it was intended to remunerate the chairman of the new Board. With regard to the consultative council, the Government asked that representation should be given to the Insurance Commissioners. They were giving an opportunity of associating approved societies and public bodies with the work of health administration in Ireland. In the council of ten non-official members they hoped to be able to get an efficient set of gentlemen to devote themselves to this work.

Escapes from Mountjoy. -- Twenty prisoners connected with the Irish Republican movement escaped from Mountjoy Prison, Dublin, in sensational circumstances. While exercising in the prison yard six warders in charge were overpowered by some of the prisoners, while the others scaled the wall by means of a rope ladder, and were received outside by friends who hurried them away. A whistle was blown as a signal, and simultaneously the rope ladder was thrown over the wall from outside and the warders were attacked. They were held down while the twenty prisoners escaped, and these were all gone before the military guard turned out. It is officially announced that the Irish Government has appointed a Viceregal Commission to investigate the circumstances connected with the escape within the last twelve months of prisoners from His Majesty's Prisons in Cork and Dublin. The following will form the Commission:-- Chairman -- Mr. Justice Kenny. Members -- Major E. W. Briscoe (one of the Commissioners of his Majesty's Prisons is England). Mr. William M'Gann, J.P. (a farmer Irish prison governor).

Scottish Home Rule. -- At a conference under the auspices of the Home Rule Association in Glasgow resolutions were passed calling upon the Government to pass immediately a Bill granting Home Rule to Scotland. Mr. Gallagher, who presided, said before the war Home Rule was an academic question. Now it was a vital political question.

Archbishop and Home Rule. -- The Roman Catholic Archbishop, Dr. Kelly, speaking at St. Patrick's Sports, in Sydney, New South Wales, demanded Home Rule for Ireland. He said -- "I do not mind blood, I do not mind slaughter, I do not mind revolution, as long as we get what we wish to accomplish in the cause of right."

Press Censorship. -- Unless an emergency arises it is proposed to close the official Press Bureau, Whitehall, on the 30th April. After this date there will be no censorship of Press telegrams or of Press articles, books, or pictures. This will not mean that there will be any changes in the provisions of the Defence of the Realm Acts or in the regulations made thereunder. They will remain binding as heretofore; but the responsibility of seeing they are complied with will rest upon the publisher.

County Antrim Doctor's Death. -- The death took place at his residence, Main Street, Randalstown, of Dr. David M'Kee, who for over twenty-years had been dispensary officer of the district. Not later than December last he resigned his office owing to failing health, and was granted a handsome superannuation allowance by the Antrim Board of Guardians. The late Dr. M'Kee, who was very popular in the town, was a member of Second Randalstown Presbyterian Church and a member of the Masonic Order.

Transport Bill. -- The money resolution authorising expenditure under the Ministry of Ways and Communications Bill was passed by the House of Commons, after an assurance had been given by Mr. Bonar Law that all measures would be taken to maintain Parliamentary control. An expert would be attached to the new Department who would act in an advisory capacity to the Chancellor of the Exchequer, while any scheme involving large expenditure -- say of 1,000,000 -- would have to receive the sanction of Parliament. When the Bill came before a Grand Committee, it was announced that the Government proposed to fight for every single item in it.

Agricultural Prices. -- At County Derry Agricultural Committee's meeting in Coleraine a letter was read from Mr. Hugh T. Barrie, M.P., Vice-President of the Department, in the course of which he stated that in connection with the cost of handling the 1918 flax crop the pullers' wages award had now ceased to operate, and the scutchers' wages award would cease to operate at the conclusion of the present season. The Flax Scutching (Ireland) Order, 1919, would, it was anticipated, expire when the 1918 flax crop had been scutched. There was no hope, he feared, of the Government giving any guarantee whatever in respect of this year's Irish potato crop.

School Appointments. -- At the fortnightly meeting of the Board of National Education, Mr. Thos. Guy, B.A., principal teacher in Mason and Lady Lane National School, Waterford, was appointed headmaster of the Bailieborough Model School; Miss Violet Irwin, assistant teacher in Cregagh National School, Belfast, was appointed assistant mistress in the Belfast Girls' Model School. The vacancy in the position of Junior Inspector of National Schools was filled by the appointment of Lieut.-Colonel W. R. E. Murphy, D.S.O., M.C., Lieut.-Colonel Murphy, who is a B.A. of the National University, was trained at St. Patrick's Training College, Drumcondra, and served with high efficiency as an assistant teacher in St. Peter's Boys' National School, Raglan Street, Belfast, from 1911 to 1915. He joined the Army through the Officers' Training Corps of the Queen's University in April, 1916, and served continuously through the war in France and Italy.

Belfast Harbour Election. -- At the Belfast Harbour election (seven seats) -- the first since 1913 -- the retiring members again offered themselves, and there were two new candidates. Of the latter Mr. W. M'Calla topped the poll with 5,163 votes, and the other, Mr. T. S. Wilson, was fifth, with 3,903 votes, while the re-elected were Messrs. T. W. M'Mullan (5,018), John Sinclair (4,618), W. E. Williames (4,461), W. J. Jackson (3,883), and A. Gibson (3,769), and those defeated were Messrs. D. C. Kemp (3,720) and H. Seaver (3,533). The register contains 10,896 electors, having at disposal 18,747 votes. Mr. H. M. Pollock, J.P., returning-officer and chairman of the Trust, speaking after the declaration of the poll, said it was very pleasant to think that no serious question of policy had been introduced into the contest -- that was to say, the ideals of the new candidates, so far as one could judge from their public appeals to the electors, were not at all out of conformity with those of the Harbour Commissioners as a whole.

County Mayo Outrage. -- The death has occurred from bullet wounds, of Mr. J. C. Milling, Resident Magistrate, Westport, who was a few years ago a very well-known figure in Belfast, being a district-inspector of police in this city for seven years (1908-15). Mr. Milling was reading in a room on the ground floor of his house at Westport. The window-blind was not drawn, so that Mr. Milling could be seen from outside. Suddenly a shot was fired from close at hand, the bullet breaking through the window. Mr. Milling rushed into a room on the other side of the hall, but scarcely had he reached it than four more shots were fired, and he fell wounded in several places. Medical aid was at once sought, but Mr. Milling died during the night. The outrage has caused an immense sensation throughout the country, and is widely condemned, priests having spoken strong words on the subject from the altar. It is officially stated that "In view of the cowardly and brutal murder at Westport, of Mr. Milling, the Resident Magistrate, the Irish Government have decided to declare the district of Westport a military area immediately.



IMPORTANT SUGGESTION. -- As many diseases are water-borne it behoves heads of house-holds to supply pure water to their families, just as local linen merchants are now providing their employees with germ-proof water by adopting the celebrated "Berkefeld" Filter "H," which yields 25 gallons pure germ-proof water per hour when attached to the main service pipe. This filter is in use at Royal Victoria Hospital, Tuberculosis Institute, G.P.O., City Hall, &c., and in hundreds of local households. It is strongly recommended by medical gentlemen. The Sole Agent -- Mr. T. Edens Osborne, of 11, Wellington Place -- will be glad to send illustrated catalogue on application, also of Safes, Gramophones, Records, &c.


Appointment for Ulster Minister's Son.

His many friends will learn with pleasure of the recent appointment of Mr. William Beatty to be second in command of the Sikh Police in Shanghai. Mr. Beatty in now 29 years of age. He is a "son of the manse," his father being the Rev. R. Allen Beatty, LL.B., of Strangford, and his mother a sister of the late Rev. Professor Thomas M. Hamill, D.D. He was educated at Campbell College, and, on leaving school, joined the Indian Mounted Police, where he early showed himself possessed of unusual ability and a keen interest in his work.


Late Rev. W. Reid


At a meeting of the Magherafelt Presbytery on Monday, the Rev. Thomas M'Candless was appointed convener of Commission in charge of First Moneymore. The following resolution, was passed, on the motion of the Rev. George Gillespie, seconded by the Rev. C. C. Dickey -- "We, the Presbytery of Magherafelt, desire to place on record our deep sense of loss and sorrow occasioned by the death of our brother, the Rev. William Reid, Moneymore, and our appreciation of his personal worth and his valuable services to the Presbytery extending over forty years. He was appointed Clerk of Presbytery after he became a member, and from that time until his death he discharged the duties of that responsible office with courtesy, dignity, and efficiency. As a Presbyter he was the very soul of honour and brotherliness, and ever ready to respond to any call made upon him for help by his co-presbyters. The late Mr. Reid always took his full share of the business of the Presbytery, and upon all that he did he left the mark of conscientious care and perfect accuracy. The Presbytery respectfully tender their profound sympathy to Mrs. Reid and her two sons in their great loss and sore bereavement, and commend them to the tender care of the heavenly Father and comforting ministry of the Holy Spirit."


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The Witness - Friday, 11 April 1919


ORR -- March 25, 1919, at Plumbridge, Co. Tyrone, the wife of Lieutenant R. Albert Orr, Salonika Forces -- a daughter.


BELL--MILLAR -- March 31, 1919, at Fahan Presbyterian Church, by Rev. Robert Lynn, B.A., Samuel, second son of Robert Bell, at Drumacross, Burnfoot, to Rea, elder daughter of the late William Millar, Londonderry, and of Mrs. Millar, Birdstown.

HADDEN--M'GUFFIN -- March 29, at Warrenpoint Parish Church, by the Rev. E. S. Medcalf, M.A., Ernest Derwood, youngest son of the late John Hadden, Beech Hill, Ballylane, Co. Armagh, to Muriel, only daughter of Richard M'Guffin, Warrenpoint, Co. Down.


CRANEY -- April 2, at her residence, Ballymagrane Manse, Aughnacloy, Sarah Anna, the dearly-loved mother of the Rev. W. J. Craney. Interred at Ballymagrane Church. "Safe in the arms of Jesus." W. J. CRANEY.

COYLES -- April 3, at his residence, Castle Street, Ballycastle, Archibald Coyles, aged 74 years.

DAVIDSON -- April 3, at a Private Nursing Home (suddenly), Margaret Jane, widow of the late John Davidson, Jennyvale, Saintfield.

DUNN -- April 5, 1919, at his residence, Sranocum, William J. Dunn, principal teacher of Stranocum N.S.

FERGUSON -- April 5, at her husband's residence, Tevena, Stewartstown, Mary, the beloved wife of William A. Ferguson.

GRACEY -- April 4, in Antrim Infirmary, Catharine Gracey, aged 79.

GREAVES -- April 5, at Ratheane, Coleraine, John Boyd Greaves.

HAMILTON -- April 4, at his residence, Castle Hill House, Dungannon, James Orr Hamilton, Solicitor, Town Clerk, Dungannon.

LONG -- April 4, 1919, at the residence of his son-in-law, Newport, Lisburn, John Long (late of Whitehouse).

LOWRY -- April 6, at his father's residence, Waverley Terrace, Coleraine (of pneumonia, following influenza), John Connell Fletcher, late of Bathurst, West Africa, eldest son of James Lowry.

MAYNE -- April 5, at Ballybracken, Ballynure, Robert Mayne.

MOOREHEAD -- April 6, at Vancouver, Helen's Bay. Martha, wife of Thomas Moorehead.

M'KELL -- April 2, Jane, eldest daughter of the late Samuel M'Kell, of Moy.

NELEY -- April 3, at the residence of her grandson (William John Mills, Caneece, Cookstown), Eliza Kirk, widow of the late John Neley.

SMYTH -- April 5, at Sprucebank, Portglenone, Eliza, relict of the late John Smyth, aged 87 years.

SMYTH -- April 5, 1919, at her residence, Ballyalgin, Crossgar, Mary Smyth, aged 84 years.

STOOPS -- April 5, at 19, Rosemount Gardens, William Stoops, B.A., formerly Principal of Newry Intermediate School.

STUART -- April 3, at his residence, Willmount, Northland Road, Londonderry, David Brown Stuart, formerly manager of Provincial Bank, Londonderry.

THOMPSON -- April 4, at his residence, Erine, Saintfield Road, James, beloved husband of Cecilia Thompson.

WATT -- April 1, at Carnagh Hall, Castleblayney, John, eldest son of the late Wm. Watt, Derrygooley, Caledon, Co. Tyrone, aged 69 years.

In Memorial

WILLIAMSON -- In loving remembrance of John Williamson, Straidhaven, Crumlin, who died 11th April, 1918. Inserted by his Widow and Son. E. S. and R. J. WILLIAMSON.




The Scottish Church. -- The King has been graciously pleased to approve of the reappointment of his Grace the Duke of Atholl to be Lord High Commissioner to the Church of Scotland.

Admiral at 48. -- Sir David Beatty had made a record by attaining the rank of admiral at the age of 48. The retirement age of an admiral of the fleet is 70, so that he has 22 years service on the active list to look forward to.

The Irish Housing Bill. -- Mr. Bonar Law said to Mr. Devlin in Parliament that the fact that the second reading of the Irish Housing Bill could not be taken before Easter did not necessarily mean any serious delay in its final passage.

Captain Fryatt's Murder. -- The German Commission on the Captain Fryatt case has decided that the shooting of that officer involved no violation of international law, but regret is expressed for the rapidity with which the sentence was carried out."

Shows and Entertainment Tax. -- Mr. Austen Chamberlain stated in Parliament that where horse-jumping competitions could be shown to be a subsidiary part of an agricultural show they would not in future bo considered a bar to exemption from the entertainments tax.

Dr. Dixon's Farewell. -- A cheque for 1,000 was presented to the pastor of Spurgeon's Tabernacle, Dr. A. C. Dixon, as a farewell gift on his leaving for America, after nearly eight years' service in the pastorate. There was an enthusiastic gathering in the Tabernacle to wish the pastor good-bye.

Congregational Union. -- The following have been nominated for the Chairmanship of the Congregational Union of England and Wales for 1920-21:-- Principal Garvie, M.A., D.D. (London); Mr. Alfred J. Shepheard (London), the Rev. A. J. Viner (Oldham), and the Rev. Thomas Yates (Kensington).

Increased Post Office Pay. -- It was announced at the annual conference of the Post Office Controlling Officers' Association of the United Kingdom at Matlock that the Post Office had granted a re-organisation scheme, with increased pay value 120,000 to 150,000 a year, dating from January 1, 1918, for all grades.

Beauty Prize Competition. -- Twenty awards of 10 each and twenty-five of 5 have been awarded in the "Daily Mirror" beauty competition. Among the Irish entrants who came on top are Miss May Forrester, 17, and Miss Hilda Fraser, 23, Belfast (10 each); Miss Chattie M'Ildowie, 23, Belfast (5).

D.S.O. for Inniskilling Officer. -- Captain (Acting Major) F. Lubbock Robinson, M.C., Inniskillings, has been awarded the D.S.O. for fine leadership and personal example, raising the high morale of his command in Mesopotamia. Captain Robinson is a son of the Very Rev. J. J. Robinson, of Montreal, and formerly Dean of Belfast.

Alcohol in Patent Medicines. -- To eliminate alcoholic drink from patent medicines, the Anti-Saloon League has got a provision in the Prohibition Bill to test the character of patent medicines. At Albany a sniffing and tasting committee of three doctors and two druggists, has been appointed to pronounce on 150 patent medicines on the market.

Vicar's Balance-Sheet. -- Rev. J. W. Broadbent, vicar of St. John's, Burnley, has published1, a balance-sheet showing that during the past year his expenditure exceeded his income -- 320 -- by 61. So long as the clergy keep silent on such matters, says Mr. Broadbent, people will believe that they are somehow fed, as were the children of Israel in the wilderness, by bread from heaven, and nothing will be done.

Education for Belfast. -- Speaking at a meeting of Belfast Unionist Municipal Association, Sir Crawford M'Cullagh, J.P., said the Corporation were determined to do all in their power to see that the schools were taken from Church control and placed under popular management. It might mean an additional rate, but they were all of opinion that such a change would be cheerfully borne if that great reform were brought about.

Ministerial Views. -- Speaking at a dinner in London Mr. Bonar Law defended the selection of men for Governmental posts from outside and without experience of political life -- a method which, however, he held could not continue in normal times. Lord Milner, referring to industrial unrest, observed that society everywhere was rocking; and Sir R. Borden said it would be idle to pretend there had been no waste of time in regard to peace.

Ulster in London. -- Mr. Vesey Knox, K.C., has been elected president of the Ulster Society (London) in succession to Sir Charles Russell, and ladies were for the first time admitted on the committee. Mrs. Crilly, in a report on the war work of the ladies of the society, stated that in addition to sending parcels of food to Irish prisoners of war, over a thousand garments were sent to Ulstermen serving in different fronts, and to prisoners of war.

Secondary Teachers. -- Belfast branch of the Secondary Teachers Association have asked the Central Executive to arrange an interview with the Chief Secretary regarding proposed legislation, and to emphasise the importance of an independent tribunal as a Court of Appeal in cases of capricious dismissal. Galway branch agreed to the Dublin suggestion to affiliate with Dublin Trades Council, and to demand an immediate war bonus at Easter.

Bishop on Mediums. -- The Bishop of London, preaching at a memorial service at St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, said that he wanted to see people free from that superstition of perpetually visiting mediums for the purpose of getting into communication with the other world. He had never seen any information which had given them the slightest help, and such proceedings, in his opinion, were a waste of time and made persons restless and unhappy.

Payment on Time Work Only. -- The Carpenters, Cabinetmakers, and Joiners' Society, of whom there are 130,000, have been advised by their Executive Council to cease working systems of payment for other than plain time work on May 1. The Engineers and Shipbuilding Federation have replied that if this course is followed they will be prepared to discuss the question, and if payment by results is decided on it would apply to ail employees who are members of their federation.

Johannesburg Strike Ended. -- The Johannesburg strike has been ended by the majority of the Council conceding practically all the claims of the strikers. These include -- No retrenchment except by heads of departments in consultation with advisory committees, who will also co-operate with the management in questions of wages and conditions of labour; the appointment of a provisional committee to investigate local government and a 48-hours' maximum week for all municipal employees.

Sir John Lavery and Belfast. -- Sir John Lavery, the renowned artist, has presented to the Roman Catholic Church of St. Patrick, Donegall Street, Belfast, where he was baptised on March 26, 1856, an altar piece, conjointly designed by himself and Sir E. Luytens, A.R.A., which will be unveiled on Easter Sabbath, and will occupy the recess in the aisle on the Epistle side of the church, devoted to the St. Patrick altar. The painting is entitled, "The Madonna of the Lakes," and the subject is an apparition of the Virgin to St. Patrick and St. Bridgid, the scenic background being suggested by the superb vista of the Kerry lakes.

Peerage for ex-Under-Secretary. -- The King has been graciously pleased to approve that the dignity of a peerage of the United Kingdom be conferred upon the Right Honourable Sir Robert Chalmers, G.C.B., Joint Secretary to the Treasury. The new peer, who was born in 1858, has had a wide and varied experience of official life, and was at one time Governor of Ceylon. He was Under-Secretary for Ireland during the period from May to Sept., 1916, immediately after the Sinn Fein rebellion. His daughter is married to Mr. Malcolm Stevenson, Acting Governor of Cyprus, a brother of Howard Stevenson, the well-known Belfast surgeon.

County Down Gentleman's Death. -- The death of Mr. Matthew King, J.P., Newcastle, Co. Down, which occurred rather suddenly on Sabbath morning, removes one of the best-known and most-highly respected gentlemen in the county. Deceased had been chairman of the Kilkeel District Council since the passing of the Local Government Act, and was a member of the Down County Council, being chairman of the Proposals Committee. He was chairman of the Insurance Committee of the county, and was also a member of various other public bodies. Mr. King was a member of the Royal County Down Golf Club, and enjoyed a game over the course on Saturday afternoon.

Belfast Lady Honoured. -- The Prince Regent Alexander of Servia and the Jugo-Slavonic Federation of States has conferred on Miss Jean Victor Bates, of Woodville, Holywood, the Grand Order of St. Salva, in recognition of her work on behalf of Servia. Miss Bates is the authoress of "Our Friends and Enemies in the Near East" and other works on the Jugo-Slav question. She resided for a considerable period in the Near East, and has a first-hand acquaintance with the various racial and other problems which have been accentuated by the war. Miss Bates is a sister of Mr. R. Dawson Bates, of the Ulster Unionist Council.

Irish Advertising Rates. -- Mr. J. C. Glendinning, "Derry Standard," presided at the twelfth annual meeting of the Irish Newspaper Society held in Dublin. Among the resolutions agreed to were the following -- "That it is the opinion of the Irish Newspaper Society that the Press Censorship in Ireland should be terminated concurrently with the abolition of the Censorship in England." "That this meeting is of opinion that regarding the position of newspapers generally, the present enormous cost in their production, and the very remote prospects of any amelioration of these conditions, precludes the members of this society from reducing existing advertising rates for any class of business."

Town Clerk's Death. -- The death of Mr. James Orr Hamilton, solicitor and Town Clerk of Dungannon, took place at his residence, Castle Hill House, Dungannon, from influenza-pneumonia. The late Mr. Hamilton was the eldest son of the late Mr. James M. Hamilton, on whose decease, six years ago, he succeeded as Clerk of the Urban Council and secretary of the Joint Committee. Mr. Hamilton was educated at Dungannon Royal School and was admitted a solicitor in the Hilary term 1910. He had had a brilliant career during his apprenticeship, having obtained a first place and a special gold medal at his entrance examination, and first place and a special certificate at his final examination. Mr. Hamilton was a prominent Mason.

Sinn Fein Assembly. -- An official statement issued from Sinn Fein headquarters, Dublin states that "Dail Eireann" (Assembly of Sinn Fein M.P.'s) met in private session. The following Executive was chosen:-- E. de Valera (President), Arthur Griffith, Cathal Brugha, Count Plunkett, Countess Markievicz, Eoin MacNeill, William Cosgrove, and Michael O'Cogleain. Committees were appointed to consider and report on:-- (1) The treatment of prisoners in Belfast and elsewhere and the cases of the Tipperary children at present in custody. (2) Local government. The question of the occupation of land and of increased tillage was gone into, and a committee appointed under the chairmanship of "the director of agriculture" to investigate the various aspects and report in due course to the House. It was decided that the next session of the "Dail" would be a public session.

Irish Flax Grading. -- Mr. Macpherson informed Mr. Coote that it was understood the Irish Flax Supplies Committee had taken steps to obviate further grounds of complaint by growers in regard to flax grading. The constitution of the Supplies Committee was not primarily one for the Department, but they proposed the bringing of the demand for additional representation of farmers under notice.

War Period Disease Toll. -- Sir A. Newsholme at a Congress of Scientists at Cannes said disease had cost Great Britain during the war period two-and-a-half times as many deaths as had been due directly to the war itself. A large percentage of these were among children, and could have been prevented by co-operative action and better education.

Security of the World. -- Speaking at a dinner of the United Club in London, the Lord Chancellor said he could understand the impatience at the delay of peace, but there were formidable difficulties in the way of Conference, and one false step might wreck all their hopes. The Conference had one goal only, and that was the security of the world.

Export of Fat Cattle. -- The Ministry of Food has given notice that only a portion of the total stock consigned from Ireland to Birkenhead can be accepted on the dead-weight basis at Woodside and Wallasey lairages. The balance can only be received on the live-weight basis at Birkenhead grading centre, or on the dead-weight basis at Liverpool and Manchester.

War Ambulances for Peace Work. -- About 500 of the motor ambulances used for Red Cross work during the war will be retained for service at home, under a county scheme. The control and work of the scheme is entrusted to a committee, of which Sir A. Stanley is chairman, and General the Earl of Cavan, Sir M. D. Chalmers, the Earl of Donoughmore, and the Earl of Ranfurly are members.

Transatlantic Flight. -- The coming Transatlantic air flight for the "Daily Mail" 10,000 prize will, it is announced, start from the American side. There are six entrants, A start will be made by Mr. H. S. Hawker from Newfoundland about April 15, when the moon will be full. For the convenience of competitors desiring to land in Ireland, the Air Ministry has arranged for an aerodrome at Fermoyle, County Galway.

300 Words a Minute. -- At a recent test of the Isaac Pitman Shorthand Writers' Association, Mr. Herman J. Stich, an American Court reporter, wrote under most rigorous rules at the rate of 300 words a minute for five consecutive minutes, and then presented a transcript that, with only two immaterial errors, almost reached perfection, the percentage of accuracy being 99.9. Mr. Stick's performance is described as the finest in the history of shorthand.

The Loss on Railways. -- In reply to a question in Parliament, Mr. Bridgeman said the estimate of 100,000,000 deficit in the revenue of the railways was based on the loss of the current year's working. The charges made for carrying troops and naval and military stores were not those charged to the public, but were based on the Cheap Trains Act. The estimate was very rough. The deficit was affected by the war wage of 33s a week, increased cost of working, the 8-hours' day, &c.

Scene at English Land Sale. -- An attempt by Earl Beauchamp to sell his estates at Worcester led to a remarkable demonstration. Members of the Farmers' Union protested against the disturbance of the tenants, and were supported by members from Gloucestershire and Herefordshire. The substitution of twelve months' for six months' notice was demanded. The auctioneer was unable to proceed, and got into communication with the owner, after which he announced that the six months notice was withdrawn.

Polish Diet to British Parliament. -- The Speaker of the House of Commons said he had received a message from the Polish Diet conveying the most cordial greetings to the British Parliament from the first assembly of reconstituted Poland, and speaking of Great Britain as "a generous and mighty nation." The House authorised the Speaker to send a suitable reply. Mr. Will Thorne -- "Do we understand that Poland is once again a kingdom?" "No," replied the Speaker, "I understand that it is a Republic." (Laughter.)

Action against Sir E. Carson. -- The King's Bench Division, on the application of the defendant, Sir Edward Carson, K.C., M.P., changed the venue from the City of Dublin for the County of Dublin for the trial of the action brought against him by Major W. H. Davey, B.L., Tyneside Irish (Northumberland Fusiliers), to recover damages for alleged slander uttered by the defendant in a speech delivered by him during the contest for the Parliamentary representation of the Duncairn Division of Belfast. The speech complained of consisted of words used by Sir Edward Carson, which plaintiff contends imputed that he (Major Davey) was really a Sinn Feiner.

National Teachers' Pensions. -- Mr. Samuels informed Captain Craig in Parliament that National school teachers' pensions are calculated in accordance with the rules of 1914, on the average annual salary of the three years ending March 31 prior to the date on which they became entitled to pension, and the Commissioners of National Education have no power to calculate the average annual salary on any other basis. Teachers who were placed on pension from any date prior to April 1, 1918, receive no benefits under the rules of 1914 from the increased salaries allowed from April 1, 1917. The conditions under which National school teachers are pensioned under the existing regulations are not the same aa those governing the award of pensions to Civil Servants.

Bishop and Indemnities. -- Speaking at a meeting in London organised by the Middle Classes Union, the Bishop of Birmingham said Germany must not be let off the indemnity. Vindictiveness was the last thing one would associate with the English character; but if they thought there was any change of heart in the German people by this time they were making an absolute blunder. If they were going to pander to the present whining of the Germans they would be doing a very dangerous thing not only for themselves, but for the German people. If there arose a new German spirit England could reach out her hand to Germany, but that had not come yet, and they had to see such punishment was meted out to Germany that this would begin to repent.

Irish Journalist's Death. -- The death took place in Dublin of Mr. F. H. Wayland, J.P., F.J.I., a well-known figure in Dublin Press circles for close on half a century. Up to ten days ago he was at work as usual, performing his duties as Dublin correspondent of the "Belfast Telegraph." Mr. Wayland was a native of Cashel, and began his journalistic career on the "Limerick Chronicle." He subsequently joined the staff of the "Saunders' News-Letter." Afterwards transferring his services to the "Daily Express," he quickly became chief reporter, a position which he occupied until his retirement about six years ago. He was a prominent figure in Masonic circles, and was a Past Master of the Order. He took an active interest in the affairs of the Institute of Journalists, and was an ex-chairman of the Dublin and Irish Association District.

A Woman's Emancipation Bill. -- This measure, proposed by the Labour party, was read a second time in the House of Commons. It seeks the removal of certain restrictions and disabilities on women; the removal of their disqualification in holding certain civil and judicial posts; the placing of women on an equal footing with men in regard to the new Representation of the People Act, and abolishing the Upper House disqualification. Major O'Neill was in sympathy with the Bill, but could not vote for it. Mr. W. Coote also held it was too rapid a step. Lieutenant-Colonel W. Guinness gave general support to the measure, and Mr. Lynn supported it in its entirety. Some speakers held that young women offered the best barrier to Bolshevism. Dr. Addison said a strong case was required before re-opening the franchise question so soon after recent settlement. The Government, he mentioned, had no present intention of going again to the country.

National Health Insurance. -- An approximate statement issued by Major Astor shows that the total expenditure on national health insurance, including expenditure on all the benefits in cash and in kind and on administration, from the commencement of the Act up to 31st March last, amounted to 105 millions, of which forty millions represented moneys provided by Parliament and sixty-five millions constituted employers' and employees' contributions. Included in the forty millions are sums amounting to approximately 2,380,000 which have been spent from moneys provided by Parliament for the extension of sanatorium benefit to dependents of insured persons and for the treatment of tuberculosis generally. In addition to the above, there are sums of 300,000 from the Exchequer and sixty-six millions from the contributions that have been placed in reserve and invested to meet future liabilities.

Gifts to the Pope. -- Led by Cardinal Lucon, Archbishop of Rheims, and the Bishops of Nancy, Lens, and Orleans, seventy French war widows, representing 200,000 of their bereaved sisters, went in procession to the Vatican to thank the Pope, Benedict XV., for his humanitarian endeavours during the great war, says the "Daily Chronicle" Milan correspondent. They offered to his Holiness a costly set of Mass vestments, the chasuble being richly wrought by convent girls, with the figure of the Redeemer in silks and gold; also a massive gold chalice inscribed around with the Biblical text -- "Who, by His blood, reconciles heaven and earth," inset in tiny brilliants. The Pope delivered an impressive oration in the French language praising the heroism of the Christian womanhood of France and of the veteran Archbishop of sorely tried Rheims. The Pontiff said that the ladies' pilgrimage to Rome in these trying days of railway travel rivalled the spirit of mediaeval Christianity.

American Bishops on Reform. -- A programme of social reform and reconstruction has been issued on behalf of the American Roman Catholic bishops. Amongst declarations included in the manifesto are that no woman should retain any occupation harmful to health and morals, that if employed they should receive the same pay as men for equal amounts and quantities of work; that there is no reason why workers should not have more than a "living wage," if industry will support it; that bad housing should be abolished by the State; that unjust monopolies should be suppressed by law; that unnecessary middlemen, the cause of incessant profiteering, should be frozen out by co-operative enterprise; that until the worker has been made self-supporting, insurance against illness, unemployment, and old age should be provided by a levy on the industry in which he is employed, supplemented slightly by the State when necessary; that "labour" should have a share in industrial management; that there should be vocational training for the young, but not to the detriment of a measure of liberal education; that no child under sixteen should be continuously employed in industry.


Death of Mrs. Armstrong, the Manse, Drum.

Mrs. Armstrong, who passed away peacefully on the afternoon of the 1st inst., after a few hours' illness, was buried on the 3rd in the graveyard of Second Drum congregation, amid general regret, when both the congregation of Drum and other Protestants were well represented at the funeral. A brief service was conducted in the manse by Rev. S. Currie, B.A., Clones, and Rev. W. Keers, B.A., Newbliss. On the arrival of the cortege at the church the coffin was placed in front of the pulpit. Rev. Wm. Henry, M.A., Cootehill, announced the 23rd Psalm to be sung, and read the 90th Psalm. Rev. W. M'Dowell then delivered the address and led the congregation in prayer. The following extracts are taken from the address:-- Besides these voices in which God speaks to men, he is speaking to us also to-day by the death of our friend, and calling on us to be ready by living the life of faith in the Son of God. Only thus did she bring forth the peaceable fruits of righteousness and adorn the doctrine of God her Saviour. I did not know her as well as some of you, but still I knew her by coming here at communion and other seasons. I have enjoyed her hospitality, her cheery words, the interest she showed in the kingdom of God, and especially as was meet her interest in both the congregations of Drum. I remember well the kindly and Christian way in which she spoke of the people, and am sure that her love towards them was not misplaced but returned by them in full measure. I know of her large Sabbath-school class, where she tried to point the members of it to Jesus whom she loved and served, and I am sure that her labour of love will not he unblessed. I know of her interest in the cause of temperance, and how desirous she was that all should be total abstainers. I know also of her interest in missions, and how delighted she was that the contributions to the Zenana Mission had increased this year. But now her work on earth to done, and she has gone to be "present with the Lord," while her remains rest in the certain hope of a glorious resurrection. Our hearts go out in sympathy to him who is left behind in the manse, him whom she loved and the prosperity of whose work was her delight. We mourn with him today, for he has lost a true friend, co-worker, a real helpmeet. But we remember the words, "when thou passeth through the waters, I will be with thee; and through the rivers, they shall not overflow thee; when thou walkest through the fire, thou shalt not be burned; neither shall the flame kindle upon thee." We commend him to that God who has been his portion and help heretofore, and on whose almighty arm he can lean through the rest of the journey, until the everlasting re-union in heaven to attained. At the graveside the rector of Drum read a portion of I Cor. 15, and Rev. W. M. Henry committed the body to the grave and led in prayer.


Death of Mr. W. C. Gabbey.

General regret will be felt at the announcement of the death of Mr. William C. Gabbey which took place at his residence, 117, University Street, Belfast, on Sabbath morning. Deceased was one of the founders of the Sailors' and Soldiers' Service Club, Waring Street, and his work in connection with this establishment and other social efforts during the war was well known and thoroughly appreciated by the entire community. He was a son of the late Mr. Wm. Gabbey of Princess Gardens and Hope Street, and was aged 45 years. Receiving his education in Fisherwick School and the Royal Academical Institution he entered the joinery works and sawmills of his father, where he became principal. He was vice-chairman of the dependants' section of the Belfast War Pensions Committee, and a member of the committee of the Lord Roberts Memorial Workshops, as well as of the Sailors' and Soldiers' Help Society. Mr. Gabbey was also one of the founders of the Belfast Rotary Club, and was president of that organisation for the year 1914-15, while since 1916 he had held the position of hon. secretary. His powers of organisation were amply demonstrated in connection with the flag day for disabled sailors and soldiers, as a result of which a sum of over 3,000 was raised. A member of the Presbyterian denomination, deceased was connected with Fitzroy Avenue Church. In politics he took a keen interest, working actively at election time as a staunch and unflinching Unionist. With both the Orange and Masonic Orders Mr. Gabbey was prominently associated. He is survived by his widow, who is daughter of Mr. Andrew Gibson, Harbour Commissioner, and by one son and one daughter.

There was a very large and representative attendance at the funeral on Tuesday, the cortege including numerous soldiers and sailors who were acquainted with the deceased in connection with his labours at the Service Club. The chief mourners were -- Messrs. Wm. Foster Gabbey (son), Herbert Gabbey (brother), Samuel Gabbey (uncle), Arthur and James Cleland (cousins), Andrew Gibson (father-in-law), W. K. Gibson, Samuel M'Creight, and Chas. Morrow (brothers-in-law), Masters Jack and Drew Morrow (nephews). The officiating ministers were Rev. Wm. Colquhoun and Pastor C. S. Donald (Antrim Road Baptist Church). The interment took place in the City Cemetery.


Death of Mr. D. B. Stuart, Derry.

We regret to announce the death of Mr. D. B. Stuart, formerly manager of the Provincial Bank, Derry, which took place at Willmount, Edenbank. As a business man Mr. D. B. Stuart had few equals; he had an intellect clear as day and a mind capable of grasping the most intricate financial problems, and he combined with this a nature gentle and lovable, ever ready to lend a helping hand whenever opportunity offered. As a member of First Derry Presbyterian Church, the same kindly spirit was carried with him into everything he touched. Whether as a teacher in the Sabbath-school, or a member of the Deacon's Court, or an elder in the church, or as treasurer of the congregation, he gave of his best for the church he so much loved. On his retirement from church work the congregation recognised his services by making him a life governor of the infirmary and presenting him with his protrait in oils. His sympathies were not confined to First Derry; Claremont Church occupied a big place in his affections. When orginised he took complete control of all financial questions as they cropped up, and did his best for the new congregation. The City Mission has lost in him one of its best friends; indeed, everything to promote Christianity had in him a warm supporter. Mr. Stuart married a daughter of the late Sir Robert Boag, of Belfast, who survives him. He also leaves a son, who is in the bank in Cork, and three daughters, two of whom are married -- one to Rev. D. Gamble Millar, of Claremont, and another to Mr. W. Blumer, of Sunderland -- to all of whom sincere sympathy is extended.


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